The books of the Apocrypha, also known as the tween testaments.

The Second Book of Maccabees

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

First and second Maccabees are contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. This book, like First Maccabees, details the history of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire as well as the founding and earliest history of the independent Hasmonean kingdom. The work is not a sequel to First Maccabees but rather its own independent rendition of the historical events of the Maccabean Revolt. It starts with an incident with the Seleucid official Heliodorus attempting to tax the Second Temple in 178 BC, and ends with the Battle of Adasa in 161 BC.

Chapter 1

2 Mac 1:1 “To the Jewish brothers in Egypt, the Jewish brothers in Jerusalem and the land of Judea send greetings and wish you perfect peace.”
2 Mac 1:2 “May God bless you, and remember his agreement with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, his faithful slaves,”
2 Mac 1:3 “And give you all a mind to worship him and do his will with a stout heart and a willing spirit.”
2 Mac 1:4 “May he open your mind with his Law and his statutes, and make peace,”
2 Mac 1:5 “And listen to your prayers and be reconciled to you, and not forsake you in adversity.”
2 Mac 1:6 “This is our prayer for you here.”
2 Mac 1:7 “In the reign of Demetrius, in the one hundred and sixty ninth year, we Jews wrote you in the extreme distress that overtook us in those years, from the time that Jason and his men revolted from the holy land and the kingdom,”
2 Mac 1:8 “And set fire to the gateway and shed innocent blood. And we besought the Lord, and were heard, and we offered sacrifice and the meal offering, and we lighted the lamps, and set out the Presentation Loaves.”
2 Mac 1:9 “And you must keep the Camping Out festival1The feast of the Dedication of the Temple, Hanukkah (2 Mac 10:1–8), celebrated on the twenty-fifth of Kislev (Nov.–Dec.). New feast day that resembles the feast of Booths (Lv 23:33–43), celebrated on the fifteenth of Tishri (Sept.–Oct.). in the month of Chislev.”
2 Mac 1:10 “The one hundred and eighty-eighth year. Those who are in Jerusalem and those in Judea and the senate and Judas send greetings and good wishes to Aristobulus, the teacher of King Ptolemy, who is of the stock of the anointed priests, and to the Jews in Egypt.”
2 Mac 1:11 “As we have been saved by God from great dangers, we offer devout thanks to him as men who array themselves against a king;”
2 Mac 1:12 “For he drove out those who arrayed themselves against him in the holy city.”
2 Mac 1:13 “For when their leader reached Persia, with an army about him that seemed irresistible, they were cut down in the temple of Nanaea, through treachery on the part of the priests of Nanaea.”
2 Mac 1:14 “For Antiochus with his friends came to the place on the pretext of marrying her, in order to get a large sum of money by way of dowry.”
2 Mac 1:15 “And when the priests of the temple of Nanaea had brought out the money, and he had come with a few followers inside the wall of the temple inclosure, they shut the temple when Antiochus had gone in,”
2 Mac 1:16 “And opened the secret door in the ceiling, and threw stones and struck down the leader, and dismembered him and threw their heads to the people who were outside.”
2 Mac 1:17 “(Blessed in every way be our God who brought the impious to justice!)”
2 Mac 1:18 “As we are about to celebrate the purification of the temple, on the twenty-fifth day of the month of Chislev, we think it necessary to inform you, so that you too may observe the Camping Out festival2The feast of the Dedication of the Temple, Hanukkah (2 Mac 10:1–8), celebrated on the twenty-fifth of Kislev (Nov.–Dec.). New feast day that resembles the feast of Booths (Lv 23:33–43), celebrated on the fifteenth of Tishri (Sept.–Oct.). and the kindling of the fire, when Nehemiah, who built the temple and the altar, offered sacrifices.”
2 Mac 1:19 “For when our forefathers were being taken to Persia, the pious priests of that day took some of the fire on the altar and hid it secretly in the hollow of an empty cistern, where they made it secure, so that the place was unknown to anyone.”
2 Mac 1:20 “Many years after, when it pleased God, Nehemiah was commissioned by the king of Persia, and sent the descendants of the priests who had hidden the fire to get it. But when they reported to us that they could not find any fire but only muddy water,”
2 Mac 1:21 “He ordered them to dip some out and bring it to him. And when the things to be sacrificed had been put in place, Nehemiah ordered the priests to sprinkle the water on the wood and the things that were laid on it.”
2 Mac 1:22 “And when this was done and some time had passed, and the sun, which had been clouded over, shone out, a great blaze was kindled, so that they all wondered.”
2 Mac 1:22 (Grk) “When this was done, and the time came that the sun shone, which before was hid in the cloud, there was a great fire kindled, so that every man marveled.”
2 Mac 1:23 “And the priests uttered a prayer while the sacrifice was being consumed – the priests and all present, Jonathan leading and the rest responding, as Nehemiah did.”
2 Mac 1:24 “And this was the prayer: “O Lord, Lord God, creator of all things, who are terrible and strong and upright and merciful, who alone are king and good,”
2 Mac 1:25 “The only patron, who alone are upright and almighty and eternal, who save Israel from every evil, who chose our forefathers and sanctified them,”
2 Mac 1:26 “Accept this sacrifice on behalf of all your people Israel, and watch over your allotment, and make it holy.”
2 Mac 1:27 “Gather together our scattered people, set at liberty those who are in slavery among the heathen, look upon those who are despised and abhorred, and let the heathen know that you are our God.”
2 Mac 1:28 “Afflict our oppressors and those who are violent in their arrogance.”
2 Mac 1:29 “Plant your people in your holy place, as Moses said.”
2 Mac 1:30 “Then the priests struck up the hymns.”
2 Mac 1:31 “And when the things that were sacrificed were consumed, Nehemiah ordered them to pour the water that was left on large stones.”
2 Mac 1:32 “And when this was done, a flame was kindled, but when the light shone back from the altar, it went out.”
2 Mac 1:33 “And when the thing became known, and the king of Persia was told that in the place where the priests that were deported had hidden the fire, water had appeared, and with it Nehemiah’s people had burned up the things they sacrificed,”
2 Mac 1:34 “The king, after investigating the matter, made the place a sacred inclosure,”
2 Mac 1:35 “And the king exchanged many different gifts with his favorites.”
2 Mac 1:36 “Nehemiah’s people called this Nephthar, which is translated “Purification,” but most people call it Nephthai.”

Chapter 2

2 Mac 2:1 “It is also found in the records that the prophet Jeremiah ordered those who were carried away to take some of the fire, as has been described,”
2 Mac 2:2 “And that after giving them the Law, the prophet charged those who were carried away not to forget the Lord’s commands, and not to be led astray in their minds when they saw gold and silver idols and their ornamentation.”
2 Mac 2:3 “And with other similar exhortations he told them that the Law should not pass from their hearts.”
2 Mac 2:4 “It was also in the writing that the prophet, in obedience to a revelation, gave orders that the tent and the ark should accompany him, and that he went away to the mountain where Moses went up and beheld God’s inheritance.”
2 Mac 2:5 “And Jeremiah came and found a cave-dwelling, and he took the tent and the ark and the incense altar into it, and he blocked up the door.”
2 Mac 2:6 “And some of those who followed him came up to mark the road, and they could not find it.”
2 Mac 2:7 “But when Jeremiah found it out, he blamed them and said, “The place shall be unknown until God gathers the congregation of his people together and shows his mercy.”
2 Mac 2:8 “Then shall the Lord show them these things, and the glory of the Lord shall appear, and the cloud also, as it was shown under Moses, and as when Solomon desired that the place might be honorably sanctified.”
2 Mac 2:8 (Grk) “Then the Lord will show where they are, and the glory of the Lord will appear, as they were shown in the days of Moses, and when Solomon asked that the place might be made very sacred.”
2 Mac 2:9 “It was also stated that he, in his wisdom, offered a dedicatory sacrifice at the completion of the temple,”
2 Mac 2:10 “And just as Moses prayed to the Lord, and fire came down from heaven and consumed the offerings, so Solomon also prayed, and the fire came down and burned up the whole burnt offerings.”
2 Mac 2:11 “And Moses said, “Because the sin offering had not been eaten, it was consumed.”
2 Mac 2:12 “In like manner Solomon also kept the eight days.”
2 Mac 2:13 “The same thing was related also in the records and memoirs about Nehemiah, and that he founded a library and collected the books about the kings and the prophets, and the works of David, and royal letters about sacred gifts.”
2 Mac 2:14 “In like manner Judas also collected for us all the books that had been scattered because of the outbreak of war, and they are in our hands.”
2 Mac 2:15 “So, if you want them, send men to get them for you.”
2 Mac 2:16 “So as we are about to celebrate the Purification, we write to you. Please observe these days.”
2 Mac 2:17 “It is God that has saved all his people and given them back their heritage and kingdom and priesthood and consecration,”
2 Mac 2:18 “As he promised through the Law; for in God we have hope that he will speedily have mercy on us, and gather us together from under heaven to the holy place, for he has delivered us from great misfortunes and has purified the place.”
2 Mac 2:19 “Now the story of Judas Maccabeus and his brothers, and the purification of the great temple, and the rededication of the altar,”
2 Mac 2:20 “And also of the wars with Antiochus Epiphanes and his son Eupator,”
2 Mac 2:21 “And the heavenly manifestations shown to those who zealously championed the Jewish religion, so that few as they were, they plundered the whole country and drove out the barbarian hordes;”
2 Mac 2:22 “And recovered the world-renowned temple, and freed the city, and restored the laws which were on the point of being destroyed, since the Lord, with great forbearance had shown mercy to them,”
2 Mac 2:23 “All this, as related by Jason of Cyrene in five books, we will try to condense into one volume.”
2 Mac 2:24 “For in view of the flood of statistics and the difficulty created by the abundance of the material, for those who wish to plunge into the historical narratives,”
2 Mac 2:25 “We have aimed at attracting those who like to read, and at making it easy for those who are disposed to memorize, and at being of use to all our readers.”
2 Mac 2:26 “For us, who have taken upon ourselves the painful task of abridgment, the thing is not easy, and takes sweat and midnight oil,”
2 Mac 2:27 “Just as it is no easy matter for a man who prepares a banquet and strives to benefit others. Still, to win the gratitude of so many, we will gladly endure the painful task,”
2 Mac 2:28 “Leaving to the historian the investigation of details, but taking pains to follow the lines of an epitome.”
2 Mac 2:29 “For as the builder of a new house must have the whole structure in mind, while the man who undertakes to decorate and paint it has only to seek out what is suitable for its adornment, so I think it is with us.”
2 Mac 2:30 “To enter upon the subject and discuss matters fully and elaborate the details is the task of the original historian,”
2 Mac 2:31 “But one who rewrites it must be permitted to seek brevity of expression, and to forego the labored treatment of the matter.”
2 Mac 2:32 “Here then let us begin the story, without adding more to what has already been said; for it is foolish to write a long preface to the history and then abbreviate the history itself.”

Chapter 3

2 Mac 3:1 “When the holy city was inhabited in perfect peace, and the laws were strictly observed, because of the piety of Onias, the high priest, and his hatred of wickedness,
2 Mac 3:2 “It came to pass that even the kings themselves did honor to the place, and glorified the temple with most noble gifts,”
2 Mac 3:3 “So that even Seleucus, king of Asia, from his own revenues provided all the expense of the sacrificial service.”
2 Mac 3:4 “But a man named Simon, of the tribe of Benjamin, who had been appointed governor of the temple, had a difference with the high priest about the conduct of the city market.”
2 Mac 3:5 “When he failed to carry his point against Onias, he went to Apollonius of Tarsus, who was at that time governor of Coelesyria and Phoenicia,”
2 Mac 3:6 “And reported to him that the treasury in Jerusalem was full of such untold quantities of money that the amount of the funds was beyond computation; and that they did not belong to the account of the sacrifices and they might fall under the control of the king.”
2 Mac 3:7 “When Apollonius met the king, he informed him of the money that had been pointed out to him. And he appointed Heliodorus, who was his chancellor, and sent him with instructions to effect the removal of this money.”
2 Mac 3:8 “Heliodorus immediately set out on his journey, under the guise of visiting the towns of Coelesyria and Phoenicia, but in reality to carry out the king’s design.”
2 Mac 3:9 “When he reached Jerusalem, and had been cordially welcomed by the high priest and the city, he laid before them the disclosure that had been made to him, and explained why he had come, and inquired whether this was really true.”
2 Mac 3:10 “The high priest pointed out that some deposits belonged to widows and orphans,”
2 Mac 3:11 “And one belonged to Hyrcanus, son of Tobias, a man of very high position – so falsely had the impious Simon spoken; that it all amounted to four hundred talents of silver and two hundred of gold,”
2 Mac 3:12 “And that it was absolutely impossible that those who were relying on the sacredness of the place and on the sanctity and inviolability of the temple, which was respected all over the world, should be wronged.”
2 Mac 3:13 “But Heliodorus, because of the royal orders he had received, said that anyway this must be confiscated for the royal treasury.”
2 Mac 3:14 “So he set a day, and went in to conduct an inspection of these funds; and there was no little distress all over the city.”
2 Mac 3:15 “The priests in their priestly robes threw themselves down before the altar, and called to heaven on him who had given the law about deposits to keep these safe for those who had deposited them.”
2 Mac 3:16 “One could not observe the appearance of the high priest without being pierced to the heart, for his expression and his change of color revealed the anguish of his soul.”
2 Mac 3:17 “For terror and bodily shuddering had come over the man, which plainly showed to those who looked at him the pain that was in his heart.”
2 Mac 3:18 “Moreover the people in the houses came flocking out to make a general supplication because the place was on the point of being treated with contempt.”
2 Mac 3:19 “The women, with sackcloth girt under their breasts, thronged the streets, while maidens who were kept indoors ran together, some to the gateways, some to the walls, and some looked out from the windows;”
2 Mac 3:20 “And all raised their hands to heaven and uttered their supplication.”
2 Mac 3:21 “One could not help pitying the multitude, all prostrating themselves in a body, and the anxiety of the high priest in his great anguish.”
2 Mac 3:22 “While they therefore called upon the Almighty Lord to keep the things that had been intrusted to him in perfect security for those who had intrusted them to him,”
2 Mac 3:23 “Heliodorus was carrying out what had been decided upon.”
2 Mac 3:24 “But no sooner had he and his guards arrived before the treasury than the Sovereign of spirits and of all authority caused a great manifestation so that all who had been daring enough to come with him were appalled at the power of God and fainted with terror.”
2 Mac 3:25 “For there appeared to them a horse with a dreadful rider, adorned with magnificent trappings, and rushing swiftly at Heliodorus it struck at him with its forefeet. His rider seemed clad in golden armor.”
2 Mac 3:26 “Two young men also appeared to him, remarkably strong and gloriously beautiful and splendidly dressed, who stood on each side of him and flogged him continually, inflicting many stripes on him.”
2 Mac 3:27 “He fell suddenly to the ground and was enveloped in deep darkness, and men picked him up and put him on a stretcher and carried him off;”
2 Mac 3:28 “The man that had just entered that treasury with a great retinue and his whole guard but was now rendered helpless – and they clearly recognized the sovereign power of God.”
2 Mac 3:29 “So through the divine intervention he lay prostrate, bereft of all hope of deliverance,”
2 Mac 3:30 “While they blessed the Lord who had marvelously honored his own place; and the temple, which a little while before had been full of fear and commotion, now that the Almighty Lord had manifested himself was filled with joy and gladness.”
2 Mac 3:31 “Some of the intimate friends of Heliodorus soon asked Onias to call upon the Most High and grant him his life, as he lay at his very last gasp.”
2 Mac 3:32 “The high priest suspected that the king might form the opinion that some villainy had been practiced upon Heliodorus by the Jews, and offered a sacrifice for the man’s recovery.”
2 Mac 3:33 “But as the high priest was offering the sacrifice of propitiation, the same young men again appeared to Heliodorus, clad in the same clothes, and they stood beside him and said, “Be very grateful to Onias the high priest, for the Lord has spared your life for his sake;”
2 Mac 3:34 “And since you have been flogged from heaven, proclaim to all men the sovereign power of God.” When they had said this, they vanished.”
2 Mac 3:35 “So Heliodorus offered a sacrifice to the Lord and made very great vows to him who had saved his life, and after a friendly meeting with Onias marched back to the king.”
2 Mac 3:36 “And he bore witness before all men to the deeds of the supreme God which he had seen.”
2 Mac 3:37 “When the king asked Heliodorus what kind of man was suitable to be sent once more to Jerusalem, he said,”
2 Mac 3:38 “If you have an enemy or a conspirator against the government, send him there, and you will get him back soundly flogged, if he escapes with his life, for there is certainly some divine power about the place.”
2 Mac 3:39 “For he whose dwelling is in heaven watches over that place and helps it, and strikes down and destroys those who come to injure it.”
2 Mac 3:40 “This was the way the matter of Heliodorus and the protection of the treasury turned out.”

Chapter 4

2 Mac 4:1 “But this Simon who had informed about the money and against his country, made accusations against Onias, saying that he had incited Heliodorus and had been the actual author of these troubles.”
2 Mac 4:2 “He dared to charge with conspiracy against the government the benefactor of the city, the protector of his countrymen, and the champion of the laws!”
2 Mac 4:3 “But when his enmity reached such a point that murders were committed by one of Simon’s trusted men,
2 Mac 4:4 “Onias, becoming aware of the danger of their contention, and that Apollonius, the son of Menestheus, the governor of Coelesyria and Phoenicia, was increasing Simon’s malice,”
2 Mac 4:5 “Resorted to the king, not to be an accuser of his fellow-citizens, but as looking after the welfare, public and private, of all the people;”
2 Mac 4:6 “For he saw that without the king’s interest it was impossible for the government to secure peace again, and that Simon would not abandon his folly.”
2 Mac 4:7 “But when Seleucus departed this life and Antiochus, who was called Epiphanes, succeeded to the kingdom, Onias’ brother Jason obtained the high priesthood by corruption,”
2 Mac 4:8 “Promising the king in his petition three hundred and sixty talents of silver, and eighty talents from other revenues.”
2 Mac 4:9 “Besides this he promised to pay a hundred and fifty more, if he was given authority to set up a gymnasium and a training place for youth there and to enroll the people of Jerusalem as citizens of Antioch.”
2 Mac 4:10 “When the king had consented, and he had taken office, he immediately brought his countrymen over to the Greek way of living.”
2 Mac 4:11 “He set aside the royal ordinances especially favoring the Jews, secured through John, the father of Eupolemus, who went on the mission to the Romans to establish friendly relations and an alliance with them, and abrogating the lawful ways of living he introduced new customs contrary to the Law.”
2 Mac 4:12 “For he willingly established a gymnasium right under the citadel, and he made the finest of the young men wear the Greek hat.”
2 Mac 4:13 “And to such a pitch did the cultivation of Greek fashions and the coming in of foreign customs rise, because of the excessive wickedness of this godless Jason, who was no high priest at all,”
2 Mac 4:14 “That the priests were no longer earnest about the services of the altar, but disdaining the sanctuary and neglecting the sacrifices, they hurried to take part in the unlawful exercises in the wrestling school, after the summons to the discus-throwing,”
2 Mac 4:15 “Regarding as worthless the things their forefathers valued, and thinking Greek standards the finest.”
2 Mac 4:16 “As a result, they found themselves in a trying situation, for those whose mode of life they cultivated, and whom they wished to imitate exactly, became their enemies and punished them.”
2 Mac 4:17 “For it is no small matter to sin against the laws of God, as the period that followed will show.”
2 Mac 4:18 “Now when the quinquennial (every fifth year) games were being held at Tyre, and the king was present,”
2 Mac 4:19 “The vile Jason sent envoys who were citizens of Antioch to represent Jerusalem, to carry three hundred silver drachmas for the sacrifice to Hercules. But even those who carried it thought it should not be used for a sacrifice, as that was not fitting, but should be spent in some other way.”
2 Mac 4:20 “So this money intended by its sender for the sacrifice to Hercules, was applied because of those who carried it to the fitting out of triremes.”
2 Mac 4:21 “When Apollonius, the son of Menestheus, was sent into Egypt to attend the coronation of King Philometor, Antiochus, learning that the latter was disaffected toward his government, took measures for his own security, so he came to Joppa and visited Jerusalem.”
2 Mac 4:22 “He was magnificently welcomed by Jason and received with torches and acclamations. Then he marched into Phoenicia.”
2 Mac 4:23 “After the lapse of three years, Jason sent Menelaus, the brother of this Simon, to take the money to the king and to present papers relating to necessary business.”
2 Mac 4:24 “But he, on being presented to the king, extolled him with such apparent authority that he obtained the high priesthood for himself, outbidding Jason by three hundred talents of silver.”
2 Mac 4:25 “Upon receiving the royal commission, he came back, possessing nothing that qualified him for the high priesthood, but with the passions of a savage tyrant and the rage of a wild beast.”
2 Mac 4:26 “So Jason, who had supplanted his own brother, was supplanted by another, and driven as a fugitive into the country of the Ammonites.”
2 Mac 4:27 “So Menelaus held the office, but he did not pay any of the money he had promised to the king, and when Sostratus, the governor of the citadel, demanded it,”
2 Mac 4:28 “For it was his duty to collect the revenues, the two men were summoned by the king to appear before him on account of it.
2 Mac 4:29 “Menelaus left his brother Lysimachus to act in his place in the high priesthood, and Sostratus left Crates, the viceroy of Cyprus, to act in his.”
2 Mac 4:30 “In this state of things, the people of Tarsus and Mallus made an insurrection because they had been given as a present to Antiochis, the king’s mistress.”
2 Mac 4:31 “So the king went in haste to Cilicia to adjust matters there, leaving a man of high rank named Andronicus to act in his place.”
2 Mac 4:32 “Then Menelaus, thinking he had found a favorable opening, presented Andronicus with some gold dishes from the temple, which he had appropriated; he had already sold others at Tyre and the neighboring towns.”
2 Mac 4:33 “When Onias was certain of this, he sternly rebuked him, after retiring to a place of sanctuary at Daphne, near Antioch.”
2 Mac 4:34 “So Menelaus took Andronicus aside and urged him to arrest Onias. And he went to Onias, and having been persuaded to use treachery, offered him sworn pledges and gave him his right hand, and persuaded him, notwithstanding his suspicions, to leave his sanctuary, and immediately without regard to justice put him in prison.”
2 Mac 4:35 “This made not only Jews but many people of other nationalities indignant and angry over the wicked murder of the man.”
2 Mac 4:36 “And when the king came back from Cilicia, the Jews in the city, with the support of the Greeks who abhorred the crime, appealed to him about the unjustifiable killing of Onias.”
2 Mac 4:37 “So Antiochus, as he was sincerely sorry, and moved to pity, and shed tears over the sober and well-ordered life of the departed,”
2 Mac 4:38 “In a fiery passion stripped the purple robe from Andronicus and tore off his underclothes and led him about through the whole city to the very place where he had sinned against Onias, and there he dispatched the murderer, and the Lord rendered him the punishment he deserved.”
2 Mac 4:39 “When many thefts from the temple had been committed in the city by Lysimachus with the connivance of Menelaus, and the report of them spread abroad, the people gathered against Lysimachus, as a great deal of gold plate had already been scattered.”
2 Mac 4:40 “But when the people made an uprising and were inflamed with anger, Lysimachus armed about three thousand men, and commenced hostilities with a man named Avaranus, who was as foolish as he was aged, in command.”
2 Mac 4:41 “And when they were aware of Lysimachus’ attack, some picked up stones and others sticks of wood and others caught up handfuls of the ashes that were lying about, and flung them pell-mell at Lysimachus and his men.”
2 Mac 4:42 “As a result, they wounded many of them, and felled many, and put them all to flight, and the temple-robber himself they killed beside the treasury.”
2 Mac 4:43 “Charges were made against Menelaus about this affair,”
2 Mac 4:44 “And when the king visited Tyre, the three men sent by the senate presented the case before him.”
2 Mac 4:45 “Menelaus was now facing defeat, but he promised a large sum of money to Ptolemy, son of Dorymenes, to prevail upon the king.”
2 Mac 4:46 “So Ptolemy took the king aside into a colonnade, as if to take the air, and persuaded him to change his mind,”
2 Mac 4:47 “And he acquitted Menelaus, who was to blame for all the trouble, of the charges against him, and condemned to death the wretched men who would have been dismissed as innocent if they had pleaded even before Scythians.”
2 Mac 4:48 “So the advocates of the city and the people and the sacred plate promptly suffered this unjust punishment.”
2 Mac 4:49 “This caused some Tyrians, in their detestation of the crime, to provide magnificently for their burial.”
2 Mac 4:50 “But Menelaus, because of the covetousness of the authorities, remained in power, increasing in wickedness and persistently plotting against his fellow-citizens.”

Chapter 5

2 Mac 5:1 “About that time Antiochus made his second attack upon Egypt.”
2 Mac 5:2 “And it happened that all over the city for about forty days, there appeared horsemen charging in mid-air, in robes inwrought with gold, fully armed, in companies, with spears and drawn swords;”
2 Mac 5:3 “Squadrons of cavalry drawn up, charges and countercharges taking place on this side and on that, with brandishing of shields, forests of spears, showers of missiles, the flash of gold trappings, and armor of every kind.”
2 Mac 5:4 “Therefore all men prayed that the manifestation betokened good.”
2 Mac 5:5 “There arose a false rumor that Antiochus had departed this life, and Jason took fully a thousand men and made a sudden attack upon the city. As the troops upon the walls gave way, and the city was already virtually captured, Menelaus took refuge in the citadel.”
2 Mac 5:6 Then Jason unsparingly slaughtered his fellow-citizens, regardless of the fact that success gained over one’s kindred is the greatest failure, and fancying that he was winning trophies from his enemies, not from his countrymen.
2 Mac 5:7 “He did not get control of the government, however, and in the end got only shame from his conspiracy, and had to take refuge again as a fugitive in the country of the Ammonites.”
2 Mac 5:8 “So finally he met a miserable end; accused before Aretas, the sovereign of Arabians, fleeing from city to city, pursued by all men, hated as an apostate from the laws, and abhorred as the butcher of his country and his fellow-citizens, he was driven into Egypt,”
2 Mac 5:9 “And he who had sent many from their own country into exile died in a strange land, crossing the sea to the Lacedaemonians hoping to find protection there because of his relationship to them.”
2 Mac 5:10 “So he who had thrown many out to lie unburied had none to mourn for him, and had no funeral at all and no place in the tomb of his forefathers.”
2 Mac 5:11 “When news of what had happened reached the king, he thought that Judea was in revolt; so he set out from Egypt Iike a wild beast and took the city by storm.”
2 Mac 5:12 “And he ordered his soldiers to cut down without distinction anyone they met and to slay those who took refuge in their houses.”
2 Mac 5:13 “Then there was a massacre of young and old, an annihilation of boys, women and children, a slaughter of girls and babies.”
2 Mac 5:14 “In no more than three days eighty thousand people were destroyed, forty thousand of them in hand-to-hand encounter, and as many were sold into slavery as were slain.”
2 Mac 5:15 “Not content with this, he dared to go into the most holy temple in all the world, guided by Menelaus who had betrayed both the laws and his country;”
2 Mac 5:16 “And took the sacred plate in his polluted hands, and with his profane hands he swept away what had been dedicated by other kings to enhance the glory and honor of the place.”
2 Mac 5:17 “In the elation of his spirit, Antiochus did not realize that it was because of the sins of the inhabitants of the city that the Lord was angered for a little, so that he had not had regard for the place.”
2 Mac 5:18 “But if they had not happened to be entangled in so many sins this man, like Heliodorus, who was sent by King Seleucus to inspect the treasury, would have been flogged and turned back from his presumptuous purpose as soon as he approached.”
2 Mac 5:19 “But the Lord did not select the nation for the sake of the place, but the place for the sake of the nation.”
2 Mac 5:20 “Therefore the place itself, after sharing in the misfortunes that overtook the nation, participated afterward in its benefits; and what was forsaken by the Almighty in his wrath was restored in all its glory when its great Master became reconciled to it.”
2 Mac 5:21 “So Antiochus carried away eighteen hundred talents from the temple, and hurried off to Antioch, thinking in his arrogance that he would make the land navigable and the sea traversable on foot, he was so intoxicated in mind.”
2 Mac 5:22 “And to harass the people he left governors in Jerusalem, Philip, a Phrygian by nationality, but in character more barbarous than the man who appointed him;”
2 Mac 5:23 “In Gerizim, Andronicus, and besides these, Menelaus, who was worse than the others in his overbearing treatment of his townsmen. In his hostile attitude to the Jewish citizens,”
2 Mac 5:24 “He sent Apollonius, the Mysian captain, with a force of twenty-two thousand, with orders to slay all the grown men, and to sell the women and younger men as slaves.”
2 Mac 5:25 “When this man arrived at Jerusalem, he pretended to be peacefully disposed, and waited till the holy sabbath day; then finding the Jews refraining from work, he ordered his men to parade under arms;”
2 Mac 5:26 “And so he slew all them that were gone to the celebrating of the sabbath, and running through the city with weapons slew great multitudes.”
2 Mac 5:26 (Grk) “And put to the sword all those who came out to see them, and rushing into the city with his armed men he destroyed them in great multitudes.”
2 Mac 5:27 “But Judas Maccabeus with some nine others got away to the wild country and kept himself alive with his comrades in the mountains as wild animals do, and they lived on what grew wild rather than suffer pollution with the rest.”

Chapter 6

2 Mac 6:1 “Not long after, the king sent an old Athenian to force the Jews to forsake the laws of their forefathers and cease to live according to the laws of God,”
2 Mac 6:2 “But to pollute the temple in Jerusalem and to call it that of the Olympian Zeus, and to call the one in Gerizim that of Zeus the Hospitable, in keeping with the character of those who lived there.”
2 Mac 6:3 “This harshly and most grievously intensified the evil.”
2 Mac 6:4 “For the heathen filled the temple with profligacy and revelry, amusing themselves with prostitutes and lying with women within the sacred precincts, and bringing into it things that were forbidden.”
2 Mac 6:5 “The altar was covered with abominable offerings, which the laws forbade.”
2 Mac 6:6 “A man could not keep the sabbath or celebrate the festivals of his forefathers, or admit he was a Jew at all.”
2 Mac 6:7 “On the monthly celebration of the king’s birthday, they were taken by bitter necessity to taste the sacrifices, and when the festival of Dionysus was celebrated, they were compelled to wear wreaths of ivy and march in procession in his honor.”
2 Mac 6:8 “At Ptolemy’s suggestion a decree was issued to the neighboring Greek towns, that they should adopt the same policy toward the Jews and make them taste the sacrifices,”
2 Mac 6:9 “And that they should slay any who would not agree to adopt Greek customs. So anyone could see how their misery was intensified.”
2 Mac 6:10 “For two women were brought in for circumcising their children, and they led them publicly about the city with their babies hanging at their breasts, and then threw them down from the top of the wall.”
2 Mac 6:11 “Others who had gathered in caves near by, to keep the seventh day in secret, were betrayed to Philip and all burned together, because they had scruples about defending themselves, in their respect for the dignity of that most holy day.”
2 Mac 6:12 “So I beseech those who read this book not to be cast down by such misfortunes but to consider that these punishments were meant not for the destruction of our people but for their correction.”
2 Mac 6:13 “For it is a mark of great benevolence not to let the impious alone for a long time but to punish them promptly.”
2 Mac 6:14 “For in the case of other nations, the Master is long suffering and waits before he punishes them until they have reached the full measure of their sins; but in our case he has decided differently,”
2 Mac 6:15 “So that he may not take vengeance on us afterward when our sins have reached their height.
2 Mac 6:16 “So he never withdraws his mercy from us, and although he disciplines us with misfortune, he does not abandon his own people.”
2 Mac 6:17 “This much let us say by way of reminder; after these few words we must resume our story.”
2 Mac 6:18 “Eleazar, one of the leading scribes, a man of advanced age and fine appearance, was being forced to open his mouth and eat pork.” (4 Mac 5:4-6:30)
2 Mac 6:19 “But he, welcoming a glorious death in preference to a life of pollution went up of his own accord to the torture wheel,”
2 Mac 6:20 “Setting an example of how those should come forward who are steadfast enough to refuse food which it is wrong to taste even for the natural love of life.”
2 Mac 6:21 “Those who were in charge of that unlawful sacrificial meal, because of their long-standing acquaintance with the man, took him aside, and privately urged him to bring meat provided by himself, which he could properly make use of, and pretend that he was eating the meat of the sacrifice, as the king had ordered,”
2 Mac 6:22 “So that by doing this he might escape the death penalty, and on account of his lifelong friendship with them be kindly treated.”
2 Mac 6:23 “But he, making a high resolve, worthy of his years and the dignity of his age and the hoary hair which he reached with such distinction, and his admirable life even from his childhood, and still more of the holy and divine legislation, declared himself in accord with these, telling them to send him down to Hades at once.”
2 Mac 6:24 “For,” said he, “it does not become our time of life to pretend, and so lead many young people to suppose that Eleazar when ninety years old has gone over to heathenism,”
2 Mac 6:25 “And to be led astray through me, because of my pretense for the sake of this short and insignificant life, while I defile and disgrace my old age.”
2 Mac 6:26 “For even if for the present I escape the punishment of men, yet whether I live or die I shall not escape the hands of the Almighty.”
2 Mac 6:27 “Therefore by manfully giving up my life now, I will prove myself worthy of my great age,”
2 Mac 6:28 “And leave to the young a noble example of how to die willingly and nobly for the sacred and holy laws.” With these words he went straight to the torture wheel,”
2 Mac 6:29 “While those who so shortly before had felt kindly toward him became hostile to him, because the words he had uttered were in their opinion mere madness.”
2 Mac 6:30 “As he was about to die under the strokes, he said with a groan, “The Lord, in his holy knowledge, knows that, though I might have escaped death, I endure dreadful pains in my body from being flogged; but in my heart I am glad to suffer this, because I fear him.”
2 Mac 6:31 “And so he died, leaving in his death a pattern of nobility and a memorial of virtue not only to the young but to the mass of his nation.”

Chapter 7

2 Mac 7:1 “It happened that seven brothers were also arrested with their mother, and were tortured with whips and thongs by the king, to force them to taste of the unlawful swine’s meat.”
2 Mac 7:2 “One of them made himself their advocate and said, “What do you expect to ask and learn from us? For we are ready to die, rather than transgress the laws of our fore-fathers.”
2 Mac 7:3 “The king was infuriated and gave orders that pans and caldrons should be heated.”
2 Mac 7:4 “And when they were immediately heated, he commanded that the tongue of the one who had been their advocate should be cut out, and that they should scalp him and cut off his extremities, while his brothers and his mother looked on.”
2 Mac 7:5 “And when he was utterly crippled, he ordered them to bring him to the fire and fry him. And as the vapor from the pan spread thickly, they with their mother encouraged one another to die nobly, saying,”
2 Mac 7:6 “The Lord God is looking on, and he truly relents toward us, as Moses declared in his Song, which bore witness against them face to face, when he said, ‘And he will relent toward his slaves.”’
2 Mac 7:7 “When the first one had departed in this manner, they brought the second one to be mocked, and they tore off the skin of his head with the hair, and asked him, “Will you eat, or have your body punished limb by limb?”
2 Mac 7:8 “But he replied in the language of his forefathers and answered, “No.” So he also underwent the same series of tortures as the first suffered.”
2 Mac 7:9 “But when he was at his last gasp, he said, “You wretch, you release us from this present life, but the king of the world will raise us up, because we have died for his laws, to an everlasting renewal of life.”
2 Mac 7:10 “After him, the third was mocked, and when he was told to put out his tongue, he did so quickly, and courageously stretched out his hands,”
2 Mac 7:11 “And said nobly, “I got these from heaven, and for the sake of its laws I disregard them, and from it I hope to receive them back again,”
2 Mac 7:12 “So that the king himself and those who were with him were amazed at the young man’s spirit, because he made light of his sufferings.”
2 Mac 7:13 “And when he had departed, they tortured and maltreated the fourth in the same way.”
2 Mac 7:14 “And when he was near his end, he spoke thus: “It is better to die by men’s hands and look for the hopes God gives of being raised again by him; for you will have no resurrection to life.”
2 Mac 7:15 “Next they brought up the fifth and maltreated him.”
2 Mac 7:16 “But he looked at him and said, “Since you have authority among men, though you are mortal, you do what you please; but do not suppose that our race has been abandoned by God.”
2 Mac 7:17 “But follow your course and see how his mighty power will torment you and your posterity.”
2 Mac 7:18 “After him they brought the sixth. And when he was at the point of death, he said, “Do not be falsely deceived; for we suffer these things because of ourselves, for we sin against our own God, so these amazing things have happened.”
2 Mac 7:19 “But you must not suppose that you will go unpunished for having attempted to fight against God.”
2 Mac 7:20 “But their mother was surpassingly wonderful, and deserves a blessed memory, for though she saw her seven sons perish within a single day, she bore it with good courage, because of her hope in the Lord.”
2 Mac 7:21 “And she encouraged each of them in the language of their forefathers, for she was filled with a noble spirit and stirred her woman’s heart with manly courage, and said to them,”
2 Mac 7:22 “I do not know how you appeared in my womb, for it was not I that gave you life and breath, and it was not I that brought into harmony the elements of each.”
2 Mac 7:23 “Therefore the creator of the world, who formed the human race and arranged the generation of all things, will give you back again life and breath in his mercy, as you now are regardless of yourselves for the sake of his laws.”
2 Mac 7:24 “Now Antiochus, thinking that he was being treated with contempt, and suspecting her reproachful cry, as the youngest still survived, not only appealed to him in words but also promised him with oaths that he would make him rich and envied, if he would give up the ways of his forefathers, and would make him his Friend and intrust him with office.”
2 Mac 7:25 “But when the young man paid no attention to him, the king called the mother to him and urged her to advise the boy to save himself.”
2 Mac 7:26 “After he had labored with her a long time, she undertook to persuade her son.”
2 Mac 7:27 “She bent over him, and mocking the cruel tyrant, she spoke thus, in the language of her forefathers: “My son, have pity on me, who carried you nine months in the womb, and nursed you for three years, and brought you up and brought you to your present age, and supported you.”
2 Mac 7:28 “I beseech you, my child, to look up at the heaven and the earth, and see all that is in them, and perceive that God did not make them out of the things that existed, and in that way the human race came into existence.”
2 Mac 7:29 “Do not be afraid of this butcher, but show yourself worthy of your brothers, and accept death, so that by God’s mercy I may get you back again with your brothers.”
2 Mac 7:30 “Before she could finish, the young man said, “What are you waiting for? I will not obey the command of the king, but I obey the command of the Law that was given to our forefathers through Moses.”
2 Mac 7:31 “But you, who have designed every kind of evil against the Hebrews, will not escape the hands of God.”
2 Mac 7:32 “For we are suffering because of our own sins.”
2 Mac 7:33 “And though our living Lord is angry for a little while, to rebuke and discipline us, he will be reconciled with his own slaves again.”
2 Mac 7:34 “But you, impious man, the vilest of all men, do not foolishly buoy yourself up in your insolence with uncertain hopes, when you raise your hand against the children of heaven;”
2 Mac 7:35 “For you have not yet escaped the judgment of the Almighty all-seeing God.”
2 Mac 7:36 “For our brethren, who now have suffered a short pain, are dead under God’s covenant of everlasting life; but thou, through the judgment of God, shall receive just punishment for thy pride.”
2 Mac 7:36 (Grk) “For our brothers after enduring a brief suffering have drunk everlasting life, under the agreement of God. But you, by the judgment of God, will receive the rightful penalty of your arrogance.”
2 Mac 7:37 “I, like my brothers, give up body and soul for the laws of my forefathers, calling upon God speedily to show mercy to our nation, and to lead you to confess, in trials and plagues, that he alone is God;”
2 Mac 7:38 “And to stay through me and my brothers the wrath of the Almighty, which has justly fallen on our whole nation.”
2 Mac 7:39 “But the king was infuriated and treated him worse than the others, being embittered at his mockery.”
2 Mac 7:40 “So he passed away unpolluted, trusting firmly in the Lord.”
2 Mac 7:41 “Last of all, the mother met her end, after her sons.”
2 Mac 7:42 “So much then for the eating of sacrifices and excessive barbarities.”

Chapter 8

2 Mac 8:1 “But Judas, who was called Maccabeus, and his followers secretly entered the villages and called on their kinsmen to join them, and by enlisting those who had clung to the Jewish religion, they mustered as many as six thousand.”
2 Mac 8:2 “And they called upon the Lord to look upon the people who were oppressed by all men and to have pity on the sanctuary which had been profaned by the godless,”
2 Mac 8:3 “And to have mercy on the city which was being ruined and would soon be leveled with the ground, and to hearken to the blood that cried to them,”
2 Mac 8:4 “And to remember the lawless destruction of the innocent babies and the blasphemies uttered against his name, and to hate their wickedness.”
2 Mac 8:5 “And as soon as Maccabeus got them organized, the heathen found him irresistible, for the wrath of the Lord now turned to mercy.”
2 Mac 8:6 “He would go unexpectedly to towns and villages and set fire to them, and in recovering advantageous positions and putting to flight not a few of the enemy,”
2 Mac 8:7 “He found the nights especially favorable for such attacks. And the country rang with talk of his valor.”
2 Mac 8:8 “When Philip saw that the man was gaining ground little by little, and that his successful advances were becoming more frequent, he wrote to Ptolemy, the governor of Coelesyria and Phoenicia, to support the king’s side.”
2 Mac 8:9 “And he promptly selected Nicanor, the son of Patroclus, one of the king’s chief friends and sent him, putting him in command of not less than twenty thousand heathen of various nationalities, to wipe out the whole race of Judea. And he associated with him Gorgias, a general and a man of experience in military service.”
2 Mac 8:10 “But Nicanor resolved by taking the Jews captive to make up for the king the tribute which he owed to the Romans, which amounted to two thousand talents.”
2 Mac 8:11 “And he immediately sent to the coast towns, inviting them to buy Jewish slaves, and promising to deliver them at ninety for a talent, little expecting the judgment from the Almighty that was to overtake him.”
2 Mac 8:12 “When news of Nicanor’s advance reached Judas, and when he informed his followers of the arrival of the army,”
2 Mac 8:13 “Those who were cowardly and doubtful about the judgment of God ran away and took themselves off.”
2 Mac 8:14 “And others sold everything they had left and besought the Lord together to deliver those who had been sold in advance by the impious Nicanor;”
2 Mac 8:15 “If not for their own sakes, for the sake of the agreements made with their forefathers, and because they had been called by his revered and glorious name.”
2 Mac 8:16 “And Maccabeus gathered his men together, to the number of six thousand, and exhorted them not to be panic-stricken at the enemy, or to fear the vast multitude of the heathen who were coming against them wrongfully, but to fight nobly,”
2 Mac 8:17 “Keeping before their eyes the lawless outrage they had committed against the holy place, and the tormenting of the derided city, and besides, the destruction of their ancestral mode of life.”
2 Mac 8:18 “For they,” he said, “trust in arms and daring, but we trust in the Almighty God, for he is able with a mere nod to strike down not only our enemies but the whole world.”
2 Mac 8:19 “And he told them besides of the times when help had been given them in the days of their forefathers, and how in the time of Sennacherib a hundred and eighty-five thousand had perished,”
2 Mac 8:20 “And the help that came in Babylonia, in the battle with the Galatians, when they went into the affair eight thousand in all, with four thousand Macedonians, and when the Macedonians were hard pressed, the eight thousand destroyed the hundred and twenty thousand, because of the help that came to them from heaven, and took a great quantity of booty.”
2 Mac 8:21 “When he had revived their courage with these words, and made them ready to die for their laws and their country, he divided his army into four parts.
2 Mac 8:22 “He put his brothers Simon and Joseph and Jonathan each in command of a division, putting fifteen hundred men under each,”
2 Mac 8:23 “Besides Eleazar also, and he read aloud from the holy book, and gave “the Help of God” as the watchword, and taking command of the first division himself, he joined battle with Nicanor.”
2 Mac 8:24 “And the Almighty was their ally, and they slaughtered more than nine thousand of the enemy, and wounded and disabled most of Nicanor’s army, and forced them all to flee.”
2 Mac 8:25 “And they captured the money of those who had come to buy them. And after pursuing them for a considerable distance, they were obliged to turn back because of the time of day;”
2 Mac 8:26 “For it was the day before the sabbath, and for that reason they could not prolong their pursuit of them.”
2 Mac 8:27 “But after collecting the enemy’s arms and stripping them of their spoils, they busied themselves about the sabbath, fervently blessing and thanking the Lord who had preserved them to see that day, because he had begun to show them mercy.”
2 Mac 8:28 “After the sabbath, they gave some of the spoils to the wounded and to the widows and orphans and divided the rest with their children.”
2 Mac 8:29 “When they had accomplished this, they made a common supplication, and besought the merciful Lord to be wholly reconciled to his slaves.
2 Mac 8:30 “When they encountered the forces of Timotheus and Bacchides, they killed more than twenty thousand of them, and obtained possession of some exceedingly high strong holds, and they divided a great amount of plunder, giving shares equal to their own to the wounded and orphans and widows, and also to the older people as well.”
2 Mac 8:31 “And they carefully collected all their own arms and deposited them in the advantageous places, and the rest of the spoils they carried to Jerusalem.”
2 Mac 8:32 “And they killed the cavalry commander of Timotheus’ forces, a most impious man, who had greatly injured the Jews.”
2 Mac 8:33 “And in celebrating their victory in the city of their forefathers, they burned those who had set fire to the sacred gates, and Callisthenes, who had taken refuge in a cottage; so he received the proper reward for his impious conduct.”
2 Mac 8:34 “But the thrice-accursed Nicanor, who had brought the thousand slave-dealers to buy the Jews,”
2 Mac 8:35 “After being humbled through the Lord’s help by those whom he had thought of no account, took off his fine clothes and going alone like a runaway across country reached Antioch, having been supremely successful in destroying his army!”
2 Mac 8:36 “So the man who had undertaken to secure tribute for the Romans by the capture of the people of Jerusalem proclaimed that the Jews had a champion, and that the Jews were invulnerable because of their way of life, because they followed the laws laid down by him.”

Chapter 9

2 Mac 9:1 “Now about that time it happened that Antiochus returned in disorder from the region of Persia.”
2 Mac 9:2 “For he had entered the city called Persepolis, and tried to rob the temples and get control of the city. At this the people naturally had swift recourse to arms, and they were routed, and the result was that Antiochus was put to flight by the people of the country and left in disgrace.”
2 Mac 9:3 “And while he was at Ecbatana, news came to him of what had happened to Nicanor and the forces of Timotheus.”
2 Mac 9:4 “And excited by anger, he thought he would fasten upon the Jews the injury done him by those who had put him to flight, so he ordered his charioteer to drive without stopping until he finished the journey, although the judgment of heaven accompanied him. For in his arrogance he said, “I will make Jerusalem the common graveyard of the Jews, when I get there.”
2 Mac 9:5 “But the All-seeing Lord, the God of Israel, struck him down with an incurable but unseen blow, for he had hardly uttered the words when he was seized with an incurable pain in his bowels and sharp internal pains,”
2 Mac 9:6 “Very justly, for he had tormented the bowels of others with many unusual miseries.”
2 Mac 9:7 “He did not desist at all from his insolence, but was more and more filled with arrogance, breathing fire in his fury against the Jews, and giving orders to hasten the journey. But it happened that he fell out of his chariot as it was rushing along, and was racked in every part of his body from the fall.”
2 Mac 9:8 “And the man who just now presumed to command the waves of the sea, in his superhuman boastfulness and thought he could weigh the mountain heights in his scales, was flat on the ground and had to be carried in a horse litter – making the power of God manifest to all men,”
2 Mac 9:9 “So that worms swarmed from the impious creature’s body, and while he was still alive in anguish and pain, his flesh fell off, and because of the stench the whole army turned from his corruption in disgust.”
2 Mac 9:10 “The man who shortly before thought he could touch the stars of heaven, no one could now bear to carry, because of his intolerable stench.”
2 Mac 9:11 “So it was then that, broken in spirit, he began for the most part to give up his arrogance, and under the scourge of God to attain some knowledge, for he was tortured with pain every instant.”
2 Mac 9:12 “And when he could not even endure his own stench, he said this: “It is right to submit to God and, since man is mortal, not to think he is God’s equal.”
2 Mac 9:13 “And the vile fellow made a vow to the Lord who would no longer have mercy on him, stating:”
2 Mac 9:14 “That he declared the holy city, which he was hastening to level with the ground and to make a common graveyard, free;”
2 Mac 9:15 “And as for the Jews, who he had decided were unworthy of burial, but should be thrown out with their children to the wild animals, for the birds to pick, that he would make them all equal to citizens of Athens;”
2 Mac 9:16 “And the holy sanctuary, which before he had plundered, he would adorn with the finest offerings, and he would give back all the sacred dishes many times over, and the expenses incident to the sacrifices he would supply from his own revenues;”
2 Mac 9:17 “And in addition to this, he would become a Jew and visit every inhabited place to proclaim the power of God.”
2 Mac 9:18 “But when his suffering by no means ceased, for God’s judgment had come justly upon him, in despair about himself he wrote the Jews the following letter, assuming the attitude of a suppliant.”
2 Mac 9:19 “It ran thus: “To the esteemed Jewish citizens, Antiochus, the king and general, sends hearty greetings and wishes for their health and prosperity.”
2 Mac 9:20 “If you and your children are well and your affairs are going as you wish, I am glad. As my hope is in heaven,”
2 Mac 9:21 “I remember with affection your esteem and good will. On my way back from the regions of Persia, I have been taken seriously ill, so I have thought it necessary to plan for the general welfare of all.”
2 Mac 9:22 “Not that I despair of myself, for I have strong hopes of recovering from my sickness.”
2 Mac 9:23 “But observing that my father, on the occasions when he campaigned in the upper country, appointed his successor,”
2 Mac 9:24 “So that, if anything unexpected happened, or any disturbing news came, the people at home, knowing to whom the government was left, should not be disturbed;”
2 Mac 9:25 “And in addition to this, perceiving that the adjacent princes, who are neighbors to the kingdom, watch for opportunities and are expectant of what may turn up, I have appointed my son Antiochus king, whom I have often committed and commended to most of you, when I hurried off to the upper provinces; and I have written him what is written below.”
2 Mac 9:26 “I beg and beseech you to remember the public and private services rendered you and to continue your good will to me and my son.”
2 Mac 9:27 “For I am convinced that he will follow my policy with mildness and kindness, in his relations with you.”
2 Mac 9:28 “So the murderer and blasphemer, after the most intense sufferings, such as he had inflicted on other people, ended his life most pitiably, among the mountains, in a foreign land.”
2 Mac 9:29 “And his foster-brother Philip took his body home, and then, as he feared the son of Antiochus, he went over to Ptolemy Philometor in Egypt.”

Chapter 10

2 Mac 10:1 “Now Maccabeus and his followers under the Lord’s leadership regained the temple and the city,”
2 Mac 10:2 “And tore down the altars that had been built by the aliens in the public square, and also the sacred inclosures.”
2 Mac 10:3 “And when they had purified the sanctuary, they built another altar of sacrifice, and striking flints and getting fire from them, they offered sacrifices, after an interval of two years, and they burned incense and lighted lamps and set out the Presentation Loaves. (shewbread)”
2 Mac 10:4 “And when they had done this, they fell on their faces and besought the Lord that they might never again encounter such misfortune, but that, if they should ever sin, he would discipline them with forbearance, and not hand them over to blasphemous and barbarous heathen.
2 Mac 10:5 “And it came about that on the very same day on which the sanctuary had been profaned by aliens, the purification of the sanctuary took place, that is, on the twenty-fifth day of the same month, which was Chislev.”
2 Mac 10:6 “And they celebrated it for eight days with gladness, like the Camping Out festival3The feast of the Dedication of the Temple, Hanukkah, celebrated on the twenty-fifth of Kislev (Nov.–Dec.). New feast day that resembles the feast of Booths (Lv 23:33–43), celebrated on the fifteenth of Tishri (Sept.–Oct.)., and recalled how, a little while before, during the Camping Out festival they had been wandering in the mountains and caverns like wild animals.”
2 Mac 10:7 “So carrying wands wreathed with leaves and beautiful branches and palm leaves too they offered hymns of praise to him who had brought to pass the purifying of his own place.”
2 Mac 10:8 “And they passed a public ordinance and decree that the whole Jewish nation should observe these days every year.”
2 Mac 10:9 “Such was the end of Antiochus, who was called Epiphanes.”
2 Mac 10:10 “We will now set forth what took place under Antiochus Eupator, who was the son of that godless man, summarizing the principal disasters of the wars.”
2 Mac 10:11 “For this man, upon succeeding to the kingdom, appointed one Lysias to have charge of the government, and to be governor-in-chief of Coelesyria and Phoenicia.”
2 Mac 10:12 “For Ptolemy who was called Macron instituted the practice of showing justice to the Jews because of the wrong that had been done them, and attempted to carry on his dealings with them amicably.”
2 Mac 10:13 “As a result, he was accused before Eupator by the king’s friends, and on all sides heard himself called a traitor, because he had abandoned Cyprus which Philometor had intrusted to him, and gone over to Antiochus Epiphanes, and, as he could not maintain the dignity of his office, he took poison and ended his life.”
2 Mac 10:14 “But Gorgias, when he became governor of the region, maintained mercenaries and kept on warring against the Jews at every turn.”
2 Mac 10:15 “In addition to that, the Idumeans, who held important forts, were harassing the Jews, and enlisting those from Jerusalem who took refuge there, they sought to continue the war.”
2 Mac 10:16 “But Maccabeus and his men made a supplication and besought God to be their ally, and then threw themselves upon the forts of the Idumeans,”
2 Mac 10:17 “And attacking them vigorously they made themselves masters of the positions, and fought off those who manned the wall, and slaughtered those whom they encountered, killing not less than twenty thousand.”
2 Mac 10:18 “As fully nine thousand had taken refuge in two very strong towers well supplied for a siege,”
2 Mac 10:19 “Maccabeus left Simon and Joseph and in addition Zaccheus and his men, making a force strong enough to besiege them, and set off for places that were more urgent.”
2 Mac 10:20 “But the men with Simon were covetous and were bribed by some of the men in the towers, and on receiving seventy thousand drachmas let some of them escape.”
2 Mac 10:21 “But when news of what had happened reached Maccabeus, he gathered the leaders of the people together, and charged them with having sold their brothers for money, by freeing their enemies to fight them.”
2 Mac 10:22 “So he killed those men for having proved traitors, and immediately captured the towers.”
2 Mac 10:23 “And as he was successful in arms in everything he undertook, he destroyed more than twenty thousand men in the two forts.”
2 Mac 10:24 “But Timotheus, who had been defeated by the Jews before, gathered enormous mercenary forces, and mustering no small number of Asiatic cavalry, came as though he would take Judea by storm.”
2 Mac 10:25 “But when he approached, Maccabeus and his men sprinkled earth on their heads and put sackcloth on their loins,”
2 Mac 10:26 “And falling down upon the step before the altar begged him to favor them and be the enemy of their enemies, and oppose their adversaries, as the Law declares.
2 Mac 10:27 “And when they had ended their prayer, they took their arms, and advanced a considerable distance from the city, and when they got near the enemy, they halted.”
2 Mac 10:28 “And just as the dawn was breaking, the two armies joined battle, those on one side having besides their valor their assurance of success and victory in having taken refuge with the Lord, while those on the other followed their passions as leader in the contest.
2 Mac 10:29 “And when the fighting had become fierce, there appeared to the enemy from heaven five splendid figures on horses with gold bridles, leading the Jews,”
2 Mac 10:30 “And they surrounded Maccabeus and protected him with their armor and kept him unhurt, while they shot arrows and hurled thunderbolts at the enemy, so that, confused and blinded, they were thrown into disorder and cut to pieces.”
2 Mac 10:31 “Twenty thousand five hundred were slaughtered, and six hundred horsemen.”
2 Mac 10:32 “Timotheus himself took refuge in a stronghold called Gazara, which was strongly garrisoned and under the command of Chaereas.”
2 Mac 10:33 “Then Maccabeus and his men were glad, and they besieged the fort for four days.”
2 Mac 10:34 “And those who were inside, relying on the strength of the place, blasphemed dreadfully and uttered impious speeches.”
2 Mac 10:35 “But at dawn the fifth day, twenty young men in the army of Maccabeus, fired with anger by these blasphemies, manfully assaulted the wall and in savage fury cut down everyone they met.”
2 Mac 10:36 “Others who had climbed up in the same way, in the confusion over those who had gotten in, set the towers on fire and starting fires burned the blasphemers alive. Still others broke open the gates, and let in the rest of the force, capturing the city.”
2 Mac 10:37 “They killed Timotheus, who was hidden in a cistern, and his brother Chaereas and Apollophanes.”
2 Mac 10:38 “When they had accomplished this, with hymns and thanksgivings they blessed the Lord who does great services to Israel, and gives them victory.”

Chapter 11

2 Mac 11:1 “A very short time after, Lysias, the guardian and relative of the king, who was in charge of the government, being greatly annoyed at what had happened,
2 Mac 11:2 “Mustered about eighty thousand men and all his cavalry, and came against the Jews, with the intention of making the city a place for Greeks to live in,”
2 Mac 11:3 “And of imposing tribute on the temple, as they did on the other sacred places of the heathen, and of offering the high priesthood for sale every year,”
2 Mac 11:4 “Taking no account at all of the power of God, but uplifted by his tens of thousands of infantry, and his thousands of cavalry, and his eighty elephants.”
2 Mac 11:5 “And he entered Judea, and approached Bethsura, a fortified place about five-eighths of a mile from Jerusalem, and pressed it hard.”
2 Mac 11:6 “But when Maccabeus and his men got news that he was besieging the strongholds, with lamentations and tears they and the people besought the Lord to send some valiant angel to save Israel.”
2 Mac 11:7 “Maccabeus himself was the first to take up arms and called on the others to risk their lives with him and go to the aid of their brothers. So they hurried off eagerly together.”
2 Mac 11:8 “But there, while they were still near Jerusalem, one on horseback, clothed in white, appeared at their head, brandishing gold weapons.”
2 Mac 11:9 “And they all blessed the merciful God together, and their hearts were strengthened, and they felt equal to overcoming not only men but the fiercest animals and iron walls.”
2 Mac 11:10 “So they advanced in good order with their heavenly ally, for the Lord had had mercy on them.”
2 Mac 11:11 “And flying at the enemy like lions they killed eleven thousand of them and sixteen hundred horsemen, and forced all the rest to flee.”
2 Mac 11:12 “The most of them got away stripped and wounded, and Lysias himself escaped only by a disgraceful flight.”
2 Mac 11:13 “But as he was not without understanding, he thought over the defeat he had met with, and perceived that the Hebrews were invincible, because the mighty God was their ally, so he sent to them,”
2 Mac 11:14 “And persuaded them to come to a general settlement on just terms, because he would persuade the king and prevail upon him to become their friend.”
2 Mac 11:15 “And Maccabeus agreed to all that Lysias proposed, thus looking out for the common good, for the king granted all the demands that Maccabeus made in writing to Lysias for the Jews.”
2 Mac 11:16 “For the letter written to the Jews by Lysias was as follows: “Lysias sends greeting to the Jewish people.
2 Mac 11:17 “Your emissaries John and Absalom have presented the accompanying petition and asked about the matters set forth in it.”
2 Mac 11:18 “So I informed the king of the matters that needed to be laid before him, and he has agreed to all that was possible.”
2 Mac 11:19 “If then you will continue your loyalty to the government, I will endeavor to further your interests in the future.”
2 Mac 11:20 “But about the details of these matters, I have ordered these men and my representatives to confer with you.”
2 Mac 11:21 “Goodbye. The hundred and forty-eighth year, Dioscorinthius twenty-fourth.”
2 Mac 11:22 “The king’s letter ran thus: “King Antiochus sends greeting to his brother Lysias.”
2 Mac 11:23 “Now that our father has departed to the gods, we desire the subjects of the kingdom to be unmolested and to busy themselves with the care of their own affairs,”
2 Mac 11:24 “And as we have heard that the Jews will not agree to our father’s policy of making them adopt Greek practices, but prefer their own way of living, and ask to be allowed to follow their own customs,”
2 Mac 11:25 “We wish this nation also to be undisturbed, and our decision is that their temple be returned to them, and that they follow their ancestral customs.”
2 Mac 11:26 “Please send messengers to them therefore, and give them assurances, so that they may know our purpose and be of good cheer, and contentedly go about the conduct of their affairs.”
2 Mac 11:27 “The king’s letter to the nation ran as follows: “King Antiochus sends greeting to the Jewish senate and to the rest of the Jews.”
2 Mac 11:28 “If you are well, it is what we desire; we too are well.”
2 Mac 11:29 “Menelaus has informed us that you want to go home and look after your own affairs.”
2 Mac 11:30 “Therefore, those who go home by the thirtieth of Xanthicus will have our assurance:”
2 Mac 11:31 “That the Jews can fearlessly enjoy their own food and laws, as before; and none of them shall be molested in any way for what he may have ignorantly done.”
2 Mac 11:32 “I have sent Menelaus also to cheer you.”
2 Mac 11:33 “Goodbye. The hundred and forty-eighth year, Xanthicus fifteenth.”
2 Mac 11:34 “The Romans also sent them a letter to this effect: “Quintus Memmius and Titus Manius, envoys of the Romans, send greeting to the Jewish people.”
2 Mac 11:35 “With regard to what Lysias, the king’s relative, has granted you, we also give our approval.”
2 Mac 11:36 “But as to the matters which he decided should be referred to the king, as soon as you have considered the matter, send us word, so that we may take proper action. For we are going to Antioch;”
2 Mac 11:37 “So make haste and send men to us, so that we also may know what your intentions are.”
2 Mac 11:38 “Goodbye. The hundred and forty-eighth year, Xanthicus fifteenth.”

Chapter 12

2 Mac 12:1 “After this agreement was reached, Lysias went back to the king, and the Jews went about their farming.
2 Mac 12:2 “But some of the local governors, Timotheus and Apollonius, the son of Gennaeus, besides Hieronymus and Demophon, as well as Nicanor, the governor of Cyprus, would not leave them alone and let them live in peace.”
2 Mac 12:3 “Some people of Joppa also perpetrated the following outrage. They invited the Jews who lived among them to embark with their wives and children on boats they had provided, with no hint of any ill will toward them,”
2 Mac 12:4 “But in accordance with the public regulations of the town. And when they accepted, as they wished to live peaceably and had no suspicion, they took them out to sea and drowned fully two hundred of them.”
2 Mac 12:5 “When Judas got news of the cruelty that had been practiced on his countrymen, he called his men together,”
2 Mac 12:6 “And calling on God, the righteous judge, he attacked the murderers of his brothers, and one night set the harbor on fire and burned the boats, and put those who had taken refuge there to the sword.”
2 Mac 12:7 “But as the town shut its gates against him, he retired, meaning to come back and exterminate the whole community of Joppa.”
2 Mac 12:8 “But learning that the people of Jamnia meant to treat the Jews there in the same way,”
2 Mac 12:9 “He attacked the people of Jamnia in the night, and set fire to the harbor as well as the fleet, so that the glow of the fire was visible in Jerusalem, thirty miles away.”
2 Mac 12:10 “When they had gone more than a mile from there, on their march against Timotheus, fully five thousand Arabs with five hundred horsemen attacked them.”
2 Mac 12:11 “After a hard fight, by the help of God Judas and his men were victorious, and the nomads, being worsted, besought Judas to make friends with them, promising to give him cattle and to help them in other ways.”
2 Mac 12:12 “Judas thought they would really be useful in many ways, and agreed to make peace with them, so after receiving his assurances, they left for their camp.”
2 Mac 12:13 “He also attacked a town strengthened with earthworks and encircled with walls, inhabited by heathen of all sorts, and named Caspin.”
2 Mac 12:14 “Its occupants, relying on the strength of their walls and their stores of provisions, scoffed madly at Judas and his men, and went so far as to blaspheme and makes impious speeches.”
2 Mac 12:15 “But Judas and his men called upon the great Sovereign of the world, who without rams or war engines threw down the walls of Jericho in the days of Joshua, and rushed furiously upon the walls.”
2 Mac 12:16 “And by the will of God they took the city, and slaughtered untold numbers, so that the neighboring lake, a quarter of a mile wide, seemed to be filled with running blood.”
2 Mac 12:17 “When they had gone ninety-five miles from there, they reached Charax, and the Jews who are called Tybiani.”
2 Mac 12:18 “They could not find Timotheus in those regions, for he had gone away unsuccessful, but leaving behind him in one place a very strong garrison.”
2 Mac 12:19 “But Dositheus and Sosipater who were captains under Maccabeus, marched out and destroyed the force Timotheus had left in the stronghold, more than ten thousand men.
2 Mac 12:20 “Maccabeus however arranged his army in divisions and put them in command of the divisions and hurried after Timotheus, who had with him a hundred and twenty thousand infantry and two thousand, five hundred cavalry.”
2 Mac 12:21 “But when Timotheus learned of the advance of Judas, he sent the women and children and the rest of the baggage train ahead to a place called Carnaim, for that stronghold was hard to besiege or to reach, because of the difficulty of all that region.”
2 Mac 12:22 “But when Judas’ first division appeared and terror came over the enemy and fear came upon them at the manifestation of him who beholds all things, they hastily fled in all directions, so that in many cases they were hurt by their own men and wounded by the points of their swords.”
2 Mac 12:23 “But Judas pressed the pursuit increasingly, putting the wretches to the sword, and destroyed fully thirty thousand men.”
2 Mac 12:24 “But Timotheus himself, falling into the hands of Dositheus and Sosipater and their men, besought them with much guile to spare his life and let him go, because he had the parents of many of them and the brothers of some in his power, and it would go hard with these.”
2 Mac 12:25 “So when he had most fully guaranteed to restore them unharmed, to save their brothers they let him go.”
2 Mac 12:26 “Then Judas marched against Carnaim and the temple of Atargatis, and slaughtered twenty-five thousand people.”
2 Mac 12:27 “After the rout and destruction of these, he marched against Ephron, a fortified town, where Lysias lived and multitudes of all nationalities. Hardy young men posted before the walls vigorously defended it, and large quantities of war engines and missiles were kept there.”
2 Mac 12:28 “But they called upon the Sovereign who forcibly shatters the might of his enemies, and took the town, and slew fully twenty-five thousand of those who were in it.”
2 Mac 12:29 “Then they set out from there and marched rapidly to Scythopolis, which is seventy-five miles from Jerusalem.”
2 Mac 12:30 “But when the Jews there bore witness to the good will shown them by the people of Scythopolis, and their kind treatment of them in times of misfortune,”
2 Mac 12:31 “They thanked them and exhorted them to be well disposed to their race in the future also. Then, as the festival of Weeks was close at hand, they went up to Jerusalem.”
2 Mac 12:32 “After the festival called Pentecost4The term Pentecost comes from the Greek Πεντηκοστή (Pentēkostē), meaning “fiftieth”. It refers to the Hebrew festival of Shavuot celebrated on the fiftieth day after Passover. they marched hurriedly against Gorgias, the governor of Idumea.”
2 Mac 12:33 “And he came out with three thousand infantry and four hundred cavalry.”
2 Mac 12:34 “And when they joined battle, it happened that a few of the Jews fell.”
2 Mac 12:35 “But a man named Dositheus, one of Bacenor’s men, a mounted man of great strength, caught hold of Gorgias and grasping his cloak was dragging him off by main strength, meaning to take the accursed rascal alive, when one of the Thracian horsemen bore down upon him and disabled his shoulder, so that Gorgias escaped and reached Mareshah.”
2 Mac 12:36 “But as Esdris and his men had been fighting a long time and were tired out, Judas called upon the Lord to show himself their ally and leader in the fight;”
2 Mac 12:37 “Then raising the war cry and war songs in their ancestral language, he charged Gorgias’ men unexpectedly and put them to flight.”
2 Mac 12:38 “Then Judas assembled his army and went to the town of Adullam. And as the next day was the seventh day, they purified themselves as they were accustomed to do, and kept the sabbath.”
2 Mac 12:39 “On the following day, as by that time it had become necessary, Judas’ men went to gather up the bodies of the fallen, and bring them back to lie with their relatives in the graves of their forefathers.”
2 Mac 12:40 “But on every one of the dead, under the shirt, they found amulets of the idols of Jamnia, which the Law forbids the Jews to wear; and it became clear to all that this was why they had fallen.”
2 Mac 12:41 “So they all blessed the ways of the Lord, the righteous Judge, who reveals the things that are hidden,
2 Mac 12:42 “And fell to supplication, begging that the sin that had been committed should be wholly blotted out. And the noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves free from sin, after having seen with their own eyes what had happened because of the sin of those who had fallen.”
2 Mac 12:43 “He also took a collection, amounting to two thousand silver drachmas, each man contributing, and sent it to Jerusalem, to provide a sin offering,5This offering was being cited in the 1400s and 1500s as a defense of Catholic doctrine on purgatory and indulgences. acting very finely and properly in taking account of the resurrection.”
2 Mac 12:44 “For if he had not expected that those who had fallen would rise again, it would have been superfluous and foolish to pray for the dead;”
2 Mac 12:45 “Or if it was through regard for the splendid reward destined for those who fall asleep in godliness, it was a holy and pious thought. Therefore he made atonement for the dead, so that they might be set free from their sin.”

Chapter 13

2 Mac 13:1 “In the hundred and forty-ninth year, news reached Judas and his men that Antiochus Eupator had come with great hosts against Judea,”
2 Mac 13:2 “Bringing with him Lysias, his guardian, who had charge of the government, each with a Greek force of a hundred and ten thousand infantry, and five thousand three hundred cavalry, and twenty-two elephants and three hundred chariots armed with scythes.”
2 Mac 13:3 “Menelaus also joined them, and with loud pretenses encouraged Antiochus, not to save his country, but because he thought he would be put in charge of the government.”
2 Mac 13:4 “But the King of kings aroused the anger of Antiochus against the rascal, and when Lysias informed him that this man was to blame for all the trouble, he ordered them to take him to Berea and to put him to death in the way that is customary there.
2 Mac 13:5 “For there is a tower there fifty cubits high, filled with ashes, and it had an arrangement running all around it dropping straight into the ashes.”
2 Mac 13:6 “There they all push a man guilty of sacrilege or notorious for other crimes to destruction.”
2 Mac 13:7 “By such a fate it came to pass that Menelaus the transgressor died, not even getting burial in the ground. And very justly,”
2 Mac 13:8 “For as he had committed many sins against the altar, the fire and ashes of which were holy, through ashes he came by his death.”
2 Mac 13:9 “But the king, enraged in mind, was coming to inflict on the Jews the worst of the things they had suffered in his father’s time.”
2 Mac 13:10 “And when Judas got news of it, he ordered the people to call on the Lord all day and all night now if ever to help those who were on the point of losing their Law and their country and the holy temple,”
2 Mac 13:11 “And not to let the people who had just begun to revive fall into the hands of profane heathen.”
2 Mac 13:12 “And when they had all done this together and besought the merciful Lord for three days without ceasing, with weeping and fasting and prostrations, Judas encouraged them and ordered them to rally to him.”
2 Mac 13:13 “After a private meeting with the elders, he decided that they should march out and decide the matter by the help of God before the king could get his army into Judea and get possession of the city.”
2 Mac 13:14 “So committing the decision to the creator of the world and encouraging his men to fight nobly to the death for laws, temple, city, country, and government, he pitched his camp at Modin.”
2 Mac 13:15 “And giving his men “God’s Victory,” for the watchword, he threw himself upon the camp in the night and reached the royal tent, and killed fully two thousand men, and stabbed the leading elephant and his driver,”
2 Mac 13:16 “And finally filled the camp with terror and confusion, and got away successfully.”
2 Mac 13:17 “This happened by the Lord’s help and protection, just as day was dawning.”
2 Mac 13:18 “After this taste of the Jews’ hardihood, the king resorted to stratagem in attempting their positions.”
2 Mac 13:19 “He advanced against Bethsura, a strong Jewish fort; he was turned back, stumbled, failed.”
2 Mac 13:20 “Judas sent what was necessary in to the garrison.”
2 Mac 13:21 “But Rhodocus, a man of the Jewish force, gave secret information to the enemy; he was found out, arrested, and put in prison.”
2 Mac 13:22 “The king again approached the people in Bethsura, gave assurances, received them, withdrew, attacked Judas and his men, was worsted,”
2 Mac 13:23 “Got news that Philip, who had been left in charge of the government at Antioch, had gotten desperate, was dismayed, conciliated the Jews, yielded, and swore to all that was just, settled with them and offered sacrifice, honored the sanctuary and respected the holy place,”
2 Mac 13:24 “Received Maccabeus, left Hegemonides as governor in control from Ptolemais to Gerar.”
2 Mac 13:25 “He went to Ptolemais; the people of Ptolemais were angry about the treaty, for they were so indignant that they wanted to annul the agreements.”
2 Mac 13:26 “Lysias appeared to speak publicly, made as good a defense as was possible, convinced them, appeased them, won them over, and set out for Antioch. This was the course of the king’s attack and withdrawal.”

Chapter 14

2 Mac 14:1 “Three years later, news reached Judas and his men that Demetrius, the son of Seleucus, had sailed into the harbor of Tripolis with a strong force and a fleet,”
2 Mac 14:2 “And had made away with Antiochus and his guardian Lysias and taken possession of the country.”
2 Mac 14:3 “But Alcimus, who had formerly been high priest, but had polluted himself of his own accord in the days when there was no communication with the heathen, considering that there was no way for him to save himself or to obtain access to the holy altar,”
2 Mac 14:4 “Went to King Demetrius in the hundred and fifty-first year, and presented him with a gold crown and palm, and in addition to them some of the customary olive branches from the temple and he kept silence that day.”
2 Mac 14:5 “But when he found an opportunity favorable to his mad purpose, being invited by Demetrius to a council, and asked about the temper and intentions of the Jews, he answered,”
2 Mac 14:6 “It is the Jews who are called Hasidaeans, under the leadership of Judas Maccabeus, that keep the war alive, and stir up sedition, and will not let the kingdom enjoy tranquillity.”
2 Mac 14:7 “That is why, renouncing my ancestral glory (I mean the high priesthood), I have now come here,”
2 Mac 14:8 “First, because I am genuinely concerned for the king’s interests, and secondly out of regard for my fellow-citizens; for through the inconsiderate behavior of those whom I have mentioned, our whole nation is in no small misfortune.”
2 Mac 14:9 “Inform yourself, O king, about these things in detail, and act in the interests of our country and our hard-pressed nation, with the courteous consideration that you show to all.”
2 Mac 14:10 “For as long as Judas lives, it is impossible for the government to find peace.”
2 Mac 14:11 “When he said this, the rest of the Friends, who were hostile to Judas, immediately inflamed Demetrius further against him.”
2 Mac 14:12 “He immediately chose Nicanor, who had been master of the elephants, and appointed him governor of Judea, and sent him out,”
2 Mac 14:13 “With orders to make away with Judas himself, and scatter his men, and install Alcimus as high priest of the sublime temple.”
2 Mac 14:14 “And all the heathen in Judea who had driven Judas into exile flocked to join Nicanor, thinking that the reverses and disasters of the Jews would be to their advantage.”
2 Mac 14:15 “But when they heard of Nicanor’s expedition and the attack of the heathen, they sprinkled themselves with earth and intreated him who had established his own people forever, and always upholds his own portion by manifesting himself.”
2 Mac 14:16 “Then, when the leader gave the order, he set forth at once from there and joined battle with them at the village of Adasa.”
2 Mac 14:17 “Simon, Judas’ brother, had encountered Nicanor, and had recently been checked because of the consternation his antagonists inspired.”
2 Mac 14:18 “Still Nicanor, hearing of the valor of Judas and his men, and their courage in their battles for their country, hesitated to decide the matter by the sword.”
2 Mac 14:19 “So he sent Posidonius and Theodotus and Mattathias to propose terms.”
2 Mac 14:20 “After full consideration of these, when each leader had communicated them to his people, and their judgment proved favorable, they agree to the treaty.”
2 Mac 14:21 “So they fixed a day on which to meet by themselves, a chariot advanced from each side, couches were placed in position;”
2 Mac 14:22 “Judas posted armed men in readiness at suitable points, through fear that some treachery might suddenly develop on the part of the enemy; they held the appropriate conference.
2 Mac 14:23 “Nicanor stayed in Jerusalem, and did nothing improper, but sent home the thronging crowds that had gathered.”
2 Mac 14:24 “He kept Judas constantly in his company; he had become warmly attached to the man;”
2 Mac 14:25 “He urged him to marry and have children. He did marry, settled down, took part in life.”
2 Mac 14:26 “But when Alclmus realized their good understanding with each other, and got hold of the treaty they had made, he went to Demetrius and told him that Nicanor was disloyal to the government, for he had appointed Judas, the conspirator against the kingdom, as his successor.”
2 Mac 14:27 “The king was excited and incensed by the rascal’s accusations, and wrote Nicanor stating that he was dissatisfied with the treaty, and ordering him to send Maccabeus as a prisoner to Antioch without delay.”
2 Mac 14:28 “ When Nicanor received the message, he was troubled and annoyed at having to cancel the agreement when the man had done no wrong.”
2 Mac 14:29 “But as it was not possible to oppose the king, he watched for an opportunity to accomplish this by strategy.”
2 Mac 14:30 “But Maccabeus observed that Nicanor began to treat him more stiffly and was acting more rudely than usual, and concluding that this stiffness was not a very good sign, he mustered no small number of his men and went into hiding from Nicanor.”
2 Mac 14:31 “When the latter realized that he had been splendidly out-maneuvered by the man, he went to the great and holy temple as the priests were offering the customary sacrifices, and ordered them to deliver the man up.”
2 Mac 14:32 “And when they protested with oaths that they did not know where the man he sought was,”
2 Mac 14:33 “He stretched out his right hand toward the sanctuary and uttered this oath: “If you do not hand Judas over to me as a prisoner, I will level this sacred precinct of God with the ground and tear down the altar, and build here a splendid temple to Dionysus.”
2 Mac 14:34 “With these words he left. But the priests stretched out their hands to heaven and called upon him who always fights for our nation, and said,”
2 Mac 14:35 “Lord of all, who are self-sufficient, you consented to have a temple for your habitation among us;”
2 Mac 14:36 “Now therefore, holy Lord of all consecration, keep undefiled forever this house that has been so lately purified.”
2 Mac 14:37 “Now one of the elders of Jerusalem named Razis was reported to Nicanor as a man who loved his countrymen and was very well thought of, and was called father of the Jews for his benevolence.”
2 Mac 14:38 “For in former times, when there was no communication with the Gentiles, he had been accused of Judaism, and had most zealously risked soul and body for it.”
2 Mac 14:39 “And Nicanor, wishing to manifest the enmity he felt for the Jews, sent more than five hundred soldiers to arrest him;
2 Mac 14:40 “For he thought that in arresting him he would be doing them an injury.”
2 Mac 14:41 “But when this force was on the point of capturing the tower and was forcing the courtyard door and demanding that fire be brought and the doors set on fire, as he was surrounded he fell upon his sword,”
2 Mac 14:42 “Preferring to die nobly rather than to fall into the wretches’ hands and suffer outrages unworthy of his rank.”
2 Mac 14:43 “But he missed his stroke in the haste of the struggle, and with the crowd streaming in through the doors, he ran gallantly up on the wall and bravely threw himself down into the crowd.”
2 Mac 14:44 “But as they quickly drew back, and a space opened, he fell in the middle of the open space.”
2 Mac 14:45 “But being still alive and fired with anger he got up and with his blood gushing out, though severely wounded, he ran through the crowd and standing on a steep rock,”
2 Mac 14:46 “As he was losing the last of his blood, he pulled out his bowels with both hands and hurled them at the crowd, and so expired, calling upon him who is lord of life and spirit, to give these back to him again.”

Chapter 15

2 Mac 15:1 “But Nicanor, getting word that Judas and his men were in the region of Samaria, resolved to attack them in perfect safety, on the day of rest. (the sabbath day)
2 Mac 15:2 “And when the Jews who were forced to follow him said, “Do not destroy them savagely and barbarously like this, but show respect for the day which has been pre-eminently honored with holiness by him who beholds all things,”
2 Mac 15:3 “The thrice-accursed wretch asked if there was a sovereign in heaven who had commanded them to keep the sabbath day;”
2 Mac 15:4 “And when they declared, “It is the living Lord himself, the Sovereign in heaven, who bade us observe the seventh day,”
2 Mac 15:5 “He said, “I am a sovereign too, on earth, and I command you to take up arms and finish the king’s business.” Nevertheless, he did not succeed in carrying out his cruel purpose.”
2 Mac 15:6 “And Nicanor in his utter haughtiness and pretense had determined to erect a public monument of victory over Judas and his men.”
2 Mac 15:7 “But Maccabeus did not cease to trust with perfect confidence that he would get help from the Lord,”
2 Mac 15:8 “And he exhorted his men not to fear the attack of the heathen but to keep in mind all the help that had come to them before from heaven, and to look now for the victory which would come to them from the Almighty.”
2 Mac 15:9 “And encouraging them from the Law and the prophets and reminding them of the battles they had fought, he made them more eager.”
2 Mac 15:10 “And when he had aroused their courage, he gave his orders, and at the same time pointed out the perfidy of the heathen and their breaking of their oaths.”
2 Mac 15:11 “Then he armed each one, not so much with the security of shields and spears as with the encouragement of brave words, and cheered them all by telling a dream that was worthy of belief, a kind of vision.”
2 Mac 15:12 “The sight he saw was this: Onias, the former high priest, a fine, good man, of dignified appearance, but mild in manner and one who spoke fittingly, and trained from childhood in all that belongs to character, with outstretched hands praying for the whole Jewish community;”
2 Mac 15:13 “Then in the same fashion another man appeared, distinguished by his gray hair and dignity, and wrapped in marvelous, most majestic sublimity;”
2 Mac 15:14 “And Onias answered and said, “This is Jeremiah, the prophet of God, who loves the brothers, and prays fervently for the people and the holy city.”
2 Mac 15:15 “And Jeremiah stretched out his right hand and delivered to Judas a gold sword, and as he gave it to him, he addressed him thus:”
2 Mac 15:16 “Take this holy sword as a gift from God, with which you will strike down your adversaries.”
2 Mac 15:17 “Encouraged by Judas’ words, which were so fine, and so fitted to rouse men to valor and to stir the souls of the young to manliness, they determined not to carry on a campaign but to charge gallantly and engaging them hand to hand with the utmost manfulness to decide the matter, because the city and the sanctuary and the temple were in peril.”
2 Mac 15:18 “For they were not so much alarmed about wives and children, or about brothers and relatives, but first and foremost about the consecrated sanctuary.”
2 Mac 15:19 “And those who were left in the city felt no slight distress, for they were anxious about the encounter in the open.”
2 Mac 15:20 “When they were all now awaiting the decisive moment and the enemy had already joined battle, and the army was drawn up and the animals had been posted in a convenient position, and the cavalry stationed on the wings,”
2 Mac 15:21 “Maccabeus, realizing the hosts before him, and the elaborate supply of arms, and the fierceness of the animals, stretched out his hands to heaven and called upon the Lord who works wonders, for he knew that it is not won by arms but that as he decides he gains the victory for those who deserve it.”
2 Mac 15:22 “And he called upon him in these words, “It was you, Lord, who sent your angel in the time of Hezekiah, king of Judah, and he destroyed fully a hundred and eighty-five thousand in the camp of Sennacherib.”
2 Mac 15:23 “So now also, Sovereign of the heavens, send forth a brave angel to carry fear and terror before us.”
2 Mac 15:24 “By the might of your arm may those who blasphemously come against your holy people be struck down.” With these words he ended.”
2 Mac 15:25 “But Nicanor and his men advanced with trumpets and battle songs.”
2 Mac 15:26 “And Judas and his men met the enemy with entreaties and prayers.”
2 Mac 15:27 “So fighting with their hands and praying to God with their hearts, they laid low no less than thirty-five thousand, being greatly cheered by God’s manifest aid.”
2 Mac 15:28 “When the business was over, and they were joyfully returning, they recognized Nicanor, lying dead, in his armor.”
2 Mac 15:29 “And there was shouting and tumult, and they blessed the Sovereign in the language of their forefathers.”
2 Mac 15:30 “Then the man who was in body and soul the perfect champion of his fellow-citizens, who maintained the good will of his youth toward his fellow-citizens, ordered them to cut off Nicanor’s head and arm and carry them to Jerusalem.”
2 Mac 15:31 “And when he arrived there, and had called his countrymen together, and stationed the priests before the altar, he sent for those who were in the citadel.”
2 Mac 15:32 “And he showed them the vile Nicanor’s head and the wretch’s hand, which he had boastfully stretched forth against the holy house of the Almighty,”
2 Mac 15:33 “And he cut out the impious Nicanor’s tongue, and said he would give it piecemeal to the birds, and hang up the reward of his folly in front of the sanctuary.”
2 Mac 15:34 “And they all looked up to heaven and blessed the Lord who had so manifested himself, and said, “Blessed be he who has kept his own place from being defiled.”
2 Mac 15:35 “And he hung Nicanor’s head from the citadel, a clear and conspicuous proof to all of the Lord’s help.”
2 Mac 15:36 “And they all decreed by popular vote of the people never to let this day go by without observing it, but to celebrate the thirteenth day of the twelfth month – which is called Adar in Aramaic- the day before Mordecai’s day.”
2 Mac 15:37 “So this was the way Nicanor’s efforts turned out; and as the city was held by the Hebrews from that time, I too will here conclude my account.”
2 Mac 15:38 “If it has been well and pointedly written, that is what I wanted; but if it is poor, mediocre work, that was all I could do.”
2 Mac 15:39 “For just as it is harmful to drink wine by itself, or again to drink water by itself, while wine mixed with water is delicious and enhances one’s enjoyment, so the style in which an account is composed delights the ears of those who read the work. So this will be the end.”

The Second Book of Maccabees Read More »

The First Book of Maccabees

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

First and second Maccabees are contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. This book details the history of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire as well as the founding and earliest history of the independent Hasmonean kingdom. It describes the promulgation of decrees forbidding traditional Jewish practices by King Antiochus IV Epiphanes and the formation of a rebellion against him by Mattathias of the Hasmonean family and his five sons. Mattathias’s son Judas Maccabeus takes over the revolt and the rebels as a group are called the Maccabees. The time period described is from around 170 BC to 134 BC.

Chapter 1

1 Mac 1:1 “It came to pass after Alexander of Macedon, the son of Philip, who came from the land of Chittim, had utterly defeated Darius, the king of the Medes and Persians, that he reigned in his stead, as he had before reigned over Greece.”
1 Mac 1:2 “And he waged many wars and captured fortresses and slaughtered the kings of the earth;”
1 Mac 1:3 “And he made his way to the ends of the earth and despoiled a multitude of nations. The whole earth was silent before him, and he became exalted, and his heart was uplifted.”
1 Mac 1:4 “He mustered a very mighty army and ruled over the lands and rulers of the heathen, and they paid him tribute.”
1 Mac 1:5 “Afterward he fell sick, and knew that he was going to die.”
1 Mac 1:6: “So he called in his distinguished servants who had been brought up with him, and divided his kingdom among them while he was still alive.”
1 Mac 1:7 “Alexander had reigned twelve years when he died.”
1 Mac 1:8 “His servants succeeded him, each in his own domain.”
1 Mac 1:9 “After his death they all put on crowns, as did their sons after them, for many years, and they did much evil on the earth.”
1 Mac 1:10 “There sprang from them a sinful shoot named Antiochus Epiphanes, the son of King Antiochus; he had been a hostage in Rome and he became king in the one hundred and thirty-seventh year of the Greek kingdom.”
1 Mac 1:11 “In those days there arose out of Israel lawless men who persuaded many, saying, “Let us go and make a treaty with the heathen around us, for ever since the time we became separated from them, many misfortunes have overtaken us.”
1 Mac 1:12 “The plan seemed good in their eyes,”
1 Mac 1:13 “And some of the people went eagerly to the king, and he authorized them to introduce the practices of the heathen.”
1 Mac 1:14 “And they built a gymnasium in Jerusalem, in the heathen fashion,
1 Mac 1:15 “And submitted to uncircumcision, and disowned the holy agreement; they allied themselves with the heathen and became the slaves of wrongdoing.”
1 Mac 1:16 “When his rule appeared to Antiochus to be established, he conceived the idea of becoming king of the land of Egypt, so that he might reign over the two kingdoms.”
1 Mac 1:17 “So he entered Egypt with a strong force, with chariots and elephants and cavalry and a great fleet.”
1 Mac 1:18 “And he made war on Ptolemy, king of Egypt, and Ptolemy turned and fled before him, and many fell wounded.”
1 Mac 1:19 “And they captured the walled cities in the land of Egypt, and he plundered the land of Egypt.”
1 Mac 1:20 “After subduing Egypt, in the one hundred and forty-third year, Antiochus turned back and came up against Israel and entered Jerusalem with a strong force.”
1 Mac 1:21 “And in his arrogance he went into the sanctuary and took the gold altar and the lampstand for the light, and all its furniture.”
1 Mac 1:22 “And the table for the Presentation Bread and the cups and the bowls and the gold censers and the curtain and the crowns and the gold ornamentation on the front of the temple, for he stripped it all off.”
1 Mac 1:23 “And he took the silver and the gold, and the choice dishes, and he took the secret treasures, which he found;”
1 Mac 1:24 “He took them all and went back to his own country. He massacred people and spoke with great arrogance.”
1 Mac 1:25 “And there was great mourning everywhere throughout Israel.”
1 Mac 1:26 “Rulers and elders groaned, girls and young men fainted away, and the beauty of the women was altered.”
1 Mac 1:27 “Every bridegroom began to lament, and she that sat in the bridal chamber grieved.”
1 Mac 1:28 “The very earth was shaken over its inhabitants, and the whole household of Jacob was covered with shame.”
1 Mac 1:29 “After two years the king sent an officer to collect tribute, to the towns of Judah, and he entered Jerusalem with a strong force.
1 Mac 1:30 “And he spoke to them craftily in peaceful terms, and they trusted him. Then he suddenly fell upon the city and struck it a great blow and destroyed many of the people in Israel.”
1 Mac 1:31 “He plundered the city, and burned it down, and tore down the houses in it and the walls around it.”
1 Mac 1:32 “And they took the women and children captive and possessed themselves of the cattle.”
1 Mac 1:33 “Then they fortified the City of David with a great, strong wall, with strong towers, and it became their citadel.”
1 Mac 1:34 “And they put sinful heathen there, who did not obey the law, and they entrenched themselves there.”
1 Mac 1:35 “And they stored up weapons and provisions, and they collected the spoils of Jerusalem and laid them up there, and they became a great threat,”
1 Mac 1:36 “And it proved a place of ambush against the sanctuary and a wicked adversary to Israel constantly.”
1 Mac 1:37 “And they shed innocent blood all around the sanctuary, And polluted the sanctuary itself.”
1 Mac 1:38 “The inhabitants of Jerusalem fled away because of them, And she became a place where strangers lived, And she became strange to her own offspring, And her children forsook her.”
1 Mac 1:39 “Her sanctuary became desolate like a wilderness, her feasts were turned into grief, her sabbaths became a reproach, And her honor became contempt.”
1 Mac 1:40 “Her dishonor was as great as her glory had been, And her exaltation was turned into grief.”
1 Mac 1:41 “Then the king wrote to his whole kingdom that they should all become one people,”
1 Mac 1:42 “And everyone should give up his particular practices. And all the heathen assented to the command of the king.”
1 Mac 1:43 “And many from Israel agreed to his kind of worship and offered sacrifice to idols and broke the sabbath.
1 Mac 1:44 “And the king sent word by messengers to Jerusalem and the towns of Judah to follow practices foreign to the country;”
1 Mac 1:45 “And put a stop to whole burnt offerings and sacrifices and drink offerings at the sanctuary, and to break the sabbaths and profane the feasts;”
1 Mac 1:46 “And pollute sanctuary and sanctified;”
1 Mac 1:47 “To build altars and sacred precincts and idol temples and sacrifice hogs and unclean cattle;”
1 Mac 1:48 “And to leave their sons uncircumcised and defile themselves with every unclean and profane practice,”
1 Mac 1:49 “So that they might forget the Law and change all their religious ordinances;”
1 Mac 1:50 “And anyone who did not obey the command of the so king should die.”
1 Mac 1:51 “He wrote to his whole kingdom, to this effect, and he appointed inspectors over all the people, and he ordered the towns of Judah every one of them to offer sacrifice.”
1 Mac 1:52 “And many of the people and everyone who was ready to forsake the Law joined with them and they did wrong in the land,”
1 Mac 1:53 “And forced Israel to hide in every hidingplace they had.”
1 Mac 1:54 “On the fifteenth day of Chislev, in the one hundred and forty-fifth year, he erected a dreadful desecration upon the altar, and in the towns of Judah round about they built altars,”
1 Mac 1:55 “And at the doors of their houses and in the squares they burned incense,”
1 Mac 1:56 “And wherever they found the book of the Law, they tore them up and burned them,”
1 Mac 1:57 “And if anyone was found to possess a book of the agreement or respected the Law, the king’s decree condemned him to death.”
1 Mac 1:58 “The Israelites who appeared from month to month in the towns they treated with force.”
1 Mac 1:59 “On the twenty-fifth of the month they offered sacrifice upon the altar which was set up on the altar of burnt offering.”
1 Mac 1:60 “The women who had circumcised their children they put to death under the decree,”
1 Mac 1:61 “Hanging the babies around their necks, and destroying their families and the men who had circumcised them.”
1 Mac 1:62 “Yet many in Israel stood firm and resolved in their hearts not to eat what was unclean;”
1 Mac 1:63 “They preferred death to being polluted with food or profaning the sacred agreement, and so they died.”
1 Mac 1:64 “And Israel suffered intensely.”

Chapter 2

1 Mac 2:1 “In those days Mattathias, the son of John, the son of Simeon, a priest of the descendants of Joarib, removed from Jerusalem, and settled in Modin.”
1 Mac 2:2 “He had five sons, John, surnamed Gaddi,”
1 Mac 2:3 “Simon, called Thassi,”
1 Mac 2:4 “Judas, called Maccabeus,
1 Mac 2:5 “Eleazar, called Avaran, and Jonathan, called Apphus.”
1 Mac 2:6 “He saw the impious things that were going on in Judah and Jerusalem,”
1 Mac 2:7 “And he said, “Alas! Why was I born to witness the ruin of my people and the ruin of the holy city, and to sit by while it is being given up to its enemies, and the sanctuary to aliens?”
1 Mac 2:8 “Her temple has come to be like a man disgraced,”
1 Mac 2:9 “Her glorious furniture has been captured and carried off, Her infant children have been killed in her streets, Her young men with the enemy’s sword.”
1 Mac 2:10 “What nation has not appropriated, What kingdom has not seized, her spoils?”
1 Mac 2:11 “Her adornment has all been taken away. Instead of a free woman, she has become a slave.”
1 Mac 2:12 “Behold, our sanctuary and our beauty And our glory have been laid waste, And the heathen have profaned them!”
1 Mac 2:13 “Why should we live any longer?”
1 Mac 2:14 “And Mattathias and his sons tore open their clothes and put on sackcloth and grieved bitterly.”
1 Mac 2:15 “Then the king’s officers who were forcing the people to give up their religion, came to the town of Modin, to make them offer sacrifice.”
1 Mac 2:16 “And many Israelites went to them, and Mattathias and his sons gathered together.
1 Mac 2:17 “Then the king’s messengers answered and said to Mattathias, “You are a leading man, great and distinguished in this town, surrounded with sons and brothers;”
1 Mac 2:18 “Now be the first to come forward and carry out the king’s command as all the heathen and the men of Judah and those who are left in Jerusalem have done, and you and your sons will be counted among the Friends of the king, and you and your sons will be distinguished with presents of silver and gold and many royal commissions.”
1 Mac 2:19 “Then Mattathias answered and said in a loud voice, “If all the heathen in the king’s dominions listen to him and forsake each of them the religion of his forefathers, and choose to follow his commands instead,”
1 Mac 2:20 “Yet I and my sons and my brothers will live in accordance with the agreement of our forefathers.”
1 Mac 2:21 “God forbid that we should abandon the Law and the ordinances.”
1 Mac 2:22 “We will not listen to the message of the king, or depart from our religion to the right hand or to the left.”
1 Mac 2:23 “As he ceased to utter these words, a Jew went up before the eyes of all of them to offer sacrifice as the king commanded, on the altar in Modin.”
1 Mac 2:24 “And Mattathias saw him and was filled with zeal, and his heart was stirred, and he was very properly roused to anger, and ran up and slaughtered him upon the altar.”
1 Mac 2:25 “At the same time he killed the king’s officer who was trying to compel them to sacrifice, and he tore down the altar.”
1 Mac 2:26 “Thus he showed his zeal for the Law, just as Phineas did to Zimri, the son of Salom.”
1 Mac 2:27 “Then Mattathias cried out in a loud voice in the town and said, “Let everybody who is zealous for the Law and stands by the agreement come out after me.”
1 Mac 2:28 “And he and his sons fled to the mountains and left all they possessed in the town.”
1 Mac 2:29 “Then many seekers for uprightness and justice went down into the wilderness to settle,”
1 Mac 2:30 “With their sons and their wives and their cattle, because their hardships had become so severe.”
1 Mac 2:31 “And news reached the king’s agents and the forces that were in Jerusalem, in the City of David, that men who had disregarded the king’s order had gone down to the hidingplaces in the wilderness.”
1 Mac 2:32 “And they pursued them in force and overtook them, and pitched their camp against them and prepared to attack them on the sabbath day.”
1 Mac 2:33 “And they said to them, “Enough! Come out and do as the king commands, and you will live.”
1 Mac 2:34 “And they said, “We will not come out nor do as the king commands, and break the sabbath.”
1 Mac 2:35 “Then they hastened to attack them.”
1 Mac 2:36 “And they made no response to them; they did not throw a stone at them nor block up their hidingplaces,”
1 Mac 2:37 “For they said, “Let us all die guiltless. We call heaven and earth to witness that you destroy us unlawfully.”
1 Mac 2:38 “So they attacked them on the sabbath, and they died, with their wives and their children and their cattle, to the number of a thousand people.”
1 Mac 2:39 “And Mattathias and his friends learned of it, and they grieved bitterly over them.”
1 Mac 2:40 “And one said to another, “If we all do as our brothers have done, and refuse to fight against the heathen for our lives and what we believe is right, they will very soon destroy us from the face of the earth.”
1 Mac 2:41 “On that day they reached this decision: “If anyone attacks us on the sabbath day, let us fight against him and not all die, as our brothers died in the hidingplaces.”
1 Mac 2:42 “Then they were joined by a company of Hasideans, warlike Israelites, every one a volunteer for the Law.”
1 Mac 2:43 “And all who had fled to escape harsh treatment joined them and reinforced them.”
1 Mac 2:44 “And they mustered a force and struck down sinners in their anger, and in their wrath those who disobeyed the Law, and the rest fled to the heathen to save themselves.”
1 Mac 2:45 “And Mattathias and his friends went about and tore down the altars,”
1 Mac 2:46 “And forcibly circumcised all the uncircumcised children that they found within the limits of Israel.”
1 Mac 2:47 “And they drove the arrogant before them, and the work prospered in their hands.”
1 Mac 2:48 “So they rescued the Law from the hands of the heathen and their kings, and would not let the sinner triumph.”
1 Mac 2:49 “When the time drew near for Mattathias to die, he said to his sons, “Arrogance and reproach have now grown strong; it is a time of disaster and hot anger.”
1 Mac 2:50 “Now, my children, you must so be zealous for the Law, and give your lives for the agreement of our forefathers.”
1 Mac 2:51 “Remember the deeds of our forefathers which they did in their generations, and you will win great glory and everlasting renown.”
1 Mac 2:52 “Was not Abraham found faithful when he was tried, and it was credited to him as uprightness?”
1 Mac 2:53 “Joseph in his time of distress observed the commandment and became master of Egypt.”
1 Mac 2:54 “Phineas our forefather for his intense zeal obtained the promise of an everlasting priesthood.”
1 Mac 2:55 “Joshua for carrying out his orders became a judge in Israel.”
1 Mac 2:56 “Caleb for bearing witness before the congregation obtained an inheritance in the land.”
1 Mac 2:57 “David for being merciful inherited a royal throne forever.”
1 Mac 2:58 “Elijah for his intense zeal for the Law was caught up into heaven.”
1 Mac 2:59 “Hananiah, Azariah, and Mishael had faith in God and were saved from the fire.”
1 Mac 2:60 “Daniel for his innocence was delivered from the mouths of the lions.”
1 Mac 2:61 “Observe this from generation to generation, that none who hope in him will fail in strength.”
1 Mac 2:62 “Do not be afraid of the words of a sinful man, for his glory will turn to dung and worms.”
1 Mac 2:63 “Today he will be exalted, and tomorrow he will be nowhere to be found, for he has returned to dust, and what he plotted will perish.”
1 Mac 2:64 “My children, be manful and strong for the Law, for by it you will obtain glory.”
1 Mac 2:65 “Now here is Simon your brother; I know that he is a man of discretion. You must always listen to him; he will be a father to you.”
1 Mac 2:66 “And Judas Maccabeus has been warlike from his youth; he will be your captain and conduct the people’s warfare.”
1 Mac 2:67 “And you must gather about you all who observe the Law, and avenge the wrongs of your people.”
1 Mac 2:68 “Pay back the heathen for what they have done, and give heed to what the Law commands.”
1 Mac 2:69 “Then he blessed them and was gathered to his forefathers.”
1 Mac 2:70 “He died in the one hundred and forty-sixth year and was buried in the tombs of his forefathers in Modin, and all Israel made loud lamentation for him.”

Chapter 3

1 Mac 3:1 “Then his son Judas, who was called Maccabeus, arose in his stead,
1 Mac 3:2 “And all his brothers and all who had stood by his father helped him, and with gladness carried on Israel’s war.”
1 Mac 3:3 “And he increased the glory of his people, and put on a breastplate like a giant, and he belted on his weapons and organized campaigns, protecting his camp with the sword.”
1 Mac 3:4 “He was like a lion in his actions, and like a cub roaring for its prey.”
1 Mac 3:5 “He pursued and hunted out those who disobeyed the Law, and those who harassed his people he consumed.”
1 Mac 3:6 “Those who disobeyed the Law were convulsed with fear of him and all who broke the Law were dismayed and deliverance was accomplished by his hand.”
1 Mac 3:7 “He angered many kings and gladdened Jacob by his deeds, and his memory will be blessed forever.”
1 Mac 3:8 “He went among the towns of Judah and destroyed the ungodly and cast them out of her, and averted wrath from Israel.
1 Mac 3:9 “He was renowned to the ends of the earth, and rallied those who were perishing.”
1 Mac 3:10 “Then Apollonius gathered the heathen together, with a large force from Samaria, to make war on Israel.”
1 Mac 3:11 “And Judas learned of it and went out to meet him and he struck him down and killed him. And many fell wounded, and the rest made their escape.”
1 Mac 3:12 “And they took their spoils, and Judas took the sword of Apollonius and fought with it all his life.”
1 Mac 3:13 “Then Seron, the commander of the Syrian army, heard that Judas had gathered a following and a company of the faithful about him, and of men used to going out to war.”
1 Mac 3:14 “And he said, “I will make myself a reputation and gain distinction in the kingdom, and I will make war on Judas and those who are with him, who set the king’s command at naught.”
1 Mac 3:15 “And with him there went up again a strong body of ungodly men, to help him to take vengeance on the Israelites.”
1 Mac 3:16 “And he approached the pass of Bethhoron. And Judas went out with very few men to meet him.”
1 Mac 3:17 “But when they saw the army coming to meet them, they said to Judas, “How can we, few as we are, fight with such a strong host? Besides we are faint, for we have had nothing to eat today.”
1 Mac 3:18 “And Judas said, “It is easy for many to be inclosed in the hands of a few, and there is no difference in the sight of heaven between saving through many or through few,”
1 Mac 3:19 “For victory in war does not depend upon the size of the force, but strength comes from heaven.”
1 Mac 3:20 “They come against us full of violence and lawlessness, to destroy us and our wives and our children, and to plunder us,”
1 Mac 3:21 “But we are fighting for our lives and our laws.”
1 Mac 3:22 “He himself will crush them before us, and you must not be afraid of them.”
1 Mac 3:23 “When he ceased to speak, he fell suddenly upon them, and Seron and his army were crushed before him,
1 Mac 3:24 “And they pursued him from the pass of Bethhoron to the plain, and eight hundred of them fell, and the rest made their escape into the country of the Philistines.”
1 Mac 3:25 “So the fear of Judas and his brothers and the dread of them began to fall upon the heathen around them,”
1 Mac 3:26 “And his fame reached even the king, and the heathen talked of the tactics of Judas.”
1 Mac 3:27 “When King Antiochus heard these reports, he was very angry, and he sent and gathered all the forces of his kingdom, a very strong army.”
1 Mac 3:28 “And he opened his treasury and gave his forces a year’s pay, and ordered them to be in readiness for any need that might arise.”
1 Mac 3:29 “And he saw that the money in his treasuries was exhausted, and the tribute of the country was small because of the division and distress that he had brought upon the land in doing away with the laws which had been in effect from the earliest times,”
1 Mac 3:30 “And he feared that he would not have enough, as he formerly had, for his expenses and for the presents which he had been used to give before with a lavish hand, beyond the kings that went before him.”
1 Mac 3:31 “So he was very much perplexed and resolved to go to Persia and get the tribute of those countries and raise a large sum of money.”
1 Mac 3:32 “And he left Lysias, a man of distinction, of the royal blood, to have charge of the king’s affairs from the river Euphrates to the borders of Egypt,”
1 Mac 3:33 “And to take care of Antiochus his son until his return.”
1 Mac 3:34 “He turned over to him half his forces and his elephants and gave him orders about everything he wanted done, and about the inhabitants of Judea and Jerusalem,”
1 Mac 3:35 “Against whom he was to send a force to crush out and destroy the strength of Israel and what was left of Jerusalem, and to efface their memory from the place,”
1 Mac 3:36 “And settle aliens in all their borders, and distribute their land among them.”
1 Mac 3:37 “Then the king took the remaining half of his forces and set off from Antioch, his royal city, in the one hundred and forty seventh year and crossed the Euphrates River and went through the interior.”
1 Mac 3:38 “Then Lysias chose Ptolemy, son of Dorymenes, and Nicanor and Gorgias, warlike men among the Friends of the king,
1 Mac 3:39 “And he sent with them forty thousand men and seven thousand horse to go to the land of Judah and destroy it, as the king had commanded.”
1 Mac 3:40 “And he set off with all his force, and they came and encamped near Emmaus in the level country.”
1 Mac 3:41 “And the merchants of the country heard about them and they took a great quantity of silver and gold, and fetters, and came to the camp to get the Israelites for slaves. And they were joined by forces from Syria and the land of the Philistines.
1 Mac 3:42 “And Judas and his brothers saw that the situation was very grave and that the forces were encamped within their borders, and they knew what the king had said, when he ordered them to inflict utter destruction on the people,”
1 Mac 3:43 “And they said to one another, “Let us repair the destruction of our people, and let us fight for our people and for the sanctuary.”
1 Mac 3:44 “And the congregation gathered together to make ready for war and to pray and ask for mercy and compassion.”
1 Mac 3:45 “Jerusalem was uninhabited like a wilderness, There was not one of her children who came in or went out, The sanctuary was trodden down, The sons of aliens were in the citadel, it was a stopping place for heathen. Joy vanished from Jacob, And the flute and harp ceased to play.”
1 Mac 3:46 “Then they gathered together and went to Mizpeh, opposite Jerusalem, for Israel formerly had a praying-place in Mizpeh.”
1 Mac 3:47 “And they fasted that day and put on sackcloth, and sprinkled ashes upon their heads, and tore open their clothes.”
1 Mac 3:48 “And they unrolled the roll of the Law, such as the heathen used to hunt out and look through for pictures of their idols.”
1 Mac 3:49 “And they brought out the priestly garments and the firstfruits and the tithes and they gathered the Nazirites who had fulfilled their vows,”
1 Mac 3:50 “And they called aloud to heaven, “What are we to do to these men, and where can we take them,”
1 Mac 3:51 “When your sanctuary is trodden down and profaned, and your priests are grieved and humiliated?”
1 Mac 3:52 “Here the heathen are gathered together against us to destroy us; you know their designs against us.”
1 Mac 3:53 “How can we make a stand before them unless you help us?”
1 Mac 3:54 “And they sounded the trumpets and gave a great shout.”
1 Mac 3:55 “Then Judas appointed officers over the people, colonels and captains and lieutenants and sergeants.”
1 Mac 3:56 “And he ordered those who were building houses or planting vineyards or betrothed to women or were afraid, every one of them to return home, as the Law provided.”
1 Mac 3:57 “And the army moved and encamped to the south of Emmaus.”
1 Mac 3:58 “And Judas said, “Prepare yourselves and be brave men and be ready in the morning to fight these heathen who are gathered together against us, to destroy us and our sanctuary,”
1 Mac 3:59 “For it is better for us to die in battle than to witness the ruin of our nation and our sanctuary.”
1 Mac 3:60 “But he will do just as shall be the will of heaven.”

Chapter 4

1 Mac 4:1 “Then Gorgias took five thousand men and a thousand picked horse, and his army moved under cover of night;”
1 Mac 4:2 “So as to fall upon the camp of the Jews and attack them suddenly; and the men of the citadel were his guides.”
1 Mac 4:3 “And Judas heard of it and he and his gallant men moved to attack the king’s force in Emmaus,
1 Mac 4:4 “While the forces were still scattered from the camp.”
1 Mac 4:5 “And Gorgias came into the camp of Judas in the night, and found no one there, and he hunted for them in the mountains, for he said, “They are fleeing from us!”
1 Mac 4:6 “And at daybreak Judas appeared in the plain with three thousand men, though they did not have such armor and swords as they wished.”
1 Mac 4:7 “And they saw the camp of the heathen strongly fortified, with horsemen patrolling it, and these, expert in war.”
1 Mac 4:8 “And Judas said to the men who were with him, “Do not be afraid of their numbers, and do not fear their charge.”
1 Mac 4:9 “Remember how our forefathers were saved at the Red Sea, when Pharaoh pursued them with an armed force.”
1 Mac 4:10 “So now let us cry to heaven, if perhaps he will accept us and remember his agreement with our forefathers, and crush this camp before us today.”
1 Mac 4:11 “Then all the heathen will know that there is one who ransoms and preserves Israel.”
1 Mac 4:12 “Then the aliens lifted up their eyes and saw them coming against them,”
1 Mac 4:13 “And they came out of the camp to battle. And Judas’ men sounded the trumpets”
1 Mac 4:14 “And attacked, and the heathen broke and fled to the plain,”
1 Mac 4:15 “And all the hindmost fell by the sword. And they pursued them as far as Gazara and the plains of Idumea and Azotus and Jamnia, and there fell of them fully three thousand men.”
1 Mac 4:16 “And Judas and his force returned from the pursuit of them,”
1 Mac 4:17 “And he said to the people, “Do not set your hearts on plunder, for there is a battle before us,”
1 Mac 4:18 “For Gorgias and his army are near us, in the mountain. Now stand your ground against our enemies, and fight them, and afterward you can take their spoils boldly.”
1 Mac 4:19 “Before Judas had finished saying this, a detachment of them appeared reconnoitering from the mountain,”
1 Mac 4:20 “And they saw that they had been routed and that they were burning the camp, for the sight of the smoke showed them what had happened.”
1 Mac 4:21 “And when they perceived this, they were very much alarmed, and seeing Judas’ army in the plain ready to attack,”
1 Mac 4:22 “They all fled to the land of the Philistines.”
1 Mac 4:23 “And Judas turned back to plunder the camp, and they took a great deal of gold and silver, and sapphire and sea-purple stuffs, and great wealth.”
1 Mac 4:24 “And they returned singing and blessing heaven, for he is good, for his mercy endures forever.”
1 Mac 4:25 “So Israel had a great deliverance that day.”
1 Mac 4:26 “Those of the aliens who escaped went and reported to Lysias all that had happened.”
1 Mac 4:27 “And when he heard it, he was dismayed and discouraged, because it was not at all what he wished that had happened to Israel, and it had not turned out as the king had ordered.”
1 Mac 4:28 “So in the following year he gathered together sixty thousand picked men, to conquer them.”
1 Mac 4:29 “And they came into Idumea and encamped at Bethsura, and Judas met them with ten thousand men.”
1 Mac 4:30 “And he saw that their camp was strong, and he prayed and said, “Blessed are you, Savior of Israel, who stopped the rush of the champion by the hand of your slave David, and delivered the camp of the Philistines into the hands of Jonathan, the son of Saul, and of his armor-bearer.
1 Mac 4:31 “In like manner shut up this camp in the hand of your people Israel, and let them be ashamed of their army and their horsemen.”
1 Mac 4:32 “Make them cowardly and melt the boldness of their strength, and let them tremble at their destruction.”
1 Mac 4:33 “Strike them down with the sword of those that love you, and let all who know your name praise you with hymns.”
1 Mac 4:34 “Then they joined battle, and there fell of the army of Lysias fully five thousand men; they fell right before them.”
1 Mac 4:35 “But when Lysias saw that his army had been routed, and that Judas had grown bold, and that they were ready either to live or to die nobly, he withdrew to Antioch and hired soldiers in the greatest numbers, to come again to Judea.
1 Mac 4:36 “And Judas and his brothers said, “Now that our enemies are crushed, let us go up to purify the sanctuary and rededicate it.”
1 Mac 4:37 “And the whole army gathered together, and they went up to Mount Zion.”
1 Mac 4:38 “And they found the sanctuary desolated and the altar polluted and the doors burned up, and weeds growing in the courts as they do in a wood or on some mountain, and the priests’ quarters torn down.”
1 Mac 4:39 “And they tore open their clothes and uttered great lamentation and covered themselves with ashes,”
1 Mac 4:40 “And fell on their faces on the ground, and sounded the ceremonial trumpets, and cried out to heaven.”
1 Mac 4:41 “Then Judas appointed men to fight the garrison in the citadel, until he should purify the sanctuary.”
1 Mac 4:42 “And he appointed priests that were without blemish and adherents of the Law,”
1 Mac 4:43 “And they purified the sanctuary and carried out the stones that had defiled it to an unclean place.”
1 Mac 4:44 “And they deliberated as to what they should do about the altar of burnt offering, which had been polluted.”
1 Mac 4:45 “And a good idea occurred to them – to take it down, so that it might never be thrown up to them that the heathen had polluted it; so they took down the altar, and deposited the stones in the temple mountain, in a suitable place, until a prophet should come and declare what should be done with them.”
1 Mac 4:46 “And they took whole stones, as the Law required, and built a new altar like the former one.”
1 Mac 4:47 “And they built the sanctuary and the interior of the temple and consecrated the courts.”
1 Mac 4:48 “And they made new holy dishes and they brought the lampstand and the altar of incense and the table into the temple.”
1 Mac 4:49 “And they burned incense on the altar, and lighted the lamps on the lampstand, and they lighted the temple.”
1 Mac 4:50 “And they put the loaves of bread on the table and hung up the curtains, and completed all the work they had undertaken.”
1 Mac 4:51 “And they arose early on the twenty-fifth day of the ninth month, that is, the month of Chislev, in the one hundred and forty-eighth year,”
1 Mac 4:52 “And offered sacrifice according to the Law upon the new altar of burnt offering which they had made.”
1 Mac 4:53 “At the time and on the day the heathen had polluted it, it was rededicated with songs and harps and lutes and cymbals.”
1 Mac 4:54 “And all the people fell on their faces and blessed heaven which had prospered them.”
1 Mac 4:55 “And they celebrated the rededication of the altar for eight days and offered burnt offerings with joy, and offered a sacrifice of deliverance and praise.”
1 Mac 4:56 “And they decorated the front of the temple with gold crowns and small shields and rededicated the gates and the priests’ quarters, and fitted them with doors.”
1 Mac 4:57 “And there was very great joy among the people, and the reproach the heathen had cast upon them was wiped out.”
1 Mac 4:58 “And Judas and his brothers and all the congregation of Israel decreed that the days of the rededication of the altar should be observed at their season, every year, for eight days, beginning with the twenty-fifth of the month of Chislev, with gladness and joy.”
1 Mac 4:59 “At that time they built high walls and strong towers around Mount Zion, so that the heathen might not come and tread them down as they had done before.”
1 Mac 4:60 “And he established a force there to hold it, and he fortified Bethsura to hold it, so that the people might have a stronghold facing Idumea.”

Chapter 5

1 Mac 5:1 “It happened when the heathen round about heard that the altar had been rebuilt and the sanctuary rededicated as before, that it made them very angry,
1 Mac 5:2 “And they resolved to destroy the descendants of Jacob that were among them, and they began to kill and ravage among the people.”
1 Mac 5:3 “And Judas fought against the sons of Esau in Idumea, and against Akrabattene, because they beset Israel, and he dealt them a severe blow and crushed them, and plundered them.”
1 Mac 5:4 “And he remembered the wickedness of the sons of Baean, who became a snare and stumbling block to the people, lying in wait for them upon the roads.”
1 Mac 5:5 “And he shut them up in their towers, and he encamped against them and utterly destroyed them, and burned her towers with fire, and all who were in them.”
1 Mac 5:6 “He passed on to the Ammonites, and there he found a strong arm, and a large body of people, with Timotheus in command of them.”
1 Mac 5:7 “And he fought many battles with them, and they were crushed before him, and he struck them down.”
1 Mac 5:8 “And he occupied Jazer and its villages, and returned to Judea.”
1 Mac 5:9 “Then the heathen in Gilead gathered together against Israel, to destroy those who were in their borders, and they fled to the stronghold of Dathema,”
1 Mac 5:10 “And sent a letter to Judas and his brothers, saying, “The heathen around us have gathered together against us to destroy us,”
1 Mac 5:11 “And they are preparing to come and seize this stronghold in which we have taken refuge, and Timotheus is the leader of their force.”
1 Mac 5:12 “So come and rescue us from his hand, for a great many of us have fallen,
1 Mac 5:13 “And all our brothers who were in the district of Tob have been put to death, and they have carried off their wives and children as captives, with their property, and they have destroyed a regiment of men there.”
1 Mac 5:14 “They were still reading the letter when other messengers arrived from Galilee, with their clothes torn open, with a report to the same effect,”
1 Mac 5:15 “Saying that people from Ptolemais and Tyre and Sidon, and all Galilee of the aliens had gathered against them, they said, “to destroy us.”
1 Mac 5:16 “When Judas and the people heard this message, a great meeting was held to decide what they should do for their brothers who were in such distress and were being attacked by them.”
1 Mac 5:17 “And Judas said to his brother Simon, “Choose men for yourself and go and save our brothers who are in Galilee, and I and my brother Jonathan will go into Gilead.”
1 Mac 5:18 “And he left Joseph, the son of Zechariah, and Azariah, a leader of the people, with the remainder of the force, in Judea, to guard it.”
1 Mac 5:19 “And he gave them their orders, saying, “Take command of these people, and do not join battle with the heathen until we return.”
1 Mac 5:20 “Simon was allotted three thousand men, to go into Galilee, and Judas eight thousand men, to go into Gilead.”
1 Mac 5:21 “And Simon went into Galilee, and engaged in many battles with the heathen, and the heathen were beaten before him,”
1 Mac 5:22 “And he pursued them to the very gate of Ptolemais. There fell of the heathen fully three thousand men, and he plundered them.”
1 Mac 5:23 “And he took with him those who were in Galilee and in Arbatta with their wives and children and all that they had, and brought them back to Judea with great rejoicing.”
1 Mac 5:24 “And Judas Maccabeus and his brother Jonathan crossed the Jordan, and marched three days’ journey into the wilderness.”
1 Mac 5:25 “And they encountered the Nabateans and met them peaceably, and told them all that had happened to their brothers in Gilead,”
1 Mac 5:26 “And that many of them were shut up in Bosorra and Bosor, in Alema, Chaspho, Maked, and Karnaim (all large, fortified towns).”
1 Mac 5:27 “And that they were shut up in the other towns of Gilead, and that they planned on the next day to attack the strongholds and take them, and destroy all these men in one day.”
1 Mac 5:28 “And Judas and his army turned suddenly by the wilderness road to Bosorra, and he took the town and killed every male in it with the sword, and he took all their spoils, and burned it with fire.
1 Mac 5:29 “And he left there by night, and they arrived at the stronghold.”
1 Mac 5:30 “And at daybreak they looked up, and there was a crowd of people without number, bringing ladders and engines to take the stronghold, and they were attacking them.”
1 Mac 5:31 “And Judas saw that the battle had begun, and the cry from the city went up to heaven, with trumpets and loud shouting,”
1 Mac 5:32 “And he said to the men of his force, “Fight for our brothers today!”
1 Mac 5:33 “And he went out after them in three companies, and they sounded the trumpets and cried aloud in prayer.”
1 Mac 5:34 “And the army of Timotheus saw that it was Maccabeus, and they fled before him, and he struck them a severe blow, and there fell of them that day fully eight thousand men.”
1 Mac 5:35 “Then he turned aside to Alema and fought against it and took it, and he killed every male in it, and plundered it and burned it with fire.”
1 Mac 5:36 “Then he moved on and seized Chaspho, Maked, and Bosor and the other towns of Gilead.”
1 Mac 5:37 “After that, Timotheus gathered another army, and he pitched his camp opposite Raphon, on the other side of the torrent.”
1 Mac 5:38 “And Judas sent men to reconnoiter the camp, and they reported to him, “All the heathen around us have gathered and joined him, an immensely great force,”
1 Mac 5:39 “And they have hired Arabs to help them, and they are encamped across the torrent, in readiness to attack you.” And Judas went to meet them.”
1 Mac 5:40 “Then Timotheus said to the officers of his army, when Judas and his army approached the stream, “If he crosses over to us first, we will not be able to stand against him, for he will easily defeat us.”
1 Mac 5:41 “But if he is afraid and pitches his camp on the other side of the river, we will cross over to him and defeat him.”
1 Mac 5:42 “When Judas came near the stream, he stationed the officers of the people by the stream, and gave them their orders, saying, “Do not permit anyone to encamp, but let them all advance to battle.”
1 Mac 5:43 “And he crossed over against them first, with all the people after him, and all the heathen were beaten before them, and they threw away their arms and fled to the temple enclosure of Karnaim.”
1 Mac 5:44 “Then they took the town, and burned the temple enclosure with all who were in it. So Karnaim was conquered, and they could not make a stand before Judas any longer.”
1 Mac 5:45 “And Judas gathered all the Israelites that were in Gilead, from the least to the greatest, with their wives and children and their belongings, a very great body of people, to go to the land of Judah.”
1 Mac 5:46 “And they reached Ephron; it was a large town, strongly fortified, on their way; they could not turn aside from it to the right or left, but had to go through the center of it.”
1 Mac 5:47 “And the people of the town shut them out and blocked up the gates with stones.”
1 Mac 5:48 “And Judas sent them a peaceful message, saying, “We are going through your country to reach our country, and no one will do you any harm, we will simply pass by on foot.” But they would not open to him.”
1 Mac 5:49 “Then Judas ordered proclamation to be made throughout the body that everyone should encamp where he was.”
1 Mac 5:50 “So the men of the army encamped, and he fought against the city all that day and all that night, and the town was delivered into his hands.”
1 Mac 5:51 “And he destroyed every male with the sword, and he destroyed it and plundered it, and he passed through the city over the slain.”
1 Mac 5:52 “And they crossed the Jordan to the great plain opposite Bethshean.”
1 Mac 5:53 “And Judas kept gathering up those who fell behind and encouraging the people, all the way until he reached the land of Judah.”
1 Mac 5:54 “And they went up to Mount Zion with gladness and joy, and offered whole burnt offerings because not one of them had fallen before they returned in peace.”
1 Mac 5:55 “In the days when Judas and Jonathan were in the land of Gilead and Simon his brother was in Galilee, opposite Ptolemais,”
1 Mac 5:56 “Joseph, the son of Zechariah, and Azariah, the leaders of the forces, heard of the warlike exploits they had performed,”
1 Mac 5:57 “And they said, “Let us also make a name for ourselves, and let us go and fight the heathen around us.”
1 Mac 5:58 “And he gave orders to the part of the army that was with them, and they marched to Jamnia.”
1 Mac 5:59 “And Gorgias came out of the town with his men to meet them in battle.”
1 Mac 5:60 “And Joseph and Azariah were routed, and they were pursued to the borders of Judea. And there fell that day of the people of Israel fully two thousand men.”
1 Mac 5:61 “And there was a great rout among the people, because they had not listened to Judas and his brothers, but thought they would perform some exploit.”
1 Mac 5:62 “They did not belong to the family of those who were permitted to save Israel with their hands.
1 Mac 5:63 This man Judas and his brothers were greatly renowned in all Israel and among all the heathen, wherever their name was heard of;
1 Mac 5:64 “And men gathered about them commending them.”
1 Mac 5:65 “And Judas and his brothers went forth and made war on the sons of Esau in the country to the south, and he struck down Hebron and its villages, and he tore down its fortifications and burned its towers around it.”
1 Mac 5:66 “And he set off to go to the land of the Philistines, and reached Mareshah.”
1 Mac 5:67 “Some priests fell in battle that day, when they went out to war without due consideration, because they wished to distinguish themselves.”
1 Mac 5:68 “And Judas turned aside to Azotus, to the land of the Philistines, and he tore down their altars and burned up the carved images of their gods and plundered the towns, and returned to the land of Judah.”

Chapter 6

1 Mac 6:1 “As King Antiochus was making his way through the interior, he heard that there was in Persia a town called Elymais, renowned for its wealth, its silver and gold.”
1 Mac 6:2 “The temple in it was very rich, and there were there gold shields and breastplates and arms left there by Alexander, the son of Philip, king of Macedon, who was the first to reign over the Greeks.”
1 Mac 6:3 “And he went and tried to take the town, and plunder it, but he could not do it, because his design became known to the men of the town,”
1 Mac 6:4 “And they opposed him in battle, and he fled and set out from there in great distress to return to Baby]on.”
1 Mac 6:5 “And someone came to him in Persia to bring him word that the forces that had marched into the land of Judah had been routed,”
1 Mac 6:6 “And that Lysias had gone at first with a strong force, and had been put to flight before them, and that they had grown strong by reason of the quantity of arms and spoils they had taken from the armies they had destroyed,”
1 Mac 6:7 “And that they had taken down the horror which he had built on the altar in Jerusalem, and had surrounded the sanctuary with high walls, as it had been before, and also his town of Bethsura.”
1 Mac 6:8 “And it happened when the king heard these accounts, that he was astounded and dreadfully shaken, and he took to his bed, and fell sick with grief, for matters had not gone as he intended.”
1 Mac 6:9 “He was sick for a long time, for his grief was intensified, and he concluded that he was going to die.”
1 Mac 6:10 “So he called in all his Friends and said to them, “Sleep departs from my eyes, and my heart fails with anxiety.
1 Mac 6:11 “I have said to myself, ‘What distress I have reached, and what a great flood I am now in.’ For I was gracious and beloved in my exercise of power.”
1 Mac 6:12 “But now I remember the wrongs which I did in Jerusalem, when I took away all the gold and silver dishes that were in it, and sent to destroy the inhabitants of Judah without any cause.”
1 Mac 6:13 “I know that it is because of this that these misfortunes have overtaken me. Here I am dying of grief in a strange land.”
1 Mac 6:14 “And he summoned Philip, one of his Friends, and put him in charge of his whole kingdom.”
1 Mac 6:15 “He gave him his diadem and his robe and his signet ring, so that he might educate his son Antiochus and bring him up to be king.”
1 Mac 6:16 “And King Antiochus died there in the one hundred and forty-ninth year.”
1 Mac 6:17 “And when Lysias learned that the king was dead, he set up Antiochus his son to reign, whom he had taken care of as a boy, and he named him Eupator.”
1 Mac 6:18 “The men in the citadel kept hemming Israel in about the sanctuary, harassing them continually and giving support to the heathen.”
1 Mac 6:19 “So Judas planned to destroy them, and he called all the people together to lay siege to them.”
1 Mac 6:20 “And they assembled and laid siege to it in the one hundred and fiftieth year, and he built siege towers and engines.”
1 Mac 6:21 “And some of them escaped from the blockade, and some ungodly Israelites joined them,”
1 Mac 6:22 “And they made their way to the king and said, “How long will you delay doing justice and avenging our brothers?”
1 Mac 6:23 “We agreed to serve your father and to conduct ourselves in accordance with his orders and to follow his commands.”
1 Mac 6:24 “On account of this the sons of our people have besieged it and become hostile to us. Such of us as they found, they put to death, and they have plundered our property.”
1 Mac 6:25 “They have stretched out their hands not only against us but against all the lands on their borders.
1 Mac 6:26 “Here today they have encamped against the citadel in Jerusalem to capture it, and they have fortified the sanctuary and Bethsura.”
1 Mac 6:27 “And unless you act against them quickly, they will do greater things than these, and you will not be able to check them.”
1 Mac 6:28 “When the king heard this, he was angry, and he gathered all his Friends, the officers of his army, and those in charge of the cavalry.”
1 Mac 6:29 “And mercenary forces came to him from other kingdoms and from the islands in the sea.”
1 Mac 6:30 “And his forces numbered a hundred thousand infantry and twenty thousand cavalry, and thirty-two elephants trained for war.”
1 Mac 6:31 “And they passed through Idumea and pitched their camp against Bethsura and fought against it for a long time, and built engines of war. And they sallied out and burned them down, and fought bravely.”
1 Mac 6:32 “Then Judas left the citadel and pitched his camp at Bethzechariah, opposite the king’s camp.
1 Mac 6:33 “And the king got up early in the morning and moved his army precipitately along the road to Beth-zechariah, and his forces armed themselves for battle, and sounded the trumpets.”
1 Mac 6:34 “And they showed the elephants the juice of grapes and mulberries to incite them to battle.”
1 Mac 6:35 “They distributed the animals among the phalanxes and stationed with each elephant a thousand men in chain armor with brass helmets on their heads, and five hundred picked horsemen were assigned to each animal.”
1 Mac 6:36 “These were posted in advance wherever the animal was to be, and wherever it went they accompanied it; they did not leave it.”
1 Mac 6:37 “There were wooden towers upon them, strong and covered over, on each animal, ingeniously fastened on, and on each one were four powerful men who fought on them, beside the Indian driver.”
1 Mac 6:38 “The rest of the cavalry he stationed on this side and on that, on the two wings of the army, threatening the enemy and again finding shelter among the phalanxes.
1 Mac 6:39 “And when the sun fell on the gold and brass shields, the mountains flashed back and shone like blazing torches.”
1 Mac 6:40 “One wing of the king’s army spread over the high mountains, while some were on low ground, but they advanced steadily, in good order.”
1 Mac 6:41 “And all who heard the noise of their multitude and of the marching of the multitude and the rattle of their arms trembled, for the army was very great and strong.”
1 Mac 6:42 “Then Judas and his army advanced to battle, and six hundred men from the king’s army fell.”
1 Mac 6:43 “And Eleazar Avaran saw that one of the animals was armed with royal armor, and stood higher than all the other animals, and he thought that the king was on it;”
1 Mac 6:44 “And he gave his life to save his people and win everlasting renown for himself.”
1 Mac 6:45 “For he ran boldly up to it in the midst of the phalanx slaying to right and left, and they opened before him on this side and on that,”
1 Mac 6:46 “And he slipped under the elephant and stabbed it underneath and killed it, and it fell to the earth upon him, and he died there.”
1 Mac 6:47 “And when they saw the strength of the kingdom and the impetuosity of its forces, they gave way before them.”
1 Mac 6:48 “But the men of the king’s army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and the king pitched his camp in Judea, and opposite Mount Zion.”
1 Mac 6:49 “And he made peace with the men of Bethsura, and they evacuated the town, because they had no food there to support a siege, for it was a sabbatical year.”
1 Mac 6:50 “So the king occupied Bethsura and stationed a garrison so there to hold it.”
1 Mac 6:51 “And he encamped against the sanctuary for a long time, and set up siege towers there and war engines and machines to throw fire and stones, and ballistas to shoot arrows, and slings.”
1 Mac 6:52 “And they also built war engines against their war engines and fought for a long time.”
1 Mac 6:53 “But there were no provisions in the storerooms, because it was a sabbatical year, and those who had taken refuge in Judea from the heathen had consumed what was left of the stores.”
1 Mac 6:54 “And there were few men left in the sanctuary for the famine had been too much for them, and they had scattered, each man to his home.”
1 Mac 6:55 “Then Lysias heard that Philip, whom King Antiochus before his death had appointed to bring up his son to be king,”
1 Mac 6:56 “Had returned from Persia and Media, with the forces that had gone with the king, and that he was seeking to get control of the government.”
1 Mac 6:57 “So he hastily agreed to withdraw, and he said to the king and the officers of the army and the men, “We are growing weaker every day, and our provisions are getting short and the place we are besieging is strong, and the affairs of the kingdom depend upon us,”
1 Mac 6:58 “So let us now come to terms with these men, and make peace with them and with all their nation,”
1 Mac 6:59 “And make an agreement with them that they shall follow their own laws, as they used to do, for it was on account of their laws which we abolished that they became angry and did all this.”
1 Mac 6:60 “And the proposal pleased the king and his officers, and he sent to them, to make peace, and they agreed.”
1 Mac 6:61 “And the king and the officers made oath to them; then they evacuated the stronghold.”
1 Mac 6:62 “But when the king went into Mount Zion and saw the strength of the place, he broke the oath that he had sworn, and gave orders to tear down the wall that encircled it.”
1 Mac 6:63 “Then he departed in haste and returned to Antioch and found Philip in possession of the city, and he fought against him and took the city by force.”

Chapter 7

1 Mac 7:1 “In the one hundred and fifty-first year Demetrius, the son of Seleucus, came out from Rome and went with a few men to a seaside town and became king there.
1 Mac 7:2 “And it happened when he sought to enter the royal city of his forefathers, that the troops seized Antiochus and Lysias, to bring them before him.”
1 Mac 7:3 “When the matter was made known to him, he said, “Do not let me see their faces.”
1 Mac 7:4 “So the soldiers killed them, and Demetrius took his seat upon his royal throne.”
1 Mac 7:5 “And all the lawless and ungodly men of Israel came to him, and Alcimus who wished to be high priest was their leader.”
1 Mac 7:6 “And they accused the people to the king, and said, “Judas and his brothers have destroyed all your Friends, and have scattered us out of our land.”
1 Mac 7:7 “So now send a man in whom you have confidence, and let him go and see all the damage he has done to us and to the king’s country, and let him punish them and all their helpers.”
1 Mac 7:8 “And the king chose Bacchides, one of the king’s Friends, who was governor of the country beyond the river, and was a great man in the kingdom, and faithful to the king.”
1 Mac 7:9 “And he sent him and the ungodly Alcimus, and assured him of the high priesthood, and ordered him to take vengeance on the Israelites.”
1 Mac 7:10 “And they set forth and came with a strong force to the land of Judah, and he sent messengers to Judas and his brothers, with a peaceful message, but in guile.”
1 Mac 7:11 “But they paid no attention to their message, for they saw that they had come with a strong force.”
1 Mac 7:12 “And a body of scribes gathered before Alcimus and Bacchides, to ask for justice.”
1 Mac 7:13 “The foremost among the Israelites that asked for peace from them were the Hasideans,”
1 Mac 7:14 “For they said, “A priest of the blood of Aaron has come with the forces, and he will not do us any wrong.”
1 Mac 7:15 “And he talked peaceably with them, and made oath to them, saying, “We will not attempt to injure you or your friends.”
1 Mac 7:16 “And they trusted him. And he arrested sixty of them and killed them in a single day, just as he said who wrote,”
1 Mac 7:17 “The flesh and blood of your saints they scattered around Jerusalem, and they had no one to bury them.”
1 Mac 7:18 “Then the fear and dread of them fell upon all the people, for they said, “There is no truth or justice in them, for they broke the agreement and the oath that they swore.”
1 Mac 7:19 “And Bacchides left Jerusalem and pitched his camp in Bethzaith and he set and seized many of the deserters that had been with him, and some of the people, and he slaughtered them and threw them into the great pit.
1 Mac 7:20 “And he established Alcimus over the country, and left a force with him to help him. Then Bacchides went back to the king.”
1 Mac 7:21 “Alcimus strove to maintain his high priesthood.”
1 Mac 7:22 “And all those who harassed their people gathered about him, and they took possession of the land of Judah and did great harm in Israel.”
1 Mac 7:23 “And Judas saw all the damage that Alcimus and his men had done to the Israelites, more even than the heathen had,”
1 Mac 7:24 “And he went out into all the outer borders of Judea and took vengeance on the men who had deserted him, and kept them from going out into the country.”
1 Mac 7:25 “But when Alcimus saw that Judas and his men were growing strong, and realized that he could not withstand them, he returned to the king and made wicked charges against them.”
1 Mac 7:26 “Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his distinguished officers, who hated Israel bitterly, and ordered him to destroy the people.”
1 Mac 7:27 “And Nicanor went to Jerusalem with a strong force, and he deceitfully sent a peaceful message to Judas and his brothers, saying,”
1 Mac 7:28 “Let us have no battle between me and you. I will come with a few men to have a peaceable personal meeting.”
1 Mac 7:29 “So he came to Judas, and they greeted one another peaceably. But the enemy were ready to kidnap Judas.”
1 Mac 7:30 “And the fact that he had come to him in deceit became known to Judas, and he was very much afraid of him and would not meet him again.”
1 Mac 7:31 “And Nicanor knew that his plan had been discovered, and he went out to meet Judas in battle at Capharsalama,”
1 Mac 7:32 “And about five hundred of Nicanor’s men fell, and they fled to the City of David.”
1 Mac 7:33 “After this, Nicanor went up to Mount Zion, and some of the priests came out of the sanctuary with some of the elders of the people to greet him peaceably, and show him the whole burnt offering that was being offered for the king.”
1 Mac 7:34 “And he jeered at them and laughed at them and polluted them, and spoke arrogantly;”
1 Mac 7:35 “And swore angrily, “If Judas and his army are not immediately delivered into my hands, it will happen that if I return safely, I will burn this house up!” And he went away in great anger.”
1 Mac 7:36 “And the priests went in and stood before the altar and the sanctuary and they wailed and said,”
1 Mac 7:37 “You chose this house to bear your name, to be a house for prayer and petition for your people.”
1 Mac 7:38 “Take vengeance on this man and on his army, and let them fall by the sword. Remember their sacrilegious words and let them not continue.”
1 Mac 7:39 “And Nicanor set out from Jerusalem and pitched his camp in Bethhoron, and the Syrian army met him there.”
1 Mac 7:40 “And Judas encamped in Adasa with three thousand men, and Judas prayed and said,”
1 Mac 7:41 “When the king’s men uttered blasphemy, your angel went forth and struck down a hundred and eighty-five thousand of them.”
1 Mac 7:42 “Crush this army before us today, in the same way, and let the rest know that he spoke wickedly against your sanctuary, and judge him as his wickedness deserves.”
1 Mac 7:43 “And the armies met in battle on the thirteenth of the month of Adar, and Nicanor’s army was beaten, and he himself was the first to fall in the battle.”
1 Mac 7:44 “But when his army saw that Nicanor had fallen, they threw down their arms and fled.”
1 Mac 7:45 “And they pursued them a day’s journey, from Adasa until you come to Gazara, and they sounded the ceremonial trumpets behind them.”
1 Mac 7:46 “And people came forth out of all the villages of Judea around, and hemmed them in, and turned them back toward the pursuers, and they all fell by the sword; not one of them was left.”
1 Mac 7:47 “And they took the spoils and the plunder, and they cut off Nicanor’s head and his right hand, which he had stretched out so arrogantly, and brought them and displayed them at Jerusalem.”
1 Mac 7:48 “And the people rejoiced greatly, and they observed that day as a day of great gladness.”
1 Mac 7:49 “And they decreed that that day should be annually observed, on the thirteenth so of Adar.”
1 Mac 7:50 “Then the land of Judah was quiet for a short time.”

Chapter 8

1 Mac 8:1 “And Judas heard of the reputation of the Romans, that they were powerful, and favored all who joined them, and established friendly relations with those who approached them, and were powerful.
1 Mac 8:2 “And they told him about their wars and the exploits they had performed among the Gauls, and how they had subdued them and made them pay tribute,”
1 Mac 8:3 “And what they had done in the land of Spain, in getting possession of the silver and gold mines there,”
1 Mac 8:4 “And how by their planning and patience they had become masters of that whole region, though it was very far away from them, and about the kings who had come against them from the ends of the earth, until they had crushed them and inflicted great losses upon them, and how the rest paid them tribute every year;”
1 Mac 8:5 “And how they had crushed Philip and Perseus, the king of Chittim, and those who had opposed them they had beaten in battle and subdued;”
1 Mac 8:6 “And how Antiochus, the great king of Asia, had marched against them with a hundred and twenty elephants and horses and chariots and a very great force, and had been beaten by them,
1 Mac 8:7 “And they had captured him alive and had required him and those who succeeded him to pay a great tribute and give hostages,”
1 Mac 8:8 “And a section of country, in India, Media, and Lydia, of the best lands, and they had taken them from him and given them to King Eumenes;”
1 Mac 8:9 “And how the men of Greece had planned to come and destroy them,”
1 Mac 8:10 “And they had learned of the matter, and they sent one general against them, and they fought with them and many of them fell wounded, and they took their wives and children captive and they plundered them and conquered the land and tore down their strongholds and enslaved them unto this day;”
1 Mac 8:11 “And how they had destroyed and enslaved all the other kingdoms and islands that had ever opposed them,”
1 Mac 8:12 “But had maintained friendly relations with their friends and those who relied upon them; and how they had conquered kings far and near, and all who heard their name were afraid of them.”
1 Mac 8:13 “Those whom they wished to help and make kings, became kings, and those whom they wished, they deposed; and they were greatly exalted;”
1 Mac 8:14 “Yet with all this they never any of them put on a diadem, or wore purple, as a mark of magnificence.”
1 Mac 8:15 “And they had built themselves a senate house, and every day three hundred and twenty men deliberated, constantly planning for the people, that they might conduct themselves properly,”
1 Mac 8:16 “And they intrusted the government to one man every year, and the authority over all their country, and they all obeyed that one man, and there was no envy or jealousy among them.”
1 Mac 8:17 “And Judas chose Eupolemus, the son of John, the son of Hakkoz, and Jason, the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome, to establish friendly relations and an alliance with them,”
1 Mac 8:18 “So that they might relieve them of their yoke, for they saw that the rule of the Greeks was reducing Israel to slavery.”
1 Mac 8:19 “And they went to Rome, though the journey was very long, and they went into the senate house and answered and said,”
1 Mac 8:20 “Judas, who is called Maccabeus, and his brothers and the Jewish people have sent us to you, to make an alliance and firm peace with you, and that we may be enrolled as allies and friends of yours.”
1 Mac 8:21 “They were pleased with the proposal,”
1 Mac 8:22 “And this is a copy of the letter which they wrote in answer, on brass tablets, and sent to Jerusalem, to remain there among them, as a memorial of peace and alliance.”
1 Mac 8:23 “Good fortune to the Romans and to the Jewish nation by sea and land, forever! May sword and foe be far from them!”
1 Mac 8:24 “But if war is made on Rome first, or on any of their allies, in all her dominion,”
1 Mac 8:25 “The Jewish nation will act as their allies, as the occasion shall demand of them, with all their hearts.”
1 Mac 8:26 “And to those who make the war they shall not give or supply wheat, arms, money, or ships, as Rome decides, and they shall observe their obligations, accepting nothing from the other side.”
1 Mac 8:27 “In like manner, if war is made on the Jewish nation first, the Romans will heartily act as their allies as occasion demands,”
1 Mac 8:28 “And no wheat, arms, money, or ships will be supplied to the allies, as Rome decides, and they shall observe these obligations in good faith.”
1 Mac 8:29 “On these terms the Romans have made a treaty with the Jewish people.”
1 Mac 8:30 “But if hereafter one party or the other decides to add or subtract anything, they shall do as they choose, and whatever they add or subtract shall be valid.”
1 Mac 8:31 “And about the wrongs that King Demetrius is doing you, we have written to him, saying, ‘Why have you made your yoke heavy upon our friends and allies the Jews?”
1 Mac 8:32 “So if they appeal to us against you again, we will do them justice and make war upon you by land and sea.”

Chapter 9

1 Mac 9:1 “When Demetrius heard that Nicanor and his troops had fallen in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Judah again a second time, with the right wing of his army.”
1 Mac 9:2 “And they marched by the Gilgal road, and pitched their camp against Mesaloth, in Arbela, and took it, and destroyed many people.”
1 Mac 9:3 “And in the first month of the one hundred and fifty second year they encamped against Jerusalem.”
1 Mac 9:4 “Then they set out and marched to Berea with twenty thousand men and two thousand horse.”
1 Mac 9:5 “And Judas was encamped at Elasa, and had three thousand picked men with him.”
1 Mac 9:6 “And they saw that the number of the troops was great and they were greatly terrified, and many slipped out of the camp; not more than eight hundred men were left.”
1 Mac 9:7 “And Judas saw that his army had slipped away, and that the battle was imminent, and he was troubled in mind, for he had no time to rally them.”
1 Mac 9:8 “And in desperation he said to those who were left, “Let us get up and go against our opponents; perhaps we can fight against them.”
1 Mac 9:9 “And they tried to dissuade him, saying, “We certainly cannot; but let us save our lives now, and come back with our brothers and fight against them; we are so few.”
1 Mac 9:10 “And Judas said, “I will never do this thing, and flee from them; and if our time has come, let us die bravely for our brothers, and not leave a stain upon our honor.”
1 Mac 9:11 “So the army set out from the camp and formed its lines to join battle, and the cavalry was divided into two parts, and the slingers and archers marched before the army, and all the powerful men who formed the front line.”
1 Mac 9:12 “But Bacchides was on the right wing. And the phalanx advanced on the two sides, and they sounded their trumpets,”
1 Mac 9:13 “And Judas’ men also sounded their trumpets, and the earth shook with the shout of the armies, and the battle raged from morning till evening.”
1 Mac 9:14 “And when Judas saw that Bacchides and the strength of his army were on the right wing, all the stouthearted went with him,”
1 Mac 9:15 “And the right wing was beaten back by them, and he pursued them as far as Mount Azotus.”
1 Mac 9:16 “And the men on the left wing saw that the right wing was beaten back, and they turned and followed the track of Judas and his men from behind.”
1 Mac 9:17 “And the fight became desperate, and many on both sides fell wounded.”
1 Mac 9:18 “And Judas fell and the rest fled.”
1 Mac 9:19 “And Jonathan and Simon took their brother Judas and buried him in the tombs of his forefathers in Modin.”
1 Mac 9:20 “And they wept over him, and all Israel lamented him greatly and mourned for a long time, saying,”
1 Mac 9:21 “What a hero is fallen, the Savior of Israel!”
1 Mac 9:22 “The rest of the deeds of Judas, and his wars, and the exploits that he performed, and his greatness are unrecorded, for they were very many.”
1 Mac 9:23 “It happened after the death of Judas that those who had no regard for the Law raised their heads all over Israel, and all the wrongdoers reappeared.”
1 Mac 9:24 “In those days there was a very great famine, and the country went over to their side.”
1 Mac 9:25 “And Bacchides chose the ungodly men and appointed them masters of the country.”
1 Mac 9:26 “And they searched and sought out the friends of Judas and brought them to Bacchides, and he punished them and mocked them.”
1 Mac 9:27 “And there was great distress in Israel, such as there had not been since the time when the prophets ceased to appear to them.”
1 Mac 9:28 “And all the friends of Judas gathered together and said to Jonathan,”
1 Mac 9:29 “Since the death of your brother Judas, there has been no one like him to go in and out against our enemies and Bacchides and among those of our nation who are hostile.”
1 Mac 9:30 “So now we have chosen you today to be our ruler and leader in his place, to carry on our war.”
1 Mac 9:31 “And Jonathan accepted the command at that time, and took the place of his brother Judas.”
1 Mac 9:32 “And Bacchides learned of this, and tried to kill him.”
1 Mac 9:33 “And Jonathan and his brother Simon and all his men learned of it, and they fled into the wild country about Tekoa, and they pitched their camp by the waters of the pool of Asphar.”
1 Mac 9:34 “And Bacchides learned of it on the sabbath, and he and all his army came across the Jordan.”
1 Mac 9:35 “Now Jonathan had sent his brother, a leader of the multitude, and entreated the Nabateans, as his friends, to let them leave with them their baggage, of which there was a great deal.”
1 Mac 9:36 “But the sons of Jambri, from Medaba, came out and seized John and all that he had, and went off with it.”
1 Mac 9:37 “Afterward, news came to Jonathan and his brother Simon that the sons of Jambri were making a great wedding, and were conducting the bride, the daughter of one of the great nobles of Canaan, with a great retinue, from Nadabath.”
1 Mac 9:38 “And they remembered the blood of their brother John, and they went up and hid under the shelter of the mountain.”
1 Mac 9:39 “And they looked up and saw, and there was confusion, and a great deal of baggage, for the bridegroom had come out with his friends and his kinsmen to meet them, with drums and musicians and many weapons.”
1 Mac 9:40 “Then they fell upon them from their ambush and killed them, and many fell wounded, and the survivors fled into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.”
1 Mac 9:41 “So the wedding was turned into grief and the voice of their musicians into lamentation.”
1 Mac 9:42 “And when they had fully avenged their brother’s blood, they turned back to the marshes of the Jordan.”
1 Mac 9:43 “And Bacchides heard of it, and he came on the sabbath to the banks of the Jordan, with a strong force.”
1 Mac 9:44 “And Jonathan said to his men, “Let us get up now and fight for our lives, for today is not like yesterday or the day before,”
1 Mac 9:45 “For here is the battle in front of us and behind us, and on one side the water of the Jordan, and on the other marsh and thicket, and there is no room to retreat.”
1 Mac 9:46 “So now, cry out to heaven that you may be delivered from the hands of our enemies.”
1 Mac 9:47 “And the battle was joined, and Jonathan stretched out his hand to strike Bacchides down, and he gave ground before him.”
1 Mac 9:48 “Then Jonathan and his men jumped into the Jordan and swam over to the other side; and they did not cross the Jordan in pursuit of them.”
1 Mac 9:49 “And fully a thousand of Bacchides’ men fell that day.”
1 Mac 9:50 “And he returned to Jerusalem, and they built fortified towns in Judea; the stronghold in Jericho, and Emmaus, and Bethhoron, and Bethel, and Timnath Pharathon, and Tephon, with high walls and barred gates;”
1 Mac 9:51 “And he put garrisons in them to harass Israel.”
1 Mac 9:52 “And he fortified the town of Bethsura, and Gazara, and the citadel, and he put troops in them, and stores of provisions.”
1 Mac 9:53 “And he took the sons of the principal men of the country as hostages, and put them in custody in the citadel at Jerusalem.”
1 Mac 9:54 “In the one hundred and fifty-third year, in the second month, Alcimus gave orders to tear down the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary; he thus destroyed the work of the prophets,”
1 Mac 9:55 “But he began to tear it down. At that very time, Alcimus was stricken, and his work hindered and his mouth stopped, and he was paralyzed and could no longer utter a word, or give orders about his household.”
1 Mac 9:56 “So Alcimus died at that time, in great agony.”
1 Mac 9:57 “And when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he went back to the king, and the land of Judah was quiet for two years.”
1 Mac 9:58 “Then all those who disregarded the Law plotted, saying, “Here Jonathan and his men are living undisturbed and secure, so now we will bring Bacchides back, and he will arrest them all in a single night.”
1 Mac 9:59 “And they went and consulted him.”
1 Mac 9:60 “And he set out and came with a strong force and he sent letters secretly to all his allies in Judea to arrest Jonathan and his men, but they could not because their plan became known to them.”
1 Mac 9:61 “And they seized fully fifty of the men of the country who were ringleaders in this wickedness, and killed them.”
1 Mac 9:62 “And Jonathan and Simon and their men withdrew to Bethbasi, in the wild country, and he rebuilt the parts that had been torn down, and they strengthened it.”
1 Mac 9:63 “And Bacchides learned of it, and he gathered all his host and sent word to the men of Judea,”
1 Mac 9:64 “And he came and pitched his camp against Bethbasi, and fought against it for a long time and set up siege engines.”
1 Mac 9:65 “Then Jonathan left his brother Simon in the town and went out into the country, and he went with a small force.”
1 Mac 9:66 “And he struck down Odomera and his brothers, and the sons of Phasiron in their tent,”
1 Mac 9:67 “And they began to strike and attacked with their forces. And Simon and his men went out of the town and set fire to the siege engines,”
1 Mac 9:68 “And they fought with Bacchides, and he was beaten by them, and they pressed him very hard, for his plan and his attack were in vain.”
1 Mac 9:69 “And he was very angry with the men who disregarded the Law who had advised him to come into the country, and he killed many of them, and resolved to go back to his country.”
1 Mac 9:70 “And Jonathan learned of it, and he sent envoys to him to make peace with him, and obtain the release of his prisoners.”
1 Mac 9:71 “And he agreed and did as he promised and made oath to him that he would not seek to injure him so long as he lived.”
1 Mac 9:72 “And he released to him the prisoners that he had taken before from the land of Judea, and he went away and returned to his own country, and did not come into their borders again.”
1 Mac 9:73 “So the sword ceased in Israel And Jonathan lived in Michmash. And Jonathan began to judge the people, and he destroyed the ungodly out of Israel.”

Chapter 10

1 Mac 10:1 “In the one hundred and sixtieth year, Alexander Epiphanes, the son of Antiochus, went up and took possession of Ptolemais, and they welcomed him, and he became king there.
1 Mac 10:2 “When King Demetrius heard of it, he mustered very strong forces and went out to meet him in battle.”
1 Mac 10:3 “And Demetrius sent letters to Jonathan in peaceful terms to flatter him, for he said to himself,”
1 Mac 10:4 “Let us be the first to make peace with them, before he makes peace with Alexander against us,”
1 Mac 10:5 “For he will remember all the wrongs we have done him and his brothers and his nation.”
1 Mac 10:6 “And he gave him authority to muster troops, and to procure arms and to be his ally, and he gave orders that they should turn over to him the hostages that were in the citadel.”
1 Mac 10:7 “So Jonathan went up to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the hearing of all the people, and of the men who were in possession of the citadel;”
1 Mac 10:8 “And they were dreadfully frightened when they heard that the king had given him authority to muster troops.”
1 Mac 10:9 “And the men in the citadel turned over the hostages to Jonathan, and he gave them back to their parents.”
1 Mac 10:10 “And Jonathan lived in Jerusalem, and he began to build and renovate the city.”
1 Mac 10:11 “And he ordered those who did the work to build the walls and encircle Mount Zion with four-foot stones for its fortification, and they did so.”
1 Mac 10:12 “And the foreigners who were in the strongholds that Bacchides had built fled;”
1 Mac 10:13 “Each one left his post and went back to his own country,”
1 Mac 10:14 “Except that in Bethsura there were left some of those who had forsaken the Law and the commandments, for it served as a refuge for them.”
1 Mac 10:15 “And King Alexander heard of all the promises that Demetrius had sent to Jonathan, and they related to him the battles and exploits that he and his brothers had performed, and the troubles they had endured,”
1 Mac 10:16 “And he said to himself, “Can we find another man like him? Now we must make him our friend and ally.”
1 Mac 10:17 “So he wrote letters and sent them to him, in the following terms:”
1 Mac 10:18 “King Alexander sends greetings to his brother Jonathan.”
1 Mac 10:19 “We have heard that you are a valiant warrior, and fit to be our friend.”
1 Mac 10:20 “Now we have today appointed you to be high priest of your nation and to be called a Friend of the king” (and he sent him a purple robe and a gold crown) “and to side with us and maintain friendly relations with us.”
1 Mac 10:21 “So Jonathan put on the holy vestments in the seventh month of the one hundred and sixtieth year, at the Camping Out festival1Feast of Booths in the month of Kislev? Really the feast of the Dedication of the Temple, Hanukkah (2 Mc 10:1–8), celebrated on the twenty-fifth of Kislev (Nov.–Dec.). New (False) feast day that resembles the actual feast of Booths (Lv 23:33–43), celebrated on the fifteenth of Tishri (Sept.–Oct.); cf. 2 Mc 1:18., and he mustered troops and provided arms in abundance.”
1 Mac 10:22 “And Demetrius heard of these things, and he was annoyed, and said,”
1 Mac 10:23 “Why have we brought it about that Alexander has gotten ahead of us in establishing friendly relations with the Jews, to strengthen his position?”
1 Mac 10:24 “I too will write them a message of encouragement and distinction, with promises of gifts, so that they may become a support for me.”
1 Mac 10:25 “So he sent one to them in these terms: “King Demetrius sends greetings to the Jewish nation.”
1 Mac 10:26 “Since you have kept your agreement with us, and remained true to our friendship, and have not gone over to our enemies, we have rejoiced to hear of it.”
1 Mac 10:27 “So now continue to keep faith with us, and we will deal favorably with you in return for your dealings with us,”
1 Mac 10:28 “And we will grant you many exemptions and make you presents.”
1 Mac 10:29 “So I do now free you and I release all the Jews from paying tribute and from the salt tax and the crown tax.”
1 Mac 10:30 “And instead of one-third of the grain and instead of half of the fruit of the trees, which it falls to me to receive, I surrender from this day forward the right to take them from the land of Judea and from the three districts which are attached to it from Samaria and Galilee, from this day forth and for all time.”
1 Mac 10:31 “Let Jerusalem and her territory, her tithes and her taxes, be holy and free.”
1 Mac 10:32 “I relinquish also my authority over the citadel in Jerusalem, and I give it to the high priest, in order that he may put men whom he shall choose in possession of it, to garrison it.”
1 Mac 10:33 “And every Jewish person who has been carried into captivity from the land of Judea into any part of my kingdom, I set at liberty without payment, and let all officials cancel the taxes upon their cattle also.”
1 Mac 10:34 “And let all the festivals and sabbaths and new moons and appointed days, and three days before each festival, and three days after each festival, be days of exemption and immunity for all the Jews in my kingdom,”
1 Mac 10:35 “And no one shall have authority to exact anything from any of them or to trouble any of them about any matter.”
1 Mac 10:36 “And among the king’s forces at least thirty thousand Jews shall be enrolled, and they shall receive pay, as all the king’s forces have a right to do.”
1 Mac 10:37 “And some of them shall be stationed in the king’s great strongholds, and some shall be put in positions of trust in the kingdom. And those who are set over them and those who govern them shall be of their own number, and they shall follow their own laws, as the king has commanded in the land of Judea.”
1 Mac 10:38 “And the three districts that have been added to Judea from the country of Samaria shall be added to Judea so that they may be considered as under one man, and not obey any other authority than the high priest.”
1 Mac 10:39 “Ptolemais and the land pertaining to it I have presented to the sanctuary in Jerusalem, for the expenses incident to the sanctuary.”
1 Mac 10:40 “And I will give fifteen thousand silver shekels every year, from the king’s revenues, from such places as are convenient.”
1 Mac 10:41 “And the additional grant, which the administration has not paid over as it formerly did, they shall henceforth pay in full toward the service of the temple.”
1 Mac 10:42 “In addition, the five thousand silver shekels which they used to take out of the dues of the temple, from the revenue every year, is also canceled, for it rightfully belongs to the priests who conduct the worship.
1 Mac 10:43 “And whoever takes refuge in the temple at Jerusalem, and in any of its precincts, who owes money to the king or any other obligation shall be released from it, with all his property in my realm.”
1 Mac 10:44 “The cost of rebuilding and renovating the fabric of the sanctuary shall be provided out of the king’s revenue.”
1 Mac 10:45 “The cost of rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem and of fortifying it all around, and of building the walls in Judea, shall also be provided out of the king’s revenue.”
1 Mac 10:46 “But when Jonathan and the people heard these terms, they did not believe them or accept them, for they remembered the great injury he had done to Israel, and that he had distressed them intensely.”
1 Mac 10:47 “And they took Alexander’s side, for he had been first in addressing them in peaceful terms, and they always remained his allies.”
1 Mac 10:48 “Then King Alexander gathered large forces and pitched his camp against Demetrius.”
1 Mac 10:49 “And the two kings joined battle, and the army of Demetrius fled, and Alexander pursued him and defeated them,”
1 Mac 10:50 “And he pressed the fighting hard, until sunset, and Demetrius fell that day.”
1 Mac 10:51 “Then Alexander sent envoys to Ptolemy, king of Egypt, with this message:”
1 Mac 10:52 “Since I have returned to my kingdom, and have taken my seat on the throne of my forefathers, and have taken over the government, and have defeated Demetrius and taken possession of our country.”
1 Mac 10:53 “(For I have met him in battle, and he and his army were defeated by us, and we have taken our seat on the throne of his kingdom.)”
1 Mac 10:54 “Let us now establish friendly relations with one another, so give me your daughter to be my wife, and I will be your son-in-law, and give you and her gifts worthy of you.”
1 Mac 10:55 “And King Ptolemy answered, “It was a happy day when you returned to the country of your forefathers and took your seat on the throne of their kingdom.”
1 Mac 10:56 “I will now do for you what you wrote, but meet me in Ptolemais, so that we may see each other, and I will be your father in-law, as you have said.”
1 Mac 10:57 “So Ptolemy came up from Egypt, with his daughter Cleopatra, and reached Ptolemais in the one hundred and sixty-second year.
1 Mac 10:58 “And King Alexander met him, and he gave him his daughter Cleopatra in marriage, and he celebrated her wedding at Ptolemais with great pomp, as kings do.”
1 Mac 10:59 “Then King Alexander wrote to Jonathan to come to meet him.”
1 Mac 10:60 “And he went in splendor to Ptolemais and met the two kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold and many gifts, and was well received by them.”
1 Mac 10:61 “Some malcontents from Israel, who disregarded the Law, gathered against him, to lay charges against him, but the king paid no attention to them.”
1 Mac 10:62 “And the king gave orders, and they took Jonathan’s clothes off and clothed him in purple; they did as he ordered.”
1 Mac 10:63 “And the king made him sit beside him, and said to his officers, “Go out with him into the middle of the city, and make a proclamation that no one is to appeal against him on any ground, and no one must interfere with him on any account.”
1 Mac 10:64 “So it happened that when those who were complaining of him saw the distinction with which he was treated, as the herald proclaimed, and saw him clothed in purple, they all fled.”
1 Mac 10:65 “And the king treated him with distinction, and enrolled him among his Best Friends, and made him general and governor.”
1 Mac 10:66 “So Jonathan returned to Jerusalem in peace and gladness.”
1 Mac 10:67 “In the one hundred and sixty-fifth year, Demetrius’ son Demetrius came from Crete to the country of his forefathers.”
1 Mac 10:68 “When King Alexander heard of it, he was greatly disturbed and returned to Antioch.”
1 Mac 10:69 “And Demetrius appointed Apollonius who was in command of Coelesyria, and he gathered a strong force and pitched his camp at Jamnia, and sent to Jonathan the high priest saying,”
1 Mac 10:70 “You are all alone in resisting us, but I am laughed at and reproached because of you. Why do you claim your authority against us up in the mountains?”
1 Mac 10:71 “If you really trust in your troops, come down into the plain to us and let us measure our strength together there, for I have control of the towns.”
1 Mac 10:72 “So inquire and find out who I am, and who the others are who help us, and they will tell you that you will have no foothold before us, for your forefathers have been routed twice in their land.”
1 Mac 10:73 “So now you will not be able to stand against the cavalry and such a force as this on the plain, where there is no stone or pebble, or place to escape to.”
1 Mac 10:74 “When Jonathan heard the message of Apollonius, his heart was stirred, and he chose ten thousand men, and set out from Jerusalem, and his brother Simon joined him to help him.”
1 Mac 10:75 “And he pitched his camp against Joppa, and the men of the town shut him out, for Apollonius had a garrison in Joppa;
1 Mac 10:76 “And they fought against it. Then the men of the town were frightened and they opened the gates, and Jonathan took possession of Joppa.”
1 Mac 10:77 “And Apollonius heard of it and he mustered three thousand horsemen and a strong force and he marched to Azotus as though he meant to travel on, but at the same time he advanced into the plain, because he had a large force of cavalry and relied upon it.”
1 Mac 10:78 “And he pursued him to Azotus, and the armies joined battle.”
1 Mac 10:79 “And Apollonius had left a thousand horse in hiding in their rear,”
1 Mac 10:80 “And Jonathan learned that there was an ambuscade in his rear. And they surrounded his army and showered their arrows upon the people from morning till evening,”
1 Mac 10:81 “But the people stood fast, as Jonathan had ordered, while the enemy’s horses were tired out.”
1 Mac 10:82 “Then Simon advanced his force and joined battle with the phalanx, for the cavalry were exhausted, and they were defeated by him, and fled,”
1 Mac 10:83 “And the cavalry were scattered over the plain. And they fled to Azotus and took refuge in Bethdagon, their idol’s temple.
1 Mac 10:84 “And Jonathan burned Azotus and the towns around it, and plundered them, and he burned up the temple of Dagon and those who had taken refuge in it.”
1 Mac 10:85 “And those who had fallen by the sword, together with those who were burned up came to fully eight thousand men.”
1 Mac 10:86 “And Jonathan set forth and pitched his camp against Askalon, and the men of the town came out to meet him with great pomp.”
1 Mac 10:87 “Then Jonathan returned to Jerusalem with his men, with a great quantity of plunder.”
1 Mac 10:88 “And it happened that, when King Alexander heard of these things, he treated Jonathan with still more distinction,”
1 Mac 10:89 “And he sent him a gold buckle, such as are usually given to the members of the royal family; and he gave him Ekron and all that district for settlement.”

Chapter 11

1 Mac 11:1 “And the king of Egypt gathered strong forces, like the sand on the seashore, and many ships, and undertook to possess himself of Alexander’s kingdom by deceit, and to add it to his own kingdom.”
1 Mac 11:2 “And he set out for Syria with peaceful professions, and the people of the towns opened their gates to him, and met him, for King Alexander had ordered them to meet him, as he was his father-in law.”
1 Mac 11:3 “But when Ptolemy entered the towns, he placed a garrison of his troops in each town.”
1 Mac 11:4 “And when they reached Azotus, they showed him the temple of Dagon burned, and Azotus and its suburbs torn down and corpses lying about, and those who had been burned, whom he had burned in the war, for they had piled them in heaps in his way.”
1 Mac 11:5 “And they told the king what Jonathan had done, in order to throw blame on him, and the king was silent.”
1 Mac 11:6 “And Jonathan met the king with pomp at Joppa, and they greeted one another and spent the night there.”
1 Mac 11:7 “And Jonathan traveled with the king as far as the river called the Eleutherus, and then returned to Jerusalem.”
1 Mac 11:8 “But Ptolemy made himself master of the coast towns all the way to Seleucia which is by the sea, and formed wicked designs about Alexander.”
1 Mac 11:9 “And he sent envoys to King Demetrius, saying, “Come, let us make an agreement with each other, and I will give you my daughter, whom Alexander had, and you shall reign over your father’s kingdom.”
1 Mac 11:10 “For I regret having given him my daughter, for he has undertaken to kill me.”
1 Mac 11:11 “But he threw blame on him because he coveted his kingdom.”
1 Mac 11:12 “So he took his daughter away from him, and gave her to Demetrius, and was estranged from Alexander, and their enmity became manifest.”
1 Mac 11:13 “And Ptolemy entered Antioch, and assumed the diadem of Asia, so he put two diadems upon his head, that of Egypt and that of Asia.”
1 Mac 11:14 “But King Alexander was in Cilicia, at that time, for the people of those regions were in revolt.”
1 Mac 11:15 “When Alexander heard of it, he marched against him. And Ptolemy led out his army and met him with a strong force, and routed him.”
1 Mac 11:16 “And Alexander fled to Arabia to find shelter, but King Ptolemy was triumphant.”
1 Mac 11:17 “And Zabdiel the Arab cut off Alexander’s head and sent it to Ptolemy.”
1 Mac 11:18 “Three days later King Ptolemy died, and his men in the strongholds were destroyed by the men of the strongholds.”
1 Mac 11:19 “And in the one hundred and sixty-seventh year, Demetrius became king.”
1 Mac 11:20 “In those days Jonathan mustered the men of Judea to attack the citadel, and he set up many siege engines against it.”
1 Mac 11:21 “And some breakers of the Law, who hated their own nation, went to the king and reported to him that Jonathan was besieging the citadel.”
1 Mac 11:22 “When he heard of it, he was angry, but upon hearing it he immediately set out and came to Ptolemais, and wrote Jonathan not to continue the siege but to meet him as soon as possible at Ptolemais, for a conference.”
1 Mac 11:23 “When Jonathan heard this, he gave orders to continue the siege, and he selected some of the elders of Israel and of the priests and put himself in danger,”
1 Mac 11:24 “For he took silver and gold and clothing and a great many other presents, and went to the king, at Ptolemais, and he pleased the king.”
1 Mac 11:25 “And when some of the men of his nation who disregarded the Law complained of him,”
1 Mac 11:26 “The king treated him just as his predecessors had done, and showed him great honor in the presence of all his Friends.”
1 Mac 11:27 “He confirmed him in the high priesthood, and all the other honors he had received before, and made him chief of his Best Friends.”
1 Mac 11:28 “Jonathan asked the king to free Judea and the three provinces and Samaria from tribute, and promised him three hundred talents.”
1 Mac 11:29 “The king agreed, and wrote a letter to Jonathan on all these matters as follows:”
1 Mac 11:30 “King Demetrius sends greetings to his brother Jonathan and to the Jewish nation.”
1 Mac 11:31 “This copy of the letter which we have written to Lasthenes our kinsman, we have written to you also, so that you may be acquainted with it.”
1 Mac 11:32 “King Demetrius sends greeting to his father Lasthenes.”
1 Mac 11:33 “We have determined to favor the Jewish nation, who are friends of ours, and observe their obligations to us, because of the good will they have shown us.”
1 Mac 11:34 “So we have recognized as theirs the territory of Judea and the three districts of Aphaerema, Lydda, and Ramathaim (they were transferred from Samaria to Judea) and everything pertaining to them, for all those who offer sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead of the royal dues which the king formerly took from them annually from the produce of the land and the fruit of the trees.”
1 Mac 11:35 “And the other things that fall to us, of the tithes and dues that fall to us, and the salt pits and the crown tax that fall to us, all these we will from henceforth make over to them.”
1 Mac 11:36 “And not one of these things shall be annulled from this time forth forever.”
1 Mac 11:37 “So now take care to make a copy of this, and have it given to Jonathan and set up in a prominent place on the holy mount.”
1 Mac 11:38 “And King Demetrius saw that the country was quiet before him, and that there was no opposition to him, and he dismissed all his troops, every man to his home, except the foreign forces that he had hired from the islands of the heathen, so the old soldiers of his fathers had a grudge against him.”
1 Mac 11:39 “Now Trypho was one of Alexander’s old party, and when he saw that all the troops were grumbling at Demetrius, he went to Imalkue the Arab who was bringing up Antiochus, the little son of Alexander,”
1 Mac 11:40 “And he insisted that he should turn him over to him, to become king in his father’s place. And he reported to him all that Demetrius had done, and told him of the animosity his troops felt for him; and he stayed with him a long time.”
1 Mac 11:41 “Then Jonathan sent to King Demetrius asking him to expel the garrison of the citadel from Jerusalem, and the garrisons from the strongholds, for they kept fighting against Israel.”
1 Mac 11:42 “And Demetrius sent to Jonathan and said, “I will not only do this for you and your nation, but I will greatly honor you and your nation if I find an opportunity.”
1 Mac 11:43 “So now please send me men who will fight for me, for all my troops are in revolt.”
1 Mac 11:44 “So Jonathan sent three thousand able-bodied men to Antioch, and they came to the king, and he was glad they had come.”
1 Mac 11:45 “And the people of the city, fully a hundred and twenty thousand of them, gathered in the midst of the city, and wanted to kill the king.”
1 Mac 11:46 “And the king fled to the palace, and the people of the city seized the thoroughfares of the city, and began to fight.”
1 Mac 11:47 “Then the king summoned the Jews to his aid, and they all together rallied about him, and scattered over the city and killed that day fully a hundred thousand people.”
1 Mac 11:48 “And they set the city on fire, and took a great quantity of spoil that day, and saved the king.”
1 Mac 11:49 “When the people of the city saw that the Jews controlled the city as they pleased, their hearts failed them, and they cried out to the king in entreaty, saying,”
1 Mac 11:50 “Give us your pledge and make the Jews stop fighting against us and the city.”
1 Mac 11:51 “And they threw down their arms and made peace. And the Jews were in high honor with the king, and with all his subjects, and they returned to Jerusalem with a great quantity of spoil.”
1 Mac 11:52 “And King Demetrius sat on his royal throne, and the land was quiet before him.”
1 Mac 11:53 “But he lied in all that he had said, and became estranged from Jonathan and did not return the favors he had done him, but treated him very harshly.”
1 Mac 11:54 “Now after this Trypho returned, bringing with him the little child Antiochus. And he became king and assumed the diadem.
1 Mac 11:55 “And all the troops that Demetrius had cast off rallied about him, and they fought against Demetrius and he was routed, and fled.”
1 Mac 11:56 “And Trypho took the animals and took possession of Antioch.”
1 Mac 11:57 “And the youthful Antiochus wrote to Jonathan, saying, “I confirm you in the high priesthood and appoint you over the four districts, and to be one of the king’s Friends.”
1 Mac 11:58 “And he sent him gold plate and table service, and gave him the right to drink from gold goblets, and dress in purple and wear a gold buckle.”
1 Mac 11:59 “And he made his brother Simon governor from the Ladder of Tyre to the frontier of Egypt.”
1 Mac 11:60 “And Jonathan set out and traveled across the river and among the towns, and the whole army of Syria rallied about him, to ally themselves with him. And he went to Askalon, and the people of the town received him with honor.”
1 Mac 11:61 “And he went from there to Gaza, but the people of Gaza shut their gates against him, so he laid siege to it, and fired its suburbs and plundered them.”
1 Mac 11:62 “Then the people of Gaza asked for terms, and he gave them his pledge and took the sons of their leaders as hostages, and sent them to Jerusalem; and he went through the country as far as Damascus.”
1 Mac 11:63 “And Jonathan heard that the officers of Demetrius were at Kadesh in Galilee, with a strong force, wishing to remove him from his office,”
1 Mac 11:64 “So he went to meet them, but he left his brother Simon in the country.”
1 Mac 11:65 “And Simon pitched his camp against Bethsura, and fought against it a long time, and shut it in.”
1 Mac 11:66 “And they asked him to give them pledges and he did so; and he put them out of it and took possession of the town and put a garrison in it.”
1 Mac 11:67 “And Jonathan and his army pitched their camp by the water of Gennesaret, and early in the morning they went to the Plain of Hazor.”
1 Mac 11:68 “And, behold, the army of the foreigners met him in the plain; they had set an ambush for him in the mountains, but they themselves met him face to face.”
1 Mac 11:69 “But the ambush rose out of their places and joined battle, and all who were on Jonathan’s side fled;”
1 Mac 11:70 “Not one was left of them except Mattathias, the son of Absalom, and Judas, the son of Chalphi, who were captains of the forces.”
1 Mac 11:71 “And Jonathan tore open his clothes and threw dust on his head and prayed.”
1 Mac 11:72 “And he turned against them again in battle and routed them, and they fled.”
1 Mac 11:73 “Those who were fleeing on his side saw it and returned to him and pursued them with him as far as Kadesh all the way to their camp, and they pitched their camp there.”
1 Mac 11:74 “And there fell of the foreigners that day fully three thousand men. And Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.”

Chapter 12

1 Mac 12:1 “And Jonathan saw that the time was favorable, and he selected men and sent them to Rome to confirm and renew friendly relations with them.”
1 Mac 12:2 “And he sent letters to the Spartans and to other places to the same effect.”
1 Mac 12:3 “And they went to Rome and went into the senate house and said, “Jonathan the high priest and the Jewish people have sent us to renew friendly relations and alliance on their behalf, as they have been heretofore.”
1 Mac 12:4 “And they delivered to them in each place letters addressed to them, asking them to see them off for the land of Judah in peace.”
1 Mac 12:5 “This is the copy of the letter that Jonathan wrote to the Spartans:”
1 Mac 12:6 “Jonathan, the high priest, and the council of the nation and the priests and the rest of the Jewish people send greeting to their brothers the Spartans.”
1 Mac 12:7 “In former times a letter was sent to the high priest Onias from Arius who was then king among you, to say that you are our kinsmen, as the copy of it that is appended to this shows.”
1 Mac 12:8 “And Onias showed honor to the man who was sent to him, and accepted the letter, which contained a declaration of alliance and friendliness.”
1 Mac 12:9 “So, though we are in no need of these, since we find our encouragement in the sacred books that are in our keeping,”
1 Mac 12:10 “We have undertaken to send to renew relations of brotherhood and friendliness with you, so that we may not become entirely estranged from you, for it is a long time since you sent to us.”
1 Mac 12:11 “So we on every occasion unremittingly at our festivals and on other appropriate days remember you at the sacrifices that we offer and in our prayers, as it is right and proper to remember kinsmen.”
1 Mac 12:12 “We rejoice in your renown.”
1 Mac 12:13 “But many hardships and wars have beset us, and the kings around us have made war on us.”
1 Mac 12:14 “We have not wished to trouble you or our other allies and friends about these wars,”
1 Mac 12:15 “For we have the help that comes from heaven to aid us, and we have been saved from our enemies, and our enemies have been humbled.”
1 Mac 12:16 “So we have chosen Numenius, the son of Antiochus, and Antipater, the son of Jason, and have sent them to the Romans to renew our former relations of friendliness and alliance with them.”
1 Mac 12:17 “So we have instructed them to go to you also and greet you, and to deliver to you our letter about the renewal of our fraternal relations.”
1 Mac 12:18 “Now please reply to us about this.”
1 Mac 12:19 “And this is the copy of the letter which they had sent to Onias:”
1 Mac 12:20 “Arius, king of the Spartans, sends greetings to Onias, the chief priest.”
1 Mac 12:21 “It has been found in a writing concerning the Spartans and Jews, that they are kinsmen, and that they are descended from Abraham.”
1 Mac 12:22 “Now since we have learned this, please write us about your welfare.”
1 Mac 12:23 “We for our part write you that your cattle and property are ours and ours are yours. So we command them to report to you to this effect.”
1 Mac 12:24 “And Jonathan heard that Demetrius’ officers had returned with a stronger force than before to make war on him.
1 Mac 12:25 “And he set out from Jerusalem and met them in the country of Hamath, for he did not give them time to make their way into his own country.”
1 Mac 12:26 “And he sent spies into their camp and they came back and reported to him that they were forming in a certain way so as to fall upon him that night.”
1 Mac 12:27 “But when the sun set, Jonathan ordered his men to be on the watch and to remain under arms so as to be ready for battle all night long, and he stationed outposts around the camp.”
1 Mac 12:28 “And his adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were ready for battle, and they were frightened and were terrified at heart, and they lighted fires in their camp.”
1 Mac 12:29 “But Jonathan and his men did not know of it until morning, for they saw the fires burning.”
1 Mac 12:30 “Then Jonathan pursued them, but he could not overtake them, for they had crossed the river Eleutherus.”
1 Mac 12:31 “So Jonathan turned aside against the Arabs who are called Zabadeans, and he defeated them and plundered them.”
1 Mac 12:32 “And he set forth and went to Damascus, and traveled all through the country.”
1 Mac 12:33 “And Simon set out and made his way to Askalon, and the strongholds near it, and he turned aside to Joppa and took it by surprise,”
1 Mac 12:34 “For he had heard that they wanted to turn over the stronghold to Demetrius’ men, and he stationed a garrison there to hold it.”
1 Mac 12:35 “When Jonathan returned, he called together the elders of the people, and planned with them to build strongholds in Judea,”
1 Mac 12:36 “And to increase the height of the walls of Jerusalem, and to build a great mound between the citadel and the city, to separate it from the city, so that it might be by itself, so that they could not buy or sell in it.”
1 Mac 12:37 “So they gathered together to build up the city, and part of the east wall by the ravine collapsed, and he replaced it with the so-called Chaphenatha.”
1 Mac 12:38 “And Simon built Adida in the lowlands and he fortified it and fitted it with barred gates.
1 Mac 12:39 “And Trypho undertook to become king of Asia and assume the diadem, and to raise his hand against King Antiochus.”
1 Mac 12:40 “But he was afraid that Jonathan would not permit him to, but would fight against him, so he undertook to seize him, in order to destroy him. And he set out and came to Bethshean.”
1 Mac 12:41 “And Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand picked fighting men, and came to Bethshean.”
1 Mac 12:42 “And Trypho saw that he had come with a strong force, and he was afraid to raise his hand against him,”
1 Mac 12:43 “So he received him with honor, and he introduced him to all his Friends, and gave him presents, and instructed his Friends and his forces to obey him as they would himself.”
1 Mac 12:44 “And he said to Jonathan, “Why have you burdened all these people, when there is no war between us?”
1 Mac 12:45 “Come, send them home, and choose yourself a few men to remain with you, and come with me to Ptolemais and I will turn it over to you, together with the rest of the strongholds and the rest of the forces and all the officials, and I will go back again, for it was for this that I came.”
1 Mac 12:46 “And he trusted him and did as he said and dismissed his forces, and they returned to the land of Judah.”
1 Mac 12:47 “He left himself three thousand men, two thousand of whom he left in Galilee, and one thousand went with him.”
1 Mac 12:48 “But when Jonathan entered Ptolemais, the people of Ptolemais closed the gates and seized him, and all who had come in with him they put to the sword.”
1 Mac 12:49 “And Trypho sent forces and cavalry to Galilee and the great plain to destroy all Jonathan’s men.”
1 Mac 12:50 “And they found out that he had been taken and had so perished with his men, but they encouraged one another and marched away in close order, ready to fight.”
1 Mac 12:51 “And when their pursuers saw that they were ready to fight for their lives, they turned back.”
1 Mac 12:52 “And they all reached the land of Judah unmolested, but they mourned over Jonathan and his men, and they were greatly frightened; and all Israel mourned for him bitterly.”
1 Mac 12:53 “And all the heathen around them tried to destroy them utterly, for they said, “They have no leader or helper, so now let us make war on them and destroy their memory from among men.”

Chapter 13

1 Mac 13:1 “And Simon heard that Trypho had gathered a strong force to invade the land of Judah and destroy it utterly.”
1 Mac 13:2 “And he saw that the people were trembling and alarmed, and he went up to Jerusalem and gathered the people together,”
1 Mac 13:3 “And encouraged them and said to them, “You know yourselves all that I and my brothers and my father’s house have done for the laws and the sanctuary, and the wars and hardships we have been through.”
1 Mac 13:4 “As a result, my brothers have all perished for Israel’s sake, and I alone am left.”
1 Mac 13:5 “Now I never want to spare my own life in any emergency, for I am no better than my brothers.”
1 Mac 13:6 “But I will avenge my nation and the sanctuary and your wives and children, because all the heathen have gathered out of hatred, to destroy us utterly.”
1 Mac 13:7 “And when they heard these words, the spirit of the people revived,”
1 Mac 13:8 “And they answered with a great shout, “You are our leader, in the place of Judas and Jonathan your brothers.”
1 Mac 13:9 “Carry on our war, and we will do all that you tell us.”
1 Mac 13:10 “So he called together all the fighting men, and made haste to finish the walls of Jerusalem and put fortifications around it.”
1 Mac 13:11 “And he sent Jonathan, the son of Absalom, with a considerable force to Joppa, and he drove out the men who were in it and remained there in possession.”
1 Mac 13:12 “Then Trypho set out from Ptolemais with a strong force to invade Judah, taking Jonathan with him in custody.
1 Mac 13:13 “But Simon pitched his camp in Adida facing the plain.”
1 Mac 13:14 “And Trypho learned that Simon had risen to take the place of his brother Jonathan and that he was going to make war on him, and he sent envoys to him, saying,”
1 Mac 13:15 “It is for money that your brother Jonathan owed the royal treasury in connection with the offices that he held, that we are holding him.”
1 Mac 13:16 “So now send a hundred talents of silver and two of his sons as hostages, so that when he is released he will not revolt against us, and we will let him go.”
1 Mac 13:17 “And Simon knew that they were speaking to him treacherously, but he sent to get the money and the children, so that he should not incur deep animosity on the part of the people,”
1 Mac 13:18 “And they should say, “Because I did not send him the money and the children, he perished.”
1 Mac 13:19 “So he sent the children and the hundred talents. But Trypho played him false and would not let Jonathan go.
1 Mac 13:20 “After this he came to invade the country, and destroy it, and they went around by the road to Adora, and Simon and his army kept abreast of him everywhere he went.”
1 Mac 13:21 “And the men in the citadel sent envoys to Trypho urging him to come to them by way of the wild country and send them provisions.”
1 Mac 13:22 “And Trypho got all his cavalry ready to go, but that night there was a very heavy snow, and he could not go because of the snow, so he set forth and went into Gilead.”
1 Mac 13:23 “And when he approached Bascama, he killed Jonathan, and he was buried there.”
1 Mac 13:24 “And Trypho went back to his own country again.”
1 Mac 13:25 “And Simon sent and got the bones of his brother Jonathan, and buried him in Modin, the town of his forefathers.”
1 Mac 13:26 “And all Israel lamented him greatly and mourned over him for a long time.”
1 Mac 13:27 “And Simon built a monument over the grave of his father and his brothers, and made it high so that it could be seen, with polished stone on back and front.”
1 Mac 13:28 “And he erected seven pyramids in a row, for his father and his mother and his four brothers.”
1 Mac 13:29 “And he made devices for these, setting up great columns and putting on the columns trophies of armor for an everlasting memorial, and beside the armor carved prows of ships, so that they could be seen by all who sailed the sea.”
1 Mac 13:30 “Such was the monument that he built at Modin, and that still stands today.”
1 Mac 13:31 “Now Trypho dealt treacherously with King Antiochus the younger and killed him;”
1 Mac 13:32 “And became king in his place and assumed the diadem of Asia, and brought great calamity upon the country.”
1 Mac 13:33 “But Simon built the strongholds of Judea and surrounded them with high towers and thick walls and barred gates, and he stored up provisions in the strongholds.”
1 Mac 13:34 “And Simon chose men and sent them to King Demetrius so that he should give the country relief, because all that Trypho did was to plunder.”
1 Mac 13:35 “And King Demetrius sent him a message in these terms, and answered him and wrote a letter, as follows:”
1 Mac 13:36 “King Demetrius sends greeting to Simon, the high priest and the Friend of kings, and to the Jewish elders and nation.”
1 Mac 13:37 “The gold crown and the palm branch which you sent we have received, and we are ready to make a lasting peace with you, and to write to our officials to grant you the immunities you ask.”
1 Mac 13:38 “The things we have guaranteed to you stand assured, and the strongholds which you have built shall be yours.”
1 Mac 13:39 “Any oversights and deficiencies up to this time we forgive, as well as the crown tax that you owe, and if any other tax was collected in Jerusalem, it shall no longer be collected.”
1 Mac 13:40 “And if any of you are suitable persons to be enrolled at our court, they shall be so enrolled, and there shall be peace between us.”
1 Mac 13:41 “It was in the one hundred and seventieth year that the yoke of the heathen was lifted from Israel.
1 Mac 13:42 “And the people began to write in their contracts and agreements, “In the first year of Simon, the great high priest and governor and commander of the Jews.”
1 Mac 13:43 “In those days he pitched his camp against Gazara, and surrounded it with troops; and he built a siege engine and brought it up to the town and attacked a tower and took it.”
1 Mac 13:44 “And the men who were on the engine sprang out into the town. And there was a great stir in the town,
1 Mac 13:45 “And the people of the town with their wives and children went up on the wall with their clothes torn open and cried with a great shout asking Simon to treat with them,”
1 Mac 13:46 “And they said, “Do not treat us as our wickedness deserves, but have mercy on us.”
1 Mac 13:47 “So Simon came to terms with them and did not fight them, but he put them out of the city and purified the houses in which the idols were, and then he entered it with songs and praise.”
1 Mac 13:48 “And he expelled all impurity from it, and settled men in it who observed the Law, and he fortified it more strongly and built himself a dwelling there.”
1 Mac 13:49 “But the men in the citadel in Jerusalem were being kept from going in and out of the country to buy and sell, and they were famished and a good many of them died of starvation.
1 Mac 13:50 “And they cried out to Simon to make terms with them, and he did so. And he expelled them from it and purified the citadel from its defilements.”
1 Mac 13:51 “And they took possession of it on the twenty-third day of the second month in the one hundred and seventy-first year, with praise and palm branches and with Iyres and cymbals and harps, and with hymns and songs, because a great enemy had been destroyed out of Israel.”
1 Mac 13:52 “And he decreed that they should observe that day with gladness every year. And the temple mount facing the citadel he fortified more strongly, and he and his men lived there.”
1 Mac 13:53 “And Simon saw that his son John was now a man and he made him commander of all his forces; and he lived in Gazara.”

Chapter 14

1 Mac 14:1 “In the one hundred and seventy-second year King Demetrius gathered his forces and marched into Media to obtain help so that he could fight against Trypho.”
1 Mac 14:2 “And Arsaces, king of Persia and Media, heard that Demetrius had entered his territory and he sent one of his officers to take him alive.”
1 Mac 14:3 “And he went and defeated Demetrius’ army and captured him and brought him to Arsaces, and he put him under guard.”
1 Mac 14:4 “And the land of Judah was at peace as long as Simon lived; he sought the good of his nation; his rule and his renown pleased them all his life.”
1 Mac 14:5 “With all his other glories, he took Joppa for a port and made it a way of access to the islands of the sea.”
1 Mac 14:6 “He enlarged the territory of his nation, and became master of the land.”
1 Mac 14:7 “He gathered many captives and made himself master of Gazara and Bethsura and the citadel, and he removed from it what defiled it, and there was no one who could resist him.”
1 Mac 14:8 “And they cultivated their land in peace, and the land yielded its produce, and the trees in the plains bore their fruit.”
1 Mac 14:9 “The old men sat in the streets; they all talked together of their well-being; and the young men put on splendid warlike attire.”
1 Mac 14:10 “He supplied the towns with provisions, and he furnished them with fortifications, until his renown was spoken of to the ends of the earth.”
1 Mac 14:11 “He made peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great joy.”
1 Mac 14:12 “Each man sat under his vine and his fig tree, and there was no one that could make them afraid.”
1 Mac 14:13 “There was no one left in the land to fight them, and the kings were destroyed in those days.”
1 Mac 14:14 “He reestablished all those of his people who had been humbled; he sought out the Law, and removed everyone who was lawless and wicked.”
1 Mac 14:15 “He made the sanctuary glorious and increased the equipment of the sanctuary.”
1 Mac 14:16 “It was reported in Rome and as far as Sparta that Jonathan was dead, and they grieved bitterly.”
1 Mac 14:17 “But when they heard that his brother Simon had been made high priest in his place, and that he was in control of the country and the towns in it,”
1 Mac 14:18 “They wrote to him on brass tablets to renew with him the friendly relations and alliance they had established with his brothers Judas and Jonathan;”
1 Mac 14:19 “And they were read before the assembly in Jerusalem.”
1 Mac 14:20 “And this is the copy of the letter which the Spartans sent: “The chief magistrates and the city of the Spartans send greeting to Simon, the chief priest, and to the elders and the priests and the rest of the Jewish people, our kinsmen.”
1 Mac 14:21 “The envoys that were sent to our people told us of your splendor and wealth, and we were glad of their coming.”
1 Mac 14:22 “We have recorded what they said in the decrees of the people, as follows: “Numenius, the son of Antiochus, and Antipater, the son of Jason, envoys of the Jews, came to us to renew their friendly relations with us.”
1 Mac 14:23 “And the people were pleased to receive the men with honor and to deposit the copy of what they said among the public records, so that the Spartan people may have a record of it. And they sent a copy of this to Simon the high priest.”
1 Mac 14:24 “After this Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great gold shield weighing a thousand pounds, to confirm their alliance with them.”
1 Mac 14:25 “But when the people heard these things, they said, “How shall we thank Simon and his sons?”
1 Mac 14:26 “For he and his brothers and his father’s house have stood fast, and have fought and driven from them the enemies of Israel, and secured his freedom.”
1 Mac 14:27 “So they engraved it on brass tablets and set it on pillars on Mount Zion. And this is the copy of what they wrote: “On the eighteenth day of Elul, in the one hundred and seventy-second year, that is, the third year of the high priesthood of Simon,”
1 Mac 14:28 “The prince of God’s people in a great congregation of priests and people and leaders of the nation and elders of the country, this has been reported to us:”
1 Mac 14:29 “On the frequent occasions when wars have arisen in the country, Simon, the son of Mattathias the priest, of the descendants of Joarib, and his brothers have exposed themselves to danger and resisted the adversaries of their nation so that their sanctuary and their law might be upheld, and they have reflected great glory upon their nation.
1 Mac 14:30 “Jonathan rallied their nation and became their high priest, and was gathered to his people.”
1 Mac 14:31 “And when their enemies resolved to invade their country, and attack their sanctuary,”
1 Mac 14:32 “Simon resisted them, and fought for his nation, and spent a great deal of money of his own, and armed the warlike men of his nation, and gave them wages.”
1 Mac 14:33 “And he fortified the towns of Judea and Bethsura on the borders of Judea, where their enemies formerly kept their arms, and he stationed a garrison of Jews there.
1 Mac 14:34 “And he fortified Joppa, on the seacoast, and Gazara, on the borders of Azotus, where their enemies formerly lived, and he settled Jews there, and all that was necessary for the restoration of them he put in them.”
1 Mac 14:35 “And when the people saw Simon’s faithfulness and the glory that he designed to bring to his nation, they made him their leader and high priest, because he had done all these things and because of the uprightness and fidelity he had shown to his nation, and because he had sought in every way to exalt his people.”
1 Mac 14:36 “In his days matters prospered in his hands so that the heathen were driven out of their country, as well as those in the City of David, in Jerusalem, who had built themselves a citadel, from which they would go out and pollute the surroundings of the sanctuary, and did great damage to its purity.”
1 Mac 14:37 “He settled Jews in it and fortified it to make the land and the city safe, and he made the walls of Jerusalem high.”
1 Mac 14:38 “In view of these things, King Demetrius confirmed him in the high priesthood,”
1 Mac 14:39 “And made him one of his Friends, and treated him with great honor.”
1 Mac 14:40 “For he had heard that the Jews had been addressed by the Romans as friends and allies and kinsmen, and that they had received Simon’s envoys with great honor.”
1 Mac 14:41 “And the Jews and their priests resolved that Simon should be their leader and high priest forever until a true prophet should appear,”
1 Mac 14:42 “And that he should be their general, to appoint them to their duties, and to set them over the country and over the arms and over the fortifications; and that he should take care of the sanctuary,”
1 Mac 14:43 “and that all should obey him, and that all contracts in the country should be dated in his reign and that he should be clothed in purple and wear gold.”
1 Mac 14:44 “And no one of the people or of the priests shall be allowed to set aside any of these things, or to contradict what he shall say or to gather an assembly in the country without him, or to be clothed in purple or pin on a gold buckle.”
1 Mac 14:45 “Whoever disobeys these actions or disregards any of them shall be liable to punishment.”
1 Mac 14:46 “And all the people agreed to decree that they should do these things to Simon,”
1 Mac 14:47 “And Simon accepted them and agreed to be high priest and general and governor of the Jews and the priests, and to preside over them all.”
1 Mac 14:48 “And they ordered that this decree should be inscribed on brass tablets and that they should be set up in a conspicuous place in the sanctuary enclosure,”
1 Mac 14:49 “And that copies of it be deposited in the treasury, so that Simon and his sons might have it.”

Chapter 15

1 Mac 15:1 “And Antiochus, the son of King Demetrius, sent a letter from the islands of the sea to Simon, the priest and governor of the Jews, and to the whole nation,”
1 Mac 15:2 “And it ran as follows: “King Antiochus sends greeting to Simon, the chief priest and governor, and to the Jewish nation.”
1 Mac 15:3 “As some ruffians have made themselves masters of the kingdom of our fore-fathers, and I wish to claim the kingdom, so that I may restore it to its former state, and have raised a large force of mercenaries and prepared ships of war,”
1 Mac 15:4 “And propose to land in the country to go in search of the men who have ruined our country and have laid waste many towns in my kingdom,”
1 Mac 15:5 “I now guarantee to you all the immunities which the kings before me have granted you, and whatever other gifts they have released you from.”
1 Mac 15:6 “And I give you authority to coin money for your country with your own stamp,”
1 Mac 15:7 “And Jerusalem and the sanctuary shall be free, and all the arms you have prepared and the strongholds you have built and now hold, shall remain yours.”
1 Mac 15:8 “And any royal obligation and all future royal obligations shall be remitted for you from this time forth forever.”
1 Mac 15:9 “And when we get possession of our kingdom, we will greatly glorify you and your nation and the temple so that your glory will be visible to the whole earth.”
1 Mac 15:10 “In the one hundred and seventy-fourth year Antiochus went forth into the country of his forefathers, and all the troops joined him, so there were very few left with Trypho.”
1 Mac 15:11 “And Antiochus pursued him, and he came in his flight to Dor by the sea,”
1 Mac 15:12 “For he knew that misfortune had overtaken him and his troops had deserted him.”
1 Mac 15:13 “And Antiochus pitched his camp against Dor with a hundred and twenty thousand soldiers and eight thousand horse.”
1 Mac 15:14 “And he surrounded the town, and ships joined in the attack from the sea, and he pressed the town hard by land and sea, and did not allow anyone to go out or in.”
1 Mac 15:15 “And Numenius and his companions came back from Rome with letters to the kings and the countries, in which this was written:”
1 Mac 15:16 “Lucius, consul of the Romans, sends greeting to King Ptolemy.”
1 Mac 15:17 “The envoys of the Jews have come to us as our friends and allies, to renew the old friendly relations and alliance, having been sent by Simon, the high priest, and the Jewish people,”
1 Mac 15:18 “And they have brought a gold shield weighing a thousand pounds.”
1 Mac 15:19 “It is our pleasure therefore to write to the kings and the countries not to injure them or fight them or their towns or their country, and not to ally themselves with those who fight against them.”
1 Mac 15:20 “And we have determined to accept the shield from them.”
1 Mac 15:21 “So if any miscreants flee from their country to you, hand them over to Simon, the high priest, so that he may punish them in accordance with their law.”
1 Mac 15:22 “He wrote the same message to King Demetrius and to Attalus, and to Ariarathes, and to Arsaces,”
1 Mac 15:23 “And to all the countries, and to Sampsames and the Spartans, and to Delos, and to Myndos, and to Sicyon, and to Caria, and to Samos, and to Pamphylia, and to Lycia, and to Halicarnassus, and to Rhodes, and to Phaselis, and to Cos, and to Side, and to Aradus and Gortyna and Cnidus and Cyprus and Cyrene.”
1 Mac 15:24 “And they wrote a copy for Simon, the high priest.”
1 Mac 15:25 “And King Antiochus attacked Dor on the second day, continually throwing his forces against it, and erecting war engines, and he prevented Trypho from going in or out.”
1 Mac 15:26 “And Simon sent him two thousand picked men to fight for him, and silver and gold and a quantity of war material.”
1 Mac 15:27 “But he would not accept them but disregarded all the agreements he had made with him before, and he was estranged from him.”
1 Mac 15:28 “And he sent one of his Friends named Athenobius to him, to confer with him, saying, “You are holding Joppa and Gazara, and the citadel in Jerusalem, cities of my kingdom.
1 Mac 15:29 “You have laid waste their territories and done great injury to the country, and you have taken possession of many places in my kingdom.”
1 Mac 15:30 “So now give up the towns that you have seized, and the tribute of the places you have taken possession of outside the borders of Judea,”
1 Mac 15:31 “Or else give me five hundred talents of silver for them, and five hundred talents of silver more, for the damage you have done and for the tribute of the towns; or else we will come and make war on you.”
1 Mac 15:32 “So Athenobius the king’s Friend came to Jerusalem, and saw Simon’s splendor, and the sideboard with gold and silver plate and his great pomp, and he was amazed; and he gave him the king’s message.”
1 Mac 15:33 “And Simon said to him in reply, “We have neither taken other men’s land, nor are we in possession of other men’s property, but of the inheritance of our forefathers; it was wrongfully held by our enemies at one time,”
1 Mac 15:34 “But we, grasping our opportunity, hold firmly the inheritance of our forefathers.”
1 Mac 15:35 “But as for Joppa and Gazara, which you demand, while they have done great damage to our people and in our country, we will give a hundred talents for them.” He made him no answer,”
1 Mac 15:36 “But went back to the king in anger, and reported these words to him, and Simon’s splendor and all that he had seen, and the king was extremely angry.”
1 Mac 15:37 “But Trypho embarked on a ship and fled to Orthosia.”
1 Mac 15:38 “And the king appointed Cendebaeus commander-in-chief of the seacoast, and gave him infantry and cavalry,”
1 Mac 15:39 “And ordered him to pitch his camp before Judea, and he ordered him to wall Kedron and fortify its gates and fight against the people, but the king pursued Trypho.”
1 Mac 15:40 “And Cendebaeus arrived at Jamnia, and began to provoke the people and to invade Judea, and to take the people captive and to kill them.”
1 Mac 15:41 “And he built the walls of Kedron, and he stationed cavalry and other forces there, so that they might go out and make raids on the highways of Judea, as the king had ordered him to do.”

Chapter 16

1 Mac 16:1 “And John went up from Gazara and told his father Simon what Cendebaeus had done.
1 Mac 16:2 “And Simon called in his two eldest sons, Judas and John, and said to them, “I and my brothers and my father’s house have fought the battles of Israel from our youth until today, and we have succeeded in delivering Israel many times.”
1 Mac 16:3 “But now I am old, and you by his mercy are old enough; you must take my place and my brother’s, and go out and fight for our nation, and the help that comes from heaven be with you!”
1 Mac 16:4 “And he chose twenty thousand soldiers and cavalry from the country, and they marched against Cendebaeus and spent the night at Modin.”
1 Mac 16:5 “And they got up in the morning and marched into the plain, and here a great force came to meet them, horse and foot, and there was a stream between them.”
1 Mac 16:6 “And he encamped opposite them, with his people. And he saw that his people were afraid to cross the stream, so he crossed first; and his men saw him and they crossed after him.”
1 Mac 16:7 “And he divided the people, putting the cavalry in the midst of the infantry, for the enemy’s cavalry were very numerous.”
1 Mac 16:8 “And they sounded the trumpets, and Cendebaeus and his army were routed, and many of them fell wounded, and those who were left fled to the stronghold.”
1 Mac 16:9 “At that time Judas, John’s brother, was wounded, but John pursued them until he came to Kedron, which had been walled.”
1 Mac 16:10 “And they fled to the towers in the fields of Azotus, and he burned it up, and fully two thousand of them fell. And he returned to Judea in peace.”
1 Mac 16:11 “Now Ptolemy, the son of Abubus, had been appointed governor over the plain of Jericho, and he had a great deal of silver and gold,”
1 Mac 16:12 “For he was the son-in-law of the high priest.”
1 Mac 16:13 “And his heart was elated and he plotted deceitfully against Simon and his sons, to remove them.”
1 Mac 16:14 “Simon was making visits to the towns in the country, and providing for their care. And he went down to Jericho with his sons Mattathias and Judas, in the one hundred and seventy-seventh year, in the eleventh month, the month of Shebat.”
1 Mac 16:15 “And Abubus’ son deceitfully entertained them in the fortress called Dok, which he had built, and he had a great banquet for them, and he had men hidden there.”
1 Mac 16:16 “And when Simon and his sons were drunk, Ptolemy and his men got up and got their weapons and went to the banquet hall to attack Simon and killed him and his two sons and some of his servants.”
1 Mac 16:17 “So he committed an act of great treachery and returned evil for good.”
1 Mac 16:18 “And Ptolemy wrote of this and sent it to the king, so that he might send troops to his aid, and that he might turn over to him their country and towns.”
1 Mac 16:19 “And he sent others to Gazara to make away with John, and he sent letters to the colonels, telling them to come to him, so that he might give them silver and gold and presents;”
1 Mac 16:20 “And he sent others to take possession of Jerusalem, and the temple, mount.”
1 Mac 16:21 “And a man ran ahead to Gazara and informed John that his father and his brothers had perished, and said, “He has sent to kill you also!”
1 Mac 16:22 “He was greatly amazed when he heard it, and he seized the men who came to destroy him and killed them, for he knew that they meant to destroy him.”
1 Mac 16:23 “The rest of the acts of John, and his wars and the exploits that he performed, and the building of the walls that he effected, and his deeds;”
1 Mac 16:24 “Behold, they are written in the chronicles of his high priesthood, from the time that he became high priest after his father.”

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The Prayer of Manasseh

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

The Prayer of Manasseh is contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. This prayer purports to be the prayer which 2 Chronicles 33:9-19 asserts was recorded “in the books of the kings of Israel.” (cf. 2 Kings 21:8-16 and 2 Baruch 64-65)

Almighty Lord, God of our forefathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and of their righteous seed.
You who have made the heaven and the earth with all their system;
Who have fettered the sea with your word of command;
Who have shut up the great deep, and sealed it with your awesome, glorious name;
Before whom all things shudder, and tremble before your power,
For the majesty of your glory is unbearable,
And the anger of your threatening against sinners is unendurable, Immeasurable and unsearchable is the mercy you promise,
For you are the Lord Most High, Tender-hearted, long-suffering, and most merciful,
And regretful of the wickedness of men.
You therefore, Lord God of the upright,
Have not ordained repentance for the upright,
For Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who did not sin against you;
You have ordained repentance for a sinner like me,
For my sins are more numerous than the sands of the sea,
My transgressions are multiplied, Lord, they are multiplied!
I am unworthy to look up and see the height of heaven,
For the multitude of my iniquities.
I am weighed down with many an iron fetter,
So that I bend beneath my sins,
And I have no relief,
Because I have provoked your anger,
And done what is wrong in your sight,
Setting up abominations and multiplying offenses.
Now therefore I bend the knee of my heart, begging you for kindness.
I have sinned, Lord, I have sinned,
And I know my transgressions.
I earnestly beseech you, Forgive me, Lord, forgive me!
Do not destroy me in the midst of my transgressions!
Do not be angry with me forever and lay up evil for me,
Or condemn me to the lowest parts of the earth.
For you, Lord, are the God of those who repent,
And you will manifest your goodness toward me,
For unworthy as I am, you will save me in the abundance of your mercy,
And I will praise you continually as long as I live,
For all the host of heaven sings your praise,
And yours is the glory forever. Amen.

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Bel and the Dragon

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

The Story of Bel and the Dragon is contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. The Story of Bel and the Dragon is the last of three additions to the book of Daniel which include the ‘Story of Susanna’ and the ‘Song of Three Children’. This book is about Daniel’s efforts to convince the king of Babylon of the falseness of his gods. First, by setting a trap, Daniel shows the king that it is not Bel but his priests that eat the sacrificial food. Next, Daniel kills the ‘sacred’ serpent without sword or stick. Finally, and this is the part you all know, he is cast into the den of lions and not harmed.

Bel and the Dragon :1 “When King Astyages was gathered to his fathers, Cyrus the Persian succeeded to his kingdom.”
Bel and the Dragon :2 “And Daniel was a companion of the king, and was distinguished above all his other friends.”
Bel and the Dragon :3 “Now the Babylonians had an idol called Bel, and every day they bestowed on it twelve bushels of fine flour and forty sheep and fifty gallons of wine.”
Bel and the Dragon :4 “And the king revered it and went every day to worship it, but Daniel worshiped his own God. And the king said to him, “Why do you not worship Bel?”
Bel and the Dragon :5 “And he said, “Because I do not revere idols made with hands, but the living God, who created heaven and earth and is sovereign over all mankind.”
Bel and the Dragon :6 “And the king said to him, “Do you not think that Bel is a living god? Do you not see how much he eats and drinks every day?”
Bel and the Dragon :7 “And Daniel laughed and said, “Do not be deceived, O king, for it is only clay inside and bronze outside, and never ate or drank anything.”
Bel and the Dragon :8 “Then the king was angry and called Bel’s priests, and said to them, “If you cannot tell me who it is that eats up these provisions, you shall die,”
Bel and the Dragon :9 “But if you can show me that Bel eats them, Daniel shall die, because he has uttered blasphemy against Bel.” And Daniel said to the king, “It shall be as you say.”
Bel and the Dragon :10 “(Now the priests of Bel were seventy in number. beside their wives and children.) So the king went with Daniel to the temple of Bel.”
Bel and the Dragon :11 “And the priests of Bel said, “See, we will go outside, and you, O king, must put the food on the table and mix the wine and put it on, and shut the door and seal it with your signet.”
Bel and the Dragon :12 “And when you come back in the morning, if you do not find that it is all eaten up by Bel, we will die; or Daniel will who is making these false charges against us.”
Bel and the Dragon :13 “For they scorned him, because they had made a secret entrance under the table, and through it they used to go in regularly and devour the offerings.”
Bel and the Dragon :14 “So it happened that when they had gone, the king put the food for Bel on the table. Then Daniel ordered his servants to bring ashes, and they scattered them over the whole temple in the presence of the king alone. Then they went out, and shut the door, and sealed it with the king’s signet, and went away.”
Bel and the Dragon :15 “And the priests came in the night as usual, with their wives and children, and ate and drank it all up.”
Bel and the Dragon :16 “And the king rose early the next morning, and Daniel came with him.”
Bel and the Dragon :17 “And the king said, “Are the seals unbroken, Daniel?” And he said, “They are unbroken, O king.’
Bel and the Dragon :18 “And as soon as he opened the doors, the king looked at the table, and shouted loudly, “You are great, O Bel, and there is no deception at all about you.”
Bel and the Dragon :19 “But Daniel laughed and held the king back from going in, and said to him, “look at the floor and observe whose footprints these are.”
Bel and the Dragon :20 “And the king said, “I see the footprints of men, women, and children!” Then the king was enraged,”
Bel and the Dragon :21 “And he seized the priests and their wives and children, and they showed him the secret doors by which they got in and devoured what was on the table.”
Bel and the Dragon :22 “So the king killed them, and he turned Bel over to Daniel, and he destroyed it and it’s temple.”
Bel and the Dragon :23 “Now there was a great serpent in that place, and the Babylonians worshiped it.”
Bel and the Dragon :24 “And the king said to Daniel, “You cannot deny that it is a living god, so worship it.”
Bel and the Dragon :25 “And Daniel said, “I will worship the Lord my God, for he is a living God.”
Bel and the Dragon :26 “But with your permission, O king, I will kill this serpent without sword or stick.” And the king said, “You have my permission.”
Bel and the Dragon :27 “And Daniel took pitch, fat, and hair and boiled them together, and made lumps of them, and he put them into the serpent’s mouth and it ate them and burst open. And he said, “See the objects of your worship!”
Bel and the Dragon :28 “When the Babylonians heard it, they were very indignant and made a conspiracy against the king saying, “The king has become a Jew! He has overturned Bel, and killed the serpent, and slaughtered the priests.”
Bel and the Dragon :29 “So they went to the king and said, “Give Daniel up to us, or else we will kill you and your household.”
Bel and the Dragon :30 “And the king saw that they were pressing him hard, and he was forced to give Daniel up to them.”
Bel and the Dragon :31 “And they threw him into the lion’s den and he remained there six days.”
Bel and the Dragon :32 “There were seven lions in the den; and they had been given two human bodies and two sheep every day; but now these were not given them, so that they might devour Daniel.”
Bel and the Dragon :33 “Now the prophet Habakkuk was in Judea, and he had cooked a stew and crumbled bread into a bowl, and was going into the field to carry it to the reapers,”
Bel and the Dragon :34 “When the angel of the Lord said to Habakkuk, “Carry the dinner that you have to Babylon, to Daniel, in the lions’ den.”
Bel and the Dragon :35 “And Habakkuk said, “Sir, I have never seen Babylon, and I do not know the den.”
Bel and the Dragon :36 “Then the angel of the Lord took hold of the crown of his head, and lifted him up by his hair and with the speed of the wind set him down in Babylon, right over the den.”
Bel and the Dragon :37 “And Habakkuk shouted, “Daniel! Daniel! Take the dinner which God has sent you.”
Bel and the Dragon :38 “And Daniel said, “You have remembered me, O God, and have not forsaken those who seek you and love you.”
Bel and the Dragon :39 “Then Daniel arose and ate; and the angel of God immediately put Habakkuk back in his own place again.”
Bel and the Dragon :40 “On the seventh day, the king came to mourn for Daniel; and he came to the den and looked in, and there sat Daniel.”
Bel and the Dragon :41 “Then the king shouted loudly, “You are great, Lord God of Daniel, and there is no other beside you!”
Bel and the Dragon :42 “And he lifted him out, and the men who had tried to bring about his destruction he threw into the den; and they were instantly devoured before his eyes.”

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The Story of Susanna

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

The Story of Susanna is contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. The Story of Susanna is the first of three additions to the book of Daniel which include the ‘Song of Three Children’ and ‘Bel and the Dragon’. This book is about the slander of a virtuous lady’s innocence, its dramatic vindication and the turning of the tables on the slanderers. It reinforces the Scriptural requirement of two witnesses for condemnation and points out the need to examine them separately.

Susanna :1 “There once lived in Babylon a man named Joakim.”
Susanna :2 “He married a wife named Susanna, the daughter of Hilkiah, a very fair and one that feared the Lord.”
Susanna :3 “Her parents also were upright people and instructed their daughter in the Law of Moses.”
Susanna :4 “Joakim was very rich, and he had a fine garden adjoining his house; and the Jews used to come to visit him because he was the most distinguished of them all.”
Susanna :5 “That year two of the elders of the people were appointed judges – men of the kind of whom the Lord said, “Lawlessness came forth from Babylon, from elders who were judges, who were supposed to guide the people.”
Susanna :6 “These men came constantly to Joakim’s house, and all who had cases to be decided came to them there.”
Susanna :7 “And it happened that when the people left at midday, Susanna would go into her husband’s garden and walk about.”
Susanna :8 “So the two elders saw her every day, as she went in and walked about, and they conceived a passion for her.”
Susanna :9 “So their thoughts were perverted and they turned away their eyes, so as not to look up to heaven or consider justice in giving judgment.”
Susanna :10 “They were both smitten with her, but they could not disclose their grief to each other,”
Susanna :11 “For they were ashamed to reveal their passion, for they desired to have relations with her,”
Susanna :12 “And they watched jealously every day for a sight of her.”
Susanna :13 “And they said to one another, “Let us go home, for it is dinnertime.”
Susanna :14 “So they went out of the garden and parted from one another; then they turned back and encountered one another. And when they cross-questioned one another as to the explanation, they admitted their passion. Then they agreed together upon a time when they would be able to find her alone.”
Susanna :15 “Now it happened, as they were watching for an opportunity, that she went in one day as usual with no one but her two maids, and wished to bathe in the garden, as it was very hot.”
Susanna :16 “And there was no one there except the two elders who had hidden themselves and were watching her.”
Susanna :17 “And she said to her maids, “Bring me olive oil and soap, and close the doors of the garden, so that I can bathe.”
Susanna :18 “And they did as she told them, and shut the doors of the garden, and went out at the side doors to bring what they had been ordered to bring, and they did not see the elders, for they were hidden.”
Susanna :19 “And when the maids went out, the two elders got up and ran to her and said,”
Susanna :20 “Here the doors of the garden are shut, and no one can see us, and we are in love with you, so give your consent and lie with us.”
Susanna :21 “If you do not, we will testify against you that there was a young man with you, and that was why you dismissed your maids.”
Susanna :22 “And Susanna groaned and said, “I am in a tight place. For if I do this, it means my death; but if I refuse, I cannot escape your hands.”
Susanna :23 “I had rather not do it and fall into your hands than commit sin in the Lord’s sight!”
Susanna :24 “Then Susanna gave a loud scream, and the two elders shouted against her.” Susanna :25 “And one of them ran and opened the garden doors.”
Susanna :26 “And when the people in the house heard the shouting in the garden, they rushed through the side doors to see what had happened to her.”
Susanna :27 “And when the elders told their story, her slaves were deeply humiliated, for such a thing had never been said about Susanna.”
Susanna :28 “The next day, when the people came together to her husband, Joakim, the two elders came, full of their wicked imagination to put Susanna to death.”
Susanna :29 “And they said before the people, “Send for Susanna, the daughter of Hilkiah, Joakim’s wife.” And they did so.”
Susanna :30 “And she came, with her parents and her children, and all her relatives.”
Susanna :31 “Now Susanna was a very delicate woman and was very beautiful to behold.”
Susanna :32 “And the lawbreakers ordered her to unveil her face, for she was wearing a veil, so that they might have their fill of her beauty.” Susanna :33 “And the people with her and all who saw her wept.”
Susanna :34 “And the two elders stood up in the midst of the people and laid their hands on her head,”
Susanna :35 “And she wept and looked up to heaven, for her heart trusted the Lord.”
Susanna :36 “And the elders said, “As we were walking by ourselves in the garden, this woman came in with two maids, and shut the doors of the garden and dismissed her maids.”
Susanna :37 “And a young man, who had been hidden, came to her, and lay down with her.”
Susanna :38 “And we were in the corner of the garden, and when we saw this wicked action, we ran up to them,”
Susanna :39 “And though we saw them together, we could not hold him, because he was stronger than we, and opened the doors and rushed out.”
Susanna :40 “But we laid hold of this woman and asked her who the young man was; and she would not tell us. This is our testimony.”
Susanna :41 “Then the assembly believed them, as they were elders of the people and judges, and they condemned her to death.”
Susanna :42 “But Susanna uttered a loud cry, and said, “Eternal God, you who know what is hidden, who know all things before they happen,”
Susanna :43 “You know that what they have testified to against me is false, and here I am to die when I have done none of the things they have so wickedly charged me with.” Susanna :44 “And the Lord heard her cry,”
Susanna :45 “And as she was being led away to be put to death, God stirred up the holy spirit of a young man named Daniel,”
Susanna :46 “And he loudly shouted, “I am clear of the blood of this woman.”
Susanna :47 “And all the people turned to him and said, “What does this mean, that you have said?”
Susanna :48 “And he took his stand in the midst of them and said, Are you such fools, you sons of Israel, that you have condemned a daughter of Israel without any examination or ascertaining of the truth?”
Susanna :49 “Go back to the place of trial, for these men have borne false witness against her.”
Susanna :50 “So all the people hurried back. And the elders said to so him, “Come, sit among us and inform us, for God has given you the right to do so.”
Susanna :51 “And Daniel said to them, “Separate them widely from one another, and I will examine them.”
Susanna :52 “And when they were separated from each other, he called one of them to him, and said to him, “You have become old in wickedness, now your sins that you committed before, are come to light.”
Susanna :53 “Making unjust decisions, condemning the innocent and acquitting the guilty, although the Lord said, ‘You shall not put an innocent and upright man to death.”
Susanna :54 “So now, if you saw this woman, tell us, Under which tree did you see them meet?” He answered, “Under a mastic tree.”
Susanna :55 “And Daniel said, “You have told a fine lie against your own life, for already the angel of God has received the sentence from God, and he will cut you in two.”
Susanna :56 “And he had him removed and ordered them to bring in the other. And he said to him, “You descendant of Canaan and not of Judah, beauty has beguiled you, and desire has corrupted your heart!”
Susanna :57 “This is how you have been treating the daughters of Israel, and they yielded to you through fear, but the daughter of Judah would not endure your wickedness.”
Susanna :58 “So now tell me, Under which tree did you catch them embracing each other?” And he said, “Under a liveoak tree.”
Susanna :59 “And Daniel said to him, “You have also told a fine lie against your own life! For the angel of God is waiting with his sword to saw you in two, to destroy you both.”
Susanna :60 “And the whole company uttered a great shout and blessed God who saves those who hope in him.”
Susanna :61 “And they threw themselves upon the two elders, for Daniel had convicted them out of their own mouths of having borne false witness,”
Susanna :62 “And treated them as they had wickedly planned to treat their neighbor; they obeyed the Law of Moses and killed them. And innocent blood was saved that day.”
Susanna :63 “And Hilkiah and his wife praised God for their daughter Susanna and so did Joakim, her husband, and all her relatives, because there was no dishonesty found in her.”
Susanna :64 “And from that day onward, Daniel had a great reputation in the eyes of the people.”

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The Song of Three Children

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

The Song of Three Children is contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. The three children are Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Daniel 3:23 reads: “And these three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, fell down in the midst of the burning firey furnace.” Then, with nothing said about what happened to the three “children,” the text continues: “Then Nebuchadnezzar the king was astonished and rose up in haste, and spake, and said unto his counselors, ‘Did we not cast three men bound into the fire?'” This song fills the gap between Daniel 3:23 and 24.

3 Children :1 “And they walked about in the midst of the fire, singing hymns to God and blessing the Lord.”
3 Children :2 “And Azariah (Abednego) stood still and uttered this prayer; in the midst of the fire he opened his mouth and said,”
3 Children :3 “Blessed are you, Lord God of our forefathers, and worthy of praise! Your name is glorified forever!”
3 Children :4 “For you are upright in all that you have done; All your works are true, and your ways straight, and all your judgments are true. The sentences that you passed just.”
3 Children :5 “In all that you have brought upon us, and upon Jerusalem, the Holy City of our forefathers, for in truth and justice you have brought all these things upon us because of our sins.”
3 Children :6 “For we have sinned and done wrong in forsaking you.”
3 Children :7 “We have sinned grievously in everything, and have disobeyed your commands; we have not observed them or done as you commanded us to do, for our own good.”
3 Children :8 “All that you have brought upon us, and all that you have done to us, You have done in justice.”
3 Children :9 “You have handed us over to enemies without law, to hateful rebels, and to a ruthless king, the most wicked ruler in all the world.”
3 Children :10 “Yet we cannot open our mouths. Shame and disgrace have overtaken your slaves and your worshipers.”
3 Children :11 “For the sake of your Name, do not surrender us utterly, do not cancel your covenant.”
3 Children :12 “And do not withdraw your mercy from us, for the sake of Abraham whom you loved, and for the sake of Isaac, your slave, and for the sake of Israel, your holy one,”
3 Children :13 “To whom you spoke, and promised that you would make their descendants as many as the stars of heaven, and as the sand that is on the seashore.”
3 Children :14 “For, Master, we have become fewer than all the heathen, and we are humiliated everywhere, because of our sins.”
3 Children :15 “And now there is no prince, or prophet, or leader, no burnt offering, or sacrifice, or offering, or incense; No place to make an offering before you, or to find mercy.”
3 Children :16 “But may we be accepted through a contrite heart and a humble spirit,”
3 Children :17 “As though it were through whole burnt offerings of rams and bulls, and through tens of thousands of fat lambs; so let our sacrifice rise before you today, and fully follow after you, For those who trust in you will not be disappointed.”
3 Children :18 “So now we follow you with all our hearts; we revere you, and seek your face.”
3 Children :19 “Do not disappoint us, but deal with us in your loving kindness and your abundant mercy.”
3 Children :20 “Deliver us in your wonderful way, and glorify your name, Lord; May all who do your slaves harm be disgraced;”
3 Children :21 “May they be put to shame and lose all their power and might, and may their strength be broken.”
3 Children :22 “Let them know that you are the Lord God alone, glorious over the whole world.”
3 Children :23 “Now the king’s servants who threw them in never ceased feeding the furnace fires with naphtha (rosin), pitch, tow, and faggots (small wood),”
3 Children :24 “And the flame streamed out above the furnace for forty-nine cubits.”
3 Children :25 “It even spread, and burned up those Chaldeans whom it found about the furnace.”
3 Children :26 “But the angel of the Lord came down to join Azariah (Abednego) and his companions in the furnace, and drove the fiery blaze out of the furnace,”
3 Children :27 “And made the middle of the furnace as though a moist wind was whistling through it, and the fire did not touch them at all, or harm or trouble them.”
3 Children :28 “Then all three, as with one mouth, praised, glorified, and blessed God in the furnace, and said:”
3 Children :29 “Blessed are you, Lord God of our forefathers, and to be praised and greatly exalted forever.”
3 Children :30 “And blessed is your glorious, holy Name, and to be highly praised and greatly exalted forever.”
3 Children :31 “Blessed are you in the temple of your holy glory, and to be highly praised and greatly glorified forever.”
3 Children :32 “Blessed are you who sit upon winged creatures (cherubim), and look into the depths, and to be praised and greatly exalted forever.”
3 Children :33 “Blessed are you on your kingly throne, and to be highly praised and greatly exalted forever.”
3 Children :34 “Blessed are you in the firmament of heaven, and to be praised and glorified forever.”
3 Children :35 “Bless the Lord, all you works of the Lord, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :36 “Bless the Lord, you heavens, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :37 “Bless the Lord, you angels of the Lord, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :38 “Bless the Lord, all you waters above the heaven, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :39 “Bless the Lord, all you powers, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :40 “Bless the Lord, sun and moon; sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :41 “Bless the Lord, you stars of heaven, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :42 “Bless the Lord, all rain and dew, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :43 “Bless the Lord, all you winds, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :44 “Bless the Lord, fire and heat, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :45 “Bless the Lord, cold and warmth, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :46 “Bless the Lord, dews and snows, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :47 “Bless the Lord, nights and days, sing praise to him, and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :48 “Bless the Lord, light and darkness, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :49 “Bless the Lord, ice and cold, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :50 “Bless the Lord, frosts and snows, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :51 “Bless the Lord, lightnings and clouds, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :52 “Let the earth bless the Lord, let it sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :53 “Bless the Lord, you mountains and hills, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :54 “Bless the Lord, all things that grow on the earth, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :55 “Bless the Lord, seas and rivers, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :56 “Bless the Lord, you springs, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :57 “Bless the Lord, you whales and all the things that move in the waters, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :58 “Bless the Lord, all you wild birds, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :59 “Bless the Lord, all you animals and cattle, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :60 “Bless the Lord, you sons of men, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :61 “Bless the Lord, O Israel, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :62 “Bless the Lord, you priests of the Lord, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :63 “Bless the Lord, you slaves of the Lord, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :64 “Bless the Lord, spirits and souls of the upright, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :65 “Bless the Lord, you who are holy and humble in heart, sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever.”
3 Children :66 “Bless the Lord, Hananiah (Shadrach), Azariah (Abednego), and Mishael (Meshach), sing praise to him and greatly exalt him forever, for he has rescued us from Hades and saved us from the hand of death, and delivered us from the burning fiery furnace; From the midst of the fire he has delivered us.”
3 Children :67 “Give thanks to the Lord, for he is kind, for his mercy endures forever.”
3 Children :68 “Bless him, all you who worship the Lord, the God of gods, sing praise to him and give thanks to him, for his mercy endures forever.”

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The Epistle of Jeremiah

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

The Epistle or Letter of Jeremiah is contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. This letter is attached to the end of First Baruch in most Apocryphas and as the opening line describes, is a letter which Jeremiah sent to the captives who were to be taken to Babylon, to report to them as he had been commanded by God.

Epistle of Jer :1 A copy of a letter which Jeremiah sent to the captives who were to be taken to Babylon by the king of Babylon, to report to them as he had been commanded by God.
Epistle of Jer :2 “Because of the sins which you have committed in the sight of God, you will be taken to Babylon as captives by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon.”
Epistle of Jer :3 “So when you reach Babylon, you will stay there for many years, and for a long time, seven generations; but afterward I will bring you away from there in peace.”
Epistle of Jer :4 “Now in Babylon you will see gods made of silver and gold and wood, carried on men’s shoulders, inspiring fear in the heathen.”
Epistle of Jer :5 “So beware of becoming just like the foreigners, and being filled with awe at them, when you see the throng before and behind them worshipping them,”
Epistle of Jer :6 “But say in your heart, “Lord, we must worship you.”
Epistle of Jer :7 “For an angel is with you, and he cares for your lives.”
Epistle of Jer :8 “For their tongues are polished by a carpenter, and they are gilded and silvered, but they are deceptions and cannot speak.”
Epistle of Jer :9 “And as though for a girl fond of ornament, they take gold and make crowns for the heads of their gods,”
Epistle of Jer :10 “And sometimes the priests secretly withdraw gold and sliver from their gods and lavish it upon themselves,”
Epistle of Jer :11 “And give some of it even to the prostitutes upon the housetop. And they adorn them with clothes, like men, these gods of silver, gold, and wood,”
Epistle of Jer :12 “Though they cannot save themselves from being corroded with rust, when they have dressed them in purple clothing,”
Epistle of Jer :13 “They wipe their faces because of the dust from the house which lies thick upon them.”
Epistle of Jer :14 “He carries a scepter like a local human judge, though he cannot destroy anyone who sins against him.”
Epistle of Jer :15 “He holds a dagger in his right hand and an ax, but he cannot save himself from war and robbers.”
Epistle of Jer :16 “Therefore it is manifest that they are not gods, so you must not stand in awe of them.”
Epistle of Jer :17 “For just as a man’s dish is useless when it is broken, so are their gods, when they have been set down in their houses, their eyes are full of dust raised by the feet of those who come in.”
Epistle of Jer :18 “And just as the courtyard doors are shut upon a man who has offended against a king, as though sentenced to death, the priests close their houses securely with doors and locks and bars, so that they will not be plundered by robbers.”
Epistle of Jer :19 “They light candles, and more than they themselves need, though their gods can see none of them.”
Epistle of Jer :20 “They are just like one of the beams of the house, but men say their hearts are eaten out, and when vermin from the ground devour them and their clothing, they do not perceive it;”
Epistle of Jer :21 “Their faces are blackened by the smoke from the temple.”
Epistle of Jer :22 “Bats, swallows, and birds light on their bodies and on their heads; so do cats also.”
Epistle of Jer :23 “Therefore you may be sure they are not gods, so you must not stand in awe of them.”
Epistle of Jer :24 “As for the gold which they wear for ornament, they will not shine unless someone wipes off the rust; for even when they were being cast, they did not feel it.”
Epistle of Jer :25 “They are bought at great cost, but there is no breath in them.”
Epistle of Jer :26 “As they have no feet, they are carried on men’s shoulders, thus exposing their own disgrace to men.”
Epistle of Jer :27 “Even those who attend them are ashamed, because if one of them falls on the ground, it cannot get up by itself. And if someone sets it up, it cannot move of itself, and if it is tipped, it cannot straighten itself up; but gifts are offered to them as if they were dead.”
Epistle of Jer :28 “What is sacrificed to them their priests sell and use the proceeds of and in like manner their wives preserve some of them, but give none of them to the poor or the helpless.”
Epistle of Jer :29 “Menstrous women and women in childbed can touch (eat) their sacrifices. Therefore, being assured from these facts that they are not gods, you must not stand in awe of them.”
Epistle of Jer :30 “For how can they be called gods? For women set the tables for gods of silver, gold, and wood;”
Epistle of Jer :31 “And in their temples the priests sit apart with their clothes torn open, and their heads and beards shaved and their heads uncovered,”
Epistle of Jer :32 “And they howl and shout before their gods as some do at a wake over a dead man.”
Epistle of Jer :33 “The priests take some of their clothes from them and put them on their wives and children.”
Epistle of Jer :34 “And if they experience any injury or any benefit from anyone, they cannot repay it; they cannot set up a king, or put one down.”
Epistle of Jer :35 “In like manner, they cannot bestow wealth or money; if someone makes a vow to them and does not fulfil it, they will not exact it.”
Epistle of Jer :36 “They cannot save a man from death, nor rescue the weak from the strong.”
Epistle of Jer :37 “They cannot restore a blind man’s sight, they cannot deliver a man who is in distress.”
Epistle of Jer :38 “They cannot take pity on a widow, or do good to an orphan.”
Epistle of Jer :39 “These things made of wood and plated with gold or silver are like stones hewn out from the mountain, and those who attend them will be put to shame.”
Epistle of Jer :40 “Why then should anyone think them gods, or call them so? Besides, even the Chaldeans themselves dishonor them,”
Epistle of Jer :41 “For when they see a dumb man, who cannot speak, they bring him to Bel and pray that he may speak, as though Bel were able to understand.”
Epistle of Jer :42 “Yet they cannot perceive this and abandon them, for they have no understanding themselves.”
Epistle of Jer :43 “And the women with cords about them, sit by the wayside, burning chaff for incense, and when one of them is dragged off by one of the passers-by and lain with, she derides her companion, because she has not been as much desired as herself, and has not had her cord broken.”
Epistle of Jer :44 “Everything that is done to them is a deception. So why should anyone think them gods, or call them so?”
Epistle of Jer :45 “They are made by carpenters and goldsmiths; they can be nothing but what the craftsmen wish them to be.”
Epistle of Jer :46 “The very men who make them cannot last long; then how can the things that are made by them be gods?”
Epistle of Jer :47 “For they have only deceptions and reproach for those who come after,”
Epistle of Jer :48 “For when war or calamity overtakes them, the priests consult together as to where they can hide themselves and their gods.”
Epistle of Jer :49 “How therefore can one fail to see that they are not gods, since they cannot save themselves from war or disaster?”
Epistle of Jer :50 “For since they are made of wood and covered with gold or silver, it will eventually be found out that they are a deception.”
Epistle of Jer :51 “It will be evident to all the heathen and their kings that they are not gods at all but the work of men’s hands, and that there is no work of God in them.”
Epistle of Jer :52 “Who then can be ignorant that they are not gods?”
Epistle of Jer :53 “For they cannot set up a king over a country, or give men rain;”
Epistle of Jer :54 “They cannot decide a case, or give relief to a man who is wronged; for they have no power; for like crows they are between heaven and earth.”
Epistle of Jer :55 “For when a temple of wooden gods, or gilded or silvered ones, catches fire, their priests flee and save themselves, but they themselves are burnt in two like beams.”
Epistle of Jer :56 “They can offer no resistance to a king or any enemies. Why then should anyone believe or suppose that they are gods?”
Epistle of Jer :57 “Gods made of wood, silvered or gilded, cannot save themselves from thieves or robbers,”
Epistle of Jer :58 “And the gold and silver on them, and the clothes they have on, those who are strong enough will strip from them and carry off, and they will not be able to help themselves.”
Epistle of Jer :59 “So it is better to be a king who can show his courage, or a household dish, that serves its owner’s purpose, than such false gods; or even a house door that keeps what is in the house safe, than such false gods; or a wooden pillar in a palace, than such false gods.”
Epistle of Jer :60 “For sun, moon, and stars shine, and when they are sent to perform a service, they obey;”
Epistle of Jer :61 “In like manner lightning, when it flashes, is widely visible, and in the same way the wind blows in every land;”
Epistle of Jer :62 “And when God commands the clouds to spread over the whole world, they carry out his order.”
Epistle of Jer :63 “And the fire sent from above to consume mountains and forests does as it is ordered. But these cannot be compared with them in their manifestations or their powers.”
Epistle of Jer :64 “Therefore you must not think that they are gods, or call them so, since they are unable to decide cases or to benefit men.”
Epistle of Jer :65 “So as you know that they are not gods, you must not stand in awe of them.”
Epistle of Jer :66 “For they can neither curse kings nor bless them;”
Epistle of Jer :67 “They cannot show signs in the heavens before the nations, or shine like the sun, or give light like the moon.”
Epistle of Jer :68 “The wild animals are better than they are, for they can flee to cover and help themselves. So in no way is it evident to us that they are gods; therefore you must not stand in awe of them.”
Epistle of Jer :69 “For just as a scarecrow in a cucumber bed gives no protection, their wooden, gilded, and silvered gods give none.”
Epistle of Jer :70 “In like manner, their wooden, gilded, and silvered gods are like a white thorn in a garden, on which every bird settles; and like a corpse, thrown out into the darkness.”
Epistle of Jer :71 “From the purple and fine linen that rot upon them, you can tell that they are not gods; and they will finally be consumed themselves, and be despised in the land.”
Epistle of Jer :72 “An upright man who has no idols is far better, for he will be far above reproach.”

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The (First) Book of Baruch

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

The Book of Baruch is contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. In order to distinguish it from the other books accredited to Baruch (second, third and fourth Baruch) this book is sometimes referred to as First Baruch. Although the earliest known manuscripts of Baruch are in Greek, linguistic features of the first parts of Baruch (1:1–3:8) have been proposed as indicating a translation from Aramaic or Hebrew. As the first verse states, this is the book of Baruch ben Neriah, Jeremiah’s well-known scribe, writing from Babylon during the captivity.

Chapter 1

Baruch 1:1 “And these are the words of the book that Baruch the son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, the son of Zedekiah, the son of Hasadiah, the son of Hilkiah, wrote in Babylon,”
Baruch 1:2 “In the fifth year, on the seventh day of the month, at the time when the Chaldeans took Jerusalem and burned it with fire.”
Baruch 1:3 “And Baruch read the words of this book in the hearing of Jeconiah, the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, in the hearing of all the people who came to hear the book read,”
Baruch 1:4 “And in the hearing of the nobles, and the princes, and in the hearing of the elders, and in the hearing of all the people, small and great in fact, of all who lived in Babylon, by the River Sud.”
Baruch 1:5 “Then they wept, and fasted, and prayed before the Lord;”
Baruch 1:6 “And they raised money, each one giving what he could,”
Baruch 1:7 “And they sent it to Jerusalem, to Jehoiakim the high priest, the son of Hilkiah, the son of Shallum, and to the priests, and to all the people that were found with him in Jerusalem,”
Baruch 1:8 “When he took the plate of the house of the Lord that had been carried away from the temple, to return it to the land of Judah, the silver dishes which Zedekiah the son of Josiah, king of Judah, had made,”
Baruch 1:9 “After Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, had carried off Jeconiah and the officers and captives and nobles and the common people from Jerusalem, and taken him to Babylon.”
Baruch 1:10 “And they said, “Here we send you money, to buy with the money burnt offerings and sin offerings and incense and prepare a grain offering, and offer them upon the altar of the Lord our God,”
Baruch 1:11 “And pray for the life of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, and for the life of Belshazzar his son, that their days may be like the days of heaven, upon the earth.”
Baruch 1:12 “And the Lord will give us strength, and he will give sight to our eyes, and we will live under the shadow of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, and under the shadow of Belshazzar his son, and we will serve them for a long time and find favor in their sight.”
Baruch 1:13 “Pray for us to the Lord our God, for we have sinned against the Lord our God, and to this day the anger of the Lord and his wrath have not turned away from us.”
Baruch 1:14 “So read this scroll, which we send to you, to make your confession in the house of the Lord, on festival days and on days of assembly.”
Baruch 1:15 “And you shall say, Uprightness belongs to the Lord our God, but confusion of face, as on this day, befits us, the men of Judah, and the residents of Jerusalem,”
Baruch 1:16 “And our kings and our officials, and our priests and our prophets, and our forefathers;”
Baruch 1:17 “For we have sinned before the Lord,”
Baruch 1:18 “And disobeyed him, and we have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God, so as to follow the commands of the Lord which he set before us.”
Baruch 1:19 “From the day when the Lord brought our fathers out of the land of Egypt, until today, we have been disobedient to the Lord our God, and we have been neglectful, in not obeying his voice.”
Baruch 1:20 “And misfortunes have attended us, and the curse has come upon us which the Lord agreed upon with Moses his servant, on the day when he brought our forefathers out of the land of Egypt, to give us a land that ran with milk and honey, as they have this day.”
Baruch 1:21 “And we did not obey the voice of the Lord our God, expressed in all the words of the prophets whom he sent to us,”
Baruch 1:22 “But we followed each one the design of his own wicked heart so as to serve other gods, and do what was evil in the eyes of the Lord our God.”

Chapter 2

Baruch 2:1 “So the Lord made good his word which he uttered against us, and against our judges who judged Israel, and against our kings and against our officials and against the men of Israel and Judah.”
Baruch 2:2 “Nowhere under heaven have such calamities occurred as he has brought upon Jerusalem, as it was written in the Law of Moses,”
Baruch 2:3 “So that one of us ate the flesh of his son, and another of us ate the flesh of his daughter.”
Baruch 2:4 “He has made us subject to all the kingdoms around us, to be a reproach and a desolation among all the peoples about us, where the Lord has scattered them.”
Baruch 2:5 “They were brought low and not raised up, because we had sinned against the Lord our God, in not obeying his voice.”
Baruch 2:6 “Uprightness belongs to the Lord our God, but confusion of face befits us and our forefathers, as it does this day.”
Baruch 2:7 “All the calamities with which the Lord threatened us have overtaken us.”
Baruch 2:8 “Yet we have not besought the Lord by turning away, each of us, from the designs of his wicked heart.”
Baruch 2:9 “And the Lord has watched for these calamities and has brought them upon us, for the Lord is upright in all his doings which he has commanded us to imitate.”
Baruch 2:10 “Yet we have not obeyed his voice and followed the Lord’s commands, which he has set before us.”
Baruch 2:11 “And now, Lord God of Israel, who brought your people out of Egypt with a strong hand and with portents and wonders, and with great power and an uplifted arm, and made yourself such a name as yours is today,”
Baruch 2:12 “We have sinned, we have been ungodly, we have done wrong, Lord our God, in the face of all your ordinances.”
Baruch 2:13 “Let your anger be turned away from us, for few of us are left, among the heathen, where you have scattered us.”
Baruch 2:14 “Listen, Lord, to our prayer and our petition, and for your sake deliver us, and grant us favor in the eyes of those who have led us into captivity,”
Baruch 2:15 “So that the whole earth may know that you are the Lord our God, for Israel and his descendants are called by your name.”
Baruch 2:16 “Lord, look down from your holy dwelling, and think about us. Turn your ear to us, Lord, and hear us;”
Baruch 2:17 “Open your eyes and see; for the dead, who are in Hades, whose breath has been taken from their bodies, cannot ascribe glory and uprightness to the Lord,”
Baruch 2:18 “But the soul that grieves greatly, that goes about bent over and sick, with failing sight, the soul that hungers will ascribe glory and uprightness to you, Lord.”
Baruch 2:19 “For it is not for the upright acts of our forefathers and of our kings that we present our prayer for pity before you, O Lord our God.”
Baruch 2:20 “For you have inflicted your anger and your wrath upon us, just as you promised through your servants the prophets to do, when you said,”
Baruch 2:21 “Thus says the Lord: Bow your shoulders and work for the king of Babylon, and stay in the land which I gave to your forefathers.”
Baruch 2:22 “But if you will not obey the voice of the Lord, and serve the king of Babylon,”
Baruch 2:23 “I will put an end to the sound of joy and the sound of gladness, the voice of bridegroom and the voice of bride, in the towns of Judah and in Jerusalem, and the whole country will become untrodden and uninhabited.”
Baruch 2:24 “But we did not obey your voice and serve the king of Babylon, and you made good your words that you had spoken through your servants the prophets, that the bones of our kings and the bones of our forefathers should be taken out of their places,”
Baruch 2:25 “And behold they are thrown out to the heat by day and to the frost by night; and they perished in great misery, by famine and the sword and pestilence.”
Baruch 2:26 “And the house that was called by your name you have laid waste, as it is to be seen this day, because of the wickedness of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah.”
Baruch 2:27 “Yet you have dealt with us, O Lord our God, with all your forbearance and all your great compassion,”
Baruch 2:28 “As you promised through your servant Moses to do, when you commanded him to write the Law before the sins of Israel, and said,”
Baruch 2:29 “Unless you obey my voice, this great buzzing multitude will surely turn into a small number among the heathen where I will scatter them.”
Baruch 2:30 “For I know that they will not listen to me, for they are a stiff-necked people. But in the land to which they are carried away they will come to remember themselves,”
Baruch 2:31 “And they will know that I am the Lord their God, for I will give them an heart and ears to hear,”
Baruch 2:32 “And they will praise me in the land to which they are carried away, and they will remember my name,”
Baruch 2:33 “And they will turn from their obstinacy and their wicked doings, for they will remember what befell their forefathers who sinned in the sight of the Lord.”
Baruch 2:34 “Then I will restore them to the land that I swore to give to their forefathers, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, and they will possess it; and I will multiply them, and they will not be despised.”
Baruch 2:35 “And I will make an everlasting covenant with them that I shall be their God and they shall be my people. And I will never again remove my people Israel from the land which I have given them.”

Chapter 3

Baruch 3:1 “O Lord Almighty, God of Israel, the soul in anguish and the wearied spirit cry out to you.
Baruch 3:2 “Listen, Lord, and have mercy, for we have sinned in your sight.”
Baruch 3:3 “For you abide forever, and we perish forever.”
Baruch 3:4 “O Lord Almighty, God of Israel, hear the prayer of the dead in Israel, and of the sons of those who sinned in your sight, who did not obey the voice of the Lord their God, so that calamities have pursued us.”
Baruch 3:5 “Do not remember the iniquities of our forefathers, but remember your power and your name at this time,”
Baruch 3:6 “For you are the Lord our God, and we will praise you, O Lord.”
Baruch 3:7 “For you have put your fear into our hearts for this reason, that we should call upon your name, and we will praise you in our exile, for we have put out of our hearts all the iniquity of our forefathers, who sinned in your sight.”
Baruch 3:8 “Here we are today in exile, where you have scattered us, to be reproached and cursed and condemned for all the iniquities of our forefathers who rebelled against the Lord our God.”
Baruch 3:9 “Hear the commandments of life, O Israel; Listen, and learn wisdom.”
Baruch 3:10 “Why is it, Israel, that you are in the land of your enemies, that you have grown old in a strange land, that you have been polluted with the dead?,”
Baruch 3:11 “That you are counted among those in Hades?”
Baruch 3:12 “You have forsaken the spring of wisdom.”
Baruch 3:13 “If you had walked in the way of God, you would have lived in peace forever.”
Baruch 3:14 “Learn where wisdom is, where strength is, where understanding is, so that you may at the same time learn where length of days and life are, where there is light for the eyes, and peace.”
Baruch 3:15 “Who can find her location?, and who can get into her storehouses?”
Baruch 3:16 “Where are the rulers of the heathen, and those who master the beasts of the earth,”
Baruch 3:17 “Who have their sport with the wild birds, and lay up silver and gold, in which men trust, and have property without end;”
Baruch 3:18 “Who work in silver with anxious care, and whose works defy investigation?”
Baruch 3:19 “They have vanished and gone to Hades, and others have taken their places.”
Baruch 3:20 “A younger generation has seen light, and settled on the earth, but they have not learned the way to knowledge,”
Baruch 3:21 “Nor understood its paths, nor laid hold of it. Their sons have strayed far out of their way;”
Baruch 3:22 “It was never heard of in Canaan, or seen in Teman;”
Baruch 3:23 “The sons of Hagar, who seek for understanding on the earth, the merchants of Merran and Teman, the story-tellers and the searchers for understanding have not found the way to wisdom, or remembered its paths.”
Baruch 3:24 “O Israel, how great is the house of God! And how vast the region that he possesses!”
Baruch 3:25 “It is great, it has no end; It is immeasurably high.”
Baruch 3:26 “There were born the giants, famous of old, tall in stature, expert in war.”
Baruch 3:27 “God did not choose them or give them the way of knowledge.”
Baruch 3:28 “So they perished, because they had no understanding; They perished through their own foolishness.”
Baruch 3:29 “Who ever went up to heaven and got her, and brought her down from the clouds?”
Baruch 3:30 “Who ever crossed the sea and found her, and will buy her with fine gold?”
Baruch 3:31 “No one knows the way to her, Or concerns himself with the path to her.”
Baruch 3:32 “But he who knows all things knows her, he has discovered her through his understanding. He who created the earth forever has filled it with four-footed creatures;”
Baruch 3:33 “He who sends forth the light, and it goes; He called it, and it obeyed him in fear.”
Baruch 3:34 “The stars shone in their watches, and were glad; He called them, and they said, “Here we are!” They shone with gladness for him who made them.”
Baruch 3:35 “He is our God, no other can be compared with him!”
Baruch 3:36 “He found out the whole way to knowledge, and has given it to Jacob his servant and to Israel, whom he loved.”
Baruch 3:37 “After that, she appeared on the earth and mingled with men.”

Chapter 4

Baruch 4:1 “This is the book of the commandments of God, and the Law, that will endure forever. All those who hold fast to it will live, but those who forsake it will die.”
Baruch 4:2 “Come back, Jacob, and take hold of it; approach the radiance from her light.”
Baruch 4:3 “Do not give your glory to another, and your benefits to an alien people.”
Baruch 4:4 “Blessed are we, Israel, because we know the things that please God.”
Baruch 4:5 “Have no fear, my people, for the memorial of Israel;”
Baruch 4:6 “You have been sold to the heathen, not to be destroyed, but because you had angered God, you were handed over to your adversaries.”
Baruch 4:7 “For you provoked him who made you by sacrificing to demons, and not to God.”
Baruch 4:8 “You forgot the everlasting God, who had brought you up, and you grieved Jerusalem, that had reared you,”
Baruch 4:9 “For she saw the anger that has come upon you from God, and said, “Listen, you women who live in Zion, God has brought great sorrow upon me.”
Baruch 4:10 “For I have witnessed the capture of my sons and daughters, which the Everlasting has brought upon them.”
Baruch 4:11 “For I nursed them in gladness, but I have sent them away with weeping and sorrow.”
Baruch 4:12 “Let no one exult over a widow like me, forsaken by so many; I have been left desolate because of the sins of my children, because they turned away from the Law of God.”
Baruch 4:13 “But they would not learn his ordinances, or walk in the ways of God’s commands, or follow the paths of correction in his uprightness.”
Baruch 4:14 “Let the women who live in Zion come, and remember the taking captive of my sons and daughters, which the Everlasting has brought upon them.”
Baruch 4:15 “For he brought a nation from far away against them a ruthless nation of strange speech who had no respect for an old man and no pity for a child,”
Baruch 4:16 “And they led the widow’s beloved sons away, and left the lonely woman bereft of her daughters.”
Baruch 4:17 “But how can I help you?”
Baruch 4:18 “For he who has brought these calamities upon you will deliver you from the hands of your enemies.”
Baruch 4:19 “Go, my children, go, for I am left desolate.”
Baruch 4:20 “I have taken off the clothing of peace, and put on the sackcloth of my supplication; I will cry out to the Everlasting all my days.”
Baruch 4:21 “Have courage, my children, cry out to God, and he will save you from subjection, from the hands of your enemies;”
Baruch 4:22 “For I have set on the Everlasting my hope that he will save you, and joy has come to me from the Holy One for the mercy which will soon come to you, from your everlasting Savior.”
Baruch 4:23 “For I sent you out with sorrow and weeping, but God will give you back to me with joy and gladness forever.”
Baruch 4:24 “For just as the neighbors of Zion have seen your captivity, so they will soon see your deliverance come from our God, which will come upon you with the great glory and splendor of the Everlasting.”
Baruch 4:25 “My children, endure patiently the anger that has come upon you from God, for your enemy has overtaken you; but you will soon witness his destruction, and put your feet upon their necks.”
Baruch 4:26 “My delicate ones have traveled rough roads, they have been taken away like a flock carried off by enemies.”
Baruch 4:27 “Have courage, my children, and cry out to God, for you will be remembered by him who brought this upon you.”
Baruch 4:28 “For as the thought once came to you to go astray from God, you must return and seek him with tenfold fervor.”
Baruch 4:29 “For he who has brought these calamities upon you, will bring you everlasting joy with your deliverance.”
Baruch 4:30 “Take courage, Jerusalem, for he who named you will comfort you.”
Baruch 4:31 “Those who did you harm and rejoiced at your fall will be miserable;”
Baruch 4:32 “The towns which enslaved your children will be miserable, she who received your sons will be miserable.”
Baruch 4:33 “For as she rejoiced at your fall, and was glad of your ruin, so she shall be grieved at her own desolation.”
Baruch 4:34 “And I will take away her exultation in her great population, and her boasting will be turned to sorrow.”
Baruch 4:35 “For from the Everlasting, fire will descend upon her for many days, and she will be a habitation of demons for a long time.”
Baruch 4:36 “Look away eastward, Jerusalem, and see the gladness that is coming to you from God.”
Baruch 4:37 “See, your sons are coming, whom you sent away, they are coming, gathered from east to west, at the command of the Holy One, rejoicing in the glory of God.”

Chapter 5

Baruch 5:1 “Take off the clothes of your sorrow and your harsh treatment, Jerusalem, and put on forever the beauty of the glory that is from God.”
Baruch 5:2 “Put on the cloak of the uprightness that is from God, put on your head the headdress of the glory of the Everlasting.
Baruch 5:3 “For God will show your splendor to all that is under heaven.”
Baruch 5:4 “For your name will forever be called by God The Peace of Uprightness and the Glory of Godliness.”
Baruch 5:5 “Arise, Jerusalem, and stand upon the height, and look away to the east, and see your children gathered from the setting of the sun to its rising, at the command of the Holy One, rejoicing that God has remembered them.”
Baruch 5:6 “For they went forth from you being led away on foot by their enemies, but God will bring them to you exalted with glory, as children of the kingdom.”
Baruch 5:7 “For God has ordained that every high mountain and the banks of long continuance shall be cast down, and the valleys filled up to make level ground, so that Israel may go safely, to the glory of God.”
Baruch 5:8 “And the woods and every fragrant tree have shaded Israel, at God’s command,”
Baruch 5:9 “For God will lead Israel with joy, by the light of his glory, with the mercy and uprightness that come from him.”

The (First) Book of Baruch Read More »

The Wisdom of Sirach -or- Ecclesiasticus

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

The Wisdom of Sirach, also known as Ecclesiasticus, is contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. This book is in a class called “Wisdom Literature” due to its frequent reference to wisdom. See Chapter 24 for an extended discourse on the relationship between Wisdom, personified as Sophia, and God.

Chapter 1

Sir 1:1 “All Wisdom comes from the Lord, and remains with him forever.”
Sir 1:2 “The sand of the seas, and the drops of rain, and the days of eternity; who can count them?”
Sir 1:3 “The height of the heavens, and the breadth of the earth, and the deep, and wisdom; who can track them out?”
Sir 1:4 “Wisdom was created before them all, and sound intelligence from eternity.”
Sir 1:5 “The Word of God most high is the fountain of wisdom; and her ways are everlasting commandments.”
Sir 1:6 “To whom has the source of wisdom been revealed? And who knows her devices?”
Sir 1:7 “[Unto whom has the knowledge of wisdom been made manifest? and who has understood her experience?]”
Sir 1:8 “There is but one who is wise, and greatly to be feared, the Lord seated upon his throne;”
Sir 1:9 “The Lord himself created her; He saw her and counted her, and poured her out upon all he made;”
Sir 1:10 “Upon all mankind, as he chose to bestow her; But he supplied her liberally to those who loved him.”
Sir 1:11 “To fear the Lord is a glory and a ground of exultation, a joy, and a crown of ecstasy.”
Sir 1:12 “To fear the Lord delights the heart, and brings gladness and joy and long life.”
Sir 1:13 “The man who fears the Lord will have a happy end, and be blessed in the day of his death.”
Sir 1:14 “To fear the Lord is the source of wisdom, and she was created with the faithful in the womb.”
Sir 1:15 “She has built her nest among men as a foundation from eternity, and among their posterity she will be held in trust.”
Sir 1:16 “To fear the Lord is to be satisfied with wisdom, for she intoxicates them with her fruits.”
Sir 1:17 “She will fill all their houses with desirable things, and their storehouses with her produce;”
Sir 1:18 “To fear the Lord is a crown of wisdom, making peace and healing health flourish; which are both gifts of God, and it enlarges their rejoicing that love Him.”
Sir 1:19 “He rained down understanding and sound knowledge, and increased the glory of those who possessed her.”
Sir 1:20 “To fear the Lord is the root of wisdom, and her branches are long life.”
Sir 1:21 “The fear of the Lord drives away sins, and where it is present, it turns away wrath.”
Sir 1:22 “Unrighteous anger can never be excused, for the weight of a man’s anger shall be his destruction.”
Sir 1:23 “A patient man will control himself for a while, and afterward joy will break out.”
Sir 1:24 “He will repress his words for a time, and the lips of many will tell of his understanding.”
Sir 1:25 “The parables of knowledge are in the treasures of wisdom: but godliness is an abomination to a sinner.”
Sir 1:26 “If you desire wisdom, keep the commandments, and the Lord will supply you with her liberally.”
Sir 1:27 “For to fear the Lord is wisdom and education, And faith and meekness win his approval.”
Sir 1:28 “Do not disobey the fear of the Lord, and do not approach it with a divided heart.”
Sir 1:29 “Do not be a hypocrite in the mouths of men, and take heed to your own lips.”
Sir 1:30 “Do not exalt yourself, or you may fall, and bring disgrace upon yourself; and the Lord will reveal your secrets and prostrate you before all the congregation, because you did not come to the fear of the Lord, but your heart was full of deceit.”

Chapter 2

Sir 2:1 “My child, if you come to serve the Lord, prepare yourself to be tried.”
Sir 2:2 “Set your heart right and constantly endure, and do not make haste in time of trouble.”
Sir 2:3 “Hold fast to him, and do not forsake him, so that you may be honored when your life ends.”
Sir 2:4 “Whatever happens to you, take cheerfully, and be patient in humiliating vicissitudes.”
Sir 2:5 “For gold is tried in the fire, and men who are approved must be tested in the furnace of humiliation (adversity).”
Sir 2:6 “Have faith in him, and he will help you; make your ways straight, and put your hope in him.”
Sir 2:7 “You who fear the Lord, wait for his mercy, and do not turn aside, or you will fall.”
Sir 2:8 “You who fear the Lord, have faith in him, and you will not lose your reward.”
Sir 2:9 “You who fear the Lord, hope for his blessings, And for everlasting joy and mercy.”
Sir 2:10 “Look at the generations of antiquity and see, Who that put his trust in the Lord was ever put to shame? Or who that continued to fear him was ever forsaken? Or who that called upon him was overlooked by him?”
Sir 2:11 “For the Lord is merciful and has pity, and forgives sins and delivers in times of affliction.”
Sir 2:12 “Woe be to cowardly hearts and palsied hands! And for a sinner who follows two paths!”
Sir 2:13 “Woe be to a faint heart, for it does not believe; therefore it will not be protected.”
Sir 2:14 “Woe be to you, who have lost your steadfastness! What will you do when the Lord visits you?”
Sir 2:15 “Those who fear the Lord will not disobey his word, and those who love him will keep his ways.”
Sir 2:16 “Those who fear the Lord will seek his favor, and those who love him will be filled with the Law.”
Sir 2:17 “Those who fear the Lord will prepare their hearts, and will humble their souls before him.”
Sir 2:18 ““Let us fall into the Lord’s hands, and not into the hands of men.” For as his majesty is, so is his mercy also.”

Chapter 3

Sir 3:1 “Listen to me, your father, children, and act in such a way that you may be preserved.”
Sir 3:2 “For the Lord has glorified the father above his children, and he has established the rights of the mother over her sons.”
Sir 3:3 “He who honors his father atones for his sins,”
Sir 3:4 “And he who shows his mother honor is like a man who lays up treasure.”
Sir 3:5 “He who honors his father will be gladdened by his own children, and will be heard on the day that he prays.”
Sir 3:6 “He who shows his father honor will have a long life, and he who listens to the Lord will be a comfort to his mother,”
Sir 3:7 “He that fears the Lord will honor his father, and will serve his parents as his masters.”
Sir 3:8 “Honor your father in word and deed, so that his blessing may attend you.”
Sir 3:9 “For a father’s blessing establishes the houses of his children, but a mother’s curse uproots their foundations.”
Sir 3:10 “Do not glorify yourself by dishonoring your father, for your father’s disgrace is no glory to you.”
Sir 3:11 “For the glory of a man is from the honor of his father, and a neglected mother is a reproach to her children.”
Sir 3:12 “My child, help your father in his old age, and do not grieve him, as long as he lives.”
Sir 3:13 “If his understanding fails, be considerate, and do not humiliate him, when you are in all your strength.”
Sir 3:14 “Charity given to a father will not be forgotten, and will build you up a further atonement for your sins.”
Sir 3:15 “When you are in trouble, you will be remembered; Like frost in sunshine your sins will melt away.”
Sir 3:16 “He who deserts his father is like a blasphemer, and he who angers his mother is cursed by the Lord.”
Sir 3:17 “My child, carry on your business in humility, and you will be loved by men whom God accepts.”
Sir 3:18 “The greater you are, the more you must practice humility, and you will find favor with the Lord.”
Sir 3:19 “Many are in high places, and of renown; but mysteries are revealed to the meek.”
Sir 3:20 “For the Lord’s power is great, and he is glorified by the humble-minded.”
Sir 3:21 “Do not seek for what is too hard for you, and do not investigate what is beyond your strength;”
Sir 3:22 “Think of the commands that have been given you, for you have no need of the things that are hidden.”
Sir 3:23 “Do not waste your labor on what is superfluous to your work, for things beyond man’s understanding have been shown to you.”
Sir 3:24 “For many have been led astray by their imagination, and a wicked fancy has made their minds slip.”
Sir 3:25 “Without eyes you shall want light, do not profess the knowledge, therefore, that you do not have.”
Sir 3:26 “It will go hard with an obstinate heart at the end, and the man who loves danger will perish through it.”
Sir 3:27 “An obstinate heart will be loaded with troubles, and the irreligious man will add one sin to another.”
Sir 3:28 “There is no cure for the misfortune of the proud, for a wicked plant has taken root in him.”
Sir 3:29 “An intelligent man’s mind can understand a proverb; and a wise man desires a listening ear.”
Sir 3:30 “As water will quench a blazing fire, so alms will atone for sin.”
Sir 3:31 “He who returns favors is remembered afterward, and when he totters, he will find a support.”

Chapter 4

Sir 4:1 “My child, do not defraud the poor man of his living, and do not make the eyes of the needy wait.”
Sir 4:2 “Do not pain a hungry heart, and do not anger a man who is in want.”
Sir 4:3 “Do not increase the troubles of a mind that is incensed, and do not put off giving to a man who is in need.”
Sir 4:4 “Do not refuse a suppliant in his trouble, and do not avert your face from the poor.”
Sir 4:5 “Do not turn your eyes away from the needy, and do not give anyone cause to curse you,”
Sir 4:6 “For if he curses you in the bitterness of his spirit, his creator will hear his prayer.”
Sir 4:7 “Make yourself beloved in the congregation, and bow your head to a great personage;”
Sir 4:8 “Listen to what a poor man has to say, and give him a peaceful and gentle answer.”
Sir 4:9 “Rescue a man who is being wronged from the hand of the oppressor, and do not be faint-hearted about giving your judgment.”
Sir 4:10 “Be like a father to the fatherless, and take the place of a husband to their mother. Then you will be like a son of the Most High, and he will show you more than a mother’s love.”
Sir 4:11 “Wisdom exalts her sons, and lays hold of those who seek her.”
Sir 4:12 “Whoever loves her loves life, and those who seek her early will be filled with joy.”
Sir 4:13 “Whoever holds her fast will inherit glory; The Lord will bless every house she enters.”
Sir 4:14 “Those who serve her serve the Holy One, and the Lord loves those who love her.”
Sir 4:15 “Whoever obeys her will judge the heathen, And whoever attends to her will dwell in security.”
Sir 4:16 “If he trusts in her, he will possess her, and his descendants will retain possession of her.”
Sir 4:17 “For at first she will go with him in crooked ways, she will bring fear and cowardice upon him, and torment him with her discipline, until she can trust in his soul, and test him with her judgments.”
Sir 4:18 “Then she will return the straight way back to him again, and make him glad, and reveal her secrets to him.”
Sir 4:19 “If he wanders off, she will forsake him, and hand him over to his own ruin.”
Sir 4:20 “Watch your opportunity and guard against evil, and do not have to feel shame for your soul.”
Sir 4:21 “For there is a shame that brings sin, and there is a shame that is glory and favor.”
Sir 4:22 “Show regard for no one at the expense of your soul, and respect no one, to your own downfall.”
Sir 4:23 “Do not refrain from speaking when it is needed; and hide not your wisdom in her beauty.”
Sir 4:24 “For wisdom is known through speech, and instruction through the spoken word.”
Sir 4:25 “Do not contradict the truth, but feel shame for your want of education.”
Sir 4:26 “Do not be ashamed to confess your sins, and do not try to force back the current of a river.”
Sir 4:27 “Do not make yourself an underling to a foolish man, neither accept the person of the mighty.”
Sir 4:28 “Contend for the truth to the death, and the Lord will fight for you.”
Sir 4:29 “Do not be hasty in speech, or slothful and slack in action.”
Sir 4:30 “Do not be like a lion at home, and unreasonable with your servants.”
Sir 4:31 “Do not stretch your hand out to receive, But close it when you should repay.”

Chapter 5

Sir 5:1 “Do not set your heart on your money, and do not say, “It is enough for me.”
Sir 5:2 “Do not follow your soul and your strength and pursue the desires of your heart.”
Sir 5:3 “Do not say, “Who can have power over me?” For the Lord will certainly take vengeance on your pride.”
Sir 5:4 “Do not say, “I sinned, and what happened to me?” For the Lord is long-suffering, he will in no way let you go.”
Sir 5:5 “As for atonement, do not be without fear to add one sin to another,”
Sir 5:6 “And do not say, “His mercy is great, He will make atonement for the multitude of my sins.” For mercy and wrath are both with him, and his anger will rest upon sinners.”
Sir 5:7 “Do not put off turning to the Lord, and do not postpone it from day to day; for the Lord’s wrath will suddenly come forth, and in the time of vengeance you will perish.”
Sir 5:8 “Do not set your heart on unrighteous gain, for it will be of no benefit to you in the time of misfortune.”
Sir 5:9 “Do not winnow in every wind, and do not follow every path; that is what the deceitful sinner does.”
Sir 5:10 “Be steadfast in your understanding, and let what you say be one.”
Sir 5:11 “Be quick to hear, let your life be sincere, and make your reply with patience.”
Sir 5:12 “If you possess understanding, answer your neighbor, but if you do not have it, keep your hand over your mouth!”
Sir 5:13 “Both glory and disgrace come from speaking, and a man’s tongue is his downfall.”
Sir 5:14 “Do not be known as a whisperer, and do not set an ambush with your tongue, for shame rests upon the thief, and evil condemnation on the double-tongued.”
Sir 5:15 “Do not be ignorant in great matters or in small.”

Chapter 6

Sir 6:1 “And do not prove an enemy instead of a friend; for an evil name incurs disgrace and reproach; so does a sinner who is double tongued.
Sir 6:2 “Do not exalt yourself in your soul’s designs, so that your soul may not be torn in pieces like a bull;”
Sir 6:3 “If you eat up your leaves, you will destroy your fruit, and leave yourself like a dried-up tree.”
Sir 6:4 “A wicked heart will destroy its possessor, and fill his enemies with malignant joy.”
Sir 6:5 “Sweet speech makes many friends, and a polite tongue multiplies courtesy.”
Sir 6:6 “Let those who are at peace with you be many, but let your advisers be one in a thousand.”
Sir 6:7 “If you make a friend, make one only after testing him, and do not be in a hurry to confide in him.”
Sir 6:8 “There are friends who are so when it suits their convenience, who will not stand by you when you are in trouble.”
Sir 6:9 “And there are friends who turn into enemies, and reveal quarrels to your discredit.”
Sir 6:10 “And there are friends who will sit at your table, but will not stand by you when you are in trouble.”
Sir 6:11 “They will make themselves at home, as long as you are prosperous, and will give orders to your servants;”
Sir 6:12 “If you come down in the world, they will take sides against you, and hide themselves from your presence.”
Sir 6:13 “Separate yourself from your enemies, and beware of your friends.”
Sir 6:14 “A faithful friend is a strong protection; A man who has found one has found a treasure.”
Sir 6:15 “A faithful friend is beyond price, and his value cannot be weighed.”
Sir 6:16 “A faithful friend is a life-giving medicine, and those who fear the Lord will find it.”
Sir 6:17 “The man who fears the Lord will make genuine friendships, for to him his neighbor is like himself.”
Sir 6:18 “My child, from your youth up cultivate education, and you will keep on finding wisdom until you are gray.”
Sir 6:19 “Approach her like a man who plows and sows, and wait for her abundant crops (fruit). For in cultivating her, you will toil but little, and soon you will eat her produce.”
Sir 6:20 “She seems very harsh, to the undisciplined, and a thoughtless man cannot abide her.”
Sir 6:21 “She will rest on him like a great stone to test him, and he will not delay to throw her off,”
Sir 6:22 “For wisdom is what her name implies, and to most men she is invisible.”
Sir 6:23 “Listen, my child, and accept my opinion, and do not refuse my advice.”
Sir 6:24 “Put your feet into her fetters, and your neck into her collar.”
Sir 6:25 “Put your shoulder under her and carry her, and do not weary of her chains;”
Sir 6:26 “Come to her with all your heart, and follow her ways with all your might.”
Sir 6:27 “Inquire and search, and she will be made known to you; and when you have grasped her, do not let her go.”
Sir 6:28 “For at the last you will find the rest she gives, and you will find her turning into gladness.”
Sir 6:29 “Her fetters will become your strong defense, and her collars a splendid robe.”
Sir 6:30 “She wears gold ornaments, and her chains are purple thread;”
Sir 6:31 “You will put her on like a splendid robe, and put her on your head like a victor’s wreath.”
Sir 6:32 “My child, if you wish, you can be educated, and if you devote yourself to it, you can become prudent.”
Sir 6:33 “If you love to hear, you will receive, and if you listen, you will be wise.”
Sir 6:34 “Take your stand in the throng of elders; Which of them is wise? Attach yourself to him.”
Sir 6:35 “Be willing to listen to every godly discourse, and do not let any wise proverbs escape you.”
Sir 6:36 “If you see a man of understanding, go to him early, and let your feet wear out his doorstep.”
Sir 6:37 “Think about the statutes of the Lord, and constantly meditate on his commandments. He will strengthen your mind, and the wisdom you desire will be given you.”

Chapter 7

Sir 7:1 “Do no evil, and evil will not overtake you.”
Sir 7:2 “Avoid what is wrong, and it will turn away from you.”
Sir 7:3 “My son, do not sow among the furrows of iniquity, and you will not reap them sevenfold.”
Sir 7:4 “Do not ask the Lord for pre-eminence, or the king for a seat of honor.”
Sir 7:5 “Do not justify yourself in the sight of the Lord, or show off your wisdom before the king;”
Sir 7:6 “Do not seek to be made a judge, or you may not be able to put down wrongdoing; or you may show partiality to a man of influence, and put a stumbling block in the way of your own uprightness.”
Sir 7:7 “Do not sin against the multitude of the city, and do not throw yourself down in the throng.”
Sir 7:8 “Do not repeat a sin, for with even one offense you are not innocent.”
Sir 7:9 “Do not say, “God will consider the number of my offerings, and when I sacrifice to the Most High God, he will accept it.”
Sir 7:10 “Do not be discouraged about your prayers, and do not fail to give alms.”
Sir 7:11 “Do not laugh at a man when he is in bitterness of spirit; for there is one who can humble and can exalt!”
Sir 7:12 “Do not sow a lie against your brother, or do such a thing to your friend.”
Sir 7:13 “Do not consent to utter any lie, for the practice of it is not beneficial.”
Sir 7:14 “Do not indulge in idle talk in the throng of elders, and do not repeat yourself when you pray.”
Sir 7:15 “Do not hate hard work, or farming, which was created by the Most High.”
Sir 7:16 “Do not be counted in the crowd of sinners; remember that wrath will not delay.”
Sir 7:17 “Humble your heart exceedingly, For fire and worms are the punishment of the ungodly.”
Sir 7:18 “Do not exchange a friend for an advantage, or a real brother for the gold of Ophir.”
Sir 7:19 “Do not fail a wise, good wife, for her favor is worth more than gold.”
Sir 7:20 “Do not ill-treat a servant who does his work faithfully, or a hired man who is devoting his life to you.”
Sir 7:21 “Let your soul love an intelligent servant; do not defraud him of his freedom.”
Sir 7:22 “If you have cattle, look after them, and if they are profitable to you, keep them.”
Sir 7:23 “If you have children, discipline them, and from their youth up bend their necks.”
Sir 7:24 “If you have daughters, look after their persons, and do not look too favorably upon them.”
Sir 7:25 “If you give your daughter in marriage, you will have done a great thing, but bestow her on a man of understanding.”
Sir 7:26 “If you have a wife after your own heart, do not cast her out, but do not trust yourself to one whom you hate (a light woman).”
Sir 7:27 “Honor your father with your whole heart, and do not forget the pangs of your mother.”
Sir 7:28 “Remember that it was of them you were born, and how can you requite them for what they have done for you?”
Sir 7:29 “Honor the Lord with all your soul, and revere his priests.”
Sir 7:30 “Love him who made you with all your strength, and do not forsake his ministers.”
Sir 7:31 “Fear the Lord and honor the priest, and give him his portion, as you were commanded, The firstfruits, and the sin offering, and the gift of the shoulders, and the sacrifice of consecration, and the firstfruits of holy things.”
Sir 7:32 “Stretch out your hand to the poor also, that your blessing may be accomplished.”
Sir 7:33 “A present pleases every man alive, and in the case of the dead, do not withhold your kindness.”
Sir 7:34 “Do not be wanting to those who weep, but mourn with those who mourn.”
Sir 7:35 “Do not hesitate to visit a man who is sick, for you will be loved for such acts.”
Sir 7:36 “In all that you say remember your end, and you will never commit a sin.”

Chapter 8

Sir 8:1 “Do not quarrel with a powerful man, or you may fall into his hands.”
Sir 8:2 “Do not contend with a rich man, or he may outweigh you. Gold has been the destruction of many, and perverted the minds of kings.”
Sir 8:3 “Do not quarrel with a garrulous man, and do not add fuel to the fire.”
Sir 8:4 “Do not make sport of an uneducated man, or you may dishonor your own forefathers.”
Sir 8:5 “Do not reproach a man when he turns from his sin; remember that we are all liable to punishment.”
Sir 8:6 “Do not treat a man with disrespect when he is old, for some of us are growing old.”
Sir 8:7 “Do not exult over a man who is dead; remember that we are all going to die.”
Sir 8:8 “Do not neglect the discourse of wise men, but busy yourself with their proverbs; For from them you will gain instruction, and learn to serve great men.”
Sir 8:9 “Do not miss the discourse of old men, for they learned it from their fathers; for from them you will gain understanding, and learn to return an answer in your time of need.”
Sir 8:10 “Do not kindle the coals of a sinner, or you may be burned with the flame of his fire.”
Sir 8:11 “Do not start up before an insolent man, so that he may not lie in ambush for what you say.”
Sir 8:12 “Do not lend to a man who is stronger than you, or if you do, act as though you had lost it.”
Sir 8:13 “Do not give surety beyond your means, and if you give surety, regard it as something you will have to pay.”
Sir 8:14 “Do not go to law with a judge; for in view of his dignity they will decide for him.”
Sir 8:15 “Do not travel with a reckless man, so that he may not overburden you; for he will do just as he pleases, and you will perish through his folly.”
Sir 8:16 “Do not have a fight with a hot-tempered man, and do not travel across the desert with him, for bloodshed is as nothing in his eyes, and where there is no help, he will strike you down.”
Sir 8:17 “Do not take counsel with a fool, for he will not be able to keep the matter secret.”
Sir 8:18 “Do not do a secret thing before a stranger, for you do not know what he will bring forth.”
Sir 8:19 “Do not open your heart to every man, and do not accept a favor from him.”

Chapter 9

Sir 9:1 “Do not be jealous about the wife of your bosom, and do not teach her an evil lesson, to your own hurt.”
Sir 9:2 “Do not give your soul to a woman, so that she will trample on your strength.”
Sir 9:3 “Do not meet a prostitute, or you may fall into her snares.”
Sir 9:4 “Do not associate with a woman singer, or you may be caught by her wiles.”
Sir 9:5 “Do not look closely at a girl, or you may be entrapped in penalties on her account.”
Sir 9:6 “Do not give your soul to prostitutes (harlots), so that you may not lose your inheritance.”
Sir 9:7 “Do not look around in the streets of the city, and do not wander about the unfrequented parts of it.”
Sir 9:8 “Avert your eyes from a beautiful woman, and do not look closely at beauty that belongs to someone else, for many have been led astray by a woman’s beauty, and love is kindled by it like a fire.”
Sir 9:9 “Do not ever sit at table with a married woman, and do not feast and drink with her, or your heart may turn away to her, and you may slip into spiritual ruin.”
Sir 9:10 “Do not forsake an old friend, for a new one is not equal to him; a new friend is new wine; when it grows old, you will enjoy drinking it.”
Sir 9:11 “Do not envy the glory of a sinner; for you do not know what disaster awaits him.”
Sir 9:12 “Delight not in the thing that the ungodly have pleasure in, but remember they shall not go unpunished unto their grave.”
Sir 9:13 “Keep far from a man who has the power of life and death, and you will have no suspicion of the fear of death. If you do approach him, do not offend him, so that he may not take away your life. Understand that you are striding along among traps, and walking on the city battlements.”
Sir 9:14 “As far as you can, guess at your neighbor, and take counsel with those who are wise.”
Sir 9:15 “Let your discussion be with men of understanding, and all your discourse about the Law of the Most High.”
Sir 9:16 “Make upright men your companions at table, and your exultation be over the fear of the Lord.”
Sir 9:17 “It is for the skill of the craftsmen that a piece of work is commended, and a ruler of the people must be wise in what he says.”
Sir 9:18 “A talkative man is dreaded in his city, and a man who is rash in speech is hated.”

Chapter 10

Sir 10:1 “A wise judge will instruct his people, and the rule of a man of understanding is well ordered.”
Sir 10:2 “Like the judge of a people are his officers, and like the governor of a city are all who live in it.”
Sir 10:3 “An uneducated (unwise) king ruins his people, but a city becomes populous through the understanding of its rulers.”
Sir 10:4 “Authority over the earth is in the hands of the Lord, and in due time he will set over it one who will serve his purpose.”
Sir 10:5 “A man’s prosperity is in the hands of the Lord, and he makes his glory rest on the person of the scribe.”
Sir 10:6 “Do not get angry with your neighbor for any misdeed, and do not gain your end by acts of violence.”
Sir 10:7 “Pride is detested in the sight of the Lord and of men, and injustice is wrong in the sight of both.”
Sir 10:8 “Sovereignty passes from one nation to another because of injustice and violence and greed for money.”
Sir 10:9 “Why are dust and ashes proud? There is not a more wicked thing than a covetous man, for such a one sets his own soul for sale, for while a man is still alive, his bowels decay.”
Sir 10:10 “The physician cuts off a long illness; and he that is a king today, shall die tomorrow.”
Sir 10:11 “For when a man dies, reptiles, animals, and worms become his portion (inheritance).”
Sir 10:12 “A man begins to be proud when he departs from the Lord, and his heart forsakes his Creator.”
Sir 10:13 “For pride begins with sin, and the man who clings to it will rain down abominations. For this reason, the Lord brings unheard-of calamities upon them, and overturns them utterly.”
Sir 10:14 “The Lord tears down the thrones of rulers, and seats the humble-minded (meek) in their places.”
Sir 10:15 “The Lord plucks up nations by the roots, and plants the lowly in their places.”
Sir 10:16 “The Lord overturns heathen countries, and destroys them down to the foundations of the earth.”
Sir 10:17 “He takes some of them away, and destroys them, and makes the memory of them cease from the earth.”
Sir 10:18 “Pride was not created for men, nor fierce anger for those who are born of women.”
Sir 10:19 “They that fear the Lord are a sure seed, and they that love him an honorable plant. They that regard not the law are a dishonorable seed, they that transgress the commandments are a deceivable seed.”
Sir 10:20 “Among his brothers, their leader is honored, and those who fear the Lord are honored in his eyes.”
Sir 10:21 “The fear of the Lord goes before the obtaining of authority, but roughness and pride is the losing thereof.”
Sir 10:22 “Rich, and distinguished, and poor alike, their glory is the fear of the Lord.”
Sir 10:23 “It is not right to slight a poor man who has understanding, and it is not proper to honor a sinful man.”
Sir 10:24 “Prince, judge, and ruler are honored, but none of them is greater than the man who fears the Lord.”
Sir 10:25 “Free men will wait on a wise servant, and the intelligent man will not object.”
Sir 10:26 “Do not parade your wisdom when you are at work, and do not commend yourself when you are in need;”
Sir 10:27 “It is better to work and have plenty of everything, than to go about commending yourself but in want of bread.”
Sir 10:28 “My child, glorify your soul with meekness, and show it such honor as it deserves.”
Sir 10:29 “Who can justify a man who sins against his own soul? And who can honor a man who disgraces his own life?”
Sir 10:30 “A poor man is honored for his knowledge, and a rich man is honored for his wealth.”
Sir 10:31 “If a man is honored in poverty, how much more will he be in wealth? And if a man is dishonored when he is rich, how much more will he be when he is poor?”

Chapter 11

Sir 11:1 “The wisdom of a humble person will lift up his head, and make him sit among the great.”
Sir 11:2 “Do not praise a man for his good looks, and do not detest a man for his appearance.”
Sir 11:3 “The bee is one of the smallest of winged creatures, but what she produces is the greatest of sweets.”
Sir 11:4 “Do not boast of the clothes you wear, and do not be uplifted when you are honored, for the works of the Lord are marvelous, and his doings are hidden from men,”
Sir 11:5 “Many sovereigns have had to sit on the ground, while a man who was never thought of has assumed the diadem.”
Sir 11:6 “Many rulers have been utterly disgraced, and men of renown have been delivered into the hands of others.”
Sir 11:7 “Do not find fault before you investigate, first understand, and then rebuke.”
Sir 11:8 “Do not answer before you hear, and do not interrupt in the middle of what is being said.”
Sir 11:9 “Do not quarrel about a matter that does not concern you, and when sinners judge, do not sit in council with them.”
Sir 11:10 “My child, do not busy yourself about many things. if you multiply your activities, you will not be held guiltless, and if you pursue, you will not overtake, and you will not escape by running away.”
Sir 11:11 “One man toils and labors and hurries, and is all the worse off.”
Sir 11:12 “Another is slow, and needs help, lacks strength and has plenty of poverty, yet the eyes of the Lord look favorably on him, and he lifts him up out of his low position.”
Sir 11:13 “And lifts up his head, and many wonder at him.”
Sir 11:14 “Good and evil, life and death, poverty and wealth, are from the Lord,”
Sir 11:15 “Wisdom, knowledge, and understanding of the law, are of the Lord; love, and the way of good works are from him.”
Sir 11:16 “Error and darkness had their beginning together with sinners: and evil shall wax old with them that glory therein.”
Sir 11:17 “What the Lord gives stays by the godly, and what he approves will always prosper.”
Sir 11:18 “One man grows rich by carefulness and greed, and this will be his reward:”
Sir 11:19 “When he says, “Now I can rest, and enjoy my goods,” He does not know when the time will come When he will die and leave them to others.”
Sir 11:20 “Stand by your agreement, and attend to it, and grow old in your work.”
Sir 11:21 “Do not wonder at the doings of the sinner, but trust in the Lord and stick to your work. For it is easy in the Lord’s eyes swiftly and suddenly to make a poor man rich.”
Sir 11:22 “The blessing of the Lord rests on the wages of the godly; and he quickly makes his blessing flourish.”
Sir 11:23 “Do not say, “What do I need, and from this time on what can benefit me?”
Sir 11:24 “Do not say, “I have enough, and from this time on how can I be injured?”
Sir 11:25 “In prosperity one forgets misfortune, and in the day of affliction, there is no more remembrance of prosperity.”
Sir 11:26 “For it is easy in the Lord’s sight when a man dies to repay him according to his ways.”
Sir 11:27 “An hour of hardship makes one forget enjoyment, and when a man dies, what he has done is disclosed.”
Sir 11:28 “Count no one happy before his death, for a man will be known by his children.”
Sir 11:29 “Do not bring any and every man to your home, for a treacherous man has many wiles.”
Sir 11:30 “A proud man’s heart is like a partridge in a cage, and like a spy he looks for your downfall;”
Sir 11:31 “For he tries to entrap you, turning good into evil, and he finds fault with your favorite things (worthy of praise).”
Sir 11:32 “A spark of fire kindles a whole heap of coals, and a sinful man lies in wait for blood.”
Sir 11:33 “Beware of an evil-doer, for he contrives wickedness, or he will bring blame on you forever.”
Sir 11:34 “If you entertain a stranger, he will disturb and torment you, and he will estrange you from your home.”

Chapter 12

Sir 12:1 “If you do a kindness, know to whom you are doing it, and you will be thanked for your good deeds.”
Sir 12:2 “If you do a kindness to a godly man, you will be repaid, if not by him, yet by the Most High.”
Sir 12:3 “The man who persists in evil will not prosper, nor the man who will not give alms.”
Sir 12:4 “Give to the godly man, and do not help the sinner;”
Sir 12:5 “Do kindnesses to the humble-minded, and do not give to the ungodly; hold back his bread, and do not give it to him, so that he may not come to control you with it; for you will experience twice as much evil for all the good you do him.”
Sir 12:6 “For the Most High hates sinners, and will take vengeance on the ungodly, and keep them against the mighty day of their punishment.”
Sir 12:7 “Give to the good man, and do not help the sinner.”
Sir 12:8 “A friend cannot be proved in prosperity, nor an enemy concealed in adversity.”
Sir 12:9 “When a man prospers, his enemies are grieved, and when he is unfortunate, even his friend separates from him.”
Sir 12:10 “Never trust your enemy, for his wickedness is like bronze that rusts;”
Sir 12:11 “Even if he acts humbly, and goes about bent over, look out for yourself, and be on your guard against him. You must be to him like a man who wipes a mirror clean, and you must make sure that it is not all covered with rust.”
Sir 12:12 “Do not place him at your side, or he may overthrow you and take your place. Do not seat him at your right hand, or he may try to get your seat, And you may at last learn the truth of what I say, and be stung by my words.”
Sir 12:13 “Who pities a snake-charmer when he is bitten, or all those who have to do with wild animals?”
Sir 12:14 “In the same way, who will pity a man who approaches a sinner, and is defiled with him in his sins?”
Sir 12:15 “He will stay with you for a while, but if you fall, he will not hold out.”
Sir 12:16 “An enemy will speak sweetly with his lips, but in his heart he will plan to throw you into a pit. An enemy will shed tears with his eyes, but if he gets a chance, he cannot get blood enough.”
Sir 12:17 “If misfortune overtakes you, you will find him there before you, and while he is pretending to help you, he will trip you up.”
Sir 12:18 “He will shake his head, and clap his hands, And whisper a great deal, and change his expression toward you.”

Chapter 13

Sir 13:1 “The man who touches pitch will get his hands dirty, and the man who associates with a proud person will become like him.”
Sir 13:2 “Do not lift a load that is too heavy for you, and do not associate with a man stronger or richer than you are. What relation can an earthen pot have with a kettle? The kettle knocks against it, and it is broken in pieces.”
Sir 13:3 “When a rich man does a wrong, he adds a threat; when a poor man suffers a wrong, he must beg pardon.”
Sir 13:4 “If you can be useful, he makes you work for him, and if you are in want, he abandons you.”
Sir 13:5 “As long as you have anything, he will live with you, and will strip you bare, but he will feel no distress.”
Sir 13:6 “If he needs you, he will deceive you, and smile upon you, and raise your hopes. He will speak you fair and say, “Is there anything you need?”
Sir 13:7 “He will shame you by his food, until he has impoverished you again and again, and finally he will mock you. Afterward when he sees you he will pass you by, and shake his head at you.”
Sir 13:8 “Take care not to be misled, and humbled through your own folly.”
Sir 13:9 “When a leading (mighty) man invites you, be retiring, and he will invite you all the more.”
Sir 13:10 “Do not press upon him, or you may be pushed away; But do not stand too far off, or you may be forgotten.”
Sir 13:11 “Do not aim to speak to him as an equal, but do not believe all he says; For he will test you with much conversation, and will examine you with a smile.
Sir 13:12 “He who does not keep to himself what is said to him is unmerciful; and will not hesitate to hurt and to bind.”
Sir 13:13 “Keep them to yourself, and take great care, for you are walking with your own downfall; when you hear these things, awake in your sleep.”
Sir 13:14 “Love the Lord all your life, and call upon him for your salvation.”
Sir 13:15 “Every creature loves its like, and every man loves his neighbor.”
Sir 13:16 “All living beings gather with their own kind, and a man associates with another like himself.”
Sir 13:17 “What companionship can a wolf have with a lamb? Just as much as a sinner with a godly man.”
Sir 13:18 “What peace can there be between a hyena and a dog? and what peace between a rich man and a poor one?”
Sir 13:19 “Wild asses are the prey of lions in the wilderness, just as the poor are pasture for the rich.”
Sir 13:20 “Humility is detestable to the proud, just as a poor man is detestable to a rich one.”
Sir 13:21 “When a rich man is shaken, he is steadied by his friends, but when a poor man falls down, his friends push him away.”
Sir 13:22 “When a rich man falls, there are many to help him; He tells secrets, and they justify him. When a humble man falls, they add reproaches. He speaks with understanding, but no place is made for him.
Sir 13:23 “When a rich man speaks, everyone keeps silent, and they extol what he says to the clouds. When a poor man speaks, they say, “Who is that?” And if he stumbles, they will help to throw him down.”
Sir 13:24 “Wealth is good if it carries with it no sin, and poverty is called evil by the ungodly.”
Sir 13:25 “A man’s disposition affects his appearance, both for good and for evil; a merry heart makes a cheerful countenance.”
Sir 13:26 “And a cheerful face is a sign of a happy heart, but it takes painstaking thought to compose proverbs!”

Chapter 14

Sir 14:1 “How happy is the man who makes no slip with his mouth, and is not stabbed with sorrow for his sins!”
Sir 14:2 “Happy is the man whose heart does not condemn him, and who has not given up hope.”
Sir 14:3 “Wealth does not become a niggardly man, and what use is money to an envious man?”
Sir 14:4 “The man who withholds from himself amasses for others, and others will enjoy his goods.”
Sir 14:5 “If a man is evil to himself, to whom will he be good? For he will not take any pleasure in his own money.”
Sir 14:6 “There is nobody worse than the man who is grudging to himself, and that is the penalty of his wickedness.”
Sir 14:7 “If he does any good, he does it through forgetfulness, and shows his wickedness in the end.”
Sir 14:8 “He is a wicked man who has an envious eye, turning away his face, and pretending not to see human souls.”
Sir 14:9 “A covetous man’s eye is never satisfied with what he gets, and wicked injustice dries up the heart.”
Sir 14:10 “An evil eye begrudges bread, and is in want of it at his own table.”
Sir 14:11 “My child, if you have any means, provide well for yourself, and make suitable offerings to the Lord.”
Sir 14:12 “Remember that death will not delay, and the agreement of Hades has not been shown to you.”
Sir 14:13 “Treat your friend well before you die, and reach out and give to him as much as your strength permits.”
Sir 14:14 “Do not miss your time of prosperity, and do not let the good fortune that you desire escape you.”
Sir 14:15 “Will you not leave the fruit of your labors to someone else, and the result of your toil to be cast lots for?”
Sir 14:16 “Give and take, and sanctify your soul, for there is no looking for luxury in Hades.”
Sir 14:17 “Human life grows old like a cloak, for from the beginning the decree has read, “You will surely die.”
Sir 14:18 “Like the thick leaves on a flourishing tree, which drops some and puts forth others, are the generations of flesh and blood; One dies, and another is born;”
Sir 14:19 “Everything made will decay and disappear, and the man who has made it will depart with it.”
Sir 14:20 “Happy (blessed) is the man who meditates on good things in wisdom, who reasons of holy things with his understanding;”
Sir 14:21 “Who considers her ways in his mind (heart), shall also have understanding of her secrets;”
Sir 14:22 “(Go after her like a hunter And lie in wait by her ways!)”
Sir 14:23 “Who peers in at her windows, and listens at her doorways;”
Sir 14:24 “Who lodges close to her house, and fastens his pegs in her walls;”
Sir 14:25 “Who pitches his tent close beside her, and finds comfortable lodgings;”
Sir 14:26 “Who puts his children under her shelter, and spends the night under her branches;”
Sir 14:27 “He will be sheltered by her from the heat, and will lodge in her splendors.”

Chapter 15

Sir 15:1 “The man who fears the Lord will do this, and he who masters the Law will win her.
Sir 15:2 “She will meet him like a mother, and receive him like a bride.”
Sir 15:3 “She will feed him with the bread of understanding, and give him the water of wisdom to drink;”
Sir 15:4 “He will lean on her, and not fall, and will rely on her, and not be disappointed.”
Sir 15:5 “She will exalt him above his neighbors, and open his mouth in the midst of the assembly;”
Sir 15:6 “He will find joy and a crown of gladness, and possess eternal renown.”
Sir 15:7 “Men with no understanding will not win her, and sinners will not see her.”
Sir 15:8 “She is far from pride, and liars give no heed to her.”
Sir 15:9 “Praise is not becoming on the lips of a sinner, for it was not sent him from the Lord.”
Sir 15:10 “For praise must be uttered in wisdom, and the Lord will make it prosper.”
Sir 15:11 “Do not say, “It was because of the Lord that I fell away,” for he will not do things that he hates.”
Sir 15:12 “Do not say, “It was he that led me astray,” for he has no need of a sinner.”
Sir 15:13 “The Lord hates anything abominable; and it is not loved by those who fear him.”
Sir 15:14 “It was he who made man in the beginning, and left him in the hands of his own decision;”
Sir 15:15 “If you will, you can keep the commandments, and acting faithfully rests on your own good pleasure.”
Sir 15:16 “He has set fire and water before you; stretch out your hand for whichever you wish.”
Sir 15:17 “Life and death are before a man, and whichever he chooses will be given him.”
Sir 15:18 “For the wisdom of the Lord is great; He is mighty in strength, and beholds all things.”
Sir 15:19 “His eyes rest on those who fear him, and he knows everything man does.”
Sir 15:20 “He has not commanded anyone to be ungodly, and he has given no one permission to sin.”

Chapter 16

Sir 16:1 “Do not desire a multitude of unprofitable children, nor delight in ungodly sons.”
Sir 16:2 “If they multiply, do not rejoice in them, unless the fear of the Lord is with them.
Sir 16:3 “Do not put your trust in their lives, and do not rely on their number; for one that is just is better than a thousand, and to die childless than to have children that are ungodly.”
Sir 16:4 “For from one man of understanding, a city will be peopled (replenished), but the kindred of the wicked shall speedily become desolate.”
Sir 16:5 “Many such things my eyes have seen, and mightier things than these my ears have heard.”
Sir 16:6 “In a gathering of sinners a fire is kindled, and in a disobedient nation wrath burns.”
Sir 16:7 “He did not forgive the giants of old, who rebelled in the strength of their foolishness.”
Sir 16:8 “He did not spare the people among whom Lot was living, whom he detested for their pride.”
Sir 16:9 “He did not have mercy on the doomed nation (people of perdition), who were dispossessed for their sins;”
Sir 16:10 “Or on the six hundred thousand men on foot, who gathered against him in their obstinacy.”
Sir 16:11 “Why, if there is one stiff-necked man, it is a wonder if he goes unpunished; For both mercy and wrath are with him, He is mighty in forgiveness, and yet pours out his wrath;”
Sir 16:12 “Great as is his mercy, so great is his correction also; He will judge a man by his doings.”
Sir 16:13 “A sinner will not escape with his booty, and the steadfastness of the godly man will not be disappointed.”
Sir 16:14 “He will make room for all mercy, yet what every man receives will be governed by what he has done.”
Sir 16:15 “The Lord hardened Pharaoh, that he should not know him, that his powerful works might be known to the world.”
Sir 16:16 “His mercy is manifest to every creature, and he has separated his light from the darkness with an adamant.”
Sir 16:17 “Do not say, “I will be hidden from the Lord, and on high who will remember me? Among so many people I will not be noticed, and what is my soul in a boundless creation?”
Sir 16:18 “Behold the heaven and the heaven of heavens, the abyss and the earth, and all that is therein shall shake when he inspects (visits) them;”
Sir 16:19 “Yes, the mountains and the foundations of the earth shake and tremble when he looks at them.”
Sir 16:20 “No mind can think about them, and who can grasp his ways?”
Sir 16:21 “There are hurricanes which no man sees, and the most of his doings are done in secret.”
Sir 16:22 “Who can declare his upright deeds? Or who can endure them? For his covenant is far from me, and the trial of all things is in the end.”
Sir 16:23 “A man who is wanting in understanding thinks upon vain things, and a senseless, misguided man has these foolish thoughts.”
Sir 16:24 “Listen to me, my child, and receive instruction, and apply your mind (heart) to what I say;”
Sir 16:25 “I will disclose instruction by weight, and declare knowledge with exactness.”
Sir 16:26 “When the Lord created his works in the beginning, after he made them, he fixed their several divisions.”
Sir 16:27 “He organized his works in a system forever, and their divisions for all their generations. They do not grow hungry or tired, and they do not stop working.”
Sir 16:28 “None of them crowds his neighbor aside, and they never disobey his command.”
Sir 16:29 “After that, the Lord looked at the earth, and filled it with his blessings.”
Sir 16:30 “He covered the face of it with every living creature, and to it they return.”

Chapter 17

Sir 17:1 “The Lord created man out of the ground, and made him return to it again.”
Sir 17:2 “He set a limit to the number of their days, and gave them dominion over what was on the earth.”
Sir 17:3 “He clothed them with strength like his own, and made them in his own image.”
Sir 17:4 “He put fear of them in every living creature, and made them masters of the wild animals and birds.”
Sir 17:6 “He gave them reason and speech and sight, hearing, and a mind for thought.”
Sir 17:7 “He filled them with the knowledge of understanding, and showed them good and evil.”
Sir 17:8 “He put his eyesight in their minds to show them the majesty of his works,”
Sir 17:9 “So that they would praise his holy name and declare the majesty of his works with understanding.”
Sir 17:10 “And the elect shall praise his holy name.”
Sir 17:11 “He gave them knowledge also, and gave them a law of life as an inheritance.”
Sir 17:12 “He made an everlasting covenant with them, and showed them his decrees (judgments).”
Sir 17:13 “Their eyes saw his glorious majesty, and their ears heard the glory of his voice.”
Sir 17:14 “He said to them, “Beware all unrighteousness”, and he gave everyone of them commands concerning his neighbor.”
Sir 17:15 “Their ways are always before him; they cannot be hidden from his eyes.”
Sir 17:16 “Every man from his youth is given to evil; neither could they make to themselves fleshy hearts for stony.”
Sir 17:17 “For every nation he appointed a ruler, but Israel is the Lord’s own portion.”
Sir 17:18 “Whom, being his firstborn, he nourishes with discipline, and giving him the light of his love does not forsake him.”
Sir 17:19 “All their doings are as clear as the sun before him, and his eyes rest continually upon their ways.”
Sir 17:20 “Their iniquities are not hidden from him, and all their sins are before the Lord.”
Sir 17:21 “But the Lord being gracious, and knowing his workmanship, neither left nor forsook them, but spared them.”
Sir 17:22 “A man’s alms are like a signet with him, and a man’s liberality he will preserve like the apple of his eye, and give repentance to his sons and daughters.”
Sir 17:23 “Afterward he will rise up and requite them, and pay back their recompense upon their heads.”
Sir 17:24 “But to those who repent he has given a way to return, and he comforted those that failed in patience.”
Sir 17:25 “Turn to the Lord, and forsake your sins; offer a prayer before him, and lessen your offense.”
Sir 17:26 “Draw near to the Most High, and turn away from iniquity, for He will lead you out of darkness into the light of health, and hate bitterly what He abhors.”
Sir 17:27 “Who will praise the Most High in Hades, compared with those who give him thanks while they still live?”
Sir 17:28 “Thanksgiving from the dead perishes as though he were not; It is the man who is alive and well that should praise the Lord.”
Sir 17:29 “How great is the mercy of the Lord, and his forgiveness for those who turn to him!”
Sir 17:30 “For everything cannot exist in men, for man is not immortal.”
Sir 17:31 “What is brighter than the sun? Yet it is eclipsed; So flesh and blood devise evil.”
Sir 17:32 “He looks after the power of the very height of heaven, but all men are only dust and ashes.”

Chapter 18

Sir 18:1 “He who lives forever has created all things alike;
Sir 18:2 “The Lord only is righteous, and there is none other but he.”
Sir 18:3 “Who governs the world with the palm of his hand, and all things obey his will: for he is the King of all, by his power dividing holy things among them from profane.”
Sir 18:4 “To whom has he given power to declare his works? and who can track out his mighty deeds?”
Sir 18:5 “Who can compute the power of his majesty? And who can in addition detail his mercies?”
Sir 18:6 “It is not possible to take from them or to add to them, Or to track out the wonders of the Lord.”
Sir 18:7 “Where man ends, he begins, and when man stops, will he be perplexed?”
Sir 18:8 “What is man, and of what use is he? What is the good of him, and what is the evil?”
Sir 18:9 “The length of a man’s days is great at a hundred years,”
Sir 18:10 “Like a drop of water from the sea, or a grain of sand, so are a thousand years to the days of eternity.”
Sir 18:11 “Therefore the Lord has been patient with them, and he has poured out his mercy upon them.”
Sir 18:12 “He sees and recognizes that their end is evil, so he increases his forgiveness.”
Sir 18:13 “A man has mercy on his neighbor, but the mercy of the Lord is for all mankind, Reproving and training and teaching them, and bringing them back as a shepherd does his flock.”
Sir 18:14 “On those who accept (receive) his training (discipline) he has mercy, and on those who eagerly seek his decrees (judgments).”
Sir 18:15 “My child, do not spoil your good deeds, or when you make any gift cause pain by what you say.”
Sir 18:16 “Does not the dew assuage the scorching heat? So a word is more potent than a gift.”
Sir 18:17 “Why, is not a word better than a gift? Both mark the gracious man;”
Sir 18:18 “A fool ungraciously abuses people, and a present from a grudging man makes one cry his eyes out.”
Sir 18:19 “Learn before you speak, and take care of yourself before you get sick;”
Sir 18:20 “Examine yourself before you are judged, and at the time of visitation you will find forgiveness.”
Sir 18:21 “Humble yourself before you fall sick, and when you would sin, show repentance instead.”
Sir 18:22 “Let nothing prevent you from paying your vow in due time, and do not wait till you die to be justified.”
Sir 18:23 “Prepare yourself before you make a vow, and do not be like a man who tests the Lord.”
Sir 18:24 “Think of his wrath in later days, and the time of vengeance, when he turns away his face.”
Sir 18:25 “Remember the time of famine in the time of plenty, poverty and want in the days of wealth.”
Sir 18:26 “Between morning and evening the situation changes, and it all passes swiftly in the sight of the Lord.”
Sir 18:27 “A wise man is always reverent, and in days of sin he is careful not to offend; but a fool will not observe time.”
Sir 18:28 “Every man of understanding recognizes wisdom, and will thank the man who finds her.”
Sir 18:29 “Men skilled in the use of words compose cleverly themselves, and pour forth apt proverbs.”
Sir 18:30 “Do not follow your impulses, but restrain your longings.”
Sir 18:31 “If you give assent to the impulse of your heart, it will make you a laughingstock to your enemies that malign you.”
Sir 18:32 “Do not indulge in too much luxury, do not be tied to its expense.”
Sir 18:33 “Do not be impoverished from feasting on borrowed money when you have nothing in your purse, for you shall lie in wait for your own life, and be talked on.”

Chapter 19

Sir 19:1 “A workman who is a drunkard will never get rich; and the man who despises little things will gradually fail;”
Sir 19:2 “Wine and women make men of understanding stand aloof; and the man who is devoted to prostitutes is reckless.”
Sir 19:3 “Worms and decay will eventually possess him, and the rash soul will be destroyed.”
Sir 19:4 “The man who trusts people quickly is light-minded; and he who sins offends against his own soul.”
Sir 19:5 “The man who takes pleasure in wickedness will be condemned, and he who resists pleasures crowns his life.”
Sir 19:6 “He that can rule his tongue shall life without strife, and he that hates babbling will have less evil.”
Sir 19:7 “If you never repeat what you are told, you will fare none the worse.”
Sir 19:8 “Whether it be friend or foe, talk not of other men’s lives, and if you can without offense, reveal them not.”
Sir 19:10 “For someone has heard you and watched you, and when the time comes he will hate you.”
Sir 19:11 “If you hear something said, let it die with you, Have courage, it will not make you burst!”
Sir 19:12 “A fool to express a thought suffers such pangs as a woman in childbirth suffers to bear a child.”
Sir 19:13 “Like an arrow sticking in the flesh of the thigh is a word in the heart of a fool.”
Sir 19:14 “Question a friend; perhaps he did not do it; or if he did, so that he will not do it again.”
Sir 19:15 “Question your neighbor; perhaps he did not say it; or if he did, so that he may not repeat it.”
Sir 19:16 “Question a friend, for often there is slander, and you must not believe everything that is said.”
Sir 19:17 “A man may make a slip without intending to, who has not sinned with his tongue?”
Sir 19:18 “Question your neighbor before you threaten him, and not being angry, give place to the Law of the Most High.”
Sir 19:20 “The fear of the Lord is the sum of wisdom, and in all wisdom the Law is fulfilled, and the knowledge of his omnipotence.”
Sir 19:21 “If a servant say to his master, I will not do as it pleases you, though afterward he do it, he angers him that nourishes him.”
Sir 19:22 “The knowledge of wickedness is not wisdom, and where the counsel of sinners is, there is no understanding.”
Sir 19:23 “There is a cunning that is detestable, and there is a foolish man who is deficient in wisdom.”
Sir 19:24 “A man who is inferior in understanding but fears God is better than one who abounds in prudence (wisdom) but transgresses the Law of the Most High.”
Sir 19:25 “There is an exquisite subtlety and the same is unjust, and there is a man who acts crookedly to gain a judgment, and there is a wise man that justifies in judgment.”
Sir 19:26 “There is a wicked man that bends down his head sadly, but inwardly is full of deceit.”
Sir 19:27 “He covers his face, and pretends to be deaf, but when no one is looking, he will take advantage of you.”
Sir 19:28 “And though for lack of power he may be prevented from sinning, if he finds an opportunity, he will do you harm.”
Sir 19:29 “A man is known by his appearance, and an intelligent man can be told by the expression of his face.”
Sir 19:30 “A man’s clothes and a broad smile, and the way he walks tell what he is.”

Chapter 20

Sir 20:1 “There is a rebuke that is uncalled for, and a time when the man who keeps silent is wise.”
Sir 20:2 “How much better it is to reprove someone than to be angry secretly, for the man who confesses his fault will be preserved from hurt.”
Sir 20:3 “How good it is, when you are reproved, to show repentance! For so shall you escape willful sin.”
Sir 20:4 “Like the lust of a eunuch to deflower a virgin, so is the man who would execute judgment by violence.”
Sir 20:5 “One man keeps silence and is considered wise; while another is hated for his loquacity (much babbling).
Sir 20:6 “One man keeps silence because he has nothing to say; and another keeps silence because he knows it is the time for it.”
Sir 20:7 “A wise man will keep silence till his time comes, but a babbler and a fool miss the fitting time.”
Sir 20:8 “The man who talks excessively is detested, and he who takes it on himself to speak is hated.”
Sir 20:9 “There is a sinner that has good success in evil things, and there is a gain that turns to loss.”
Sir 20:10 “There is a gift that will not profit you, and there is a gift whose recompense is double.”
Sir 20:11 “There are humiliations for the sake of gaining glory, and there are men who rise from low conditions.”
Sir 20:12 “One man buys much for little, and yet pays for it sevenfold.”
Sir 20:13 “A man who speaks wisely makes himself beloved; but the pleasant speeches of fools are thrown away.”
Sir 20:14 “The gift of a fool will do you no good when you have it, neither yet of the envious for his necessity, for he looks to receive many things for one.”
Sir 20:15 “He gives little, and finds a great deal of fault, and opens his mouth like a town-crier. He will lend today and ask it back tomorrow; such a man is to be hated by God and man.”
Sir 20:16 “The fool says, “I have no friends, I get no thanks for all my good deeds, and they that eat my bread speak evil of me.”
Sir 20:17 “How many will laugh at him, and how often! for he doesn’t know what it is to have, and it is all unto him as if he had it not.”
Sir 20:18 “A slip on the ground is better than a slip of the tongue; so the fall of the wicked will come quickly.”
Sir 20:19 “A disagreeable man and an unseasonable story – they will both be constantly on the lips of the uneducated.”
Sir 20:20 “A proverb on the lips of a fool will be refused, for he will not speak it in due season.”
Sir 20:21 “One man is kept from sinning through poverty, so his conscience does not prick him when he goes to rest.”
Sir 20:22 “Another loses his own life from sheer embarrassment, and by accepting of persons, he overthrows himself.”
Sir 20:23 “Another out of embarrassment makes promises to his friend, and so makes him his enemy for nothing.”
Sir 20:24 “A lie is a bad blot in a man; it is continually found on the lips of the ignorant.”
Sir 20:25 “A thief is better than a habitual liar, but they are both doomed to destruction.”
Sir 20:26 “The disposition of a liar is dishonorable, and his shame attends him continually.”
Sir 20:27 “A wise man promotes himself to honor with his words, and a man of understanding will please great men.”
Sir 20:28 “The man who cultivates the soil makes his heap high, and the man who pleases great men shall get pardon for iniquity.”
Sir 20:29 “Gifts and presents can blind the eyes of wise men, and avert reproofs like a muzzle on the mouth.”
Sir 20:30 “Hidden wisdom and concealed treasure – what is the use of either of them?”
Sir 20:31 “A man who conceals his folly is better than a man who conceals his wisdom.”
Sir 20:32 “Necessary patience in seeking the Lord is better than he that leads his life without a guide.”

Chapter 21

Sir 21:1 “My child, if you have sinned, do not do it again, and ask pardon for your former sins.”
Sir 21:2 “Flee from sin as from the face of a serpent; for if you approach it, it will bite you. Its teeth are as lion’s teeth, and destroy the souls of men.”
Sir 21:3 “All iniquity is like a two-edged sword; and the wounds from it cannot be healed.”
Sir 21:4 “Terror and violence lay waste riches; so the house of a proud man will be laid waste.”
Sir 21:5 “The prayer from a poor man’s mouth reaches to the ears of God, and his judgment comes speedily.”
Sir 21:6 “A man who hates reproof is walking in the sinner’s steps, but he who fears the Lord will turn to him in his heart.”
Sir 21:7 “A man who is mighty in tongue is known afar off, but a man of understanding knows when he slips.”
Sir 21:8 “The man who builds his house with other men’s money is like one who gathers stones for (the tomb of his burial) winter.”
Sir 21:9 “An assembly of wicked men is like tow wrapped together; for their end is a blazing fire to destroy them.”
Sir 21:10 “The way of sinners is made smooth with stones, but at the end of it is the pit of Hades.”
Sir 21:11 “The man who keeps the Law of the Lord gets understanding thereof, and the perfection of the fear of the Lord is wisdom.”
Sir 21:12 “The man who is not wise will not be instructed, but there is a wisdom that spreads bitterness.”
Sir 21:13 “A wise man’s knowledge abounds like a flood, and his counsel is like a living spring.”
Sir 21:14 “The heart of a fool is like a broken vessel; it will hold no knowledge as long as he lives.”
Sir 21:15 “If a man of understanding hears a wise saying, he commends it, and adds to it; but as soon as one of no understanding hears it, it displeases him, and he throws it behind his back.”
Sir 21:16 “The discourse of a fool is like a burden on a journey; but grace is found on the lips of a man of understanding.”
Sir 21:17 “The utterance of a wise man will be asked for in an assembly, and what he says they will think over in their minds (heart).”
Sir 21:18 “To a fool wisdom is like a ruined house, and the knowledge of a man without understanding is words that will not bear investigation.”
Sir 21:19 “To the foolish man, instruction is fetters on his feet; and handcuffs on his right hand.”
Sir 21:20 “A fool raises his voice when he laughs, but a wise man will hardly even smile quietly.”
Sir 21:21 “To a wise man instruction is like a gold ornament, and like a bracelet on his right arm.”
Sir 21:22 “The foot of a fool is quick to enter his [neighbor’s] house, but a man of experience waits respectfully before it.”
Sir 21:23 “A senseless person (fool) peeps into a house through the door, but a cultivated (well nurtured) man stands outside.”
Sir 21:24 “It is stupidity (the rudeness) in a man to listen at a door; but a wise man would overwhelmed with disgrace.”
Sir 21:25 “The lips of talkers will be telling such things which do not pertain to them, but the words of sensible men are weighed in the balance.”
Sir 21:26 “The minds (hearts) of fools are in their mouths, but the mouth of wise men is their mind (hearts).”
Sir 21:27 “When an ungodly man curses his adversary (Satan), he curses his own soul.”
Sir 21:28 “A whisperer pollutes (defiles) his own soul, and will be hated wherever he dwells.”

Chapter 22

Sir 22:1 “A slothful man is like a filthy stone, and everybody hisses at his disgrace.”
Sir 22:2 “A slothful man is like the filth of a dunghill; anyone who picks it up shakes out his hand.”
Sir 22:3 “It is a disgrace to be the father of an ignorant son, and to have a [foolish] daughter is a disadvantage.”
Sir 22:4 “A wise daughter will bring an inheritance to her husband, but one who brings disgrace is a grief to her father.”
Sir 22:5 “She who is bold disgraces her father and her husband, and will be despised by both.”
Sir 22:6 “Unseasonable talk is music in a time of mourning; but blows and discipline in wisdom are always in order.”
Sir 22:7 “The man who teaches a fool is gluing a potsherd together, or rousing a sleeper out of a deep sleep.”
Sir 22:8 “The man who lectures to a fool lectures to one who is dozing, and at the conclusion he will say, “What was it?”
Sir 22:9 “If children live honestly, and have wherewithal, they shall cover the baseness of their parents.”
Sir 22:10 “But children, being haughty, through disdain, and want of nurture do stain the nobility of their kindred.”
Sir 22:11 “Weep for one who is dead, for light has failed him; and weep over a fool, for understanding has failed him. Weep less bitterly over the dead, for he has gone to rest; but the fool’s life is worse than death.”
Sir 22:12 “The mourning for the dead lasts seven days, but that for a fool or an ungodly man lasts all the days of his life.”
Sir 22:13 “Do not talk much with a senseless man, or go to see a man of no understanding; Beware of him, or you may have trouble, and do not be defiled with his fooleries. Avoid him, and you will find rest, and you will not be wearied by his senselessness.”
Sir 22:14 “What is heavier than lead? What can you call it but a fool?”
Sir 22:15 “Sand and salt and a lump of iron are easier to bear than a man without understanding.”
Sir 22:16 “A wooden girder fastened in a building is not loosened by an earthquake; So a mind established on well-considered thought will not be afraid at any time.”
Sir 22:17 “A mind (heart) fixed on understanding thought is like a plaster ornament on a smooth wall.”
Sir 22:18 “Fences set up in the air will not stand against the wind; So a cowardly heart with foolish thoughts will not stand against any fear.”
Sir 22:19 “The man who pricks the eye makes tears fall, and the man who pricks the heart makes it show feeling (her knowledge).”
Sir 22:20 “The man who throws a stone at the birds scares them away, and the man who abuses a friend destroys a friendship.”
Sir 22:21 “Even if you draw the sword against your friend, do not despair, for there is a way to repent;”
Sir 22:22 “If you open your mouth against your friend, do not be afraid, for there is such a thing as reconciliation; But when it comes to abuse and arrogance and telling a secret and a treacherous blow, at such treatment any friend will take to flight.”
Sir 22:23 “Be faithful to your neighbor in his poverty, so that when he prospers you may rejoice with him. Stand by him in time of trouble, so that you may share his inheritance with him, for the mean estate is not always to be contemned; nor the rich that is foolish to be had in admiration.”
Sir 22:24 “The vapor and smoke from the furnace precede the fire; so abuse precedes bloodshed.”
Sir 22:25 “I will not shrink from giving shelter to a friend, and I will not hide myself from him,”
Sir 22:26 “And if misfortune overtakes me on his account, everyone who hears of it will beware of him.”
Sir 22:27 “Who will set a guard over my mouth, and put a seal of wisdom upon my lips, so that I may not fall because of them, and my tongue may not destroy me?”

Chapter 23

Sir 23:1 “O Lord, Father and Master of my life, do not abandon me to their designs; do not let me fall because of them.”
Sir 23:2 “Who will set scourges over my mind? and the discipline of wisdom over my heart? so that they may not spare me for my errors of ignorance, and it may not pass over my sins.”
Sir 23:3 “So that my acts of ignorance may not become numerous, and my sins multiply, and I fall before my adversaries, And my enemy rejoice over me, whose hope is far from your mercy.”
Sir 23:4 “O Lord, Father and God of my life, do not give me roving eyes, and avert evil desire from me;”
Sir 23:5 “Turn away from me vain hopes and concupiscence, and you shall hold him up that is desirous always to serve you.”
Sir 23:6 “Let not the greediness of the belly nor the lust of the flesh take hold of me, and give not over me, your servant, to a impudent mind.”
Sir 23:7 “Listen, my children, to the discipline of the mouth, for he who observes it will not be taken captive.”
Sir 23:8 “It is through his lips that the sinner is caught, and the abusive and the proud are tripped up by them.”
Sir 23:9 “Do not accustom your mouth to an oath, and do not form the habit of uttering the name of the Holy One;”
Sir 23:10 “For just as a servant who is constantly being beaten does not lack the marks of a blow, so the man who constantly swears and utters the Name cannot be absolved from sin.”
Sir 23:11 “A man who swears a great deal will be filled with iniquity, and the plague will never leave his house; if he offends, his sin rests upon him, and if he disregards it, he sins doubly; and if he has sworn needlessly, he is not justified, for his house will be filled with misery.”
Sir 23:12 “There is a way of speaking that may be compared with death; God grant that it be not found in the heritage of Jacob. for all this will be far from the godly, and they will not wallow in sin.”
Sir 23:13 “Do not accustom your mouth to foul rudeness, for that is sinful speech.”
Sir 23:14 “Remember your father and mother, when you sit in council with the great, or you may forget yourself in their presence, and seem like a fool through the habit you have so that you will wish you had never been born, and curse the day of your birth.”
Sir 23:15 “A man who forms the habit of abusive speech will never be educated as long as he lives.”
Sir 23:16 “There are two kinds of men that multiply sins, and a third that incurs wrath: A spirit (mind) hot as a burning fire, it cannot be quenched until it is consumed; One who is a fornicator in the body of his flesh, he will not stop until the fire burns him up;”
Sir 23:17 “All bread is sweet to a whoremonger, he will not tire until he dies;”
Sir 23:18 “A man that breaks wedlock, and says to himself, “Who can see me? Darkness is around me, and the walls hide me, so no one can see me; what risk do I run? The Most High will not remember my sins.”
Sir 23:19 “The eyes of men are his only fear, and he does not know that the eyes of the Lord are ten thousand times brighter than the sun, surveying all the ways of men, and observe the secret places.”
Sir 23:20 “All things were known to him before they were created, so was it also after they were completed.”
Sir 23:21 “Such a man will be punished in the streets of the city, and caught where he least suspects it.”
Sir 23:22 “It is so also with a wife who leaves her husband, and provides an heir by a stranger.”
Sir 23:23 “For, first, she disobeys the law of the Most High, and, second, she wrongs her husband, and, third, she played the whore in adultery, and provides children by a stranger.”
Sir 23:24 “She will be brought before the assembly, and her sin will be visited upon her children.
Sir 23:25 “Her children will not take root, and her branches will not bear fruit.”
Sir 23:26 “She will leave her memory for a curse, and her reproach will not be blotted out.”
Sir 23:27 “And those who are left behind will know that there is nothing better than the fear of the Lord, and nothing more pleasant (sweeter) than observing the Lord’s commandments.”
Sir 23:28 “It is great glory to follow the Lord, and to be received by him is long life.”

Chapter 24

Sir 24:1 “Wisdom is her own recommendation, and exults in the midst of her people.”
Sir 24:2 “She opens her mouth in the assembly of the Most High, and in the presence of his might she utters her boast:”
Sir 24:3 “I issued from the mouth of the Most High, and covered the earth like a mist (cloud).”
Sir 24:4 “I lived on the heights, and my throne was in the pillar of cloud.”
Sir 24:5 “I alone compassed the circuit of heaven, and I walked in the depth of the abyss.”
Sir 24:6 “I owned the waves of the sea and the whole earth and every people and nation.”
Sir 24:7 “Among all these I sought a resting-place; In whose inheritance should I lodge?”
Sir 24:8 “Then the Creator of all gave me his command; and he who created me made my tabernacle to rest, And said, ‘Pitch your tent in Jacob, and find your inheritance in Israel.’“
Sir 24:9 “He created me from the beginning, before the world, and I shall never cease.”
Sir 24:10 “I ministered before him in the holy tabernacle, and so I was established in Zion.”
Sir 24:11 “He made me rest likewise in the beloved city, and I had authority over Jerusalem.”
Sir 24:12 “I took root in the glorified people, in the portion of the Lord, and of his inheritance.”
Sir 24:13 “I was exalted like a cedar in the Lebanon, or a cypress in the mountains of Hermon;”
Sir 24:14 “I was exalted like a palm tree in Engadi, or like the rose bushes in Jericho; Like a fine olive tree in the field; I was exalted like a plane tree by the water.”
Sir 24:15 “I gave forth a perfume like cinnamon and camel’s thorn (aspalathus), and I spread fragrance like choice myrrh; like galbanum, onycha, and stacte, and like the smoke of frankincense in the tabernacle.”
Sir 24:16 “I stretched out my branches like a terebinths, my branches were glorious, graceful branches.”
Sir 24:17 “I made grace grow like a vine, and my blossoms are the fruit of honor and riches.”
Sir 24:18 “I am the mother of fair love, and fear, and knowledge, and holy hope; I therefore, being eternal, am given to all my children which are named of him.”
Sir 24:19 “Come to me, you who desire me, and fill yourselves with my fruits.”
Sir 24:20 “For the memory of me is sweeter than honey, and the possession of me, than the honeycomb.”
Sir 24:21 “Those who eat me will cease to be hungry, and those who drink me will cease to be thirsty.”
Sir 24:22 “He who obeys me will not be put to shame, and those who work with me will commit no sin.”
Sir 24:23 “All this is the book of the covenant of the Most High God, The Law which Moses ordained for us as an inheritance for the congregations of Jacob;”
Sir 24:24 “Faint not to be strong in the Lord, that he may confirm you, cleave to him, for the Lord Almighty is God alone, and beside him there is no Savior.”
Sir 24:25 “He fills men with his wisdom, as the Pishon, and as the Tigris in the time of the new fruits.”
Sir 24:26 “He makes the understanding to abound like the Euphrates, and as the Jordan in harvest time.”
Sir 24:27 “Which makes instruction shine forth like light, like the Gihon in the days of the vintage.”
Sir 24:28 “Just as the first man did not know her perfectly, the last one will not track her out.”
Sir 24:29 “For her thinking is fuller than the sea, and her counsel than the great deep.”
Sir 24:30 “I came out like a canal from the river, and like a watercourse in a garden.”
Sir 24:31 “I said, “I will water my garden, and drench my flower bed.” And behold, my canal became a river, and my river became a sea.”
Sir 24:32 “I will again make instruction dawn like the daybreak, and make it shine forth afar.”
Sir 24:33 “I will pour out teaching again as prophecy, and leave it behind for endless generations.”
Sir 24:34 “Observe that I have not labored for myself only, but for all who seek her out.”

Chapter 25

Sir 25:1 “In three things I show my beauty and stand up in beauty before the Lord and men; Unity of brethren, the love of neighbors, and a men and a wife that agree together.”
Sir 25:2 “But three kinds of men my soul hates, and I am greatly angered at their existence: A poor man who is proud, and a rich man who lies, and an old man who is an adulterer and lacks understanding.”
Sir 25:3 “If you have not gathered in your youth, how can you find anything in your old age?”
Sir 25:4 “How beautiful judgment is for hoary hair, and the knowledge of what to advise for the elderly!”
Sir 25:5 “How beautiful is the wisdom of old men, and consideration and counsel in men of distinction.”
Sir 25:6 “Rich experience is the crown of old men, and their boast is the fear of the Lord.”
Sir 25:7 “Nine things I have thought of and considered happy, and I can mention a tenth with my tongue: A man who is happy in his children; one who lives to see his enemies fall;”
Sir 25:8 “Blessed is the man who lives with a wife of understanding; and the one who does not slip with his tongue; and the one who is not a slave to his inferior;”
Sir 25:9 “Blessed is the man who finds good sense; and the one who discourses to the ears of men who listen;”
Sir 25:10 “How great the man is who finds wisdom; but there is no one greater than the man who fears the Lord.”
Sir 25:11 “But the love of the Lord surpasses everything for illumination, to what can the man who possesses it be compared?”
Sir 25:12 “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of his love, and faith is the beginning of cleaving to him.”
Sir 25:13 “Any wound but a wounded heart! And any wickedness but the wickedness of a woman!”
Sir 25:14 “Any calamity but a calamity brought about by those who hate you; And any vengeance but the vengeance of your enemies!”
Sir 25:15 “There is no head higher than a snake’s head, and no anger greater than an enemy’s.”
Sir 25:16 “I had rather keep house with a lion and a serpent than keep house with a wicked woman.”
Sir 25:17 “A woman’s wickedness changes her looks, and darkens her face like a bear;”
Sir 25:18 “Her husband sits at table among his neighbors, and involuntarily groans bitterly.”
Sir 25:19 “Any malice is small to a woman’s malice; may the lot of the sinner befall her!”
Sir 25:20 “Like a sandy climb to an old man’s feet so is a talkative wife to a quiet man.”
Sir 25:21 “Do not fall down before a woman’s beauty, and do not greatly desire her for a wife.”
Sir 25:22 “A woman, if she supports her husband, is full of anger and impudence and much reproach.”
Sir 25:23 “A wicked woman abates courage, makes a heavy countenance and a wounded heart. A woman who will not comfort her husband in distress, makes palsied hands and paralyzed knees.”
Sir 25:24 “Sin began with a woman, and because of her we all die.”
Sir 25:25 “Do not give water an outlet, nor a wicked woman freedom to speak.”
Sir 25:26 “If she does not act as you would have her, cut her off from your person, give her a bill of divorcement, and let her go.”

Chapter 26

Sir 26:1 “Happy is the man who has a good wife! The number of his days is doubled.”
Sir 26:2 “A noble wife gladdens her husband, and he lives out his years in peace.”
Sir 26:3 “A good wife is good fortune; she falls to the lot of those who fear the Lord,”
Sir 26:4 “Whether rich or poor, if he has a good heart toward the Lord, he shall at all times rejoice with a cheerful face.”
Sir 26:5 “There are three things my heart is afraid of, and a for a fourth that I fear: The slander of a city, and the gathering of a mob, and a false accusation – these are all worse than death.”
Sir 26:6 “It is heartache and sorrow when one woman that is jealous over another woman, and a scourge of the tongue which communicates with all.”
Sir 26:7 “A wicked woman is a chafing ox-yoke; taking hold of her is like grasping a scorpion.”
Sir 26:8 “A drunken woman and a gad about causes great anger, and does not even cover up her own shame.”
Sir 26:9 “The whoredom of a woman is revealed by her haughty looks, and by her eyelids.”
Sir 26:10 “Keep a close watch over a headstrong daughter, for if she is allowed her liberty, she may take advantage of it.”
Sir 26:11 “Keep watch over a roving eye, and do not be surprised if it offends against you.”
Sir 26:12 “She will open her mouth, like a thirsty traveler who opens his mouth and drinks of any water that is near, she will sit down before every tent peg, and open her quiver to every arrow.”
Sir 26:13 “The grace of a wife delights her husband, and her knowledge fattens his bones.”
Sir 26:14 “A silent and loving woman is a gift from the Lord, and there is nothing worth as much as a mind well instructed.”
Sir 26:15 “A modest wife is blessing after blessing, and a self controlled spirit no scales can weigh.”
Sir 26:16 “Like the sun rising on the Lord’s loftiest heights, is the beauty of a good woman as she keeps her house in order.”
Sir 26:17 “Like a lamp shining on the holy lampstand, is a beautiful face on a good figure.”
Sir 26:18 “Like gold pillars on silver bases are beautiful feet with a constant heart.”
Sir 26:19 “My son, keep the flower of your age sound, and give not your strength to strangers.”
Sir 26:20 “When you have gotten a fruitful possession through all the field, sow it with your own seed, trusting in the goodness of your stock.”
Sir 26:21 “So your race which you leave shall be magnified, having the confidence of their good descent.”
Sir 26:22 “An harlot shall be accounted as spittle; but a married woman is a tower against death to her husband.” (Magdalene means ‘tower’ in Hebrew and Greek)
Sir 26:23 “A wicked woman is given as a portion to a wicked man, but a godly woman is given to him that fears the Lord.”
Sir 26:24 “A dishonest woman contemned shame, but an honest woman will reverence her husband.”
Sir 26:25 “A shameless woman shall be counted as a dog, but she that is shamefaced will fear the Lord.”
Sir 26:26 “A woman that honors her husband shall be judged wise of all, but she that dishonors him in her pride shall be counted ungodly of all.”
Sir 26:27 “A loud crying woman and a scold shall be sought out to drive away the enemies.”
Sir 26:28 “Over two things my heart is grieved, and over a third anger overcomes me: A soldier in poverty and want, men of understanding who are treated like dirt, and the man who turns back from uprightness to sin – The Lord will prepare a sword for him!”
Sir 26:29 “A merchant can hardly keep himself from doing wrong, and a storekeeper cannot be acquitted of sin.”

Chapter 27

Sir 27:1 “Many sin for the sake of gain, and the man who is intent on increasing what he has, has to shut his eyes.”
Sir 27:2 “As a nail will stick fast between the joinings of the stones, so does sin stick close between buying and selling.”
Sir 27:3 “Unless a man earnestly holds on to the fear of the Lord, his house will soon be overturned.”
Sir 27:4 “When a sieve is shaken, the refuse remains in it; so, the filth of a man in his talk.”
Sir 27:5 “The furnace tests the potter’s dishes, and the test of a man is in his reasoning.”
Sir 27:6 “Its fruit shows how a tree has been cultivated; so does the expression of the thought of a man’s mind.”
Sir 27:7 “Do not praise a man before you hear him reason, for that is the way men are tested.”
Sir 27:8 “If you pursue what is right, you will overtake it, and put it on like a splendid robe.”
Sir 27:9 “Birds roost with their own kind, and truth comes back to those who practice it.”
Sir 27:10 “The lion lies in wait for his prey, and so does sin for those who work iniquity.”
Sir 27:11 “The discourse of a godly man is always wise, but the foolish man changes like the moon.”
Sir 27:12 “Among unintelligent people watch your opportunity to leave, but among thoughtful people stay on.”
Sir 27:13 “The discourse of fools is offensive, and their laughter is wanton sinfulness.”
Sir 27:14 “A profane man’s talk makes your hair stand on end, and their quarreling makes you stop your ears.”
Sir 27:15 “When arrogant men quarrel, there is bloodshed, and their abuse of one another is dreadful to hear.”
Sir 27:16 “The man who tells secrets destroys confidence, and will not find a friend to his mind.”
Sir 27:17 “If you love your friend, keep faith with him, but if you tell his secrets, do not pursue him.”
Sir 27:18 “For as a man destroys his enemies, so have you lost the love of your neighbor.”
Sir 27:19 “And as you let a bird out of your hand, you have let your neighbor go, and you will not catch him again.”
Sir 27:20 “Do not go after him, for he is far away, and has made his escape like a gazelle from a trap.”
Sir 27:21 “For you can bind up a wound, and be reconciled after abuse, but for the man who tells secrets there is no hope.
Sir 27:22 “A man who winks his eye plots mischief, and no one can keep it from him.”
Sir 27:23 “Face to face with you he speaks sweetly, and will show respect for what you say; But afterward he will twist his lips, and make a stumbling block of your words.”
Sir 27:24 “I have hated many things, but found nothing like him, and the Lord hates him too.”
Sir 27:25 “The man who throws a stone into the air is throwing it on his own head, and a deceitful stroke shall make wounds.”
Sir 27:26 “The man who digs a hole will fall into it, and the man who sets a trap will be caught in it.”
Sir 27:27 “If a man does wicked things, they will fall on him, and he will not know where they come from.”
Sir 27:28 “Mockery and abuse are from the proud and arrogant men, but vengeance lies in wait for them like a lion.”
Sir 27:29 “Those who enjoy the downfall of the godly will be caught in a trap, and pain will consume them before they die.”
Sir 27:30 “Wrath and anger are also detestable, and the sinful man clings to them.”

Chapter 28

Sir 28:1 “The man who takes vengeance will have vengeance taken on him by the Lord, and he will keep close watch of his sins.”
Sir 28:2 “Forgive your neighbor his wrongdoing; then your sins will be forgiven when you pray.”
Sir 28:3 “Shall one man bear hatred against another, and yet ask healing from the Lord?”
Sir 28:4 “Does he have no mercy on a man like himself, and yet pray for his own sins?”
Sir 28:5 “If he, though he is flesh and blood, nourishes hatred, who will atone for his sins?”
Sir 28:6 “Remember your end and give up your enmity; think of death and destruction, and stand by the commandments.”
Sir 28:7 “Remember the commandments, and do not be angry with your neighbor; Think of the covenant of the Most High, and overlook men’s ignorance.”
Sir 28:8 “Keep from quarreling, and you will reduce your sins, for a furious man kindles quarrels.”
Sir 28:9 “A sinful man creates dissension among friends, and arouses enmity among those who are at peace.”
Sir 28:10 “The more fuel, the more the fire will burn, and the more obstinate the quarrel, the more it will burn. The stronger a man is, the greater is his anger, and the richer he is, the haughtier will his wrath be.”
Sir 28:11 “A hurried dispute kindles a fire, and a hasty quarrel means bloodshed.”
Sir 28:12 “If you blow on a spark, it will blaze, and if you spit on it, it will be put out; and both of these come out of your mouth.”
Sir 28:13 “Curse the whisperer and the deceitful man; for he has destroyed many who were at peace.”
Sir 28:14 “A backbiting tongue has stirred many up, and driven them from nation to nation; it has torn down strongly fortified cities, and overthrown the houses of the great.”
Sir 28:15 “A backbiting tongue has driven out noble women, and robbed them of the fruit of their labors.”
Sir 28:16 “The man who listens to it will find no rest, and will not live in peace.”
Sir 28:17 “The blow of a whip leaves a bruise, but the blow of a tongue breaks the bones.”
Sir 28:18 “Many have fallen by the edge of the sword, but not so many as have fallen by the tongue.”
Sir 28:19 “Happy is the man who is protected from it, who does not feel its anger (venom), who does not bear its yoke, and is not bound with its chains.”
Sir 28:20 “For its yoke is an iron yoke, and its chains are brazen chains;”
Sir 28:21 “Its death is a cruel death, and Hades is better than it.”
Sir 28:22 “It will not control godly men, and they will not be burned in its fire.”
Sir 28:23 “Those who forsake the Lord will fall into it, and it will burn at them and not be put out; it will be sent upon them like a lion, and ravage them like a leopard.”
Sir 28:24 “Look that you hedge your property in with thorns, and shut up your silver and gold,”
Sir 28:25 “Make balances and scales to weigh your words, and make a barred door for your mouth.”
Sir 28:26 “Take heed not to make a slip with it, or you will fall before someone lying in wait for you.”

Chapter 29

Sir 29:1 “The man who shows mercy will lend to his neighbor, and the man who takes him by the hand keeps the commandments.”
Sir 29:2 “Lend to your neighbor when he is in need, and pay your neighbor back again in due season.”
Sir 29:3 “Keep your word and keep faith with him, and you will always find the thing that is necessary for you.”
Sir 29:4 “Many consider a loan as a windfall, and bring trouble on those who help them.”
Sir 29:5 “A man will kiss another man’s hands until he gets it; and speak humbly about his neighbor’s money; but when payment is due, he extends the time, and answers indifferently, and finds fault about the time of payment.”
Sir 29:6 “If he prevails, he will hardly get half of it, and he will consider that a windfall. If he does not, the other has defrauded him of his money, and needlessly made him his enemy; He will pay him with curses and abuse, and repay him with insults instead of honor.”
Sir 29:7 “Many refuse to lend, not from their wickedness, but they are afraid of being needlessly defrauded.”
Sir 29:8 “But be patient with a poor man, and delay not to show him mercy.”
Sir 29:9 “For the commandment’s sake help the needy man, and, in view of his need, do not send him away unsatisfied.”
Sir 29:10 “Lose your money for the sake of a brother or a friend, and do not let it rust to ruin under a stone.”
Sir 29:11 “Lay up your treasure according to the commandments of the Most High, and it will be more profitable to you than gold.”
Sir 29:12 “Store up alms in your storerooms, and it will deliver you from all harm.”
Sir 29:13 “Better than a mighty shield and a ponderous spear, it will fight for you against your enemy.”
Sir 29:14 “A good man will go surety for his neighbor, but the man who has lost his sense of shame will abandon him.”
Sir 29:15 “Do not forget the favor your surety has done you, for he has put himself in your place, and given his life for you.”
Sir 29:16 “A sinner will disregard the service done him by his surety,”
Sir 29:17 “And an ungrateful man will forsake the man who saved him.”
Sir 29:18 “Suretyship has ruined many prosperous men, and shaken them like an ocean wave. It has driven influential men out of their houses, and made them wander among foreign nations.”
Sir 29:19 “A wicked man transgressing the commandments of the Lord shall fall into suretyship, and the man who pursues other men’s business for gain falls into lawsuits.”
Sir 29:20 “Help your neighbor to the best of your ability, but take heed that you do not fall.”
Sir 29:21 “The basis of life is water and bread and clothing, and a house to cover one’s nakedness.”
Sir 29:22 “The life of a poor man under a shelter of logs is better than splendid fare in someone else’s house.”
Sir 29:23 “Be contented with much or little, and you will not hear the reproach of being a stranger.”
Sir 29:24 “It is a miserable life to go from house to house; and where you are a stranger, you cannot open your mouth.”
Sir 29:25 “If you entertain others and give them drink, you will have no thanks, and besides that you will have bitter things to hear:”
Sir 29:26 ““Come in, stranger, set the table, and if you have anything with you, let me have it to eat.”
Sir 29:27 “Get out, stranger, here is somebody more important; My brother has come to be my guest, I need my house.”
Sir 29:28 “These things are trying to a man of understanding, the reproach of a household and the abuse of a creditor.”

Chapter 30

Sir 30:1 “The man who loves his son causes him often to feel the rod, so that he may be glad at the end.”
Sir 30:2 “The man who disciplines his son will profit by him, and boast of him among his acquaintances;”
Sir 30:3 “The man who teaches his son will make his enemy jealous, and exult over him before his friends.”
Sir 30:4 “When his father dies, it is as though he were not dead, for he leaves behind him one like himself.”
Sir 30:5 “In his lifetime he sees him and rejoices, and in death he does not grieve.”
Sir 30:6 “He has left one to avenge him upon his enemies, and to repay the kindness of his friends.”
Sir 30:7 “The man who spoils his son will have to bind up his wounds, and his heart will tremble at every cry.”
Sir 30:8 “An unbroken horse turns out stubborn, and a son left to himself grows up headstrong.”
Sir 30:9 “If you pamper your child, he will make you afraid; play with him, and he will grieve you;”
Sir 30:10 “Do not laugh with him, so that you may not have to mourn with him, and gnash your teeth over him at last.”
Sir 30:11 “Do not allow him liberty in his youth, and wink not at his follies.”
Sir 30:12 “Bow down his neck while he is a child, so that he will not become stubborn and disobey you.”
Sir 30:13 “Discipline your son and take pains with him, so that he will not distress you with his bad behavior.”
Sir 30:14 “A poor man who is well and has a strong constitution is better off than a rich man who is afflicted in body.”
Sir 30:15 “Health and a good constitution are better than any amount of gold, and a strong body than untold riches.”
Sir 30:16 “There is no greater wealth than health of body, and there is no greater happiness than gladness of heart.”
Sir 30:17 “Death is better than a wretched life, and eternal rest than continual sickness.”
Sir 30:18 “Good things spread out before a mouth that is closed are like piles of food laid on a grave.”
Sir 30:19 “What good is an offering of fruit to an idol? It can neither eat nor smell; that is the way with a man who is afflicted by the Lord:”
Sir 30:20 “He sees things with his eyes and groans like a eunuch embracing a girl and sighs!”
Sir 30:21 “Do not give yourself up to sorrow, and do not afflict yourself in your own counsel.”
Sir 30:22 “Gladness of heart is a man’s life, and exultant joy prolongs his days.”
Sir 30:23 “Be kind to yourself and comfort your heart, and put sorrow far from you; For sorrow has destroyed many, and there is no profit in it.”
Sir 30:24 “Envy and anger shorten a man’s days, and worry brings on old age before its time.”
Sir 30:25 “A heart that is cheerful and good will pay attention to the food he eats.”

Chapter 31

Sir 31:1 “Anxiety about wealth makes a man waste away; and his worry about it drives away his sleep.”
Sir 31:2 “Wakefulness and worry banish drowsiness as a serious illness dispels sleep.”
Sir 31:3 “A rich man toils to amass money, and when he stops to rest, he enjoys luxury;”
Sir 31:4 “A poor man toils for the want of a livelihood, and if he stops to rest, he finds himself still in want.”
Sir 31:5 “The man who loves gold cannot be called upright, and the man who pursues profits will be led astray by them.”
Sir 31:6 “Many have been brought to their downfall because of gold and have been brought face to face with ruin.”
Sir 31:7 “It is a stumbling block to those who are possessed by it, and every foolish man is taken captive by it.”
Sir 31:8 “Happy is the rich man who is found blameless, and does not go after gold;”
Sir 31:9 “Who is he? – that we may congratulate him, for he has worked wonders among his people.”
Sir 31:10 “Who has been tested by it and found perfect? He has a right to boast. Who has been able to transgress and has not transgressed, and to do wrong and has not done it?”
Sir 31:11 “His prosperity will be lasting, and the congregation will declare his alms.”
Sir 31:12 “Do you sit at a great table? Do not gulp at it, and do not say, “How much there is on it!”
Sir 31:13 “Remember that an envious eye is wrong. What has been created that is more wicked than the eye? That is why it sheds tears on every occasion.”
Sir 31:14 “Do not reach out your hand wherever it looks, and do not crowd your neighbor in the dish;”
Sir 31:15 “Judge of your neighbor by yourself, and be thoughtful in everything.”
Sir 31:16 “Eat, as it becomes a man, what is served to you, do not devour your food, or you will be detested.”
Sir 31:17 “Be the first to leave off for good manners’ sake, and do not be greedy, or you will give offense.”
Sir 31:18 “Even though you are seated in a large company, do not be the first to help yourself.”
Sir 31:19 “How adequate a little is for a well-bred man! He does not have to gasp upon his bed!”
Sir 31:20 “Healthy sleep results from moderation in eating; One gets up in the morning, in good spirits. The distress of sleeplessness and indigestion and colic attend the greedy man.”
Sir 31:21 “If you are compelled to eat, get up in the middle of the meal and stop eating.”
Sir 31:22 “Listen to me, my child, and do not disregard me, and in the end you will find my words true: Be industrious in all your work, and no disease will overtake you.”
Sir 31:23 “The man who is generous with his bread men’s lips will bless, and their testimony to his goodness can be relied on.”
Sir 31:24 “The town will grumble at the man who is grudging with his bread, and their testimony to his niggardliness is correct.”
Sir 31:25 “Do not play the man about wine, for wine has been the ruin of many.”
Sir 31:26 “The furnace proves the steel’s temper by dipping it; So wine tests hearts when proud men quarrel.”
Sir 31:27 “Wine is like life to men, if you drink it in moderation; What life has a man who is without wine? For it was created to give gladness to men.”
Sir 31:28 “An exhilaration to the heart and gladness to the soul is wine, drunk in the proper season and in sufficient quantity;”
Sir 31:29 “Bitterness to the soul is much drinking of wine amidst irritation and conflict.”
Sir 31:30 “Drunkenness increases the anger of a foolish man to his injury, reducing his strength and causing wounds.”
Sir 31:31 “Do not rebuke your neighbor at a banquet, and do not despise him in his mirth. Do not say a reproachful word to him, and do not press him with urging [to drink].”

Chapter 32

Sir 32:1 “If you be made the master of a feast, do not lift yourself up; but be among them as one of the rest, take diligent care for them, and then take your seat;”
Sir 32:2 “When you have performed your duties, take your place, so that you may rejoice on their account, and be crowned for your well ordering of the feast.”
Sir 32:3 “Speak, elder, for that is your part, with sound understanding, and do not interfere with the music.”
Sir 32:4 “When there is to be entertainment, do not talk volubly, and do not philosophize when it is inopportune.”
Sir 32:5 “A carbuncle signet in a gold setting is a musical concert at a banquet.”
Sir 32:6 “An emerald signet richly set in gold is the melody of music with the taste of wine.”
Sir 32:7 “Speak, young man, if you are obliged to, and only if you are asked repeatedly.”
Sir 32:8 “Speak concisely; say much in few words; Be as a man who knows more than he says.”
Sir 32:9 “When among great men do not act like an equal; and when another man is speaking, do not talk much.”
Sir 32:10 “The lightning hastens before the thunder, and approval opens the way for a modest man.”
Sir 32:11 “Leave in good season and do not bring up the rear; Hurry home and do not linger.”
Sir 32:12 “Amuse yourself there, and do what you please, but do not sin through proud speech.”
Sir 32:13 “For all these things bless your Maker, who makes you drink his blessings till you are satisfied.”
Sir 32:14 “The man who fears the Lord will accept his discipline, and those who rise early to seek him will gain his approval.”
Sir 32:15 “The man who pursues the Law will get his fill of it, but the hypocrite will be tripped up by it.”
Sir 32:16 “Those who fear the Lord will discern his judgment, and will kindle upright acts like the light.”
Sir 32:17 “A sinful man will not be reproved, but will find a legal decision to his liking.
Sir 32:18 “A man of counsel will be considerate; but a strange or proud man will not cower with fear, even when of himself he has done without counsel;”
Sir 32:19 “Do nothing without consideration; and when you do a thing, do not change your mind.”
Sir 32:20 “Do not walk in a path full of obstacles, and do not stumble over stony ground.”
Sir 32:21 “Do not trust an untried way,”
Sir 32:22 “And guard against your own children.”
Sir 32:23 “In every act have faith in yourself, for that is the keeping of the commandments.”
Sir 32:24 “The man who has faith in the Law heeds the commandments, and the man who trusts in the Lord will not fail.”

Chapter 33

Sir 33:1 “No evil will befall the man who fears the Lord, but in trial he will deliver him again and again.”
Sir 33:2 “A wise man will not hate the Law, but the man who is hypocritical about it is like a ship in a storm.”
Sir 33:3 “A man of understanding will trust in the Law, and the Law is faithful to him, as an oracle.”
Sir 33:4 “Prepare what you have to say, and then you will be listened to: Knit your instruction together and give your answer.”
Sir 33:5 “The heart of a fool is a wagon wheel; and his thought is like a turning axle.”
Sir 33:6 “A stallion is like a mocking friend; he neighs under everyone who mounts him.”
Sir 33:7 “Why is one day better than another, when the light of every day in the year is from the sun?”
Sir 33:8 “By the Lord’s knowledge they have been separated, and he has made the various seasons and festivals.”
Sir 33:9 “Some of them he has exalted and made sacred, and some he has made ordinary days.”
Sir 33:10 “All men are from the ground, lo and Adam was created out of earth.”
Sir 33:11 “In the wealth of his knowledge the Lord has distinguished them, and made their ways different.”
Sir 33:12 “Some of them he has blessed and exalted, and some he has made holy and brought near himself. Some of them he has cursed and humbled, and thrown down from their position.”
Sir 33:13 “Like clay in the hand of the potter – for all his ways are guided by his good pleasure – So men are in the hand of their Creator, to be fashioned as he decides.”
Sir 33:14 “As good is the opposite of evil, and life the opposite of death, So the sinner is the opposite of the godly man.”
Sir 33:15 “So look upon all the works of the Most High, in pairs, one the opposite of the other.”
Sir 33:16 “I was the last to wake up, like one who gleans after the grape-gatherers; by the blessing of the Lord I profited, and like a grape-gatherer I filled my winepress.”
Sir 33:17 “Observe that I have not labored for myself only, But for all who seek instruction.”
Sir 33:18 “Hear me, you leaders of the people, and you rulers of the assembly, listen to me.”
Sir 33:19 “To a son or a wife, to a brother or a friend, do not give power over yourself as long as you live, and do not give your money to someone else, so that you may not change your mind and have to ask for it.”
Sir 33:20 “As long as you live and have breath in your body, do not sell yourself to anybody.”
Sir 33:21 “For it is better that your children should ask from you, than that you should look to the clean hands of your sons.”
Sir 33:22 “In all that you do retain control, so that you will not put any stain upon your reputation.”
Sir 33:23 “When the days of your life reach their end, at the time of your death distribute your property.”
Sir 33:24 “Fodder and a stick and loads for an ass, bread and discipline and work for a servant.”
Sir 33:25 “Put your slave to work, and you will have rest; leave his hands idle, and he will seek his liberty.
Sir 33:26 “The yoke and the strap will bend his neck, and racks and tortures are for a servant who is a wrong-doer.”
Sir 33:27 “Put him to work, so that he will not be idle, for idleness teaches much evil.”
Sir 33:28 “Set him such work as is suited to him, and if he does not obey, load him with fetters.”
Sir 33:29 “But do not be overbearing to anybody, and do not do anything without consideration.”
Sir 33:30 “If you have a servant, regard him as yourself, Because you have bought him with blood.”
Sir 33:31 “If you have a servant, treat him like a brother, For you need him as you do your own life. If you ill-treat him, and he leaves and runs away, where will you look for him?”

Chapter 34

Sir 34:1 “Vain and delusive are the hopes of a man of no understanding, and dreams give wings to fools!”
Sir 34:2 “Like a man who catches at a shadow, and chases the wind, is the man who is absorbed in dreams.”
Sir 34:3 “A vision of dreams is this against that, the likeness of one face before another.”
Sir 34:4 “From an unclean thing what can be clean? And from something false what can be true?”
Sir 34:5 “Divinations and omens and dreams are folly, And fancies of the mind like those of a woman in travail.”
Sir 34:6 “Unless they are sent from the Most High as a warning, do not pay any attention to them,”
Sir 34:7 “For dreams have deceived many, and setting their hopes on them has led to their downfall.”
Sir 34:8 “The Law must be observed without any such falsehoods, and wisdom finds perfection in truthful lips.”
Sir 34:9 “A well-taught man knows a great deal, and a man of experience will discourse with understanding.”
Sir 34:10 “The man who has not been tested knows little, lo but the man who has wandered far gains great ingenuity.”
Sir 34:11 “I have seen much in my travels, and I understand more than I can describe;”
Sir 34:12 “I have often been in danger of death, but I have been saved by these qualities.”
Sir 34:13 “The spirit of those who fear the Lord will live, for their hope is in him who can save them.”
Sir 34:14 “The man who fears the Lord will have no dread, and will not be afraid, for he is his hope.”
Sir 34:15 “Happy is the soul of the man who fears the Lord! Whom does he regard? And who is his support?”
Sir 34:16 “The eyes of the Lord rest on those who love him, a mighty shield, a strong support, a shelter from the hot wind and the noonday heat, a guard against stumbling and a defense against falling.”
Sir 34:17 “He lifts up the soul and gives light to the eyes, and bestows healing, life, and blessing.”
Sir 34:18 “If a man offers a sacrifice that was wrongfully obtained, it is blemished, and the gifts of sinful men are not acceptable.”
Sir 34:19 “The Most High is not pleased with the offerings of ungodly men, and a man cannot atone for his sins with a great number of sacrifices.”
Sir 34:20 “The man who offers a sacrifice from the property of the poor does as one who kills a son before his father’s eyes.”
Sir 34:21 “Scanty fare is the living of the poor; the man who deprives them of it is a murderous man.”
Sir 34:22 “The man who takes away his neighbor’s living murders him, and the man who deprives a hired man of his wages is guilty of bloodshed.”
Sir 34:23 “One man builds and another tears down; What do they gain but toil?”
Sir 34:24 “One man prays and another curses; which one’s voice will the Lord listen to?”
Sir 34:25 “If a man washes himself after touching a corpse and then touches it again, what good has his bath done him?”
Sir 34:26 “That is the way with a man who fasts for his sins, and goes and does the same things over. Who will listen to his prayer? And what has he gained by humiliating himself?”

Chapter 35

Sir 35:1 “The man who keeps the Law will make many offerings; He who gives heed to the commandments will offer a thanksgiving sacrifice,
Sir 35:2 “The man who returns a kindness will offer a meal offering, and the man who gives alms will offer the sacrifice of praise.”
Sir 35:3 “Avoiding wickedness wins the Lord’s approval, and avoiding wrongdoing is atonement.”
Sir 35:4 “Do not appear before the Lord empty.”
Sir 35:5 “For all these things must be done because they are commanded.”
Sir 35:6 “The offering of an upright man enriches the altar, and the sweet savor reaches the Most High.”
Sir 35:7 “The sacrifice of an upright man is acceptable, and the memory of it will not be forgotten.”
Sir 35:8 “Glorify the Lord with a generous eye, and do not diminish the first fruits of your hands.”
Sir 35:9 “In all your giving show a joyful face, and dedicate your tithes with gladness.”
Sir 35:10 “Give to the Most High as he has given to you, with a generous eye, and as your hand has found.”
Sir 35:11 “For the Lord is one who repays, and he will repay you seven times over.”
Sir 35:12 “Do not try to bribe him, for he will not accept it, and do not rely on an ill-gotten sacrifice; For the Lord is a judge, and there is no partiality with him.”
Sir 35:13 “He will show no partiality against the poor, but he will listen to the prayer of the oppressed.”
Sir 35:14 “He will not disregard the supplication of the orphan, or the widow, if she pours out her story.”
Sir 35:15 “Do not the widow’s tears run down her cheeks, while she utters her complaint against the man who has caused them to fall?”
Sir 35:16 “The man who serves God with good will is welcomed, and his prayer reaches to the clouds.”
Sir 35:17 “The prayer of the humble pierces the clouds, and until it reaches God, he will not be comforted. He will not leave off until the Most High considers him, and does justice to the upright, and passes judgment.”
Sir 35:18 “And the Lord will not delay, or be slow about them, until he crushes the loins of the unmerciful, and takes vengeance on the heathen; Until he destroys the multitude of the insolent, and breaks the scepters of the unrighteous;”
Sir 35:19 “Until he repays a man for his doings, and repays men’s deeds according to their thoughts; Until he judges the case of his people, and makes them glad with his mercy.”
Sir 35:20 “Mercy is as beautiful in a time of trouble as rain clouds in a time of drought.”

Chapter 36

Sir 36:1 “Have mercy upon us, Lord God of all, and look upon us,”
Sir 36:2 “And cast fear of you upon all the heathen.”
Sir 36:3 “Raise your hand against strange peoples, and let them see your might.”
Sir 36:4 “As you have been sanctified before them, in us, may you be magnified before us, in them;”
Sir 36:5 “And let them know, as we have known, that there is no god, Lord, but you.”
Sir 36:6 “Show signs again, and show other wonders, Make your hand and your right arm glorious.”
Sir 36:7 “Arouse your anger and pour out your wrath, destroy the adversary and wipe out the enemy.”
Sir 36:8 “Hasten the time and remember your oath (covenant); And let them relate your mighty acts.”
Sir 36:9 “Let him that would save himself be consumed in furious fire, and let those who oppress your people meet destruction.”
Sir 36:10 “Crush the heads of the enemy’s rulers, who say, “There is no one but ourselves!”
Sir 36:11 “Gather all the tribes of Jacob, and give them their inheritance, as it was of old.”
Sir 36:12 “Have mercy, Lord, on the people that has borne your name, and on Israel, whom you have named your firstborn.”
Sir 36:13 “Have pity on the city of your sanctuary, Jerusalem, the place where you rest.”
Sir 36:14 “Fill Zion with the celebration of your goodness, and your people with your glory.”
Sir 36:15 “Bear witness to those whom you created in the beginning, and fulfil the prophecies made in your name.”
Sir 36:16 “Give those who wait for you their reward, and let men trust in your prophets.”
Sir 36:17 “Hear, Lord, the prayer of your servants, according to Aaron’s blessing on your people, that all the people on the earth may know that you are the Lord, the eternal God.”
Sir 36:18 “The stomach will eat any food, yet one food is better than another.
Sir 36:19 “As the mouth tastes the meat of game, an intelligent mind detects false words.”
Sir 36:20 “A perverse mind causes pain, but an experienced man will pay him back.”
Sir 36:21 “A woman can receive any man, yet one girl surpasses another.”
Sir 36:22 “A woman’s beauty gladdens one’s countenance, and exceeds every desire man has.”
Sir 36:23 “If mercy, meekness, and comfort are on her lips, her husband is not like the sons of men.”
Sir 36:24 “The man who gets a wife enters upon a possession, a helper like himself, and a pillar of support.”
Sir 36:25 “Where there is no hedge (wall), a piece of property will be plundered, and where there is no wife, a man will wander about and groan.”
Sir 36:26 “For who will trust an active robber who bounds from one city to another? So who will trust a man who has no nest, and spends the night wherever evening overtakes him?”

Chapter 37

Sir 37:1 “Every friend will say, “I am your friend”; but sometimes a friend is a friend only in name.”
Sir 37:2 “Is it not a sorrow like that of death itself when a companion and friend turns into an enemy?”
Sir 37:3 “O wicked thought! Why were you shaped to cover the earth with deceit?”
Sir 37:4 “There are companions who rejoice in their friends’ happiness, but when trouble comes, are against them.”
Sir 37:5 “There are companions who labor with a friend for their stomach’s sake, who will take up the shield in the face of war.”
Sir 37:6 “Do not forget your friend in your heart, and do not be unmindful of him in your wealth.”
Sir 37:7 “Every adviser praises good counsel, but some give advice in their own interests.”
Sir 37:8 “Be on your guard against advisers and first find out what is for their advantage – For they will take thought for themselves Or they will cast the lot against you,”
Sir 37:9 “And say to you, “Your way is good,” and will stand over against you to see what will happen to you.”
Sir 37:10 “Do not consult with the man who looks suspiciously at you, and conceal your purpose from those who are jealous of you;”
Sir 37:11 “Neither consult with a woman about her rival, nor with a coward about a war; nor with a merchant about business, nor with a buyer about selling; With an envious man about gratitude, nor with a merciless man about kindness; With an idler about any piece of work, nor with a man hired by the year about finishing his work; With a lazy servant about a large undertaking; Do not look to these for any advice.”
Sir 37:12 “But stay all the time with a godly man, who you know keeps the commandments; Whose heart (mind) is at one with your heart (mind), and who will sorrow with you if you fail.”
Sir 37:13 “And hold fast the counsel of your own mind, for you have nothing more to be depended on than it.”
Sir 37:14 “For a man’s soul is sometimes wont to bring him news better than seven watchmen sitting high on a watchtower.”
Sir 37:15 “And, above all this, entreat the Most High to direct your way in truth.”
Sir 37:16 “Every undertaking begins with reason, and consideration precedes every work.”
Sir 37:17 “The countenance is a sign of changing of the mind.”
Sir 37:18 “If we trace the changes of the mind, four parts appear, good and evil, life and death; but it is the tongue that continually rules them.”
Sir 37:19 “A man may be shrewd and the instructor of many, and yet be unprofitable to himself.”
Sir 37:20 “There is one that shows wisdom in words, and is hated; he shall be destitute of all food.”
Sir 37:21 “For grace has not been given him by the Lord, because he has been deprived of all wisdom.”
Sir 37:22 “A man may be wise to himself, and the products of his understanding may be trustworthy on his lips;”
Sir 37:23 “A wise man will instruct his own people, and the products of his understanding will be trustworthy;”
Sir 37:24 “A wise man will be satisfied with blessing, and all who see him will call him happy.”
Sir 37:25 “The days of the life of man may be numbered, but the days of Israel are innumerable.”
Sir 37:26 “The wise man will obtain the trust of his people, and his name will live forever.”
Sir 37:27 “My child, test your soul while you live, and see what is evil for it, and do not give it that.”
Sir 37:28 “For not everything is good for everyone, and not everybody enjoys everything.”
Sir 37:29 “Do not be insatiable about any luxury, and do not be carried away with food,”
Sir 37:30 “For sickness comes with excessive eating, and greediness leads to severe illness.”
Sir 37:31 “Many have died of greediness, but the man who guards against it prolongs his life.”

Chapter 38

Sir 38:1 “Show the physician due honor in view of your need of him, for the Lord has created him;”
Sir 38:2 “Healing comes from the Most High, and he will receive presents from the king.”
Sir 38:3 “The skill of the physician exalts him, and he is admired among the great.”
Sir 38:4 “The Lord has created medicines out of the earth, and a sensible man will not refuse them.”
Sir 38:5 “Was not water made sweet by wood, so that its strength might be shown?”
Sir 38:6 “And he has given men knowledge so that he might be glorified for his wonderful works.”
Sir 38:7 “With them he heals [men] and takes away their pain,”
Sir 38:8 “The druggist makes a mixture of them. His works will never end, and from him peace spreads over the face of the earth.”
Sir 38:9 “My child, do not be negligent when you are sick, but pray to the Lord, and he will make you whole.”
Sir 38:10 “Renounce wrongdoing and make your hands do right, and cleanse your heart from every sin,”
Sir 38:11 “Offer a fragrant offering and a memorial sacrifice of fine flour, and make your offering rich, as though you were no longer to live,”
Sir 38:12 “And leave room for the physician, for the Lord has created him, and he must not desert you, for you need him.”
Sir 38:13 “There is a time when your welfare depends upon them,”
Sir 38:14 “For they too will pray the Lord to guide them to bringing relief and effecting a cure and restoration to health.”
Sir 38:15 “As for the man who sins in the sight of his Maker, may he fall into the hands of the physician!”
Sir 38:16 “My child, for the dead let your tears fall, and like one who is suffering terribly begin your lament. Wrap his body up fittingly, and do not neglect his burial.”
Sir 38:17 “Weep bitterly and wail passionately and show your grief as he may deserve, for one day or perhaps two, to avert criticism; Then be comforted for your sorrow.”
Sir 38:18 “For death comes of sorrow, and sorrow of heart prostrates one’s strength.”
Sir 38:19 “In misfortune grief will continue, and the life of the poor saddens the heart.”
Sir 38:20 “But do not resign your heart to grief; Dismiss it, but remember your end,”
Sir 38:21 “Do not forget it, for he will not come back; you cannot help him, and you will harm yourself;”
Sir 38:22 “Remember my judgment, for yours will be like it; mine today, and yours tomorrow!”
Sir 38:23 “When the dead is at rest, let his memory rest, and be comforted for him when his spirit departs.”
Sir 38:24 “A learned man attains wisdom through the opportunities of leisure, and the man who has little business to do shall become wise.”
Sir 38:25 “How can the man who holds the plow become wise, who glories in handling the ox-goad? Who drives oxen, and guides them at their work, and whose discourse is of bulls?”
Sir 38:26 “He sets his mind on turning his furrows, and his anxiety is about fodder for heifers.”
Sir 38:27 “It is so with every craftsman and builder, who keeps at work at night as well as by day. Some cut carved seals, and elaborate variety of design; Another puts his mind on painting a likeness (counterfeit imagery), and is anxious to complete his work.”
Sir 38:28 “It is so with the smith sitting by his anvil, and expert in working in iron; The smoke of the fire reduces his flesh, and he exerts himself in the heat of the furnace. He bends his ear to the sound of the hammer, and his eyes are on the pattern of the implement. He puts his mind on completing his work, and he is anxious to finish preparing it, and watches to polish it perfectly.”.
Sir 38:29 “It is so with the potter, as he sits at his work, and turns the wheel with his foot; He is constantly careful about his work, and all his manufacture is by measure;”
Sir 38:30 “He will shape the clay with his arm, and bend its strength with his feet; He puts his mind on finishing the glazing, and he is anxious to make his furnace clean.”
Sir 38:31 “All these rely on their hands; and each one is skilful in his own work;”
Sir 38:32 “Without them, no city can be inhabited, and men will not live in one or go about in it.”
Sir 38:33 “But they are not sought for to advise the people, and in the public assembly they do not excel. They do not sit on the judge’s seat, and they do not think about the decision of lawsuits; They do not utter instruction or judgment, and they are not found using proverbs.”
Sir 38:34 “Yet they support the fabric of the world, and their prayer is in the practice of their trade.”

Chapter 39

Sir 39:1 “It is not so with the man who applies himself, and studies the Law of the Most High. He searches out the wisdom of all the ancients, and busies himself with prophecies;”
Sir 39:2 “He observes the discourse of famous men, and where subtle parables are, he will be there also.”
Sir 39:3 “He searches out the hidden meaning of proverbs, And acquaints himself with the obscurities of figures (dark parables).”
Sir 39:4 “He will serve among great men, and appear before rulers. He will travel through the lands of strange peoples, and test what is good and what is evil among men.”
Sir 39:5 “He will devote himself to going early to the Lord his Maker, and will make his entreaty before the Most High. He will open his mouth in prayer, and make entreaty for his sins.”
Sir 39:6 “If the great Lord pleases, he will be filled with the spirit of understanding, he will pour out his wise sayings, and give thanks to the Lord in prayer;”
Sir 39:7 “He will direct his counsel and knowledge, and study his secrets.”
Sir 39:8 “He will reveal instruction in his teaching, and will glory in the Law of the covenant of the Lord.”
Sir 39:9 “Many will praise his understanding, and it will never be blotted out. His memory will not disappear, and his name will live for endless generations.”
Sir 39:10 “Nations will repeat his wisdom, and the congregation will utter his praise.”
Sir 39:11 “If he lives long, he will leave a greater name than a thousand, and if he goes to rest, his fame is enough for him.”
Sir 39:12 “I have reflected further, and I will utter it, and I am full as the full moon.”
Sir 39:13 “Listen to me, you holy sons, and bud like a rose that grows by a watercourse;”
Sir 39:14 “And give a sweet savor like a frankincense tree, and blossom like a lily. Give forth an odor and sing a song of praise, bless the Lord for all his works.”
Sir 39:15 “Magnify his name, and confess him with praise, with songs on your lips and with lyres, and this is what you are to say in your thanksgiving:”
Sir 39:16 “The works of the Lord are all extremely good, and every command of his will be obeyed in its proper season.”
Sir 39:17 “No one can say “What does this mean? Why is that?” for in his good time they will all be searched out, At his command the waters stood in a heap, and the reservoirs of water at the word he uttered.”
Sir 39:18 “At his order all that he pleases is done, and there is no one who can interfere with his saving power.”
Sir 39:19 “The doings of all mankind are before him, and it is not possible to be hidden from his eyes.”
Sir 39:20 “From everlasting to everlasting he beholds them, and nothing is marvelous to him.”
Sir 39:21 “No one can say, “What does this mean? Why is that?” For everything has been created for their use.”
Sir 39:22 “His blessing covers the land like a river, and saturates the dry land like a flood.”
Sir 39:23 “As he turns fresh water into salt water, so the heathen will experience his wrath.”
Sir 39:24 “To his people his ways are straight, just as they are stumbling blocks to the disobedient.”
Sir 39:25 “From the beginning good things have been created for the good, just as evils have been created for sinners.”
Sir 39:26 “The elements necessary for man’s life Are water and fire and iron and salt, And wheat flour and milk and honey, The blood of the grape, and olive oil and clothing.”
Sir 39:27 “All these things prove good to the godly, just as they turn into evils for the sinful.”
Sir 39:28 “There are winds which have been created for vengeance, and when he is angry, they make their scourges strong; When the consummation comes, they will pour out their strength, and calm the anger of their Creator.”
Sir 39:29 “Fire and hail and famine and death, these have all been created for vengeance.”
Sir 39:30 “The teeth of wild animals, and scorpions and vipers, and the sword that drives the ungodly to destruction.”
Sir 39:31 “They will rejoice when he commands, and be made ready on the earth for their functions. And they will not disobey his word, at their proper times.”
Sir 39:32 “Therefore from the beginning I have become assured, and have reached this conclusion and left it in writing:”
Sir 39:33 “The works of the Lord are all good, and will supply every need when it arises,”
Sir 39:34 “And no one can say, “This is worse than that,” for they will all prove good in their season.”
Sir 39:35 “So now sing praise with all your heart and voice, and bless the name of the Lord.”

Chapter 40

Sir 40:1 “Much travail is appointed for every man, and a heavy yoke rests on the sons of Adam, from the day they come out of their mother’s womb until the day when they return to the mother of us all.”
Sir 40:2 “Their perplexities and anxiety of mind, their apprehension, and the day of their end! trouble their thoughts and cause fear of heart.”
Sir 40:3 “From the man who sits on his splendid throne to the one who is abased in dust and ashes,”
Sir 40:4 “From the man who wears purple and a crown, to the one who is clad in coarse linen,”
Sir 40:5 “There is wrath and envy and trouble and perplexity And fear of death and anger and strife, and when a man rests upon his bed, his sleep at night confuses his knowledge.”
Sir 40:6 “He gets little or no rest, and afterward in his sleep, he is like a watchman on duty, bewildered by the vision of his mind like a man who has escaped from the front of battle.”
Sir 40:7 “In the moment of his extremity he wakes up, and wonders that his fear came to nothing.”
Sir 40:8 “It is so with all flesh, man and beast; and with sinners seven times more;”
Sir 40:9 “Death and bloodshed and strife and sword, misfortunes, famine and affliction, tribulation and plague;”
Sir 40:10 “All these were created for the wicked, and because of them the flood came.”
Sir 40:11 “All that comes from the earth returns to the earth, and what comes from the waters turns back to the sea.”
Sir 40:12 “All bribery and injustice will be blotted out, but good faith will stand forever.”
Sir 40:13 “The property of unrighteous men will dry up like a river, and explode like a clap of thunder in a rain.”
Sir 40:14 “As surely as an open-handed man is glad, transgressors will utterly fail.”
Sir 40:15 “The children of the ungodly will not put forth many branches; they are unclean roots on a precipitous rock.”
Sir 40:16 “Sedge by any water or riverbank will be plucked up before any grass.”
Sir 40:17 “Bountifulness is as a most fruitful garden, and mercifulness endures forever.”
Sir 40:18 “The life of a self-supporting man or of a workman is made sweet, but a man who finds a treasure is better off than both of them.
Sir 40:19 “Children or the building of a city perpetuate a man’s name, but an irreproachable wife is counted better than both of them.”
Sir 40:20 “Wine and music delight the heart, but the love of wisdom is better than both of them.”
Sir 40:21 “The flute and the lute make sweet melody, but a pleasant tongue is better than both of them.”
Sir 40:22 “The eye desires grace and beauty, but more than both of them the springing grain.”
Sir 40:23 “A friend and a comrade meet opportunely, but a wife with her husband is better than both of them.”
Sir 40:24 “Brothers and help are for a time of trouble, But alms is a better deliverer than both of them.”
Sir 40:25 “Gold and silver make a man stand firm, but good counsel is more approved than both of them.”
Sir 40:26 “Money and vigor elate the mind, but the fear of the Lord is better than both of them. Where is no flaw in the fear of the Lord, and with it there is no need to seek for help.”
Sir 40:27 “The fear of the Lord is like a fruitful garden, and covers a man better than any glory.”
Sir 40:28 “My child, do not lead a beggar’s life; it is better to die than to beg.”
Sir 40:29 “When a man looks to another man’s table, his existence cannot be considered life. He pollutes his soul with another man’s food, but a man who is intelligent and well-instructed will beware of it.”
Sir 40:30 “In a shameless man’s mouth begging is sweet, but it kindles a fire in his heart.”

Chapter 41

Sir 41:1 “O death, how bitter is the remembrance of you to a man at peace among his possessions, to a man who is free from distractions and prosperous in everything, and is still vigorous enough to enjoy his food!”
Sir 41:2 “O death, your sentence is good for a needy man of failing strength, in extreme old age, and distracted about everything; who is contrary, and has lost his patience.”
Sir 41:3 “Do not fear the sentence of death; remember those who went before you and those who come after. This is the sentence of the Lord upon all flesh and blood.
Sir 41:4 “And how can you refuse what is the will of the Most High? Whether you lived ten or a hundred or a thousand years, there is no inquisition in Hades.
Sir 41:5 “The children of sinners are detestable children, and live in the circles of the ungodly.”
Sir 41:6 “The possessions of the children of sinners will be lost, and perpetual reproach will follow their posterity.”
Sir 41:7 “His children will blame an ungodly father because they are reproached on his account.”
Sir 41:8 “Woe be to you, ungodly men, who have forsaken the law of the Most High God! for if you increase, it shall be to your destruction.”
Sir 41:9 “When you are born, you are born to a curse, and when you die, a curse will be your lot.”
Sir 41:10 “Everything that springs from the earth will go back to the earth; Just as surely the ungodly go from a curse to destruction.”
Sir 41:11 “Men grieve about their bodies, but the name of sinners is not good and will be blotted out.”
Sir 41:12 “Take heed about your name, for you retain it longer than a thousand great stores of gold.”
Sir 41:13 “The days of a good life are numbered, but a good name lasts forever.”
Sir 41:14 “Children, maintain instruction and be at peace; concealed wisdom and invisible treasure, what is the use of either?”
Sir 41:15 “A man who hides his folly is better than a man who hides his wisdom.”
Sir 41:16 “Therefore regard what I say; for not every kind of shame is it well to maintain, and not everything is approved in good faith by all.”
Sir 41:17 “Be ashamed of whoredom before father and mother, and of lie before a prince and a ruler,”
Sir 41:18 “Of a judge and a magistrate, for an offense, And of an assembly and the people, for iniquity, of the partner and a friend, for unjust dealing,”
Sir 41:19 “And of the place where you are living, for theft; Respect the truth of God and his covenant, Be ashamed to lean on your elbow at table; to be contemptuous about giving back what you have.”
Sir 41:20 “And to keep silent before those who greet you; to look at a woman who is a harlot,”
Sir 41:21 “And to turn your face away from a relative; to take someone’s portion or present, and to stare at a married woman;”
Sir 41:22 “To meddle with another man’s maid, (and do not stand over her bed); To utter words of abuse before friends (and after you make a gift do not add abuse);”
Sir 41:23 “To repeat what you have heard, and to tell things that are secret.”
Sir 41:24 “Then you will be really modest, and win the approval of everyone.”

Chapter 42

Sir 42:1 “Do not be ashamed of these things, and do not show partiality, so as to sin:”
Sir 42:2 “Of the Law of the Most High and his covenant, and of Judgment, to punish the ungodly;”
Sir 42:3 “Of having a reckoning with a partner and fellow travelers, and of a present from what is inherited by your companions;
Sir 42:4 “Of the accuracy of scales and weights, and of the acquisition of much or little;”
Sir 42:5 “Of profit from dealing with merchants, and of the careful training of children; and of staining the side of a bad servant with blood.”
Sir 42:6 “It is well to put a seal on a wicked wife, and where there are many hands, lock things up.”
Sir 42:7 “Whatever you hand over, let it be by number and weight; and in giving and receiving, let everything be in writing.”
Sir 42:8 “Do not be ashamed to instruct the senseless and foolish, or an aged man who is charged with immorality. Then you will be really instructed, and approved in the eyes of every man alive.”
Sir 42:9 “A daughter is a secret cause of sleeplessness to her father, and his concern for her robs him of his rest; In her youth, for fear she will pass her prime, And when she is married, for fear she will be hated;”
Sir 42:10 “When she is a girl, for fear she will be profaned, and be with child in her father’s house; When she has a husband, for fear she will transgress; And when she is married, for fear she will be childless.”
Sir 42:11 “Keep a close watch over a headstrong daughter, for fear she will fill your enemies with malignant joy, and make you the talk of the town and notorious among the people, and disgrace you before the multitude.”
Sir 42:12 “Do not look at anybody for her beauty, and do not sit among women,”
Sir 42:13 “For as a moth comes out of clothing, a woman’s wickedness comes from a woman.”
Sir 42:14 “A man’s wickedness is better than a beneficent woman, a woman that disgraces you shamefully.”
Sir 42:15 “I will call to mind the doings of the Lord, and recount the things that I have seen. By the commands of the Lord his works are done;”
Sir 42:16 “The light-giving sun looks down on everything, and his work is full of the glory of the Lord.”
Sir 42:17 “He has not permitted the saints of the Lord to recount all his wonders, which the Lord, the Almighty, has firmly established, so that the universe might stand fast through his glory.”
Sir 42:18 “He searches out the great deep and the human mind, and he understands their crafty designs; For the Most High possesses all knowledge, and looks upon the portent of eternity,”
Sir 42:19 “And declares the things that are past and the things that are to come, and uncovers the tracks of hidden things.”
Sir 42:20 “No thought escapes him, not one word is hidden from him.”
Sir 42:21 “He has ordained the majesty of his wisdom, for he is from everlasting to everlasting. It cannot be increased or diminished, and he has no need of any counselor.”
Sir 42:22 “How much to be desired are all his works, and how sparkling they are to see.”
Sir 42:23 “All these things live and last forever, with all their functions, and they are all obedient.”
Sir 42:24 “They are all in pairs, one facing another, not one of them is missing.”
Sir 42:25 “One confirms the good of the other, and who can have too much of beholding his glory?”

Chapter 43

Sir 43:1 “The glory of the height is the firmament in its purity, the sight of the heavens with the spectacle of their splendor.”
Sir 43:2 “The sun, when he appears, making proclamation as he goes forth, is a wonderful instrument, the work of the Most High;
Sir 43:3 “At noonday he dries up the country, and who can withstand his burning heat?”
Sir 43:4 “A man who blows a furnace works in the midst of heat, but the sun three times as much, burning up the mountains. He breathes out fiery vapors, and shoots forth his beams, blinding men’s eyes.”
Sir 43:5 “Great is the Lord who made him, at whose command he hurries on his course.”
Sir 43:6 “The moon, too, he places in its position at its season, to mark times and be an everlasting sign;”
Sir 43:7 “The moon gives the sign for the festival, a light that wanes after reaching the full.”
Sir 43:8 “The month is named after him; he increases marvelously as he changes, an instrument of the hosts on high, shining in the firmament of the heavens.”
Sir 43:9 “The beauty of heaven, the glory of the stars, a system giving light in the highest places of the Lord.”
Sir 43:10 “At the command of the Holy One they take their places as he decrees, and they will not fail in their watches.”
Sir 43:11 “See the rainbow, and bless him who made it surpassingly beautiful in its brightness.”
Sir 43:12 “It curves over the heaven in a glorious circle, the hands of the Most High have stretched it out,”
Sir 43:13 “By his command he brings the hurrying snow, and makes swift the lightnings of his judgment;”
Sir 43:14 “Because of it, the storehouses are opened, and the clouds fly out like birds.”
Sir 43:15 “In his majesty he makes the clouds thick, and the hailstones are broken in pieces.”
Sir 43:16 “When he appears, the mountains shake. At his wish the south wind blows.”
Sir 43:17 “His voice in the thunder rebukes the earth; so do the hurricane from the north and the whirlwind. He sprinkles the snow like birds fluttering down it comes down like locusts settling;”
Sir 43:18 “The eye is amazed at the beauty of its whiteness, and the mind is astonished at its raining.”
Sir 43:19 “He pours hoarfrost over the earth like salt, and, when it freezes, it becomes points of thorns.”
Sir 43:20 “The cold north wind blows and the ice freezes on the water; It lodges on every pool of water, and the water puts it on like a breastplate.”
Sir 43:21 “It consumes the mountains and burns up the wilderness, and shrivels the green herbage like fire,”
Sir 43:22 “A mist coming quickly heals everything; the dew falling refreshes things after the heat.”
Sir 43:23 “By his counsel he has stilled the deep, and planted islands in it.”
Sir 43:24 “Those who sail the sea tell of its danger, and we wonder at what we hear with our ears.”
Sir 43:25 “There are strange and wonderful works in it, a variety of kinds of beasts and whales created.”
Sir 43:26 “Because of him his messenger prospers on his way, and through his command all things consist.”
Sir 43:27 “We may say more, but we will not reach the end and the conclusion of what we have to say is: He is the whole.”
Sir 43:28 “Where can we find strength to glorify him? For he is greater than all his works.”
Sir 43:29 “The Lord is awesome and exceedingly great, and his power is wonderful.
Sir 43:30 “Glorify the Lord and exalt him as much as you can, for even then he will surpass it when you exalt him put forth all your strength; Do not grow weary, for you will not reach the end.”
Sir 43:31 “Who has ever seen him, so that he can describe him? And who can tell his greatness as it really is?”
Sir 43:32 “Many things greater than these still remain hidden, for we have seen but few of his works.”
Sir 43:33 “For the Lord has made all things, and he has given wisdom to the godly.”

Chapter 44

Sir 44:1 “Let us now praise distinguished men, our forefathers before us.”
Sir 44:2 “They are a great glory to the Lord who created them; they show his majesty from the beginning.”
Sir 44:3 “Men who exercised authority in their reigns, and were renowned for their might! They gave their counsel with understanding, and brought men tidings through their prophecy.”
Sir 44:4 “Leaders of the people in deliberation and understanding, men of learning for the people, wise in their words of instruction;”
Sir 44:5 “Composers of musical airs, authors of poems in writing;”
Sir 44:6 “Rich men, endowed with strength, who lived in peace upon their lands.”
Sir 44:7 “All these were honored in their generation, and were a glory in their day.”
Sir 44:8 “There are some of them who have left a name, so that men declare their praise;”
Sir 44:9 “And there are some who have no memorial, And have perished as though they had not lived, and have become as though they had not been, with their children after them.”
Sir 44:10 “Yet these were merciful men, and their uprightness has not been forgotten.”
Sir 44:11 “With their descendants it will remain, and their children are within the covenant.”
Sir 44:12 “Their descendants stand fast, and their children also for their sakes;”
Sir 44:13 “Their posterity will endure forever, and their glory will not be blotted out.”
Sir 44:14 “Their bodies are buried in peace, but their name lives to all generations.”
Sir 44:15 “Peoples will recite their wisdom, and the congregation declare their praise!”
Sir 44:16 “Enoch pleased the Lord and was taken up from the earth, an example of repentance for all generations.”
Sir 44:17 “Noah was found perfect and upright; In the time of God’s anger he was taken in exchange [for the world]. On his account a remnant was left to the earth (therefore he was left as a remnant unto the earth) when the flood occurred.”
Sir 44:18 “An everlasting covenant was made with him, that all life should never be blotted out by a flood.”
Sir 44:19 “Abraham was the great father of a multitude of nations, and no one has been found equal to him in glory.”
Sir 44:20 “He observed the Law of the Most High, and entered into a covenant with him. He certified the agreement in his flesh, and when he was tested, he proved faithful.”
Sir 44:21 “For that reason he assured him with an oath that nations would be blessed through his posterity, and that he would make him as numerous as the dust of the earth, and would raise his posterity as high as the stars, and that they should possess from sea to sea, and from the river to the end of the earth.”
Sir 44:22 “He guaranteed it to Isaac also in like manner, because of his father Abraham. The blessing of all mankind and the covenant.”
Sir 44:23 “He made to rest upon the head of Jacob. He acknowledged him with his blessings, and gave them to him as his inheritance. And he divided his portions, and distributed them among twelve tribes.”

Chapter 45

Sir 45:1 “From his posterity he brought a man of mercy, who found favor in the sight of all mankind, and was beloved by God and man, Moses, whose memory is blessed.”
Sir 45:2 “He made him equal to his holy ones in glory, and made him great in the fears of his enemies.”
Sir 45:3 “By his words he brought wonders to pass; he made him glorious in the sight of kings. He gave him commands for his people, and showed him part of his glory.”
Sir 45:4 “Through faithfulness and meekness he sanctified him; He chose him out of all mankind.”
Sir 45:5 “He made him hear his voice; He brought him into the thick darkness, and gave him his commandments face to face, The law of life and knowledge, that he may teach Jacob his covenant, and Israel his decrees.”
Sir 45:6 “He exalted Aaron, a holy man like him, who was his brother, from the tribe of Levi.”
Sir 45:7 “He made with him an everlasting covenant, and gave him the priesthood of the people. He blessed him with stateliness, and put on him a splendid robe;”
Sir 45:8 “He clothed him with glorious perfection, and strengthened him with garments of authority, the drawers, the robe, and the apron.”
Sir 45:9 “And he surrounded him with pomegranates, with very many gold bells all around to ring out as he walked, to make their sound heard in the temple, for a memorial to remind the children of his people;”
Sir 45:10 “With a holy garment, with gold and violet and purple, a work of embroidery; With the oracle of judgment, the decider of truth (with Urim and Thummim).”
Sir 45:11 “With twisted scarlet, the work of an artist; With precious stones, engraved like signets in a setting of gold, the work of an engraver, for a reminder, in carved letters, giving the number of the tribes of Israel;”
Sir 45:12 “With a gold crown upon his mitre/turban, engraved like a signet with “Sacredness”; a glorious distinction, a work of might, the desire of the eyes, richly adorned.”
Sir 45:13 “Before him, there never were such beautiful things, no stranger will ever put them on, but his children alone and their posterity forever.”
Sir 45:14 “His sacrifices will be wholly consumed twice every day perpetually.”
Sir 45:15 “Moses filled his hands, and anointed him with sacred oil; It became an everlasting covenant with him and his posterity all the days of heaven, to minister to him and act as priest and bless the people in his name.”
Sir 45:16 “He chose him out of all the living to offer sacrifices to the Lord, incense and a sweet savor for a memorial sacrifice, to make atonement for your people.”
Sir 45:17 “In his commandments he gave him authority over the agreements about judgments, to teach Jacob the decrees and to enlighten Israel with his law.”
Sir 45:18 “Strangers conspired against him, and envied him in the desert; The men with Dathan and Abiram, and the company of Korah, in their wrath and anger.”
Sir 45:19 “The Lord saw it and was not pleased, and they were destroyed by his fierce anger; He executed signs upon them, to devour them with his blazing fire.”
Sir 45:20 “And he increased Aaron’s glory, and gave him his inheritance; he apportioned to him the very first of the firstfruits; He prepared the Presentation Bread in abundance,”
Sir 45:21 “For they are to eat the sacrifices of the Lord, which he gave to him and his posterity.”
Sir 45:22 “But he has no share in the land of the people, and he has no portion among the people, for the Lord himself is your portion and your inheritance.”
Sir 45:23 “Phineas, the son of Eleazar, is the third in glory, for he was zealous for the fear of the Lord, and stood fast, when the people turned away, In the goodness and eagerness of his soul, and made atonement for Israel.”
Sir 45:24 “Therefore an agreement of peace was established with him, that he should be the leader of the saints and of his people, that he and his posterity should possess the dignity of the priesthood forever.”
Sir 45:25 “According to the covenant that was made with David, the son of Jesse, of the tribe of Judah; As the king’s inheritance passes only from son to son, so the inheritance of Aaron is for his posterity.”
Sir 45:26 “May he give you wisdom of mind to judge his people with uprightness so that their prosperity may not come to an end, but their glory may last through all their generations.”

Chapter 46

Sir 46:1 “Joshua, the son of Nun, was mighty in war, and the successor of Moses in prophesying, who according to his name was made great for saving the elect of God, and taking vengeance on the enemies that rose up against them, so that he might give Israel their inheritance.”
Sir 46:2 “How glorious he was when he lifted up his hands, and pointed his sword against the cities!”
Sir 46:3 “Before him who ever stood so fast? For he carried on the wars of the Lord.”
Sir 46:4 “Was not the sun stayed by his hand, and one day increased to two?”
Sir 46:5 “He called on the Most High Ruler, when his enemies pressed upon him on all sides, and the great Lord heard him.”
Sir 46:6 “And with hailstones of mighty power he made war burst upon that nation, and at the descent (of Beth-horon) he destroyed his opponents, so that the heathen might recognize his armor, and know that he fought in the sight of the Lord.”
Sir 46:7 “In the days of Moses also this champion did a work of mercy, he and Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, in that they withstood the congregation, and restrained the people from sin, and quieted their wicked grumbling.”
Sir 46:8 “These two alone were preserved out of six hundred thousand people on foot to bring them into their heritage, to a land running with milk and honey.”
Sir 46:9 “And the Lord gave Caleb strength, and it remained with him until he was old, so that he climbed upon the high places of the land, and his posterity obtained it for an heritage.”
Sir 46:10 “So that all the sons of Israel might see that it is good to follow after the Lord.”
Sir 46:11 “The judges too, everyone by name, all whose hearts did not fall into idolatry, and who did not turn away from the Lord, may their memory be blessed!”
Sir 46:12 “May their bones revive where they lie, and the name of them be transmitted to the descendants of their renown.”
Sir 46:13 “There was Samuel, beloved by his Lord; A prophet of the Lord, he established the kingdom, and anointed princes over his people.”
Sir 46:14 “By the Law of the Lord he judged the congregation, and the Lord showed regard for Jacob.”
Sir 46:15 “By his faithfulness he was proved a prophet, and he was known to be trustworthy through the words of his vision.”
Sir 46:16 “And he called upon the Mighty Lord, when his enemies pressed him on every side, and he offered him a suckling lamb;”
Sir 46:17 “Then the Lord thundered from heaven, and made his voice heard with a loud noise,”
Sir 46:18 “And he wiped out the rulers of the Tyrians and all the princes of the Philistines.”
Sir 46:19 “And before his long sleep, he called them to witness, before the Lord and his anointed, “From no man have I taken his property, even as much as a pair of shoes.” And no one accused him.”
Sir 46:20 “Even after he fell asleep he prophesied, and showed the king his end, and lifted his voice out of the earth in prophecy, to blot out the wickedness of the people.”

Chapter 47

Sir 47:1 “After him Nathan arose, to prophesy in the days of David.”
Sir 47:2 “Just as the fat is separated from the offering, David was separated from the Israelites.”
Sir 47:3 “He played with lions as though they were kids, and with bears as though they were lambs of the flock.”
Sir 47:4 “In his youth did he not kill a giant, and relieve the people of reproach, when he lifted his hand with a stone in the sling, and brought down the boasting of Goliath?”
Sir 47:5 “For he called on the Lord, the Most High, and he gave strength to his right hand to slay a mighty warrior, and to exalt the strength (horn) of his people.”
Sir 47:6 “So they lauded him for his ten thousands, and praised him for the blessings of the Lord, when the glorious diadem was brought to him.”
Sir 47:7 “For he wiped out his enemies on every side, and annihilated his adversaries the Philistines, he crushed their strength, unto this day.”
Sir 47:8 “Over all that he did he gave thanks to the Holy One, the Most High, with words of praise. He sang praise with his whole heart, and he loved his Maker.”
Sir 47:9 “He placed singers before the altar, to make sweet melody with their voices.”
Sir 47:10 “He gave dignity to the festivals, and set the seasons in order throughout the year, while they praised God’s holy name, and the sanctuary rang with it from early morning.”
Sir 47:11 “The Lord took away his sins, and exalted his strength (horn) forever, and gave him the covenant of kings, and a glorious throne in Israel.”
Sir 47:12 “After him arose his wise son, who lived in wide borders because of him;”
Sir 47:13 “Solomon reigned in days of peace, and God gave him rest on every side, so that he might erect a house in his name, and provide a sanctuary forever.”
Sir 47:14 “How wise you became in your youth, and how full of understanding, like a river!”
Sir 47:15 “Your soul covered the earth, and you filled it with puzzling proverbs.”
Sir 47:16 “Your name reached distant islands, and you were loved for your peaceful sway.”
Sir 47:17 “For your songs and proverbs and parables, and your interpretations, the countries wondered at you.”
Sir 47:18 “Through the name of the Lord God, Who is called the God of Israel, you gathered gold like tin, and accumulated silver like lead.”
Sir 47:19 “You laid your flanks beside women, and were brought into subjection by your body.”
Sir 47:20 “You brought a stain upon your fame, and polluted your posterity, so that you brought wrath upon your children, and they were grieved at your folly.”
Sir 47:21 “So that the sovereignty was divided, and a disobedient kingdom arose out of Ephraim.”
Sir 47:22 “But the Lord will not forsake his mercy, and he will not prove false to any of his words, nor will he blot out the descendants of his chosen, nor destroy the posterity of him who loved him. For he gave Jacob a remnant, and David a root sprung from him.”
Sir 47:23 So Solomon rested with his forefathers, and left behind him one of his own children, “The people’s folly,” a man wanting in understanding, Rehoboam, who by his counsel made the people revolt. And there was Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin, and showed Ephraim a sinful way.”
Sir 47:24 “Their sins became so exceedingly many that they dislodged them from their land.”
Sir 47:25 “For they sought out every kind of wickedness, until vengeance should come upon them.”

Chapter 48

Sir 48:1 “Then the prophet Elijah arose like fire, and his word burned like a torch;”
Sir 48:2 “He brought a famine upon them, and made them few by his zeal,”
Sir 48:3 “By the word of the Lord he shut up heaven; In the same way, he brought down fire three times.”
Sir 48:4 “How glorified you were, Elijah, in your wonderful acts, and who can glory like you?”
Sir 48:5 “You who raised one who was dead, from death, and from Hades, by the word of the Most High.”
Sir 48:6 “Who brought kings down to destruction, and distinguished men from their beds.”
Sir 48:7 “Who heard rebukes at Sinai, and judgments of vengeance at Horeb;”
Sir 48:8 “Who anointed kings to exact retribution, and prophets to succeed him;”
Sir 48:9 “Who were taken up in a whirlwind of fire, in a chariot with fiery horses;”
Sir 48:10 “Who, it is written, is to come in rebuke at the appointed time, to quit anger before it becomes wrath, to turn the heart of the father to his son, and to restore the tribes of Jacob.”
Sir 48:11 “Happy are those who saw you, and those who fell asleep in love; for we will surely live.”
Sir 48:12 “When Elijah was sheltered by the whirlwind, Elisha was filled with his spirit. In all his days he was not shaken by any ruler and no one overmastered him.”
Sir 48:13 “Nothing was too wonderful for him, and when he had fallen asleep, his body prophesied.”
Sir 48:14 “In his life he did signs, and after his death he worked wonders.”
Sir 48:15 “For all this the people did not repent, and did not forsake their sins, until they were carried away captive from their land, and scattered over all the earth. Yet, there remained a people very few in number, and a ruler in the house of David.”
Sir 48:16 “Some of them did what was right, and some of them sinned more and more.”
Sir 48:17 “Hezekiah fortified his city, and brought water into the midst of it; He dug the sheer rock with iron, and built wells for water.”
Sir 48:18 “In his days Sennacherib came up, and sent the commander, and departed. And he raised his hand against Zion, and uttered great boasts in his arrogance;”
Sir 48:19 “Then their hearts and hands were shaken, and they suffered like women in travail.”
Sir 48:20 “Then they called upon the Lord, who is merciful, spreading out their hands to him, and the Holy One heard them speedily from heaven, and delivered them by the hand of Isaiah.”
Sir 48:21 “He struck the camp of the Assyrians, and his angel wiped them out.”
Sir 48:22 “For Hezekiah did what pleased the Lord, and was strong in the ways of his forefather David, which the prophet Isaiah commanded, who was great and faithful in his prophetic vision.
Sir 48:23 “In his days the sun went back, and prolonged the life of the king.”
Sir 48:24 “Through the spirit of might he foresaw the future, and comforted those who mourned in Zion.”
Sir 48:25 “He revealed the things that were to be, forever, and the hidden things, before they came to pass.”

Chapter 49

Sir 49:1 “The memory of Josiah is like a blending of incense carefully prepared by the perfumer; everyone finds it sweet as honey to the taste, and like music at a banquet.”
Sir 49:2 “He succeeded in converting the people, and abolished the wicked abominations.”
Sir 49:3 “He made his heart right with the Lord, in the days of wicked men he established the worship of God.”
Sir 49:4 “All, except David and Hezekiah and Josiah, sinned greatly, for they forsook the Law of the Most High, even the kings of Judah failed utterly.”
Sir 49:5 “Therefore, he gave their strength to others, and their glory to a foreign nation.”
Sir 49:6 “They set fire to the chosen city of the sanctuary, and made her streets desolate, according to the prophecy of Jeremiah;”
Sir 49:7 “For they had misused him; though he was consecrated before his birth to be a prophet, to root up and injure and ruin, likewise to build and to plant.”
Sir 49:8 “It was Ezekiel who saw the glorious vision, which he showed him upon the chariot borne by the winged creatures (cherubim).”
Sir 49:9 “For he remembers his enemies with rain, and to do good to those who make their paths straight.”
Sir 49:10 “And may the bones of the Twelve Prophets revive out of their place, for they comforted Jacob, and delivered them with their confident hope.”
Sir 49:11 “How shall we magnify Zerubbabel? For he was like a signet on the right hand;”
Sir 49:12 “So was Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, for they in their days rebuilt the house, and raised a temple holy to the Lord, prepared for everlasting glory.”
Sir 49:13 “And among the elect was Nehemiah, whose renown is great, for he raised up for us the walls which had fallen, and set up barred gates, and rebuilt our houses.”
Sir 49:14 “No one was ever created on earth like Enoch, for he was taken up from the earth;
Sir 49:15 “Nor was a man ever born like Joseph, the leader of his brothers, the support of the people; and his bones were cared for.”
Sir 49:16 “Shem and Seth were greatly honored above other men, but above every living thing was Adam in his creation.”

Chapter 50

Sir 50:1 “It was Simon, the son of Onias, the great priest, who in his lifetime repaired the house, and in his days strengthened the sanctuary.”
Sir 50:2 “He laid the foundation for the height of the double wall, the lofty substructure for the temple inclosure.”
Sir 50:3 “In his days a water cistern was hewed out, a reservoir in circumference like the sea,”
Sir 50:4 “He took thought for his people to keep them from calamity, and fortified the city against siege.”
Sir 50:5 “How glorious he was, surrounded by the people, as he came out of the sanctuary!”
Sir 50:6 “Like the morning star among the clouds, like the moon when it is full;”
Sir 50:7 “Like the sun shining forth upon the sanctuary of the Most High; like the rainbow, showing itself among glorious clouds,”
Sir 50:8 “Like roses in the days of firstfruits, like lilies by a spring of water, like a sprig of frankincense, on summer days,”
Sir 50:9 “Like fire and incense in the censer, like a dish of beaten gold, adorned with all kinds of precious stones;”
Sir 50:10 “Like an olive putting forth its fruit, and like a cypress towering among the clouds.”
Sir 50:11 “When he assumed his glorious robe, and put on glorious perfection, and when he went up to the holy altar, he made the court of the sanctuary glorious.”
Sir 50:12 “And when he received the portions from the hands of the priests, as he stood by the hearth of the altar, with his brothers like a wreath about him, he was like a young cedar on Lebanon, and they surrounded him like the trunks of palm trees.”
Sir 50:13 “All the descendants of Aaron in their splendor, with the Lord’s offering in their hands, before the whole assembly of Israel;”
Sir 50:14 “And when he finished the service at the altars, to adorn the offering of the Most High, the Almighty,”
Sir 50:15 “He stretched out his hand to the cup, and poured out some of the blood of the grape; He poured it out at the foot of the altar, a fragrant odor unto the Most High, the King of All.”
Sir 50:16 “Then the descendants of Aaron shouted; they sounded the trumpets of beaten work; they made a great sound heard, for a reminder, before the Most High.”
Sir 50:17 “Then all the people made haste together, and fell upon their faces on the ground, to worship their Lord, the Almighty, the Most High.”
Sir 50:18 “The singers too praised him with their voices; They made sweet music in the fullest volume.
Sir 50:19 “And the people entreated the Lord Most High, with prayer before him who is merciful, until the worship of the Lord should be finished, and they completed his service.”
Sir 50:20 “Then he came down and lifted his hands over the whole assembly of the descendants of Israel, to pronounce the blessing of the Lord with his lips, and to exult in his name.”
Sir 50:21 “And they prostrated themselves a second time, to receive the blessing from the Most High.”
Sir 50:22 “Now bless the God of all, who in every way does great things; who exalts our days from our birth, and deals with us according to his mercy.”
Sir 50:23 “May he give us gladness of heart, and may there be peace in our days in Israel, and through the days of eternity.”
Sir 50:24 “May he intrust his mercy to us, and let him deliver us in our days (at his time).”
Sir 50:25 “With two nations my soul is vexed, and the third is no nation;”
Sir 50:26 “They who live on the mountain of Samaria, they that dwell among the Philistines, and the foolish people that live in Shechem.”
Sir 50:27 “Instruction in understanding and knowledge has Jeshua, son of Sirach, son of Eleazar, of Jerusalem, written in this book, who poured forth wisdom from his mind.”
Sir 50:28 “Happy is he who concerns himself with these things, and he that lays them up in his mind will become wise.”
Sir 50:29 “For if he does them, he will be strong for all things, for the light of the Lord is his path, who gives wisdom to the godly. Blessed be the Lord forever. Amen, Amen.”

Chapter 51

Sir 51:1 “I will give thanks to you, Lord and King, and praise you as God my Savior. I give thanks to your name.”
Sir 51:2 “For you have been my protector and helper, and have delivered my body from destruction, and from the snare of a slanderous tongue. from lips that utter lies, and before those who stood by, you were my helper.”
Sir 51:3 “And delivered me, in the greatness of your mercy and of your name, from the gnashing of teeth when I was about to be devoured, from the hand of those who sought my life, from the numerous troubles that I had.”
Sir 51:4 “From choking fire all around me, and from the midst of a flame which I had not kindled,”
Sir 51:5 “From the depth of the heart of Hades, and from the unclean tongue and the lying speech.”
Sir 51:6 “An unrighteous tongue uttered slander to the king; my soul drew nigh to death, and my life was near to Hades beneath;”
Sir 51:7 “They surrounded me on every side, and there was no one to help me; I looked for the help of men, and there was none.”
Sir 51:8 “Then I remembered your mercy, Lord, and your work which has been from of old, for you deliver those who wait for you, and save them from the hand of their enemies.”
Sir 51:9 “And I sent up my supplication from the earth, and prayed for deliverance from death.”
Sir 51:10 “I besought the Lord, the father of my lord, not to forsake me in my days of trouble, at the time when there is no help against the proud.”
Sir 51:11 “I said, “I will praise your name continually, and praise you with thanksgiving.” And my prayer was heard.”
Sir 51:12 “For you saved me from destruction, and delivered me from my emergency. Therefore I will give thanks to you and praise you, and bless the name of the Lord.”
Sir 51:13 “When I was very young, before I went on my wanderings, I sought wisdom expressly in my prayer;”
Sir 51:14 “In front of the temple I asked for her, and I will search for her unto the end.”
Sir 51:15 “From her flower as from her ripening grape, my heart delighted in her. My foot trod in uprightness; from my youth I followed her steps.”
Sir 51:16 “I bowed my ear a little and received her, and found much instruction for myself.”
Sir 51:17 “I made progress in her; and to him who gave me wisdom I will give glory.”
Sir 51:18 “For I resolved to practice her, and I was zealous for the good, and I shall not be disappointed.”
Sir 51:19 “My soul grappled with her, and in the fulfillment of the Law I was very strict. I spread out my hands to heaven above, and lamented my ignorance of her.”
Sir 51:20 “I directed my soul to her, and I found her in pureness. I gained my purpose with her from the beginning; therefore I will not be forsaken.”
Sir 51:21 “My heart was stirred to seek her; therefore I obtained a good possession.”
Sir 51:22 “The Lord gave me the power to speak as my reward, and I will praise him with it.”
Sir 51:23 “Come to me, you who are untaught, and pass the night in the house of instruction.”
Sir 51:24 “Why do you say you are wanting in these things, and that your souls are very thirsty?”
Sir 51:25 “I opened my mouth and said, “Get her for yourselves without money,”
Sir 51:26 “Put your neck under her yoke, and let your soul receive instruction. She is to be found close by.”
Sir 51:27 “See with your own eyes that I have worked but little, and yet found myself much repose.”
Sir 51:28 “Get some instruction with a great sum in silver, and you will gain much gold with it.”
Sir 51:29 “Let your soul delight in his mercy and be not ashamed of his praise.”
Sir 51:30 “Finish your work in time, And in his own time he will give you your reward.”

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The First Book of Esdras

Edits, corrections and cross references by The Firmament

First and second Esdras are contained in a group of books called Apocrypha (hidden or secret), which were once in the canonical Bible between the old and new testaments. In the Septuagint, where Ezra and Nehemiah are called First and Second Esdras, this book is referred to as Third Esdras. Frequently, it is given the more descriptive title of the Greek Ezra because, originally written in Aramaic or Hebrew, it survives today only in Greek. It traces portions of Israel’s history from 621 BC to 444 BC.

Chapter 1

1 Esd 1:1 “When Josiah celebrated the passover festival in Jerusalem to his Lord, he sacrificed the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month,”
1 Esd 1:2 “Placing the priests in their divisions, clad in their vestments, in the temple of the Lord.”
1 Esd 1:3 “And he ordered the Levites, the temple slaves of Israel, to consecrate themselves to the Lord, when they put the holy chest of the Lord in the house of the Lord, which Solomon the king, the son of David, had built;”
1 Esd 1:4 “And he said, “You will not have to carry it on your shoulders any more; so now worship the Lord your God, and serve his people, Israel, and prepare yourselves by your families and kindreds,”
1 Esd 1:5 “As David, king of Israel, wrote, and with all the magnificence of Solomon his son; and take your places in the temple, according to your ancestral groups as Levites before your brothers, the Israelites,”
1 Esd 1:6 “In proper order, and sacrifice the Passover, and get the sacrifices ready for your brothers, and observe the Passover, in accordance with the Lord’s command which was given to Moses.”
1 Esd 1:7 “And Josiah gave the people that were present thirty thousand lambs and kids, and three thousand calves; these were given out of the king’s revenues, as he promised, to the people and the priests and Levites.”
1 Esd 1:8 “And Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, the rulers of the temple, gave the priests for the Passover two thousand, six hundred sheep and three hundred calves.”
1 Esd 1:9 “And Jeconiah and Shemaiah and Nathanael, his brother, and Asabiah and Ochiel and Joram, colonels of regiments, gave the Levites for the Passover five thousand sheep and seven hundred calves.”
1 Esd 1:10 “And it was done; the priests and Levites, with the unleavened bread, stood in proper order, according to their kindreds.”
1 Esd 1:11 “And their family divisions, before the people, to make the offering to the Lord, as it is prescribed in the book of Moses; this they did in the morning.”
1 Esd 1:12 “They roasted the Passover with fire in the proper way, and boiled the sacrifices in caldrons and basins, with savory odors,”
1 Esd 1:13 “And set them before all the people. Afterward they prepared some for themselves and their brothers the priests, the sons of Aaron;”
1 Esd 1:14 “For the priests were offering the fat until night, so the Levites prepared meat for themselves and for their brothers the priests, the sons of Aaron.”
1 Esd 1:15 “The sacred musicians, too, the sons of Asaph, were in their places, according to the regulations of David, with Asaph and Zechariah and Eddinus, who were of the king’s circle,”
1 Esd 1:16 “And the doorkeepers stood at each door. No one needed to interrupt his duties for the day, for their brothers, the Levites, prepared meat for them.”
1 Esd 1:17 “So the things that had to do with the Lord’s sacrifices were carried out that day, in celebrating the Passover,”
1 Esd 1:18 “And offering the sacrifices on the altar of the Lord, as King Josiah commanded.”
1 Esd 1:19 “So the Israelites who were present at that time observed the Passover and the festival of Unleavened Bread for seven days.”
1 Esd 1:20 “No such Passover had been celebrated in Israel since the times of the prophet Samuel,”
1 Esd 1:21 “And none of the kings of Israel had celebrated such a Passover as Josiah and the priests and the Levites and the Jews celebrated with all the Israelites that were present in their dwellings in Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 1:22 “It was in the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah that this Passover was observed.”
1 Esd 1:23 “And the doings of Josiah were upright in the Lord’s sight, for his heart was full of piety.”
1 Esd 1:24 “And the events of his times have been recorded in the past about those who sinned and acted wickedly toward the Lord, beyond any other nation or kingdom, and how they grieved him keenly, so that the words of the Lord rose up to condemn Israel.”
1 Esd 1:25 “After all these doings of Josiah, it happened that Pharaoh, king of Egypt, came to make war at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to encounter him.”
1 Esd 1:26 “And the king of Egypt sent word to him, saying, “What do you want of me, King of Judah?”
1 Esd 1:27 “I was not sent against you by the Lord God, for my war is on the Euphrates. And now the Lord is with me! The Lord is with me, urging me on; depart and do not oppose the Lord.”
1 Esd 1:28 “But Josiah would not turn back to his chariot, but tried to fight with him, disregarding the words of Jeremiah the prophet, spoken by the mouth of the Lord,”
1 Esd 1:29 “And joined battle with him in the plain of Megiddo, and the leaders fought against King Josiah.”
1 Esd 1:30 “And the king said to his servants, “Take me away from the battle, for I am very sick.” And his servants immediately took him out of the fray.”
1 Esd 1:31 “And he got into his second chariot, and was taken back to Jerusalem, and departed this life, and was buried in the tomb of his forefathers.”
1 Esd 1:32 “And they grieved for Josiah all over Judah, and Jeremiah the prophet lamented for Josiah, and the principal men, with the women, have mourned him to this day; and it was ordained that this should always be done, throughout all the nation of Israel.”
1 Esd 1:33 “This is recorded in the scroll of the histories of the kings of Judah; and every one of the deeds of Josiah, and his splendor, and his understanding of the Law of the Lord, and what he had done before, and these present deeds, are told in the scroll of the kings of Israel and Judah.”
1 Esd 1:34 “And the men of the nation took Jeconiah, the son of Josiah, and made him king, to succeed Josiah his father, when he was twenty-three years old.”
1 Esd 1:35 “And he reigned three months in Judah and Jerusalem. Then the king of Egypt deposed him from reigning in Jerusalem,”
1 Esd 1:36 “And he assessed the nation a hundred talents of silver and one talent of gold.”
1 Esd 1:37 “And the king of Egypt appointed Jehoiakim, his brother, king of Judah and Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 1:38 “And Jehoiakim put the nobles in prison and seized his brother Zarius and brought him back from Egypt.”
1 Esd 1:39 “Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king of Judah and Jerusalem, and he did what was wrong in the sight of the Lord.”
1 Esd 1:40 “And Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, came against him, and put him in chains of brass and took him to Babylon.”
1 Esd 1:41 “And Nebuchadnezzar took some of the sacred dishes of the Lord and carried them off and set them up in his temple in Babylon.”
1 Esd 1:42 “But the stories about him and his uncleanness and his impious behavior are written in the chronicles of the kings.”
1 Esd 1:43 “And Jehoiachin, his son, became king in his stead; for when he was made king, he was eighteen years old,”
1 Esd 1:44 “And he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem, and did what was wrong in the sight of the Lord.”
1 Esd 1:45 “And a year later, Nebuchadnezzar sent and removed him to Babylon, with the sacred dishes of the Lord,”
1 Esd 1:46 “And appointed Zedekiah king of Judah and Jerusalem, when Zedekiah was twenty-one years old. And he reigned eleven years.”
1 Esd 1:47 “And he did what was wrong in the sight of the Lord, and disregarded the words that were spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, from the mouth of the Lord.”
1 Esd 1:48 “And although King Nebuchadnezzar had made him swear by the name of the Lord, he broke his oath and rebelled, and he hardened his neck and his heart and transgressed the laws of the Lord, the God of Israel.”
1 Esd 1:49 “And the leaders of the people and of the priests did many impious acts and surpassed in lawlessness all the unclean acts of all the heathen, and polluted the temple of the Lord that had been consecrated in Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 1:50 “And the God so of their forefathers sent by his messenger to call them back, for he would have spared them and his dwelling;”
1 Esd 1:51 “But they mocked his messengers, and whenever the Lord spoke to them, they made sport of his prophets,”
1 Esd 1:52 “Until he grew angry with his people because of their ungodliness and ordered the kings of the Chaldeans to be brought against them.”
1 Esd 1:53 “These killed their young men with the sword around their holy temple, and did not spare youth or maiden, old man or child, for he delivered them all into their hands.”
1 Esd 1:54 “And all the sacred dishes of the Lord, great and small, and the chests of the Lord, and the royal treasures they took, and carried them off to Babylon.”
1 Esd 1:55 “And they burned the house of the Lord, and tore down the walls of Jerusalem, and burned down their towers,”
1 Esd 1:56 “And completely ruined all her glories. And those who survived the sword he removed to Babylon.”
1 Esd 1:57 “And they were his servants and those of his children, until the Persians began to reign; to fulfil what the Lard said by the mouth of Jeremiah,”
1 Esd 1:58 “Until the land enjoys its sabbaths, all the time of her desolation she shall keep the sabbath, until the lapse of seventy years.”

Chapter 2

1 Esd 2:1 “In the first year that Cyrus reigned over Persia, to fulfil what the Lord said by the mouth of Jeremiah,”
1 Esd 2:2 “The Lord stirred the heart of Cyrus, king of Persia, and he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it in writing saying,”
1 Esd 2:3 “Thus speaks Cyrus king of Persia: The Lord of Israel, the Lord Most High, has made me king of the world,”
1 Esd 2:4 “And directed me to build him a house in Jerusalem, in Judah.”
1 Esd 2:5 “So if anyone of you is of his people, his Lord be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, in Judah, and build the house of the Lord of Israel; he is the Lord who lives in Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 2:6 “So let a man’s neighbors, who live in each place, help him with gold and silver,”
1 Esd 2:7 “With presents, with horses and cattle, beside the other things added as vows for the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 2:8 “Then the heads of families of the tribe of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin arose, and the priests and the Levites, and all whose hearts the Lord had stirred to go up to build the house in Jerusalem for the Lord.”
1 Esd 2:9 “And their neighbors helped them with everything, with silver and gold, with horses and cattle, and a great many vows from many whose hearts were stirred.”
1 Esd 2:10 “And King Cyrus brought out the sacred dishes of the Lord, which Nebuchadnezzar had carried off from Jerusalem, and deposited in the temple of his idols;”
1 Esd 2:11 “But Cyrus, king of Persia, brought them out, and delivered them to his treasurer Mithridates,”
1 Esd 2:12 “And they were turned over by him to Sheshbazzar, the governor of Judah.”
1 Esd 2:13 “And this was the number of them: a thousand gold cups, a thousand silver cups, twenty-nine silver censers, thirty gold bowls, two thousand, four hundred and ten silver bowls, and a thousand other dishes.”
1 Esd 2:14 “So all the dishes, gold and silver, five thousand, four hundred and sixty-nine,”
1 Esd 2:15 “Were taken and carried back by Sheshbazzar, along with those who had been in captivity, from Babylon to Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 2:16 “But in the times of Artaxerxes, king of Persia, Bishlam, Mithridates, Tabeel, Rehum, the recorder, and Shimshai, the scribe, and the others associated with them, living in Samaria and other places, wrote him the following letter, against those who lived in Judah and Jerusalem:”
1 Esd 2:17 “To King Artaxerxes our lord, your servants Rehum, the recorder, and Shimshai, the scribe, and the other judges of their court in Coelesyria and Phoenicia;”
1 Esd 2:18 “Now be it known to our lord the king, that the Jews who have come up to us from you have reached Jerusalem and are rebuilding that rebellious and wicked city and repairing its bazaars and walls and laying the foundations of a temple.”
1 Esd 2:19 “Now if this city is rebuilt and its walls completed, they will not submit to paying tribute, but will even resist the kings.”
1 Esd 2:20 “And since the matter of the temple is now under way, we think it right not to neglect such a matter,”
1 Esd 2:21 “But to address our lord the king, so that, if you approve, a search may be made in the records of your forefathers;”
1 Esd 2:22 “For you will find in their chronicles what is written about them, and you will learn that this city was rebellious, troublesome to kings and towns,”
1 Esd 2:23 “And that the Jews were rebels and organizers of warfare in it from ancient times; that was why the city was laid waste.”
1 Esd 2:24 “We now therefore inform you, lord king, that if this city is rebuilt, and its walls restored, you will no longer have a way of access to Coelesyria and Phoenicia.”
1 Esd 2:25 “Then the king wrote in reply to Rehum, the recorder, and Shimshai, the scribe, and their associates, who lived in Samaria, Syria, and Phoenicia, as follows:”
1 Esd 2:26 “I have read the letter which you sent me. I accordingly ordered search to be made, and it was found that this city from ancient times used to rebel against the kings,”
1 Esd 2:27 “And the people created revolts and wars in it, and that stern and powerful kings ruled in Jerusalem, and took tribute from Coelesyria and Phoenicia.”
1 Esd 2:28 “Therefore I have now given orders to prevent these men from rebuilding the city, and to take measures that nothing further be done,”
1 Esd 2:29 “And that these wicked undertakings go no farther, to the annoyance of the kings.”
1 Esd 2:30 “When the message of King Artaxerxes was read, Rehum and Shimshai, the scribe, and their associates proceeded in haste to Jerusalem, with horsemen and a crowd of troops and began to hinder the builders; so the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem was suspended until the second year of the reign of Darius, king of Persia.”

Chapter 3

1 Esd 3:1 “Now King Darius made a great banquet for all his subjects, and all his domestics, and all the nobles of Media and Persia,”
1 Esd 3:2 “And all the viceroys and provincial and district governors under his sway, in the hundred and twenty-seven provinces from India to Ethiopia.”
1 Esd 3:3 “And they ate and drank, and when they were satisfied, they went home, but Darius the king went to his bedroom, and fell asleep, and then awoke.”
1 Esd 3:4 “Then the three young men of his bodyguard, who kept guard over the person of the king, said to one another,”
1 Esd 3:5 “Let us each say what one thing is strongest, and Darius the king will give rich presents and great honors to the one whose words seem the wisest,”
1 Esd 3:6 “And have him dressed in purple, and drink from gold plate, and sleep on a gold bed, and give him a chariot with gold bridles, and a linen headdress, and a necklace around his neck,”
1 Esd 3:7 “And because of his wisdom he shall sit next to Darius, and be called Darius’ kinsman.”
1 Esd 3:8 “Then they each wrote his own answer and put his seal on it, and put them under the pillow of King Darius,”
1 Esd 3:9 “And said, “When the king wakes up, they will give him the writing, and the one whose choice the king and the three princes of Persia judge the wisest, shall be considered the victor in what he has written.”
1 Esd 3:10 “The first wrote, “Wine is strongest.”
1 Esd 3:11 “The second wrote, “The king is strongest.”
1 Esd 3:12 “The third wrote, “Women are strongest, but truth prevails over everything.”
1 Esd 3:13 “So when the king awoke, they took the writing and gave it to him and he read it.”
1 Esd 3:14 “Then he sent and summoned all the nobles of Persia and Media, and the governors and officers and magistrates and officials,”
1 Esd 3:15 “And he took his seat in the council chamber, and what was written was read before them.”
1 Esd 3:16 “And he said, “Summon the young men, and let them show their reasons.” And they were summoned, and came in.”
1 Esd 3:17 “And they said to them, “Explain to us about what you have written.” So the first one, who had told of the strength of wine, began:”
1 Esd 3:18 “And he said, “Gentlemen, how supremely strong wine is! It leads the minds of all who drink it astray.”
1 Esd 3:19 “It makes the mind of the king and the mind of the fatherless child alike; the mind of the menial and the freeman, of the poor and the rich.”
1 Esd 3:20 “It turns every thought to mirth and merrymaking, and forgets all grief and debt.”
1 Esd 3:21 “It makes all hearts rich, and forgets kings and governors, and makes everybody talk in thousands.” (talents)
1 Esd 3:22 “And when they drink, they forget to be friendly to friends and brothers, and very soon they draw their swords.”
1 Esd 3:23 “And when they recover from their wine, they cannot remember what they have done.”
1 Esd 3:24 “Gentlemen, is not wine supremely strong, since it forces them to act so?” When he had said this, he stopped.”

Chapter 4

1 Esd 4:1 “Then the second, who had told of the king’s might, began to speak:”
1 Esd 4:2 “Gentlemen, are not men strongest, because they control land and sea, and all that is in them?”
1 Esd 4:3 “But the king is supremely strong, and is lord and master of them, and every command he gives them they obey.”
1 Esd 4:4 “If he orders them to make war on one another, they do so; and if he sends them out against the enemy, they go, and surmount mountains, walls, and towers.”
1 Esd 4:5 “They kill and are killed, but they do not disobey the king’s command. And if they are victorious, they bring everything to the king, the spoils they take and all the rest.”
1 Esd 4:6 “And those who do not go to war or fight, but till the soil, again, when they sow and reap, bring it to the king, and they compel one another to pay taxes to the king.”
1 Esd 4:7 “He is only one man; but if he orders them to kill, they kill; if he orders them to release, they release;”
1 Esd 4:8 “If he orders them to strike down, they strike; if he orders them to lay waste, they lay waste; if he orders them to build, they build;”
1 Esd 4:9 “If he orders them to cut down, they cut down; if he orders them to plant, they plant.”
1 Esd 4:10 “So all his people and his troops obey him. Besides, he reclines at table, he eats and drinks and sleeps,”
1 Esd 4:11 “And they keep watch about him, and they cannot any of them go away and look after his own affairs, or disobey him at all.”
1 Esd 4:12 “Gentlemen, how can the king not be strongest, when he is so obeyed?” And he stopped.”
1 Esd 4:13 “Then the third, who had spoken of women and of truth – his name was Zerubbabel – began to speak:”
1 Esd 4:14 “Gentlemen, is not the king great, and are not men many, and is not wine strong? Who is it then that rules over them and masters them? Is it not women?”
1 Esd 4:15 “Women have borne the king and all the people, who are lords of sea and land;”
1 Esd 4:16 “From them they are sprung, and they brought them up, to plant the vineyards, from which the wine comes.”
1 Esd 4:17 “They make men’s clothes, they make men’s splendor, and men cannot exist without women.”
1 Esd 4:18 “Why, if men amass gold and silver, and everything of beauty, and then see one woman remarkable for looks and beauty,”
1 Esd 4:19 “They let all these things go, and gape at her, and stare at her with open mouths, and would all rather have her than gold or silver or any thing of beauty.”
1 Esd 4:20 “A man will leave his own father, who brought him up, and his own country, and be united to his wife.”
1 Esd 4:21 “With his wife he ends his days, and remembers neither his father nor his mother nor his country.”
1 Esd 4:22 “Hence you must recognize that women rule over men. Do you not toil and labor, and bring it all and give it to your wives?”
1 Esd 4:23 “A man takes his sword and goes out on expeditions to rob and steal, and to sail the sea and the rivers;”
1 Esd 4:24 “He faces the lion and walks in the darkness, and when he steals and robs and plunders, he brings it back to the woman he loves.”
1 Esd 4:25 “So a man loves his wife better than his father or mother.”
1 Esd 4:26 “Many have lost their heads completely for the sake of women, and become slaves for their sakes.”
1 Esd 4:27 “Many have perished, or failed, or sinned for the sake of women.”
1 Esd 4:28 “Now do you not believe me? Is not the king great in his power? Do not all lands fear even to touch him?”
1 Esd 4:29 “Yet I have seen him with Apame, the king’s concubine, the daughter of the noble Bartacus, sitting at the king’s right hand,”
1 Esd 4:30 “And taking the crown from the king’s head, and putting it on her own, and she slapped the king with her left hand.”
1 Esd 4:31 “At this the king stared at her open-mouthed. If she smiled at him, he laughed; if she grew angry at him, he flattered her, so that she might be reconciled to him again.”
1 Esd 4:32 “Gentlemen, how can women not be mighty, when they act like that?”
1 Esd 4:33 “Then the king and the nobles looked at one another; and he began to speak about truth:”
1 Esd 4:34 “Gentlemen, are not women mighty? The earth is vast, and heaven is high, and the sun is swift in his course, for he circles about the heavens and hastens back to his own starting-point in a single day.”
1 Esd 4:35 “Is he not great who does these things? So truth is great, and mightier than all other things.”
1 Esd 4:36 “The whole earth calls upon truth, and heaven blesses her; all his works quake and tremble, there is no wrongdoing with him.”
1 Esd 4:37 “Wine is not upright, the king is not upright, women are not upright, all the sons of men are not upright, and all their doings, all such things, are not upright; there is no truth in them, and through their unrighteousness they will perish.”
1 Esd 4:38 “But truth endures and is strong forever, and lives and reigns forever and ever.”
1 Esd 4:39 “There is no partiality or preference with her, but she does what is right, rather than all that is wrong and wicked. All men approve her doings,”
1 Esd 4:40 “And there is no injustice in her judgment. To her belongs power and the royal dignity and authority and majesty in all the ages; blessed be the God of truth!”
1 Esd 4:41 “When he stopped speaking, all the people shouted and said, “Truth is great and supremely strong.”
1 Esd 4:42 “Then the king said to him, “Ask whatever you please, beyond what is written here, and we will give it to you, since you have been found the wisest. You shall sit next to me, and be called my kinsman,”
1 Esd 4:43 “Then he said to the king, “Remember the vow that you made, the day you succeeded to your throne, to rebuild Jerusalem,”
1 Esd 4:44 “And send back all the dishes taken from Jerusalem, which Cyrus set aside, when he vowed to destroy Babylon, and to send them back there.”
1 Esd 4:45 “And you vowed to rebuild the house, which the Edomites burned, when Jerusalem had been laid waste by the Chaldeans.”
1 Esd 4:46 “So now, my lord the king, this is what I ask and request of you, and this is the princely liberality to come from you: I beg you to carry out the vow that you vowed with your own lips to the King of Heaven that you would carry out.”
1 Esd 4:47 “Then Darius, the king, got up and kissed him, and he wrote letters for him to all his managers and magistrates and officers and governors, to escort him in safety with all who were going up with him to rebuild Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 4:48 “And he wrote letters to all the magistrates in Coelesyria and Phoenicia and to those in the Lebanon, to bring cedar timbers from the Lebanon to Jerusalem and that they should help him to rebuild the city.”
1 Esd 4:49 “And he wrote in the interest of all the Jews who were going up from his kingdom to Judah, to secure their freedom, that no noble or governor or magistrate or manager should forcibly enter their doors,”
1 Esd 4:50 “And that all the country which they were to occupy they should possess free from tribute; and that the Edomites should give up the Jewish villages which they controlled,”
1 Esd 4:51 “And that twenty talents a year should be given for the rebuilding of the temple, until it was completed,”
1 Esd 4:52 “And ten talents a year besides, to provide burnt offerings to be offered daily upon the altar, in accordance with the command they had to offer seventeen,”
1 Esd 4:53 “And that all who came up from Babylonia to rebuild the city should have their freedom, they and their children and all the priests who came up.”
1 Esd 4:54 “He wrote providing their expenses also, and the priestly vestments in which they officiate.”
1 Esd 4:55 “And he wrote that the Levites’ expenses should be provided until the day when the house should be finished and Jerusalem rebuilt.”
1 Esd 4:56 “And he wrote that lots of land and wages should be given to all who guarded the city.”
1 Esd 4:57 “And he sent back all the dishes from Babylon, which Cyrus had set aside; and all that Cyrus had ordered done he commanded them to do and to send back to Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 4:58 “When the young man went out, he lifted his face to heaven toward Jerusalem, and praised the King of Heaven,”
1 Esd 4:59 “Saying, “From you comes victory, from you comes wisdom; to you belongs glory, and I am your servant.”
1 Esd 4:60 “Blessed are you, who have given me wisdom; I praise you, Lord of my forefathers.”
1 Esd 4:61 “And he took the letters and went to Babylon, and reported it to all his brothers.”
1 Esd 4:62 “And they blessed the God of their forefathers, because he had given them relief and liberty,”
1 Esd 4:63 “To go up and rebuild Jerusalem and the temple which was called by his name; and they banqueted with music and gladness for seven days.”

Chapter 5

1 Esd 5:1 “After this the heads of families were chosen to go up, according to their clans, with their wives and sons and daughters, and their male and female slaves, and their cattle.”
1 Esd 5:2 “And Darius sent with them a thousand horsemen, to escort them back to Jerusalem in peace, with music of drums and flutes,”
1 Esd 5:3 “(For all their brothers made merry); he made them go up with them.”
1 Esd 5:4 “These are the names of the men who went up, by their families within their tribes, for their priestly office:”
1 Esd 5:5 “Of the priests, the sons of Phineas, the son of Aaron; Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, the son of Seraiah, and Joakim, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Salathiel, of the house of David, of the line of Phares, of the tribe of Judah,”
1 Esd 5:6 “Who uttered wise sayings before Darius, the king of Persia, in the second year of his reign, in the month of Nisan, the first month.”
1 Esd 5:7 “These are those from Judah who went up after their sojourn in captivity, whom Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, had removed to Babylon,”
1 Esd 5:8 “And who returned to Jerusalem and the rest of Judah, each one to his own town, going with Zerubbabel and Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Resaiah, Bigvai, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Reeliah, Rehum, and Baanah, their leaders; the numbers of those of the nation, and their leaders:”
1 Esd 5:9 “The descendants of Parosh, two thousand, one hundred and seventy-two; of the descendants of Shephatiah, four hundred and seventy-two;”
1 Esd 5:10 “The descendants of Arah, seven hundred and fifty six;”
1 Esd 5:11 “The descendants of Pahathmoab, of the descendants of Jeshua and Toab, two thousand, eight hundred and twelve;”
1 Esd 5:12 “The descendants of Elam, one thousand, two hundred and fifty-four; the descendants of Zattu, nine hundred and forty-five; the descendants of Chorbe, seven hundred and five; the descendants of Binnui, six hundred and forty-eight;”
1 Esd 5:13 “The descendants of Bebai, six hundred and twenty three; the descendants of Azgad, one thousand, three hundred and twenty-two;”
1 Esd 5:14 “The descendants of Adonikam, six hundred and sixty seven; the descendants of Bigvai, two thousand and sixty-six; the descendants of Adin, four hundred and fifty-four;”
1 Esd 5:15 “The descendants of Ater, the son of Hezekiah, ninety-two; the descendants of Kilan and Azetas, sixty-seven; the descendants of Azuru, four hundred and thirty-two;”
1 Esd 5:16 “The descendants of Annias, one hundred and one; the descendants of Arom: the descendants of Bezai, three hundred and twenty-three; the descendants of Jorah, one hundred and twelve;”
1 Esd 5:17 “The descendants of Baiterus, three thousand and five; the descendants of Bethlehem, one hundred and twenty-three;”
1 Esd 5:18 “The men of Netophah, fifty-five; the men of Anathoth, one hundred and fifty-eight; the men of Bethasmoth, forty two;”
1 Esd 5:19 “The men of Kirjathjearim, twenty-five; the men of Chephirah and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty-three;”
1 Esd 5:20 “The Chadiasans and Ammidians, four hundred and twenty-two; the men of Ramah and Geba, six hundred and twenty-one;”
1 Esd 5:21 “The men of Michmash, one hundred and twenty-two; the men of Bethel-Ai, fifty-two; the descendants of Magbish, one hundred and fifty-six;”
1 Esd 5:22 “The descendants of the other Elam and Ono, seven hundred and twenty-five; the descendants of Jericho, three hundred and forty-five;”
1 Esd 5:23 “The descendants of Senaah, three thousand, three hundred and thirty.”
1 Esd 5:24 “Of the priests: the descendants of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, among the descendants of Anasib, nine hundred and seventy-two; the descendants of Immer, one thousand and fifty-two;”
1 Esd 5:25 “The descendants of Pashhur, one thousand, two hundred and forty-seven; the descendants of Harim, one thousand and seventeen.”
1 Esd 5:26 “Of the Levites: the descendants of Jeshua and Kadmiel and Bannas and Sudias, seventy-four;”
1 Esd 5:27 “Of the sacred singers: the descendants of Asaph, one hundred and twenty-eight; of the doorkeepers:”
1 Esd 5:28 “The descendants of Shallum, the descendants of Ater, the descendants of Tolman, the descend-ants of Akkub, the descendants of Hatita, the descendants of Shobai – in all, one hundred and thirty-nine.”
1 Esd 5:29 “Of the temple slaves: the descendants of Ziha, the descendants of Hasupha, the descendants of Tabbaoth, the descendants of Keros, the descendants of Siaha, the descendants of Padon, the descendants of Lebanah, the descendants of Hagabah,”
1 Esd 5:30 “The descendants of Akkub, the descendants of Uthai, the descendants of Ketab, the descendants of Hagab, the descendants of Shamlai, the descendants of Hanan, the descendants of Cathua, the descendants of Gahar,”
1 Esd 5:31 “The descendants of Reaiah, the descendants of Rezin, the descendants of Nekoda, the descendants of Chezib, the descendants of Gazzan, the descendants of Uzza, the descendants of Paseah, the descendants of Hasrah, the descendants of Besai, the descendants of Asnah, the descendants of the Meunites, the descendants of Nephisim, the descendants of Bakbuk, the descendants of Hakupha, the descendants of Asur, the descendants of Pharakim,”
1 Esd 5:32 “The descendants of Bazluth, the descendants of Mehida, the descendants of Cutha, the descendants of Charea, the descendants of Barkos, the descendants of Sisera, the descendants of Temah, the descendants of Neziah, the descendants of Hatipha.”
1 Esd 5:33 “Of the descendants of Solomon’s servants: the descendants of Hassophereth, the descendants of Peruda, the descendants of Jaalah, the descendants of Lozon, the descendants of Giddel,”
1 Esd 5:34 “The descendants of Shephatiah, the descendants of Hattil, the descendants of Pochereth-hazza-baim, the descendants of Sarothie, the descendants of Masiah, the descendants of Gas, the descendants of Addus, the descendants of Subas, the descendants of Apherra, the descendants of Barodis, the descendants of Shaphat, the descendants of Ami.”
1 Esd 5:35 “In all, the temple slaves and the descendants of the servants of Solomon were three hundred and seventy-two.”
1 Esd 5:36 “These are those who went up from Telmelah and Telharsha, under the leadership of Cherub, Adan, and Immer,”
1 Esd 5:37 “But were not able to show by their families or lineage that they belonged to Israel: the descendants of Delaiah the descendant of Tobiah, the descendants of Nekoda, six hundred and fifty-two.”
1 Esd 5:38 “And of those of the priests who had assumed the priesthood but were not found registered: the descendants of Habaiah, the descendants of Hakkoz, the descendants of Jaddus who married Agia, one of the daughters of Barzillai and was called by his name.”
1 Esd 5:39 “And when the ancestry of these men was looked for in the register, and could not be found, they were excluded from officiating as priests.”
1 Esd 5:40 “And Nehemiah and the governor told them not to share in the consecrated things until a high priest should appear clothed in the Manifestation and the Truth. (Urim and Thummim)”
1 Esd 5:41 “In all, there were: of Israel, over twelve years of age, besides male and female slaves, forty-two thousand, three hundred and sixty;”
1 Esd 5:42 “Of their male and female slaves, seven thousand, three hundred and thirty-seven; of musicians and singers, two hundred and forty-five.”
1 Esd 5:43 “There were four hundred and thirty-five camels, and seven thousand and thirty-six horses, two hundred and forty-five mules, and five thousand, five hundred and twenty-five asses.”
1 Esd 5:44 “And some of the principal heads of families, when they reached the temple of God in Jerusalem, vowed that they would erect the house in its old place, to the best of their ability,”
1 Esd 5:45 “And that they would give to the sacred building fund a thousand minas in gold and five thousand minas in silver, and a hundred priest’s garments.”
1 Esd 5:46 “So the priests and the Levites and some of the people settled in Jerusalem and the country, and the sacred singers and the doorkeepers and all Israel settled in their villages.”
1 Esd 5:47 “When the seventh month came, and the Israelites were all at home, they gathered as one man in the square in front of the first gate toward the east.”
1 Esd 5:48 “And Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, and his brothers the priests, and Zerubbabel, the son of Salathiel, and his brothers took their places and prepared the altar of the God of Israel,”
1 Esd 5:49 “In order to offer on it burnt offerings, as is directed in the book of Moses, the man of God.”
1 Esd 5:50 “And they were joined by some of the other peoples of the land, and they erected the altar in its place; for though they had been hostile to them, all the people in the land supported them, and brought sacrifices at the proper times, and the morning and evening burnt offerings for the Lord,”
1 Esd 5:51 “And they kept the Camping Out festival, as it is prescribed in the Law, and they brought sacrifices every day, when it was proper,”
1 Esd 5:52 “And besides these the regular offerings and sacrifices on sabbaths and new moons and all the sacred festival days.”
1 Esd 5:53 “And all who had made voluntary gifts to God began to offer sacrifices to God, beginning with the new moon of the seventh month, though the temple of God was not yet rebuilt.”
1 Esd 5:54 “And they paid money to the masons and carpenters,”
1 Esd 5:55 “And gave food and drink and carts to the Sidonians and Tyrians, to bring cedar timbers from the Lebanon and convey them in rafts to the harbor of Joppa, as Cyrus, the king of Persia, had commanded them in writing.”
1 Esd 5:56 “In the second year Zerubbabel, the son of Salathiel, came to the temple of God in Jerusalem, and in the second month he began with Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, and their brothers, and the Levitical priests and all who had come back from the exile to Jerusalem,”
1 Esd 5:57 “And they laid the foundation of the temple of God on the new moon of the second month, in the second year, after they came to Judah and Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 5:58 “And they appointed the Levites who were over twenty years old to have charge of the work of the Lord. And Jeshua rose up and his sons and his brothers and Kadmiel his brother and the sons of Jeshua Emadabun and the sons of Joda, the son of Iliadun, with their sons and brothers all the Levites, as one man pressing forward the work on the house of God. And the builders built the sanctuary of the Lord,”
1 Esd 5:59 “And the priests stood in their robes, with musical instruments and trumpets, and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with their cymbals,”
1 Esd 5:60 “Praising the Lord and blessing him, according to the directions of David, king of Israel,”
1 Esd 5:61 “And they sang loudly, giving thanks to the Lord, with hymns, because all Israel enjoys his goodness and his glory forever.”
1 Esd 5:62 “And all the people sounded trumpets and gave a great shout, praising the Lord for the erection of the house of the Lord.”
1 Esd 5:63 “And some of the Levitical priests and the older men among the heads of their families, who had seen the house that preceded this one, came to the building of this house with outcries and loud lamentation,”
1 Esd 5:64 “While many came with trumpets and a great shout of joy,”
1 Esd 5:65 “So that the people could not hear the trumpets on account of the lamentation, for the multitude sounded the trumpets loudly, so that it was heard a long way off.”
1 Esd 5:66 “And when the enemies of the tribe of Judah and Benjamin heard it, they came to find out what the sound of the trumpets meant.”
1 Esd 5:67 “And they learned that those who had returned from captivity were building the sanctuary for the Lord, the God of Israel,”
1 Esd 5:68 “And they went to Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the heads of families, and said to them “We will help you build,”
1 Esd 5:69 “For we, like you, obey your Lord, and have sacrificed to him from the days of Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, who brought us here.”
1 Esd 5:70 “Then Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the heads of families of Israel said to them, “It is not for you and us to build the house for the Lord our God,”
1 Esd 5:71 “For we will build it by ourselves for the Lord of Israel, as Cyrus, the king of Persia, has commanded us.”
1 Esd 5:72 “But the heathen of the land pressed upon those who were in Judea, and, blockading them, hindered them from building,”
1 Esd 5:73 “And by making plots and stirring up the people and uprisings they prevented the completion of the building all the lifetime of King Cyrus. So they were kept from building for two years, until the reign of Darius.”

Chapter 6

1 Esd 6:1 “But in the second year of the reign of Darius, the prophets Haggai and Zechariah, the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judea and Jerusalem, prophesying to them in the name of the Lord, the God of Israel.”
1 Esd 6:2 “Then Zerubbabel, the son of Salathiel, and Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, got up and began to build the house of the Lord that was in Jerusalem, while the prophets of the Lord joined them and helped them.”
1 Esd 6:3 “At that very time there came to them Sisinnes, the governor of Syria and Phoenicia, and Sathrabuzanes and their companions, and said to them,”
1 Esd 6:4 “By whose orders are you building this house, and completing this roof and all these other things? And who are the builders who are carrying this out?”
1 Esd 6:5 “Still the elders of the Jews were shown favor, for the Lord had regard for the captives,”
1 Esd 6:6 “And they were not prevented from building until Darius was informed about them and orders were issued.”
1 Esd 6:7 “This is the copy of a letter which Sisinnes, the governor of Syria and Phoenicia, and Sathrabuzanes and their companions wrote and sent to Darius: “Greetings to King Darius.”
1 Esd 6:8 “Let it all be known to our lord the king that when we went to the country of Judea and entered the city of Jerusalem, we found the elders of the Jews, who had been in captivity,”
1 Esd 6:9 “Building in the city of Jerusalem a great, new house for the Lord, of costly hewn stone, with timbers set in the walls,”
1 Esd 6:10 “And we found this work proceeding with haste, and the undertaking prospering in their hands, and being completed with all glory and diligence.”
1 Esd 6:11 “Then we inquired of these elders and said, “At whose command are you building this house, and laying the foundations of these works?”
1 Esd 6:12 “Then in order to inform you and write to you, we inquired of them what men were the leaders, and asked them for a list of the names of those who were taking the lead.”
1 Esd 6:13 “And they answered and said, “We are servants of the Lord who created the heaven and the earth.”
1 Esd 6:14 “And the house was built many years ago by a king of Israel who was great and strong, and was finished.”
1 Esd 6:15 “And when our forefathers sinned against the heavenly Lord of Israel and provoked him, he delivered them into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, the king of the Chaldeans;”
1 Esd 6:16 “And they tore the house down and burned it, and carried the people away as captives to Babylon.”
1 Esd 6:17 “But in the first year of the reign of Cyrus over Babylonia, Cyrus the king wrote an order that this house be rebuilt.”
1 Esd 6:18 “And the sacred dishes of gold and silver that Nebuchadnezzar had carried away from the house at Jerusalem, and set up in his own sanctuary, Cyrus the king brought forth again from the sanctuary in Babylon, and they were given to Zerubbabel and Sheshbazzar, the governor,”
1 Esd 6:19 “And he was instructed to carry all these dishes back and put them back in the sanctuary in Jerusalem, and that this sanctuary of the Lord should be rebuilt on the same spot.”
1 Esd 6:20 “Then this Sheshbazzar, after coming here, laid the foundations of the house of the Lord that is in Jerusalem, and although it has been under construction from then until now it has not reached completion.”
1 Esd 6:21 “Now therefore, if it meets your approval, O king, let search be made in the royal archives of our lord the king in Babylon,”
1 Esd 6:22 “And if it is found that the building of the house of the Lord in Jerusalem was done with the consent of Cyrus the king, and it meets the approval of our lord the king, let him give us orders about this.”
1 Esd 6:23 “Then King Darius ordered a search to be made in the royal archives that were deposited in Babylon. And in the castle of Ecbatana, in the land of Media, was found a roll in which this was recorded:”
1 Esd 6:24 “In the first year of the reign of Cyrus, King Cyrus ordered the rebuilding of the house of the Lord in Jerusalem, where they sacrifice with perpetual fire;”
1 Esd 6:25 “The height of it to be sixty cubits, the width sixty cubits, with three courses of hewn stone and a course of new native timber, and the cost to be provided from the house of Cyrus the king;”
1 Esd 6:26 “And that the sacred dishes of the house of the Lord, of gold and silver, which Nebuchadnezzar carried away from the house in Jerusalem and removed to Babylon, be restored to the house in Jerusalem to be placed where they were.”
1 Esd 6:27 “And he further ordered that Sisinnes, the governor of Syria and Phoenicia, and Sathrabuzanes and their companions and the local governors appointed in Syria and Phoenicia should take care to let the place alone, and to permit Zerubbabel, the servant of the Lord and governor of Judea, and the elders of the Jews, to build the house of the Lord in its old place.”
1 Esd 6:28 “And I command that it be completely built and that they seek earnestly to help the returned captives of Judea, until the house of the Lord is finished;”
1 Esd 6:29 “And that a grant from the tribute of Coelesyria and Phoenicia be particularly given these men for sacrifices to the Lord, that is, to Zerubbabel, the governor, for bulls and rams and lambs,”
1 Esd 6:30 “And likewise wheat and salt and wine and oil, regularly every year, without objection, as the priests in Jerusalem indicate they are daily used,”
1 Esd 6:31 “So that libations may be offered to the Most High God for the king and his children, and that they may pray for their lives.”
1 Esd 6:32 “And he commanded further that, if any transgressed or disregarded any of the things said above or added below, a beam should be taken from his house and he should be hung on it, and his property be taken for the king.”
1 Esd 6:33 “Therefore may the Lord, whose name is called upon there, destroy any king and nation that shall stretch out their hands to hinder or damage that house of the Lord in Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 6:34 “I, King Darius, have decreed that it be done in exactly this way.”

Chapter 7

1 Esd 7:1 “Then Sisinnes, the governor of Coelesyria and Phoenicia, and Sathrabuzanes and their companions, obeying the orders of Darius the king,”
1 Esd 7:2 “Looked after the holy work very attentively, assisting the elders of the Jews and the governors of the temple.”
1 Esd 7:3 “And the holy work progressed, while the prophets Haggai and Zechariah prophesied;”
1 Esd 7:4 “And they completed it at the command of the Lord, the God of Israel; and with the consent of Cyrus and Darius and Artaxerxes, the kings of Persia,”
1 Esd 7:5 “The holy house was finished by the twenty-third day of the month of Adar, in the sixth year of King Darius.”
1 Esd 7:6 “And the Israelites and the priests and the rest of the returned exiles who had joined them did according to what was in the book of Moses.”
1 Esd 7:7 “And they offered at the dedication of the temple of the Lord a hundred bulls, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs,”
1 Esd 7:8 “And twelve he-goats for the sin of all Israel, to correspond to the number of the twelve princes of the tribes of Israel;”
1 Esd 7:9 “And the priests and the Levites stood robed, by tribes, in charge of the service of the Lord God of Israel in accordance with the book of Moses, and the doorkeepers stood at each gate.”
1 Esd 7:10 “And the Israelites who had returned from exile held the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month, for the priests and the Levites had been purified together,”
1 Esd 7:11 “But all the returned exiles had not been purified, for the Levites had all been purified together,”
1 Esd 7:12 “So they sacrificed the Passover for all the returned exiles and their brothers the priests and themselves.”
1 Esd 7:13 “And the Israelites who had returned from exile, all who had separated themselves from the accursed doings of the heathen of the land and sought the Lord, ate it.”
1 Esd 7:14 “And they observed the festival of Unleavened Bread for seven days, rejoicing before the Lord,”
1 Esd 7:15 “Because he had changed the attitude of the king of Assyria toward them, so as to strengthen their hands for the service of the Lord, the God of Israel.”

Chapter 8

1 Esd 8:1 “Afterward, in the reign of Artaxerxes, the king of Persia, there came Ezra, the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah, the son of Shallum,”
1 Esd 8:2 “The son of Zadok, the son of Ahitub, the son of Amariah, the son of Uzzi, the son of Bukki, the son of Abishua, the son of Phineas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the chief priest.”
1 Esd 8:3 “This Ezra came up from Babylon as a scribe, skilled in the law of Moses, which was given by the God of Israel,”
1 Esd 8:4 “And the king showed him honor, for he found favor before him in all that he asked.”
1 Esd 8:5 “And there came with him to Jerusalem some of the Israelites and the priests and Levites and holy singers and doorkeepers and temple slaves,”
1 Esd 8:6 “In the seventh year of the reign of Artaxerxes, in the fifth month (that was the king’s seventh year); for they left Babylon on the new moon of the first month, and they reached Jerusalem on the new moon of the fifth month, so prosperous a journey had the Lord given them for his sake.”
1 Esd 8:7 “For Ezra possessed great knowledge, so that he neglected nothing that was in the Law of the Lord or the commandments, but taught all Israel all the statutes and ordinances.”
1 Esd 8:8 “Now the written commission came from Artaxerxes, the king, to Ezra, the priest and reader of the Law of the Lord, and the following is a copy of it:”
1 Esd 8:9 “King Artaxerxes sends greeting to Ezra, the priest and reader of the Law of the Lord.”
1 Esd 8:10 “As I have taken a friendly attitude, I have given orders that those of the Jewish nation who wish to do so, and of the priests and Levites and of the others in our realm shall, if they choose to, go to Jerusalem with you.”
1 Esd 8:11 “So let all who think of doing so, set out with you, as I and the seven friends and counselors have decided,”
1 Esd 8:12 “To look into matters in Judea and Jerusalem, in accordance with what is in the Law of the Lord,”
1 Esd 8:13 “And to carry to the Lord of Israel in Jerusalem the gifts that I and the friends have promised; and that all the gold and silver that can be found in the country of Babylonia for the Lord in Jerusalem,”
1 Esd 8:14 “With what has been given by the nation for the temple of their Lord at Jerusalem be collected, both gold and silver for bulls and rams and lambs and the things incident to them,”
1 Esd 8:15 “So as to offer offerings upon the altar of their Lord that is in Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 8:16 “And all that you with your brothers wish to do with gold and silver carry out, according to the will of your God,”
1 Esd 8:17 “And deliver the sacred dishes of the Lord that have been given you for the use of the temple of your God that is in Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 8:18 “And anything else that occurs to you as necessary for the temple of your God, you are to give from the royal treasury;”
1 Esd 8:19 “And I, Artaxerxes the king, have commanded the treasurers of Syria and Phoenicia that whatever Ezra, the priest and reader of the Law of the Most High God, sends for, they shall take care to give him,”
1 Esd 8:20 “Up to a hundred talents of silver, and likewise up to a hundred measures (fifteen hundred bushels) of wheat and a hundred measures (a thousand gallons) of wine and salt in abundance;”
1 Esd 8:21 “And let everything prescribed in the Law of God be scrupulously performed to the Most High God, so that wrath may not come upon the realm of the king and his sons.”
1 Esd 8:22 “You are also instructed to lay no tribute or any other tax upon any priests or Levites or sacred singers or porters or temple slaves or persons employed in this temple, and that no one has authority to lay any such tax upon them.”
1 Esd 8:23 “And you, Ezra, must appoint justices and judges to judge all through Syria and Phoenicia all who know the Law of your God; and those who do not know it you must teach.”
1 Esd 8:24 “And all who transgress the Law of your God and of the king will be suitably punished, either with death, or by some other punishment, a fine or imprisonment.”
1 Esd 8:25 “Blessed be the only Lord, who put this into the king’s heart, to glorify his house in Jerusalem,”
1 Esd 8:26 “And gave me honor in the sight of the king and his counselors and all his friends and grandees.”
1 Esd 8:27 “So I was encouraged by the help of the Lord, my God, and I gathered men from Israel to go up with me.”
1 Esd 8:28 “These are the principal men, by their families and their groups, who came up with me from Babylon, in the reign of Artaxerxes the king:”
1 Esd 8:29 “Of the descendants of Phineas, Gershom; of the descendants of Ithamar, Gamael; of the descendants of David, Hattush, the son of Shecaniah;”
1 Esd 8:30 “Of the descendants of Parosh (Pharez), Zechariah, and with him a hundred and fifty men enrolled;”
1 Esd 8:31 “Of the descendants of Pahath-moab, Eliohenai, the son of Zerahiah, and with him two hundred men;”
1 Esd 8:32 “Of the descendants of Zattu, Shecaniah, the son of Jahaziel, and with him three hundred men; of the descendants of Adin, Obed, the son of Jonathan, and with him two hundred and fifty men;”
1 Esd 8:33 “Of the descendants of Elam, Jeshaiah, the son of Gotholiah, and with him seventy men;”
1 Esd 8:34 “Of the descendants of Shephatiah, Zeraiah, the son of Michael, and with him seventy men;”
1 Esd 8:35 “Of the descendants of Joab, Obadiah, the son of Jehiel, and with him two hundred and twelve men;”
1 Esd 8:36 “Of the descendants of Bani, Shelomith, the son of Josiphiah, and with him a hundred and sixty men;”
1 Esd 8:37 “Of the descendants of Bebai, Zechariah, the son of Bebai, and with him twenty-eight men;”
1 Esd 8:38 “Of the descendants of Azgad, Johanan, the son of Hakkatan, and with him a hundred and ten men;”
1 Esd 8:39 “Of the descendants of Adonikam, those who came last, and these were their names: Eliphelet, Jeuel, and Shemaiah, and with them seventy men;”
1 Esd 8:40 “And of the descendants of Bigvai, Uthai, the son of Istalcurus, and with him seventy men.”
1 Esd 8:41 “So I assembled them at the river called Theras, and we camped there for three days, and I observed them.”
1 Esd 8:42 “And when I found none of the descendants of the priests or of the Levites there,”
1 Esd 8:43 “I sent to Eleazar and Iduel and Maasmas”
1 Esd 8:44 “And Elnathan and Shemaiah and Jarib, Nathan, Elnathan, Zechariah, and Meshullam, who were leaders and intelligent men,”
1 Esd 8:45 “And I told them to go to Iddo, who was in command at the place of the treasury,”
1 Esd 8:46 “And ordered them to tell Iddo and his kinsmen and the treasurers at that place to send us men to serve as priests in the house of our Lord.”
1 Esd 8:47 “And by the mighty hand of our Lord they brought us competent men of the descendants of Mahli, the son of Levi, the son of Israel, Sherebiah and his sons and his kinsmen, eighteen in all;”
1 Esd 8:48 “And Hashabiah and with him Jeshaiah, his brother, of the descendants of Hananiah, and his sons, making twenty men;”
1 Esd 8:49 “And of the temple slaves, whom David and the princes had given to work for the Levites, two hundred and twenty temple slaves; their names were all listed.”
1 Esd 8:50 “Then I proclaimed a fast there for the young men before our Lord, to seek from him a safe journey for us and our children and our cattle that were with us.”
1 Esd 8:51 “For I was ashamed to ask the king for foot soldiers and cavalry and an escort to make us safe from those who opposed us;”
1 Esd 8:52 “For we had told the king, “The power of our Lord will be with those who seek him, and will give them every support.”
1 Esd 8:53 “And we prayed to our Lord again about these things, and we found him merciful.”
1 Esd 8:54 “Then I set apart twelve men of the chiefs of the priests, Sherebiah and Hashabiah, and ten of their kinsmen with them,”
1 Esd 8:55 “And I weighed out to them the silver and the gold and the sacred dishes, of the house of our Lord, which the king himself and his counselors and the grandees of all Israel had given.”
1 Esd 8:56 “And I weighed and turned over to them six hundred and fifty talents of silver, and silver dishes to the value of a hundred talents, and a hundred talents of gold,”
1 Esd 8:57 “And twenty gold bowls, and twelve bronze dishes of fine bronze that glittered like gold.”
1 Esd 8:58 “And I said to them, “You are holy to the Lord and the dishes are holy, and the silver and gold are a gift to the Lord, the Lord of our forefathers.”
1 Esd 8:59 “Be watchful and guard them until you deliver them to the chiefs of the priests and the Levites and to the heads of the families of Israel in Jerusalem, in the chambers of the house of our Lord.”
1 Esd 8:60 “And the priests and the Levites took the silver and the gold and the dishes which had been in Jerusalem, and carried them into the temple of the Lord.”
1 Esd 8:61 “And we set out from the river Theras on the twelfth day of the first month, and entered Jerusalem, because the mighty hand of our Lord was upon us, and he saved us from every enemy on the way, and we reached Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 8:62 “And when our third day there came, the silver and gold were weighed and turned over in the house of our Lord to Meremoth, the son of Uriah, the priest,”
1 Esd 8:63 “Who had with him Eleazar, the son of Phineas, and they had with them Jozabad, the son of Jeshua, and Moeth, the son of Binnui, the Levites; it was all counted and weighed,”
1 Esd 8:64 “And the total weight of it was immediately recorded.”
1 Esd 8:65 “And those who had come back from captivity offered as sacrifices to the Lord, the God of Israel, twelve bulls for all Israel, ninety-six rams,”
1 Esd 8:66 “Seventy-two lambs, twelve he-goats for a thank offering-all as a sacrifice to the Lord.”
1 Esd 8:67 “And they delivered the king’s orders to the royal treasurers and to the governors of Coelesyria and Phoenicia, and they showed honor to the people and the temple of the Lord.”
1 Esd 8:68 “When this was accomplished, the principal men came to me and said,”
1 Esd 8:69 “The people of Israel and the leaders and the priests and the Levites have not separated from the alien heathen of the land and the impurities of them, the Canaanites and Hittites and Perizzites and Jebusites and Moabites and Egyptians and Idumaeans,”
1 Esd 8:70 “For they and their sons have married their daughters, and the holy race has been mixed with the alien heathen of the land, and from the beginning of this matter, the princes and nobles have shared in this iniquity.”
1 Esd 8:71 “As soon as I heard this, I tore open my clothes and my sacred mantle, and pulled out some of my hair and beard, and sat down gloomy and grieved.”
1 Esd 8:72 “And all who were moved at the word of the Lord of Israel gathered about me, as grieved over this iniquity, and I sat grief-stricken until the evening sacrifice.”
1 Esd 8:73 “Then I got up from my fast with my clothes and my sacred mantle torn, and I knelt down and stretched out my hands to the Lord,”
1 Esd 8:74 “And said, “Lord, I am ashamed, I am abashed before you.”
1 Esd 8:75 “For from the times of our forefathers, our sins have risen higher than our heads,”
1 Esd 8:76 “And our mistakes have mounted up to heaven, and we have been involved in grievous sin, even to this day.”
1 Esd 8:77 “And because of our sins and those of our forefathers, we have been delivered with our brothers and our kings and our priests to the kings of the earth, to be slain and taken captive and plundered, in shame, unto this day.”
1 Esd 8:78 “And yet how great has been your mercy to us, Lord, that a root and a name should be left to us in the place of your sanctuary,”
1 Esd 8:79 “And that a light has been disclosed to us in the house of our Lord, and that food is given us in the time of our bondage.”
1 Esd 8:80 “Even in our bondage we have not been forsaken by our Lord, but he has brought us into favor with the kings of Persia, so that they have given us food,”
1 Esd 8:81 “And glorified the temple of our Lord, and raised Zion up from its desolation, to give us a stronghold in Judea and Jerusalem.”
1 Esd 8:82 “And now, Lord, what can we say, when we have these things? For we have disobeyed your commands, which you gave through your servants the prophets, when you said,”
1 Esd 8:83 “The land which you enter to possess is a land that has been polluted with the pollution of the aliens of the land, and they have filled it with their impurity.”
1 Esd 8:84 “So now you must not marry your daughters to their sons, and you must not take their daughters for your sons;”
1 Esd 8:85 “And you must not seek ever to have peace with them, so that you may grow strong and eat the good things of the land, and bequeath it to your descendants forever.”
1 Esd 8:86 “And all that has happened to us has happened because of our wicked deeds and our great sins. For you, Lord, have lightened our sins,”
1 Esd 8:87 “And have given us such a root as this, but we have turned back again, to transgress your law, to mingle with the impurity of the heathen of the land.”
1 Esd 8:88 “Are you not angry enough with us to destroy us, until there is left no root or stock or name of ours?”
1 Esd 8:89 “Lord of Israel, you are true; for we are left, a root, today.”
1 Esd 8:90 “Now here we are before you, in all our iniquity, for in view of it we cannot any longer stand before you.”
1 Esd 8:91 “Now while Ezra was praying and making his confession, lying on the ground before the temple weeping, there gathered about him an immense throng from Jerusalem, men, women, and children, for there was great lamentation among the multitude.”
1 Esd 8:92 “And Shecaniah, the son of Jehiel, one of the Israelites, called out and said to Ezra, “We have sinned against the Lord, and have married foreign women from the heathen of the land, yet there is still hope for Israel.”
1 Esd 8:93 “Let us make oath to the Lord about this, that we will expel all our wives who are of foreign origin, with their children,”
1 Esd 8:94 “As you and all who obey the Law of the Lord decide.”
1 Esd 8:95 “Get up and take action, for it is your business, and we will support you in taking vigorous action.”
1 Esd 8:96 “Then Ezra got up, and made the chiefs of the priests and Levites of all Israel swear to do this, and they swore to it.”

Chapter 9

1 Esd 9:1 “Then Ezra got up from the court of the temple, and went to the priestly chamber of Jehohanan, the son of Eliashib,”
1 Esd 9:2 “And spent the night, and he would not eat bread or drink water, but mourned over the great iniquity of the multitude.”
1 Esd 9:3 “And a proclamation was made all over Judea and Jerusalem to all who had returned from the captivity that they should gather in Jerusalem;”
1 Esd 9:4 “And if anyone failed to meet there within two or three days in accordance with the decision of the ruling elders, his cattle should be confiscated, and he should be excluded from the multitude of those who had returned from exile.”
1 Esd 9:5 “And the men of the tribe of Judah and Benjamin gathered in three days at Jerusalem (it was the ninth month, on the twentieth day of the month),”
1 Esd 9:6 “And all the multitude sat in the square before the temple, trembling because of the winter weather.”
1 Esd 9:7 “And Ezra got up and said to them, “You have broken the Law, and have married foreign women, to increase Israel’s sins.”
1 Esd 9:8 “Now make your confession and give glory to the Lord God of our forefathers,”
1 Esd 9:9 “And do his will, and separate from the heathen of the land and from the foreign women.”
1 Esd 9:10 “Then all the multitude shouted and said in a loud voice, “We will do as you say.”
1 Esd 9:11 “But the crowd is great and it is wintertime, and we are not able to stand out-of-doors, and cannot do so, and this is not a thing we can do in a day or two, for we have sinned too much in this matter.”
1 Esd 9:12 “So let the princes of the people remain, and let all those in our settlements that have foreign wives come at the times appointed,”
1 Esd 9:13 “With the elders and judges of each place, until we free ourselves from the Lord’s wrath over this matter.”
1 Esd 9:14 “Jonathan, the son of Asahel, and Jahzeiah, the son of Tikvah, undertook the matter on these terms, and Meshullam and Levi and Shabbethai sat with them as judges.”
1 Esd 9:15 “And the returned exiles acted in accordance with all this.”
1 Esd 9:16 “And Ezra the priest picked out for himself the leading men of their families, all of them by name, and on the new moon of the tenth month they held a sitting to inquire into the matter.”
1 Esd 9:17 “And the case of the men who had foreign wives was brought to an end by the new moon of the first month.”
1 Esd 9:18 “And among the priests the ones who presented themselves who were found to have foreign wives were:”
1 Esd 9:19 “Of the descendants of Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, and his brothers: Maaseiah and Eleazar and Jarib and Jodan;”
1 Esd 9:20 “They pledged themselves to cast off their wives, and gave rams in atonement for their mistake.”
1 Esd 9:21 “And of the descendants of Immer: Hanani and Zebadiah and Maaseiah and Shemaiah and Jehiel and Azariah.”
1 Esd 9:22 “And of the descendants of Pashur: Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, and Nathanael, Gedaliah, and Elasah.”
1 Esd 9:23 “And of the Levites: Jozabad and Shimei and Kelaiah, who was Kelita, and Pethahiah and Judah and Jonah.”
1 Esd 9:24 “And of the sacred singers: Eliashib and Zaccur.”
1 Esd 9:25 “Of the porters: Shallum and Telem.”
1 Esd 9:26 “Of Israel: of the descendants of Parosh, Ramiah, Izziah, Malchijah, Mijamin, and Eleazar, and Asibias, and Benaiah;”
1 Esd 9:27 “Of the descendants of Elam. Mattaniah and Zechariah, Jehiel and Abdi, and Jeremoth and Elijah.”
1 Esd 9:28 “And of the descendants of Zattu, Elioenai, Eliashib, Othoniah, Jeremoth, and Zabad and Zerdaiah.”
1 Esd 9:29 “And of the descendants of Bebai, Jehohanan and Hananiah and Zabbai and Emathis;”
1 Esd 9:30 “And of the descendants of Bani: Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, and Sheal and Jeremoth.”
1 Esd 9:31 “And of the descendants of Addi: Naathus and Moossias, Laccunus and Naidus, and Bescaspasmys and Sesthel, and Balnuus and Manasseas.”
1 Esd 9:32 “And of the descendants of Annan: Elionas and Asaias and Melchias and Sabbaias and Simon Chosamaeus.”
1 Esd 9:33 “And of the descendants of Hashum: Mattenai and Mattattah and Zabad and Eliphelet and Manasseh and Shimei.”
1 Esd 9:34 “And of the descendants of Bani: Jeremai, Maadai, Amram, Joel, Mamdai and Bedeiah and Vaniah, Carabasion and Eliashib and Machnadebai, Eliasis, Binnui, Elialis, Shimei, Shelemiah, Nethaniah. And of the descendants of Ezora: Shashai, Azarel, Azael, Shemaiah, Amariah, Joseph.”
1 Esd 9:35 “And of the descendants of Nebo: Mattithiah, Zabad, Iddo, Joel, Benaiah.”
1 Esd 9:36 “These had all married foreign women, and they cast them off with their children.”
1 Esd 9:37 “So the priests and the Levites and the men of Israel settled in Jerusalem and in the country. On the new moon of the seventh month, when the Israelites were in their communities,”
1 Esd 9:38 “The whole multitude gathered under a common impulse in the square before the east gate of the temple,”
1 Esd 9:39 “And told Ezra, the high priest and reader, to bring the Law of Moses, which had been given him by the Lord, the God of Israel.”
1 Esd 9:40 “And Ezra, the high priest, brought the Law for all the multitude, men and women, and all the priests to hear, on the new moon of the seventh month.”
1 Esd 9:41 “And he read aloud in the square before the gate of the temple from morning till noon, in the presence of both men and women, and the whole multitude gave attention to the Law.”
1 Esd 9:42 “And Ezra, the priest and reader of the Law, stood in the wooden pulpit which had been prepared,”
1 Esd 9:43 “And beside him stood Mattithiah, Shema, Anaiah, Azariah, Uriah, Hezekiah, and Baalsamus, at his right,”
1 Esd 9:44 “And at his left, Pedaiah, Mishael, Malchijah, Lothasubus, Nabariah, and Zechariah.”
1 Esd 9:45 “Then Ezra took up the book of the Law before the multitude, for he was seated in a conspicuous place before them all,”
1 Esd 9:46 “And when he opened the Law, they all stood up. And Ezra blessed the Lord, the Most High God, the God of Hosts, the Almighty,”
1 Esd 9:47 “And all the multitude shouted “Amen.” And they lifted up their hands and fell on the ground, and worshipped the Lord.”
1 Esd 9:48 “Jeshua and Anniuth and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah, Masseiah and Kelita, Azariah and Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, the Levites, taught the Law of the Lord, and read the Law of the Lord to the multitude, putting life into the reading.”
1 Esd 9:49 “Then the governor said to Ezra, the high priest and reader, and to the Levites who were teaching the multitude, to all,”
1 Esd 9:50 “This day is sacred to the Lord” (and they were all weeping as they heard the Law).”
1 Esd 9:51 “So go and eat the fat and drink the sweet, and send portions to those who have none,”
1 Esd 9:52 “For the day is sacred to the Lord. Do not mourn, for the Lord will honor you.”
1 Esd 9:53 “And the Levites commanded all the people, saying, “This day is sacred; do not mourn.”
1 Esd 9:54 “And they all went off to eat and drink and enjoy themselves, and to give portions to those who had none, and to hold a great celebration, For they understood the words which they had been taught, and for which they had come together.”

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