The General Epistle of Barnabas

Chapter 13

13:1 “Furthermore it is written concerning the sabbath, in the Ten Commandments, which God spoke in the Mount Sinai to Moses, face to face; Sanctify the sabbath of the Lord with pure hands, and with a clean heart.”
13:2 “And elsewhere he said; If your children shall keep my sabbaths, then will I put my mercy upon them.”
13:3 “And even in the beginning of the creation he makes mention of the sabbath. And God made in six days the works of his hands; and he finished them on the seventh day, and he rested the seventh day, and sanctified it.”
13:4 “Consider, my children, what that signifies, he finished them in six days. The meaning of it is this; That in six thousand years the Lord God will bring all things to an end.”
13:5 “For with him one day is a thousand years; as himself testifies, saying, Behold this day shall be as a thousand years. Therefore, children, in six days, that is, in six thousand years, shall all things be accomplished.”
13:6 “And what is that he said, And he rested the seventh day: He means this; that when his Son shall come, and abolish the season of the Wicked One, and judge the ungodly; and shall change the sun and the moon, and the stars; then he shall gloriously rest in that seventh day.”
13:7 “He adds lastly; you shall sanctify it with clean hands and a pure heart. Wherefore we are greatly deceived if we imagine that any one can now sanctify that day which God has made holy, without having a heart pure in all things.”
13:8 “Behold therefore he will then truly sanctify it with blessed rest, when we (having received the righteous promise, when iniquity shall be no more, all things being renewed by the Lord) shall be able to sanctify it, being ourselves first made holy.”
13:9 “Lastly, he said to them: Your new moons and your sabbaths I cannot bear them. Consider what he means by it; the sabbaths, he says, which you now keep are not acceptable to me, but those which I have made; when resting from all things I shall begin the eighth day, that is, the beginning of the other world.”
13:10 “For which cause we observe the eighth day with gladness, in which Jesus rose from the dead; and having manifested himself to his disciples, ascended into heaven.”
13:11 “It remains yet that I speak to you concerning the temple how these miserable men being deceived have put their trust in the house, and not in God himself who made them, as if it were the habitation of God.”
13:12 “For much after the same manner as the nations, they consecrated him in the temple.”
13:13 “But learn therefore how the Lord speaks, rendering the temple vain: Who has measured the heaven with a span, and the earth with his hand? Is it not I? This is what the Lord says; Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. What is the house that you will build me? Or what is the place of my rest? Know therefore that all their hope is vain.”
13:14 “And again he speaks after this manner: Behold they that destroy this temple, even they shall again build it up. And so it came to pass; for through their wars it is now destroyed by their enemies; and the servants of their enemies built it up.”
13:15 “Furthermore it has been made manifest, how both the city and the temple, and the people of Israel should be given up. For the Scripture says; And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the Lord will deliver up the sheep of his pasture, and their fold, and their tower into destruction. And it is come to pass, as the Lord has spoken.”
13:16 “Let us inquire therefore whether there be any temple of God? Yes there is; and that there, where himself declares that he would both make and perfect it. For it is written; And it shall be that as soon as the week shall be completed, the temple of the Lord shall be gloriously built in the name of the Lord.”
13:17 “I find therefore that there is a temple. But how shall it be built in the name of the Lord? I will show you.”
13:18 “Before that we understood in God, the habitation of our heart was corruptible, and feeble, as a temple truly built with hands.”
13:19 “For it was a house full of idolatry, a house of demons; inasmuch as there was done in it whatsoever was contrary to God. But it shall be built in the name of the Lord.”
13:20 “Consider, how that the temple of the Lord shall be very gloriously built; and by what means that shall be, learn.”
13:21 “Having received remission of our sins, and trusting in the name of the Lord, we are become renewed, being again created as it were from the beginning. Wherefore God truly dwells in our house, that is, in us.”
13:22 “But how does he dwell in us? The word of his faith/truth, the calling of his promise, the wisdom of his righteous judgments, the commands of his doctrine; he himself prophesies within us, he himself dwells in us, and opens to us who were in bondage of death the gate of our temple, that is, the mouth of wisdom, having given repentance to us; and by this means has brought us to be an incorruptible temple.”
13:23 “He therefore that desires to be saved looks not to the man, but to him that dwells in him, and speaks by way of/through him; being struck with wonder, for as much as he never either heard him speaking such words out of his mouth, nor ever desired to hear them.”
13:24 “This is that spiritual temple that is built to the Lord.”

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