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The General Epistle of Barnabas

Chapter 11

11:1 “In like manner he determines concerning the cross in another prophet, saying: And when shall these things be fulfilled?”
11:2 “The Lord answers; When the tree that has fallen shall rise, and when blood shall drop down from the tree. Here you have again mention made, both of the cross, and of him that was to be crucified upon it.”
11:3 “And yet further he said by Moses; (when Israel was fighting with, and beaten by, a strange people; to the end that God might put them in mind how that for their sins they were delivered to death) yes, the holy spirit put it into the heart of Moses, to represent both the sign of the cross, and of him that was to suffer; that so they might know that if they did not understand in him, they should be overcome for ever.”
11:4 “Moses therefore piled up armor upon armor in the middle of a rising ground, and standing up high above all of them, stretched forth his arms, and so Israel again conquered.”
11:5 “But no sooner did he let down his hands, but they were again slain. And why so? To the end they might know, that except they trust in him they cannot be saved.”
11:6 “And in another prophet, he said, I have stretched out my hands all the day long to a people disobedient, and speaking against my righteous way.”
11:7 “And again Moses makes a type of Jesus, to show that he was to die, and then that he, whom they thought to be dead, was to give life to others; in the type of those that fell in Israel.”
11:8 “For God caused all sorts of serpents to bite them, and they died; for as much as by a serpent transgression began in Eve: that so he might convince them that for their transgressions they shall be delivered into the pain of death.”
11:9 “Moses then himself, who had commanded them, saying, you shall not make to yourselves any graven or molten image, to be your God; yet now did so himself, that he might represent to them the figure of the Lord Jesus.”
11:10 “For he made a brazen serpent, and set it up on high and called the people together by a proclamation; where being come, they entreated Moses that he would make an atonement for them, and pray that they might be healed.”
11:11 “Then Moses spoke to them, saying: When any one among you shall be bitten, let him come to the serpent that is set upon the pole; and let him assuredly trust in him, that though he be dead, yet he is able to give life, and presently he shall be saved; and so they did. See therefore how here also you have in this the glory of Jesus; and that in him and to him are all things.”
11:12 “Again; What says Moses to Joshua the son of Nun, when he gave that name to him, as being a prophet that all the people might hear him alone, because the Father did manifest all things concerning his son Jesus, in Joshua the Son of Nun; and gave him that name when he sent him to spy out the land of Canaan; he said: Take a book in your hands, and write what the Lord says: For as much as Jesus the Son of God shall in the last days cut off by the roots all the house of Amalek. See here again Jesus, not the son of man, but the Son of God, made manifest in a type and in the flesh.”
11:13 “But because it might hereafter be said, that Christ was the Son of David; therefore David fearing and well knowing the errors of the wicked, said; The Lord said to my Lord, sit you on my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool.”
11:14 “And again Isaiah speaks on this wise. The Lord said to Christ my Lord, I have laid hold on his right hand, that the nations should obey before him, and I will break the strength of kings.”
11:15 “Behold, how David and Isaiah call him Lord, and the Son of God.”

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